LotaustralinGlycoside: In chemistry, a glycoside is a molecule in which a sugar is bound to another functional group via a glycosidic bond. Glycosides play numerous important roles in living organisms.AmarogentinSecologaninOphiorrhiza: Ophiorrhiza is a genus of flowering plants in the coffee (Rubiaceae) family. Species of the genus contain camptothecin, an alkaloid used to make chemotherapeutic agents.Anthocyanin 5-O-glucosyltransferase: Anthocyanin 5-O-glucosyltransferase is an enzyme that forms anthocyanin 3,5-O-diglucoside from anthocyanin 3-O-glucoside.GBA3: Cytosolic beta-glucosidase, also known as cytosolic beta-glucosidase-like protein 1, is a beta-glucosidase () enzyme that in humans is encoded by the GBA3 gene.QuercetinShatter (novel): Shatter is a psychological thriller written by the Australian author Michael Robotham that was published in 2008. Professor Joseph O'Loughlin (referred to as Joe throughout the novel) is tasked by the police with stopping a woman, Christine Wheeler, from committing suicide, only to fail.Abscisate beta-glucosyltransferase: Abscisate beta-glucosyltransferase (, ABA-glucosyltransferase, ABA-GTase, AOG) is an enzyme with system name UDP-D-glucose:abscisate beta-D-glucosyltransferase. This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reactionAmygdalinPhytomedicineVerbena United Methodist ChurchCanna Leaf Roller: Cannas are largely free of pests, but in the USA plants sometimes fall victim the Canna Leaf Roller, which can actually be two different insects. Larva of the Brazilian skipper butterfly (Calpodes ethlius), also known as the Larger Canna Leaf Roller, cut the leaves and roll them over to live inside while pupating and eating the leaf.Mercurialis annua: Mercurialis annua is a species of flowering plant in the spurge family known by the common name annual mercury. It is native to Europe, North Africa, and the Middle EastKew World Checklist of Selected Plant FamiliesAltervista Flora Italiana, Mercorella comune, ortiga muerta, urtiga-morta, Einjähriges Bingelkraut, mercuriale annuelle, Annual Mercury, Mercurialis annua L.Fast atom bombardment: Fast atom bombardment (FAB) is an ionization technique used in mass spectrometry in which a beam of high energy atoms strikes a surface to create ions. It was developed by Michael Barber at the University of Manchester.Spin–lattice relaxation in the rotating frame: Spin–lattice relaxation in the rotating frame is the mechanism by which Mxy, the transverse component of the magnetization vector, exponentially decays towards its equilibrium value of zero, under the influence of a radio frequency (RF) field in nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). It is characterized by the spin–lattice relaxation time constant in the rotating frame, T1ρ.High-performance liquid chromatography: High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC; formerly referred to as high-pressure liquid chromatography), is a technique in analytical chemistry used to separate, identify, and quantify each component in a mixture. It relies on pumps to pass a pressurized liquid solvent containing the sample mixture through a column filled with a solid adsorbent material.Isoflavones: Isoflavones are a type of often naturally occurring isoflavonoids, many of which act as phytoestrogens in mammals. Some are termed antioxidants because of their ability to trap singlet oxygen.Cyclohexanone monooxygenase: Cyclohexanone monooxygenase (, cyclohexanone 1,2-monooxygenase, cyclohexanone oxygenase, cyclohexanone:NADPH:oxygen oxidoreductase (6-hydroxylating, 1,2-lactonizing)) is an enzyme with system name cyclohexanone,NADPH:oxygen oxidoreductase (lactone-forming). This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reactionRheum emodi: Rheum emodi, commonly known as Himalayan rhubarb, is a medicinal herb used in the Indian Ayurvedic system of medicine. It belongs to the family Polygonaceae.Detergent: A detergent is a surfactant or a mixture of surfactants with "cleaning properties in dilute solutions." These substances are usually alkylbenzenesulfonates, a family of compounds that are similar to soap but are more soluble in hard water, because the polar sulfonate (of detergents) is less likely than the polar carboxyl (of soap) to bind to calcium and other ions found in hard water.Ammonium cyanideKoelreuteria bipinnata: Koelreuteria bipinnata, also known as (Chinese flame tree, Chinese golden rain tree, Bougainvillea golden-rain tree") is a species of Koelreuteria native to Asia, particularly to China. It is a small to medium-sized deciduous tree growing between 10–20 meters tall.Amelanchier alnifolia: Amelanchier alnifolia, the saskatoon, Pacific serviceberry, western