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*  War Crimes Act 1991 - Wikipedia
... and the first since the Parliament Act 1949. The War Crimes Act remains the only time that the Parliament Acts were invoked by ... The War Crimes Act 1991 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It confers jurisdiction on courts in the United ... Text of the War Crimes Act 1991 as in force today (including any amendments) within the United Kingdom, from legislation.gov.uk ... The Parliament Acts are rarely invoked: the War Crimes Act was only the fourth statute since 1911 enacted under their ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Crimes_Act_1991
*  Anthony Sawoniuk - Wikipedia
He was the first and the only person in United Kingdom to be convicted under the War Crimes Act 1991. From a legal perspective ... Sawoniuk guilty of war crime BBC Online Freeman, Simon (7 November 2005). "Nazi war criminal dies in UK prison". The Times. ... and became the first and only person to be convicted under the UK's War Crimes Act 1991, when he was found guilty of war crimes ... "War crimes trial could be first and last". BBC Online. 1 April 1999. David Hirsh (1 December 2001). "The trial of Andrei ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anthony_Sawoniuk
*  Thomas Hetherington - Wikipedia
The report's recommendations led two years later to the War Crimes Act 1991, which was passed over objections of the House of ... which examined ways to prosecute suspected war criminals living in Britain for "crimes of murder, manslaughter or genocide ... He saw active service in the Middle East in the aftermath of World War II. He continued to serve in the Territorial Army until ... After consultation, the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (PACE) was enacted to formalise the existing Judges Rules, and ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Hetherington
*  Greville Janner - Wikipedia
In parliament, and outside, he was involved in campaigning for the War Crimes Act 1991, lobbying the Thatcher government to ... At the age of 18, he served in occupied Germany working for the War Crimes Investigation Unit of the British Army of the Rhine ... "War hero, 82, hits fellow peer in Lords". London Evening Standard. 27 August 2006. Retrieved 15 December 2014. "Lord Janner of ... Janner investigated cases of British airmen who were shot at Stalag Luft III, the prisoner of war camp. At weekends, he worked ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greville_Janner
*  War Crimes Act - Wikipedia
There are two acts known as the War Crimes Act War Crimes Act 1991 of the United Kingdom War Crimes Act of 1996 of the United ... States Crimes Against Humanity and War Crimes Act of Canada. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Crimes_Act
*  Belarusian Auxiliary Police - Wikipedia
Holocaust in Belarus Symon Serafinowicz Sr., first man to be charged under the UK's War Crimes Act of 1991. Anthony Sawoniuk, ... first man to be convicted under the UK's War Crimes Act of 1991. Eugeniusz Mironowicz (2014). "Okupacja niemiecka na Białorusi ... Crimes of the Local Police in Belorussia and Ukraine, 1941-1944. New York: St. Martin's Press (in association with USHMM). pp. ... Crimes of the Local Police in Belorussia and Ukraine, 1941-44. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 18, 22, 78, 93. ISBN 1403963711 - via ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Belarusian_Auxiliary_Police
*  Opinio Juris » Blog Archive The UK's Genocide Law Amendment Proposal - Opinio Juris
... asserts jurisdiction over war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide).. From memory when the War Crimes Act 1991 was used ... The key risk here is in the list of war crimes included in the Rome Statute and the ICC Act 2001. Some of those listed in the ... This approach - drawing on Art 7 ECHR and Art 15 ICCPR - has been used by the UK before for its War Crimes Act 1991, as well as ... But given that the proposed amendment seeks to lessen impunity for the crime of genocide, the crime of crimes, it may seem less ...
