*  The inflammatory response in the synovium of a patient with Ross River arbovirus infection - UQ eSpace
Hazelton R.A., Hughes C. and Aaskov J.G. (1985) The inflammatory response in the synovium of a patient with Ross River arbovirus infection. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Medicine, 15 3: 336-339. ...
  https://espace.library.uq.edu.au/view/UQ:400186
*  The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene | Immunological Studies with Group B Arthropod-Borne Viruses
Summary Hemagglutination-inhibiting antibody responses with selected Group B arthropod-borne virus antigens were studied following administration of living attenuated 17D strain yellow fever vaccine to human subjects who had (a) no previous Group B arbovirus experience, (b) only 17D strain vaccine previously, (c) previous inapparent natural Japanese encephalitis virus infection and (d) complex Group B arbovirus experience previously. The results indicate the following: 1. Previous homologous or heterologous immunological experience did not suppress the yellow fever HI response to the living vaccine. On the contrary, the response was sometimes enhanced. 2. Heterologous HI responses depended upon the nature of the previous Group B arbovirus experience. (a) Subjects with no prevaccination Group B arbovirus experience developed a limited array of low-titered heterologous antibodies. (b) Subjects previously vaccinated with the 17D strain but ...
  http://www.ajtmh.org/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.1966.15.601
*  Health Tips: Zika virus: More babies born with birth defects and Brain Damage
Houston and Harris County for instance, are home to two major mosquito species - Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus - that can transmit several arboviruses such as dengue, yellow fever, and chikungunya virus. Research led by Dr. Kristy O. Murray provided strong evidence that dengue emerged in Houston between 2003 and 2005. Our region is also home to the Culex mosquitoes that transmit West Nile virus infection. These arbovirus infections have important health and economic consequences for the region. Houston and Harris County for instance, are home to two major mosquito species - Aedes aegypti andAedes albopictus - that can transmit several arboviruses such as dengue, yellow fever, and chikungunya virus. Research led by Dr. Kristy O. Murray provided strong evidence that dengue emerged in Houston between 2003 and 2005. Our region is also home to the Culex mosquitoes that transmit West Nile virus infection. These arbovirus ...
  http://nation-health.blogspot.com/2017/02/health-tips-zika-virus-more-babies-born.html
*  Arbovirus - Wikipedia
Arbovirus is a term used to refer to any viruses that is transmitted by arthropod vectors. The word arbovirus is an acronym (ARthropod-BOrne virus). The word tibovirus (TIck-BOrne virus) is sometimes used to more specifically describe viruses transmitted by ticks, a superorder within the arthropods. Arboviruses can affect both animals, including humans, and plants. In humans, symptoms of arbovirus infection generally occur 3-15 days after exposure to the virus and last 3 or 4 days. The most common clinical features of infection are fever, headache, and malaise, but encephalitis and hemorrhagic fever may also occur. Arboviruses were not known to exist until the rise of modern medicine, with the germ theory and an understanding that viruses were distinct from other microorganisms. The connection between arthropods and disease was not postulated until 1881 when Cuban doctor and scientist Carlos Finlay proposed that yellow fever ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arbovirus
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Summary The influence of lowered body temperature and depressed metabolic rate of the cold-exposed bat on experimental arbovirus infection has been studied using three species of insectivorous bats, Tadarida b. mexicana, Myotis l. lucifugus, and Eptesicus f. fuscus. One strain of St. Louis encephalitis (SLE) virus and two strains of Japanese B encephalitis (JBE) virus were employed. Although the effects of low temperature on experimental arbovirus infection in bats varied with the bat species used and the relationship between inoculation of virus and the initiation of cold-exposure, the results obtained indicated that these animals would be ideal hosts for overwintering of arboviruses in nature. Generally, infection in bats was suppressed by low temperature but sustained by the animals for several months as evidenced by (1) the demonstration of low levels of virus in the blood and brown adipose tissue of the hibernating bat, and (2) the activation of viral ...
  http://www.ajtmh.org/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.1966.15.406
*  Viruses | Free Full-Text | Vertebrate Reservoirs of Arboviruses: Myth, Synonym of Amplifier, or Reality?