serviceberry, alder-leaf shadbush, dwarf shadbush, chuckley pear, or western juneberry,Germplasm Resources Information Network: Amelanchier alnifolia is a shrub with edible berry-like fruit, native to North America from Alaska across most of western Canada and in the western and north-central United States. Historically, it was also called pigeon berry.Globularia cordifolia: Globularia cordifolia (heart-leaved globe daisy) is a species of flowering plant in the family Planataginaceae, native to the mountains of central and southern Europe, and western Turkey.Taccalonolide: Taccalonolides are a class of microtubule-stabilizing agents isolated from Tacca chantrieri that has been shown to have selective cancer-fighting properties. Other examples of microtubule-stabilizing agents include taxanes and epothilones, both of which prevent cancer cells from dividing by interfering with tubulin.Vidalia onion: A Vidalia onion ( or ) is a sweet onion of certain varieties, grown in a production area defined by Georgia law and by the United States Code of Federal Regulations (CFR). The varieties include the hybrid yellow granex, varieties of granex parentage, and other similar varieties recommended by the Vidalia Onion Committee and approved by the U.Potassium picrateMedicinal plants of the American West: Many plants that grow in the American West have use in traditional and herbal medicine.Flavonols: Flavonols are a class of flavonoids that have the 3-hydroxyflavone backbone (IUPAC name : 3-hydroxy-2-phenylchromen-4-one). Their diversity stems from the different positions the phenolic -OH groups.Glycomimetic: Glycomimetic is a term used to refer to molecules that have structures similar to carbohydrates, but with some variation.Carbohydrate Research Volume 342, Issues 12-13, Pages 1537-1982 This will normally result in modified biological properties.MalvaJuniperus chinensis 'Shimpaku': Juniperus chinensis 'Shimpaku' (the shimpaku juniper) is a dwarf, irregular vase-shaped form of the Chinese juniper, Juniperus chinensis. Originally native to Japan, they were first collected in the 1850s in Japan.CitronellalIsovitexinCassava brown streak virus disease: Cassava brown streak virus disease (CBSD) is a damaging disease of cassava plants, and is especially troublesome in East Africa. It was first identified in 1936 in Tanzania, and has spread to other coastal areas of East Africa, from Kenya to Mozambique.RhizomePetasites japonicus: Petasites japonicus, also known as , bog rhubarb, Japanese sweet coltsfoot or giant butterbur, is an herbaceous perennial plant in the family Asteraceae. It is native to Japan, where the shoots are used as a vegetable.Fruit snack: A fruit snack is a processed food eaten as a snack in the United States. Fruit snacks are very similar to gummi candies.Jasmine SailingCercospora melongenae: Cercospora melongenae is a fungal plant pathogen that causes leaf spot on eggplant (Solanum melongenum). It is a deuteromycete fungus that is primarily confined to eggplant species.PyranFulvestrantNyctanthes arbor-tristis: Nyctanthes arbor-tristis (Night-flowering Jasmine) is a species of Nyctanthes, native to South Asia and Southeast Asia.Germplasm Resources Information Network: Nyctanthes arbor-tristisFlora of Pakistan: Nyctanthes arbor-tristisAgroForestry Tree Database: Nyctanthes arbor-tristisKew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Nyctanthes arbor-tristisTetranortriterpenoid: The tetranortriterpenoid class of chemical compounds most noted for the chemical azadirachtin, extracted from the neem tree (Azadirachta indica) that displays insecticidal properties. Azadirachtin mimics insect hormones called ecdysones that regulate pupation of insects; application of azadirachtin interrupts the development and pupation of insects, which eventually kills them.Hopanoids: Hopanoids are natural pentacyclic compounds (containing five rings) based on the chemical structure of hopane. The first known triterpenoid of the class, hydroxyhopanone, was isolated by two chemists at The National Gallery, London working on the chemistry of dammar gum, a natural resin used as a varnish for paintings.Broughtonia sanguinea: Broughtonia sanguinea, also known as Blood Red Broughtonia is a plant in the genus Broughtonia, a member of the Orchidaceae family. The genus is abbreviated Bro in trade journals.Erythronium japonicum: Katakuri (Erythronium japonicum; ) is a pink-flowered species trout lily, belonging to the Lily family and native to Japan, Korea, the Russian Far East (Sakhalin Island, Kuril Islands) and northeastern China (Jilin and Liaoning).Flora of China v 24 p 126Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families It is a spring ephemeral, blooming