*  Raventoxin - Wikipedia
Magi 5 binds at site 4 of the alpha subunit of the mammalian voltage-gated sodium channel Nav1.2 (SCN2A). Binding of Magi 5 to ... "Solution Structure and Alanine Scan of a Spider Toxin That Affects the Activation of Mammalian Voltage-gated Sodium Channels. ( ... the sodium channels shifts both activation and inactivation to more hyperpolarized voltages and slows the recovery from ... Combined, these effects may lead to increased inactivation of the sodium channels at rest, leading to inhibition and blockage ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raventoxin
*  ATX-II - Wikipedia
ATX-II is highly potent at voltage-gated sodium channels subtype 1.1 and 1.2 (Nav1.1 and Nav1.2) with an EC50 of approximately ... ATX-II slows down the inactivation of different voltage-gated sodium channels, including Nav1.1 and Nav1.2, thus prolonging ... The binding of the toxin can only occur when the sodium channel is open. The major action of ATX-II is to delay sodium channel ... Neurotoxins that Act on Voltage-Sensitive Sodium Channels in Excitable Membranes. Annual Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ATX-II
*  APETx1 - Wikipedia
... channel, a type of voltage-gated potassium channel, and as a blocker of voltage-gated sodium channels, including Nav1.2 and ... of the hERG channels at maximum affinity suggests that APETx1 is a gating modifier. APETx1 blocks voltage-gated sodium channels ... In addition, APETx1 blocks several mammalian voltage-gated sodium channels, including Nav1.2 with an IC50 of 31 nM, and Nav1.8 ... APETx1 inhibits the hERG channel, a type of voltage-gated potassium channel. APETx1 is thought to interact with three aromatic ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/APETx1
*  CK2-An Emerging Target for Neurological and Psychiatric Disorders
NAv1.2 and 1.6) [57]. CK2 was further found to directly phosphorylate the voltage gated sodium channel NAv1, thereby enhancing ... CK2 activity is required for the interaction of FGF14 with voltage-gated sodium channels and neuronal excitability. FASEB J. ... Another family of membrane proteins that modulate synaptic activity are the voltage gated sodium channels (NAvs). Recently, the ... of the fibroblast growth factor receptor FGF14 and reduced interaction of FGF14 with voltage gated sodium channels ( ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC5374411/
*  RCSB PDB - Protein Feature View - Beta-theraphotoxin-Cm1a - P84507 (TX1 CERMR)
Inhibits several subtypes of voltage-gated sodium channels (Nav1.1/SCN1A, Nav1.2/SCN2A, Nav1.4/SCN4A, Nav1.5/SCN5A, Nav1.7/ ... the voltage dependence of channel activation to more depolarized potentials and by blocking the inward component of the sodium ... Is significantly more potent against Nav1.2/SCN2A than the other Nav channel subtypes (PubMed:16267209). In vivo, this toxin ...
  http://www.rcsb.org/pdb/protein/P84507
*  Cangitoxin - Wikipedia
Sea anemone toxins act on voltage-gated sodium channels (NaV1.1, NaV1.2, NaV1.4, NaV1.5, NaV1.6, NaV1.7) and depending on their ... which most likely acts by prolonging the inactivation of voltage-gated sodium channels (NaV channels). Cangitoxin is a ... According to its sequence homology, it is likely that cangitoxin prolongs the inactivation of the voltage-gated sodium channels ... Catterall, WA; Cestele, S; Yarov-Yarovoy, V; Yu, FH; Konoki, K; Scheuer, T (2007). "Voltage-gated ion channels and gating ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cangitoxin
*  Phrixotoxin - Wikipedia
... inhibits several voltage gated sodium channel subtypes (Nav1.1/SCN1A, Nav1.2/SCN2A, Nav1.4/SCN4A, Nav1.5/SCN5A, and Nav1.8/ ... Phrixotoxin-1 and -2 block A-type voltage-gated potassium channels; phrixotoxin-3 blocks voltage-gated sodium channels. Similar ... voltage-gated sodium channels by causing a depolarizing shift in gating kinetics and by blocking the inward component of sodium ... "Four novel tarantula toxins as selective modulators of voltage-gated sodium channel subtypes". Mol Pharmacol. 69 (2): 419-29. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phrixotoxin
*  Aurora Biomed Inc. Profile on Environmental XPRT
... voltage-gated sodium channels ( Nav1.5, Nav1.2), voltage-gated calcium channels, voltage-gated chloride channels and ... and ion channel cell line licensing. Applications of the ICR 8000 and ICR 12000 include voltage-gated potassium channels (hERG ... Ion Channel Research. Aurora Biomed focuses on high-throughput ion channel drug discovery as to address the recent shift of ... Aurora's family of Ion Channel Screening products include the atomic absorption spectroscopy-based Ion Channel Readers (ICR8000 ...