The rapid succession of the pandemic of arbovirus diseases, such as dengue, West Nile fever, chikungunya, and Zika fever, has intensified research on these and other arbovirus diseases worldwide. Investigating the unique mode of vector-borne transmission requires a clear understanding of the roles of vertebrates. One major obstacle to this understanding is the ambiguity of the arbovirus definition originally established by the World Health Organization. The paucity of pertinent information on arbovirus transmission at the time contributed to the notion that vertebrates played the role of reservoir in the arbovirus transmission cycle. Because this notion is a salient feature of the arbovirus definition, it is important to reexamine its validity. This review addresses controversial issues concerning vertebrate reservoirs and their role in ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/1999-4915/9/7/185
*  Virus-derived DNA drives mosquito vector tolerance to arboviral infection • Research - Institut Pasteur
Link to Pubmed [PMID] - 27580708. Nat Commun 2016 Sep;7:12410. Mosquitoes develop long-lasting viral infections without substantial deleterious effects, despite high viral loads. This makes mosquitoes efficient vectors for emerging viral diseases with enormous burden on public health. How mosquitoes resist and/or tolerate these viruses is poorly understood. Here we show that two species of Aedes mosquitoes infected with two arboviruses from distinct families (dengue or chikungunya) generate a viral-derived DNA (vDNA) that is essential for mosquito survival and viral tolerance. Inhibition of vDNA formation leads to extreme susceptibility to viral infections, reduction of viral small RNAs due to an impaired immune response, and loss of viral tolerance. Our results highlight an essential role of vDNA in viral tolerance that allows mosquito survival and thus may be important for arbovirus dissemination and ...
  https://research.pasteur.fr/en/publication/virus-derived-dna-drives-mosquito-vector-tolerance-to-arboviral-infection/
*  Background Dengue offers emerged as the most significant of arboviral diseases | EGFR Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors Activate...
Background Dengue offers emerged as the most significant of arboviral diseases in the 21st century. of this cloned dengue protease we randomly screened ~1000 small molecules from an in-house library to identify potential dengue protease inhibitors. Results A benzimidazole derivative, named MB21, was found to be the most potent in inhibiting the cloned protease (IC50?=?5.95?M). docking analysis indicated that MB21 binds to the protease in the vicinity of the active site. Analysis of kinetic parameters of the enzyme reaction suggested that MB21 presumably functions as a mixed type inhibitor. Significantly, this molecule identified as an inhibitor of dengue type 299442-43-6 manufacture 2 299442-43-6 manufacture protease was also effective in inhibiting each one of the four serotypes of dengue viruses in infected cells in culture, based on analysis of viral antigen synthesis and infectious computer virus production. Interestingly, MB21 did not manifest any ...
  http://www.buyresearchchemicalss.net/2017/07/background-dengue-offers-emerged-as-the-most-significant-of-arboviral-diseases/
*  RCPA - Arbovirus Ab
A fourfold rise in antibody titre indicates recent infection.. For many of the arboviruses a detection of IgM indicates relatively recent infection but for Ross River virus infection, in particular, the IgM may remain positive for up to several years.. The relative levels of IgG and IgM must be assessed for appropriate interpretation of results.. Arbovirus infections may stimulate low level antibodies to a number of related viruses; consult pathologist.. ...
  http://www.rcpa.edu.au/Library/Practising-Pathology/RCPA-Manual/Items/Pathology-Tests/A/Arbovirus-Ab
*  Design Strategies for Efficient Arbovirus Surveillance - Volume 23, Number 4-April 2017 - Emerging Infectious Disease journal -...
