Hopanoids: Hopanoids are natural pentacyclic compounds (containing five rings) based on the chemical structure of hopane. The first known triterpenoid of the class, hydroxyhopanone, was isolated by two chemists at The National Gallery, London working on the chemistry of dammar gum, a natural resin used as a varnish for paintings.Ganoderma tsugae: Ganoderma tsugae, also known as Hemlock varnish shelf, is a flat polypore mushroom of the genus Ganoderma. In contrast to Ganoderma lucidum, to which it is closely related and which it closely resembles, G.Soyasapogenol B glucuronide galactosyltransferase: Soyasapogenol B glucuronide galactosyltransferase (, UDP-galactose:SBMG-galactosyltransferase, UGT73P2, GmSGT2 (gene), UDP-galactose:soyasapogenol B 3-O-glucuronide beta-D-galactosyltransferase) is an enzyme with system name UDP-alpha-D-galactose:soyasapogenol B 3-O-glucuronide beta-D-galactosyltransferase. This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reactionMaytenus aquifolia: Maytenus aquifolia, the Espinheira-santa, is an endemic tree (sometimes shrub) species from the Atlantic Forest Biome in Brazil, occurring in the regions Sudeste (in Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo states) and Sul (Paraná, Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul states).Lombardi, J.Alstonia constricta: Alstonia constricta, commonly known as Quinine Bush or Bitterbark, is an endemic Australian endemic shrub or small tree of the family Apocynaceae.Mastic (plant resin): Chios Mastic Mastiha () is a resin obtained from the mastic tree (Pistacia lentiscus). In pharmacies and nature shops, it is called "Arabic gum" (not to be confused with gum arabic) and "Yemen gum".Parnassia caroliniana: Parnassia caroliniana is a species of flowering plant in the Celastraceae known by the common name Carolina grass of Parnassus. It is native to the southeastern United States, where it occurs in North Carolina and South Carolina, with an isolated population in the Florida Panhandle.Ziziphus nummularia: Ziziphus nummularia, also called Jharber (), is a species of Ziziphus native to the Thar Desert of western India and southeastern Pakistan and south Iran (where it is called رمیلک ramilak in Persian).GuggulsteronePhytomedicineBryonia dioica: Bryonia dioica, known by the common names red bryony and white bryony, is a perennial climbing vine indigenous to Central and Southern Europe. It is a flowering plant in the cucumber family Cucurbitaceae with five-pointed leaves and blue or white flowers.Lecythis ollaria: Lecythis ollaria is a species of treeGardenia thunbergiaGanoderic acidDendrophthoe falcata: Dendrophthoe falcata (L.f) Ettingsh is one of the hemiparasitic plants that belong to the Loranthaceae family of mistletoes.Lanosterol 14 alpha-demethylase: ==Introduction==Two-dimensional infrared spectroscopyBergenia ciliata: Bergenia ciliata ( Sanskrit : Pashanbheda )Controversial Drug Plants By R. Vasudevan NairOphiorrhiza: Ophiorrhiza is a genus of flowering plants in the coffee (Rubiaceae) family. Species of the genus contain camptothecin, an alkaloid used to make chemotherapeutic agents.Cerrena unicolor: Cerrena unicolor, commonly known as the mossy maze polypore, Google Books is a species of fungus in the genus Cerrena (Family: Polyporaceae). This saprobic fungus causes a white rot.Levi G. Nutt: Colonel Levi G. Nutt (1866–1938) was the Chief of the Narcotics Division within the Prohibition Unit of the United States Department of the Treasury from 1919 to 1930, prior to the creation of the Federal Bureau of Narcotics.Karaviloside: Karaviloside is any of several related cucurbitane triterpenoid glycosides found in bitter melon vine (Momordica charantia).Toshihiro Akihisa, Naoki Higo, Harukuni Tokuda, Motohiko Ukiya, Hiroyuki Akazawa, Yuichi Tochigi, Yumiko Kimura, Takashi Suzuki, and Hoyoku Nishino (2007), "Cucurbitane-Type Triterpenoids from the Fruits of Momordica charantia and Their Cancer Chemopreventive Effects".Spin–lattice relaxation in the rotating frame: Spin–lattice relaxation in the rotating frame is the mechanism by which Mxy, the transverse component of the magnetization vector, exponentially decays towards its equilibrium value of zero, under the influence of a radio frequency (RF) field in nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). It is characterized by the spin–lattice relaxation time constant in the rotating frame, T1ρ.TanninCombretum paniculatum: Combretum paniculatum, the burning bush or forest flame-creeper, is a plant species in the genus Combretum found in Africa. The fruit is a samara, i.Albatrellus: Albatrellus is a genus of 19 species of mushroom-producing fungi in the family Albatrellaceae. Species are common in northern temperate forests, producing medium to large fleshy fruit bodies of various colors.Dryopteris crassirhizomaCanna Leaf Roller: Cannas are largely free of pests, but in the USA plants sometimes fall victim the Canna Leaf Roller, which can actually be two different insects. Larva of the Brazilian skipper butterfly (Calpodes ethlius), also known as the Larger Canna Leaf Roller, cut the leaves and roll them over to live inside while pupating and eating the leaf.Diospyros abyssinica: Diospyros abyssinica (also known as Giant Diospyros,Encyclopedia of Life: Diospyros abyssinica (Hiern) F.White or Kôforonto and Baforonto in local languages spoken in parts of Mali,The Malian Medicinal Plant Project, University of Oslo: Common name, description, distribution, and medical usage blidzo, blitcho, gblit∫o, blonyat∫o or gblεt∫o in some Ghanaian languagesJSTOR Global Plants: Diospyros abyssinica) is trees species in the Ebenaceae family growing in Sub-Saharan Africa.Glutamate-1-semialdehydeGlycoside: In chemistry, a glycoside is a molecule in which a sugar is bound to another functional group via a glycosidic bond. Glycosides play numerous important roles in living organisms.Medicinal plants of the American West: Many plants that grow in the American West have use in traditional and herbal medicine.Triterpenoid saponin: Triterpenoid saponins are triterpenes which belong to the group of saponin compounds. Triterpenes are a type of terpene containing 30 carbon atoms.Pith: 250px|right|thumb|[[Elderberry shoot cut longitudinally to show the broad, solid pith (rough-textured, white) inside the wood (smooth, yellow-tinged). Scale in mm.Geranic acidSqualaneFruit snack: A fruit snack is a processed food eaten as a snack in the United States. Fruit snacks are very similar to gummi candies.Endodermis: The endodermis is the central, innermost layer of cortex in some land plants. It is made of compact living cells surrounded by an outer ring of endodermal cells that are impregnated with hydrophobic substances (Casparian Strip) to restrict apoplastic flow of water to the inside.