  http://opiniojuris.org/2009/07/21/the-uks-genocide-law-amendment-proposal/
*  Ex post facto law - Wikipedia
For example, the War Crimes Act 1991 created an ex post facto jurisdiction of British courts over war crimes committed during ... In international criminal law, the Nuremberg trials prosecuted war crimes and crimes against humanity perpetrated in World War ... Also, under paragraph 11(i) of the Charter, if the punishment for a crime has varied between the time the crime was committed ... for an act or omission that was not punishable by law at the time of the act or omission; or 12.1.b - for an offence by a ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ex_post_facto_law
*  Australian constitutional law - Wikipedia
Polyukhovich v Commonwealth (War Crimes Act Case) [1991] HCA 32, (1991) 172 CLR 501. Richardson v Forestry Commission [1988] ... In particular, Commonwealth legislation of 1998 that retroactively criminalised war crimes committed during World War II in ... so the State Act was not invalid on that ground. The Act was found invalid, however, on the ground that since the Supreme Court ... "more likely than not to commit a serious act of violence". It is clear that, had the Federal Parliament passed such an Act, it ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australian_constitutional_law
*  Bill of attainder - Wikipedia
War Crimes Act case) [1991] HCA 32, (1991) 172 CLR 501, High Court (Australia). Chu Kheng Lim v Minister of Immigration [1992] ... A bill of attainder (also known as an act of attainder or writ of attainder or bill of pains and penalties) is an act of a ... Previously secret British War Cabinet papers released on 1 January 2006 have shown that, as early as December 1942, the War ... "BCW Project :: British Civil Wars, Commonwealth & Protectorate 1638-1660 , Impeachment & Attainder". british-civil-wars.co.uk. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bill_of_attainder
*  Section 51(xxix) of the Constitution of Australia - Wikipedia
War Crimes Act Case) (1991). In this case, all judges other than Justice Brennan held that s 51(xxix) contained a sufficient ... "War Crimes Act Case" (1991) 172 CLR 501, see also Horta v Commonwealth [1994] HCA 32; (1994) 181 CLR 183 AustLII see Richardson ... "war crimes" committed in Europe during World War II. Chief Justice Mason, and justices Deane, Dawson and McHugh held that this ... Section 51(xxx) of the Constitution of Australia Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act 1900, s 51(xxix) Coper 1987, p. 10 ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Section_51(xxix)_of_the_Constitution_of_Australia
*  Welsh Church Act 1914 - Wikipedia
... together with Parliament Act 1949) the only acts enacted by invoking the Parliament Act 1911 until the War Crimes Act in 1991. ... one of the chief opponents of the act. Owing to the outbreak of the First World War in August, the Act was given Royal Assent ... The Welsh Church Act 1914 is an Act under which the Church of England was separated and disestablished in Wales and ... The Welsh Church Act and the Government of Ireland Act were ( ... The act had long been demanded by the Nonconformist element in ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Welsh_Church_Act_1914
*  List of High Court of Australia cases - Wikipedia
... validity of the War Crimes Act 1945 (Cth) Harris v Caladine [1991] HCA 9, (1991) 172 CLR 84 judicial power may be given to a ... Commonwealth v ACT (Same-sex marriage case) (2014): The Marriage Equality Act 2013 (ACT) was invalid as inconsistent with the ... CFMEU v BHP Coal Pty Ltd [2014] HCA 32, (2014) 253 CLR 500 held the employer did not act for a prohibited reason when it ... Dietrich v The Queen (1992): held that the lack of legal representation for an accused charged with a serious crime may result ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_High_Court_of_Australia_cases
*  David Montagu, 4th Baron Swaythling - Wikipedia
... he spoke strongly in support of the War Crimes Bill which would have permitted British courts to prosecute alleged Nazi war ... The Act was rejected by the House of Lords, but the Parliament Act was invoked and so it became law in 1991 as the War Crimes ... www.jta.org/1990/06/06/archive/house-of-lords-defeats-british-war-crimes-bill The Peerage, entry for 4th Lord Swaythling. ... The phrase means only that justice demands equal treatment." He suggested that trials of alleged war criminals would help to ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Montagu,_4th_Baron_Swaythling
*  Parliament Acts 1911 and 1949 - Wikipedia
... to the 1949 Act is believed to have been made during the first prosecution for war crimes under the War Crimes Act 1991, R. v. ... Act 2000 were repealed by the Sexual Offences Act 2003. While the War Crimes Act 1991 remains in force, to date only Anthony ... Because a second defendant was prosecuted under the War Crimes Act, and was sentenced to life imprisonment and since the War ... the validity of the War Crimes Act is not under question. The 1949 Act, and the validity of Acts made under it, were not ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parliament_Acts_1911_and_1949
*  Polyukhovich v Commonwealth - Wikipedia