As public health agencies struggle to track and contain emerging arbovirus threats, timely and efficient surveillance is more critical than ever. Using historical dengue data from Puerto Rico, we developed methods for streamlining and designing novel arbovirus surveillance systems with or without historical disease data.
  https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/23/4/16-0944_article
*  Arbovirus | Article about arbovirus by The Free Dictionary
Looking for arbovirus? Find out information about arbovirus. Small, arthropod-borne animal viruses that are unstable at room temperature and inactivated by sodium deoxycholate; cause several types of encephalitis.... Explanation of arbovirus
  http://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/arbovirus
*  Zoonosis: Hemorrhagic
Another name for Zoonosis is Arbovirus Infection. Hemorrhagic arboviruses include: * Congo hemorrhagic fever * Dengue hemorrhagic fever * Rift valley ...
  http://www.freemd.com/zoonosis/underlying-cause-hemorrhagic.htm
*  What's with these Vector-borne Neglected Tropical Diseases? | Speaking of Medicine
Peter Hotez and Serap Aksoy, co-Editors in Chief of PLOS Neglected Tropical Diaseases, contemplate the recent rises in various vector-borne NTDs around the world. In 2013 both chikungunya and Zika virus infection are believed to have first emerged in the Western Hemisphere where both viruses now affect much of the population of Latin America and the Caribbean region and also threaten the United States. Chikungunya made its first appearance on the Caribbean island nation of Saint Martin at the end of 2013 and has since spread throughout much of the Americas, including the first locally acquired case in Texas reported this year. Similarly, molecular clock studies indicate that Zika probably first entered the Americas between May and December of 2013 before also spreading throughout Latin America and the Caribbean region, and there are fears that transmission of Zika might start by later this summer in the continental US.. While the rapid dissemination of these arbovirus ...
  http://blogs.plos.org/speakingofmedicine/2016/07/06/whats-with-these-vector-borne-neglected-tropical-diseases/
*  hemorrhagic fever
... definition, any of several arbovirus infections, as dengue, characterized by fever, chills, and malaise followed by hemorrhages of capillaries, sometimes leading to kidney failure and death. See more.
  http://www.dictionary.com/browse/hemorrhagic-fever
*  Chapter 305. Arboviruses | Rudolph's Pediatrics, 22e | AccessPediatrics | McGraw-Hill Medical
Arboviruses (or arthropod-borne viruses) are a heterogeneous group of viruses that share the same usual route of entry into humans: via the bite of an infected mosquito, tick, sandfly, or other arthropod.1,2 The life cycle of most arboviruses is characterized by the ability of the virus to replicate in both an arthropod vector and a vertebrate "natural" host (usually birds or small mammals) and by transmission between these two organisms at the time of the arthropod's bite (eFig. 305.1). This cycle leads to establishment or maintenance of the virus in a given ecosystem. Humans or domestic animals are only "incidental" hosts for many species of arboviruses, as infection in such hosts (although capable of causing disease) is often a dead-end for the virus due to viremia being too low or too transient to contribute to maintenance of the cycle of transmission. Some viruses are specific to a single genus or species of insect, while others are transmissible by ...
  http://accesspediatrics.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?bookid=455§ionid=40310601
*  I Have Encephalitis, Arbovirus
Do You Have Encephalitis, Arbovirus? Join friendly people sharing true stories in the I Have Encephalitis, Arbovirus group. Find support forums, advice and chat with groups who share this life experience. Encephalitis, Arbovirus anonymous support gro...
