Nephrology: Nephrology (from Greek [nephros "kidney]", combined with the suffix -logy, "the study of") is a [[Specialty (medicine)|specialty of medicine and pediatrics that concerns itself with the study of normal kidney function, kidney problems, the treatment of kidney problems and renal replacement therapy (dialysis and kidney transplantation). Systemic conditions that affect the kidneys (such as diabetes and autoimmune disease) and systemic problems that occur as a result of kidney problems (such as renal osteodystrophy and hypertension) are also studied in nephrology.Fellowship (medicine): A fellowship is the period of medical training in the United States and Canada that a physician or dentist may undertake after completing a specialty training program (residency). During this time (usually more than one year), the physician is known as a fellow.Nathan W. LevinRenal replacement therapy: Renal replacement therapy is a term used to encompass life-supporting treatments for renal failure.Dialysis adequacy: In nephrology, dialysis adequacy is the measurement of renal dialysis for the purpose of determining dialysis treatment regime and to better understand the pathophysiology of renal dialysis. It is an area of considerable controversy in nephrology.Referral (medicine): In medicine, referral is the transfer of care for a patient from one clinician to another.García Olmos L, Gervas Camacho J, Otero A, Pérez Fernández M.Donald Guthrie (physician)National Resource DirectoryDepartment of Urology, University of Virginia: {{Infobox universityConnective tissue neoplasm: A connective tissue neoplasm|connective tissue tumor is a neoplasm arising from the tissues of the connective tissue. (Not all tumors in the connective tissue are of the connective tissue.Ron WaksmanChronic allograft nephropathy: Chronic allograft nephropathy, abbreviated CAN and also known as sclerosing/chronic allograft nephropathy, is the leading cause of kidney transplant failure and happens month to years after the transplant.DialysisFiltration fraction: In renal physiology, the filtration fraction is the ratio of the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) to the renal plasma flow (RPF).ProteinuriaYisrael Mordecai Safeek: (BS) (MD)Ewa reactorBecky JamesCreatinineCongenital nephrotic syndrome