AcidosisLactic acidosisRespiratory acidosisDistal renal tubular acidosis: Distal renal tubular acidosis (dRTA) or Type 1 Renal tubular acidosis (RTA) is the classical form of RTA, being the first described. Distal RTA is characterized by a failure of acid secretion by the alpha intercalated cells of the cortical collecting duct of the distal nephron.Acid–base reaction: An acid–base reaction is a chemical reaction that occurs between an acid and a base. Several theoretical frameworks provide alternative conceptions of the reaction mechanisms and their application in solving related problems.BicarbonateAlkaliphile: Alkaliphiles are a class of extremophilic microbes capable of survival in alkaline (pH roughly 8.5-11) environments, growing optimally around a pH of 10.Intravenous sodium bicarbonateMetabolic alkalosisZinc ammonium chloride: Zinc ammonium chloride, also known as diammonium tetrachlorozincate(2-) (IUPAC name), is a zinc salt commonly used as a flux in the process of hot-dip galvanizing. The CAS registry number is 14639-97-5.Neoglyphidodon melas: Neoglyphidodon melas (bowtie damselfish, black damsel, bluefin or royal damsel) is a damselfish from the Indo-West Pacific. It occasionally makes its way into the aquarium trade.List of countries by carbon dioxide emissionsUrine anion gap: The urine anion gap is calculated using measured ions found in the urine. It is used to aid in the differential diagnosis of metabolic acidosis.Diabetic ketoacidosisPermissive hypercapnia: Permissive hypercapnia is hypercapnia, (i.e.Respiratory alkalosisGas analysis: Gas analysis could refer to any of the following:Potassium citratePhenforminSodium–hydrogen antiporter: The sodium–hydrogen antiporter or sodium–hydrogen exchanger is a membrane protein found in many cells, and especially in those of the nephron of the kidney. Specifically in the intercalary cells of the collecting duct.Ammonia transporterHydrochloric acidHypokalemiaOrganic anion transporter 1Acid-sensing ion channel: Acid-Sensing Ion Channels (ASICs) are neuronal voltage-insensitive cationic channels activated by extracellular protons. ASIC proteins are a subfamily of the ENaC/Deg superfamily of ion channels.Pulmonary gas pressures: The factors that determine the values for alveolar pO2 and pCO2 are:Kidney: The kidneys are bean-shaped organs that serve several essential regulatory roles in vertebrates. They remove excess organic molecules from the blood, and it is by this action that their best-known function is performed: the removal of waste products of metabolism.Nephrocalcinosis