Lower critical solution temperature: The lower critical solution temperature (LCST) or lower consolute temperature is the critical temperature below which the components of a mixture are miscible for all compositions. The word lower indicates that the LCST is a lower bound to a temperature interval of partial miscibility, or miscibility for certain compositions only.Arabinosyltransferase: In molecular biology, an arabinosyltransferase is a transferase enzyme acting upon arabinose."Reconstitution of functional mycobacterial arabinosyltransferase AftC proteoliposome and assessment of decaprenylphosphorylarabinose analogues as arabinofuranosyl donors.Nucleotide salvage: A salvage pathway is a pathway in which nucleotides (purine and pyrimidine) are synthesized from intermediates in the degradative pathway for nucleotides.Phenylpiperidine: Phenylpiperidine is a chemical compound with a phenyl moiety directly attached to piperidine. There are a variety of pharmacological effects associated some phenylpiperidines including morphine-like activity or other central nervous system effects.Protein deacetylase: Protein deacetylase; any enzyme that removes acetyl groups from lysine amino acids in proteins.Sulfur carrier protein ThiS adenylyltransferase: Sulfur carrier protein ThiS adenylyltransferase (, thiF (gene)) is an enzyme with system name ATP:(ThiS) adenylyltransferase. This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reactionIsonicotinamideOrotate phosphoribosyltransferaseJ. Edwin Seegmiller: J(arvis) Edwin Seegmiller, or Jay Seegmiller, (June 22, 1920 - May 31, 2006) was an American physician and biochemical geneticist best known for his role in discovering the biochemical basis of the Lesch-Nyhan syndrome. He was a rheumatologist and a pioneer in research on arthritic diseases and on aging.Proinflammatory cytokine: A proinflammatory cytokine is a cytokine which promotes systemic inflammation.Hubert Chantrenne: Hubert Chantrenne (1918–2007) was a Belgian scientist, and one of the pioneers of molecular biology at the Université Libre de Bruxelles. He elucidated the messenger role played by the ribonucleic acid (RNA) in the synthesis of proteins in ribosome, organelles of the cellular cytoplasm.