April–June in woodlands.Chromatographic response function: Chromatographic response function, often abbreviated to CRF, is a coefficient which measures the quality of the separation in the result of a chromatography.Pith: 250px|right|thumb|[[Elderberry shoot cut longitudinally to show the broad, solid pith (rough-textured, white) inside the wood (smooth, yellow-tinged). Scale in mm.Glycinol (pterocarpan): Glycinol}}Curculigo orchioides: Curculigo orchioides (commonly called golden eye-grass, xian mao, weevil-wort, black musli,Kerala Agricultural University, Aromatic And Medicinal Plants Research Station, Odakkali, list of publications Kali musli, or Kali Musali) is a flowering plant species in the genus Curculigo. It is native to China, Japan, Indian Subcontinent, Papuasia, Micronesia.AlkylphenolSpinoside: Spinoside is any one of several chemical compounds isolated from certain plants, notably Desfontainia spinosa. They can be seen as derivatives of the triterpene hydrocarbon cucurbitane (), more specifically from cucurbitacin H.Water supply in Miyakojima: The water supply in Miyakojima involves the history and development of the current water supply in Miyakojima, a small coral island with only one river, which is administered by Okinawa Prefecture, in Japan.GlcA-beta-(1-2)-D-Man-alpha-(1-3)-D-Glc-beta-(1-4)-D-Glc-alpha-1-diphospho-ditrans,octacis-undecaprenol 4-beta-mannosyltransferase: GlcA-beta-(1->2)-D-Man-alpha-(1->3)-D-Glc-beta-(1->4)-D-Glc-alpha-1-diphospho-ditrans,octacis-undecaprenol 4-beta-mannosyltransferase (, GumI) is an enzyme with system name GDP-mannose:GlcA-beta-(1->2)-D-Man-alpha-(1->3)-D-Glc-beta-(1->4)-D-Glc-alpha-1-diphospho-ditrans,octacis-undecaprenol 4-beta-mannosyltransferase. This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reactionPolyacetyleneFirst pass effect: The first-pass effect (also known as first-pass metabolism or presystemic metabolism) is a phenomenon of drug metabolism whereby the concentration of a drug is greatly reduced before it reaches the systemic circulation. It is the fraction of drug lost during the process of absorption which is generally related to the liver and gut wall.Stryphnodendron adstringens: Stryphnodendron adstringens () is a species of legume in the genus Stryphnodendron found in Brazil.Deconstruction Tour: Deconstruction Tour is a one-day punk music and skate festival that is staged in various countries across Europe. It first took place in 1999, and has occurred annually since.Paeonia suffruticosa: The Moutan or chinese tree peony (Paeonia suffruticosa) is a species of peony native to China. Paeonia suffruticosa is the plant’s botanical name.Veronica LakeFatigue Call: Fatigue Call is a bugle call which signals all designated personnel to report for fatigue duty.Uproar in the Studio: Uproar in the Studio () is a black and white Chinese animation short made in 1926 by Wan Laiming and Wan Guchan. The short film helped the Wan brothers become recognized as the pioneers of the animation industry in China.Soy milk: Soy milk, also referred to as soymilk or soya milk, is a plant milk produced byTwo-dimensional infrared spectroscopySharpless asymmetric dihydroxylation: Sharpless asymmetric dihydroxylation (also called the Sharpless bishydroxylation) is the chemical reaction of an alkene with osmium tetroxide in the presence of a chiral quinine ligand to form a vicinal diol.PinocembrinThYme (database): ThYme (Thioester-active enzYme) is database of enzymes constituting the fatty acid synthesis and polyketide synthesis cycles.Gentiana: Gentiana Sunset Western Garden Book, 1995:606–607 is a genus of flowering plants belonging to the gentian family (Gentianaceae), the tribe Gentianeae, and the monophyletic subtribe Gentianinae. With about 400 species it is considered a large genus.Sodium ferulateCombretum paniculatum: Combretum paniculatum, the burning bush or forest flame-creeper, is a plant species in the genus Combretum found in Africa. The fruit is a samara, i.Solubility: Solubility is the property of a solid, liquid, or gaseous chemical substance called solute to dissolve in a solid, liquid, or gaseous solvent to form a solution of the solute in the solvent. The solubility of a substance fundamentally depends on the physical and chemical properties of the solute and solvent as well as on temperature, pressure and the pH of the solution.Elsholtzia rugulosaLignan: The lignans are a group of chemical compounds found in plants. Plant lignans are polyphenolic substances derived from phenylalanine via dimerization of substituted cinnamic alcohols (see cinnamic acid), known as monolignols, to a dibenzylbutane skeleton 2.
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