MethanofuranBenzofuranDioxins and dioxin-like compounds: Dioxins and dioxin-like compounds (DLCs) are by-products of various industrial processes, and are commonly regarded as highly toxic compounds that are environmental pollutants and persistent organic pollutants (POPs). They include:HydroxymethylfurfuralTetrazineStilbene photocyclization: Stilbene photocyclization is the coupling of two aromatic carbons in stilbenes upon ultraviolet irradiation. The reaction can be used to form polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and heteroaromatics.AnisoleFatty aldehyde: A fatty aldehyde is an aldehyde with a "fatty" aliphatic carbon chain attached that is typically eight carbon or more in length. In contrast, phenolic aldehydes are aromatic.NitrofuranTrimidox: Trimidox is an antibacterial agent that is used in cattle and swine to prevent and treat infections by both Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria. The active ingredients in Trimidox are W/V trimethoprim (4%) and W/V sulfadoxine (20%), the rest of the solution is an organic solvent (40 mg of trimethoprim and 200 mg of sulfadoxine in each ml of solution).BromobenzeneRhodium(III) chlorideSharpless asymmetric dihydroxylation: Sharpless asymmetric dihydroxylation (also called the Sharpless bishydroxylation) is the chemical reaction of an alkene with osmium tetroxide in the presence of a chiral quinine ligand to form a vicinal diol.Salvinorin B methoxymethyl etherAlkyne: In organic chemistry, an alkyne is an unsaturated hydrocarbon containing at least one carbon—carbon triple bond between two carbon atoms.Alkyne.