  http://www.experienceproject.com/groups/Have-Encephalitis-Arbovirus/97809
*  CAES: State of Connecticut Mosquito Trapping and Arbovirus Testing Program--Historical Information
State of Connecticut Mosquito Trapping and Arbovirus Testing Program--Historical Information Abstract: State of Connecticut Mosquito Trapping and Arbovirus Testing Program--Historical Information--1993-2013
  http://www.ct.gov/caes/cwp/view.asp?a=2819&q=552822
*  Zika Virus
We found this interesting information on the internet and thought you would like to be aware of the symptoms of Zika…especially since it's so new here in the US.. Symptoms of Zika virus in most people are similar to other arboviruses such as Chikungunya (fever, headache, fatigue primarily). The recent epidemic in Brazil, however, has been distinctively marked by detection of the disease in fetal amniotic fluid and an elevated reporting of cases of microcephaly (small head size) in newborns.. Given the virus' recent introduction to the Americas, some epidemiologists have expressed concern that resistance may be low, leading to increased transmission rates and severity of symptoms. In rare cases, Zika symptoms have been associated with Guillain-Barre syndrome, which causes the body's immune system to attack its neurological system and can lead to paralysis.. Because no Zika vaccine yet exist, the response to the outbreak involves stepped-up public health efforts, including vector control of ...
  https://www.webaway.com/shop/category/zikavirus/
*  Zika Virus Symptoms - Web-Away, Inc
We found this interesting information on the internet and thought you would like to be aware of the symptoms of Zika…especially since it's so new here in the US.. Symptoms of Zika virus in most people are similar to other arboviruses such as Chikungunya (fever, headache, fatigue primarily). The recent epidemic in Brazil, however, has been distinctively marked by detection of the disease in fetal amniotic fluid and an elevated reporting of cases of microcephaly (small head size) in newborns.. Given the virus' recent introduction to the Americas, some epidemiologists have expressed concern that resistance may be low, leading to increased transmission rates and severity of symptoms. In rare cases, Zika symptoms have been associated with Guillain-Barre syndrome, which causes the body's immune system to attack its neurological system and can lead to paralysis.. Because no Zika vaccine yet exist, the response to the outbreak involves stepped-up public health efforts, including vector control of ...
  https://www.webaway.com/shop/zika-virus-symptoms/
*  MA Department of Public Health Arbovirus Surveillance Program Report - Jones River Landing
Key Public Risk Communication Messages for the Week of Sept 24, 2012:. 1. Day time and early evening temperatures are still warm enough for continued mosquito activity. Mosquito activity drops off when temperatures are below 60 but some mosquitoes will be active even down to 52 degrees.. 2. At this time of year, the mosquitoes that remain are older adults; as mosquitoes age, they are more likely to have picked up either EEE or WNV so a greater proportion of them are probably infected. Because of cooler temperatures, mosquito trapping is less effective and the increased infection rates are not always obvious based on mosquito testing results.. 3. Communities at high or critical risk for EEE are urged to consider rescheduling outdoor, evening events that occur between the hours of dusk and dawn. Communities at high or critical risk for WNV should consider outreach to residents over the age of 50 with information about peak mosquito activity hours.. ...
  https://jonesriver.org/ecology/ma-department-of-public-health-arbovirus-surveillance-program-report/
*  Arboviruses: Molecular Biology, Evolution and Control
A panel of expert arbovirologists review the most important arbovirus research literature, and identify the most pressing questions that remain to be answered. Topics range from taxonomy and genome organization, to arbovirus diagnostics and control. Essential reading.
  https://www.caister.com/arbo
*  LaCrosse encephalitis
One of the main types of encephalitis caused by an arbovirus in the US. An arbovirus is a virus that is arthropod borne (carried by a mosquito, tick or another kind of arthropod). The arbovirus infects and inflames the brain. LaCrosse (LAC)…
  https://medicine.academic.ru/4614/LaCrosse_encephalitis
*  Research projects Arboviruses - RIVM
Flaviviruses show cross-reactivity in conventional serological tests, and are therefore not fully reliable. This project aims to develop a microarray to improve serological diagnostics. This microarray enables us to test seropositivity for the following arboviruses. ...
  http://www.rivm.nl/en/Topics/A/Arboviruses/Research_projects_Arboviruses
*  Arbovirus
Viramed Infektionsserologie Autoimmundiagnostika Labordiagnostika laboratory diagnostics infectious diseases serology autoimmune disorders
  http://viramed.de/en/viruses/arbovirus