The War Crimes Act 1945 (Cth) provided that any person who committed a war crime between 1 September 1939 and 8 May 1945 was ... Ivan Timofeyevich Polyukhovich had been charged under the Act with war crimes, alleged to have been committed between September ... He held that, because the subject of war crimes in World War II was not an external affair at the time, i.e., 1939 to 1945, the ... commonly referred to as the War Crimes Act Case, was a significant case decided in the High Court of Australia regarding the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polyukhovich_v_Commonwealth
*  Ivan Polyukhovich - Wikipedia
On 3 September 1990 the High Court began hearing a challenge to the constitutional validity of the War Crimes Amendment Act ... Act discharges an international obligation or meets an international concern that persons alleged to be guilty of war crimes ... On 26 December 1986, the Adelaide Advertiser received a telex from the USSR outlining war crimes accusations against ... On 20 December 1988 Australia's federal parliament passed the War Crimes Amendment Bill which allows prosecutions against ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ivan_Polyukhovich
*  Sook Ching - Wikipedia
... but at the time of the war crimes trials he had not been arrested. As soon as the war ended, Masanobu Tsuji escaped from ... He gave them freely, especially to the Chinese and Eurasians, in an act of conscience after witnessing the brutal tortures and ... Japanese war crimes Kempeitai East District Branch Access to Archives Online - Our Recent Publications Archived 4 March 2009 at ... In 1947, after the Japanese surrender, the British authorities in Singapore held a war crimes trial for the perpetrators of the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sook_Ching
*  Culture in the Cross Hairs - International Herald Tribune | United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
... "a war crime." The world must now act accordingly. Second, we must build stronger "coalitions for culture" through tighter ... Implementing legal texts means also bringing cultural war crimes to justice. Already in 2001, the International Tribunal for ... For Unesco, we must act at three levels. First, after years of efforts to build stronger legal instruments, we must do more to ... Irina Bokova, the director general of Unesco, will discuss "Protecting Culture in Times of War" at the Forum for New Diplomacy ...
  http://www.unesco.org/new/en/media-services/single-view/news/culture_in_the_cross_hairs_international_herald_tribune/
*  Ex post facto law - Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
... the War Crimes Act 1991 created an ex post facto jurisdiction of British courts over war crimes committed during the Second ... Article 1 of Criminal Law states that no act is punishable without a pre-existing law, and that in the case an act was ... Also, under section 11(i) of the Charter, if the punishment for a crime has varied between the time the crime was committed and ... 12.1.a - for an act or omission that was not punishable by law at the time of the act or omission; or ...
  https://infogalactic.com/info/Ex_post_facto_law
*  Novska - Wikipedia
... were charged with committing war crimes during the Yugoslav wars against local Novska Serb civilians, i.e. torturing and ... It concerns one of the crimes in respect of which the Amnesty Act was unfoundedly [sic] applied. Namely, the trial was ... Later on, injured parties filed a criminal report ... for the same event but this time commission of a war crime against ... However, the Zagreb County Court's War Crimes Council found Belina and Milić guilty on 8 March 2013. Belina was sentenced to 10 ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Novska
*  Crime in the United States - Wikipedia
After World War II, crime rates increased in the United States, peaking from the 1970s to the early 1990s. Violent crime nearly ... On September 16, 1994, President Bill Clinton signed the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act into law. Under the act ... According to the FBI, index crime in the United States includes violent crime and property crime. Violent crime consists of ... "Crime in the United States, Arrests by Sex". FBI. 2012. "Crime in the United States, Arrests by Sex". FBI. 2011. "Crime in the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crime_in_the_United_States
*  The Audacious Epigone: La Raza's California DREAMing
I hope the GOP keeps calling the Democrats' bluff on the DREAM Act. They don't really care about Hispanics. In general, ... BTW, the new Star Wars has no human characters played by black women; there are several Latin/mystery meat actors, a black dude ... and then began falling along with crime. It's almost like Rodney King Riot of 4/92 was last spasm of worsening black self- ... Right, @mtsw, black teen births rose during the late 1980s Crack Wars, peaking in 1991, ...
  http://anepigone.blogspot.com/2017/12/la-razas-california-dreaming.html
*  Saleh v. Bush - Wikipedia
Cheney For War Crimes". Huffington Post. "Update on Saleh v. Bush about War on Iraq - (N.D. Cal. 2014) - Now in Ninth Circuit ... The Westfall Act rules that harm done within the scope of employment is the responsibility of the employer (in this case the ... "The Crime of Aggressive War" (PDF). Global Studies Law Review. Washington University Law. 6 (3). Balboa, Juan R. (1995). ... government officials were convicted of crimes against peace whilst waging a war of aggression.) The United States Department of ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saleh_v._Bush