  https://www.environmental-expert.com/companies/aurora-biomed-inc-47075
*  Frontiers | Propranolol Blocks Cardiac and Neuronal Voltage-Gated Sodium Channels | Pharmacology
2008). Impaired NaV1.2 function and reduced cell surface expression in benign familial neonatal-infantile seizures. Epilepsia ... Propranolol blocks cardiac and neuronal voltage-gated sodium channels. Dao W. Wang1,2, Akshitkumar M. Mistry1, Kristopher M. ... Voltage-gated sodium channels are established pharmacological targets for local anesthetics and many other drugs with shared ... We found that the ability of propranolol to block voltage-gated sodium channels is not stereospecific, nor a class effect of β- ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fphar.2010.00144/full
*  Frontiers | The Segregated Expression of Voltage-Gated Potassium and Sodium Channels in Neuronal Membranes: Functional...
... review will focus on the signaling pathways leading to segmented expression of voltage-gated potassium and sodium ion channels ... review will focus on the signaling pathways leading to segmented expression of voltage-gated potassium and sodium ion channels ... molecular and functional identity of axonal and dendritic segments is the restricted expression of voltage-gated ion channels. ... We will also discuss the relevance of proper ion channel targeting for neuronal physiology and how alterations in polarized ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fncel.2017.00115/full
*  Beta-hexatoxin-Mg1a precursor - Macrothele gigas (Spider)
... sodium channels and shifts the activation voltage of the mammalian Nav1.2a/SCN2A channel to more hyperpolarized voltages, ... whereas the insect channel, DmNav1 (para), is not affected. Competes for binding at site 3 of the insect sodium channel. Causes ... Binds to site 4 of mammalian voltage-gated sodium channels and shifts the activation voltage of the mammalian Nav1.2a/SCN2A ... Ion channel impairing toxin, Neurotoxin, Toxin, Voltage-gated sodium channel impairing toxin. ...
  http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P83561
*  Synthetic GsAF-1 TOXPP-530S - Creative BioMart
GsAF-Ipeptide toxin is reported to block the following voltage-gated sodium channel isoforms: Nav1.1, Nav1.2, Nav1.3, Nav1.4, ... This product is a blocker of voltage-gated sodium channels with the formula of C160H245N47O41S7.. ...
  https://www.creativebiomart.net/synthetic-gsaf-1-478882.htm
*  Browsing ORBilu
As a proof of concept, using a homology model of the human Nav1.2 voltage-gated sodium channel structure, we observe spatial ... Gains larger than 0.6 dB with respect to QAM can be obtained over the peak power limited channels without any increase in ... Energy efficiency in MIMO interference channels: Social optimality and max-min fairness. Yang, Yang ; Pesavento, Marius. in ... Energy efficient transmission in MIMO interference channels with QoS constraints. Yang, Yang ; Pesavento, Marius. in Proc. 8th ...
  http://orbilu.uni.lu/browse?type=type&rpp=100&value=%23D00
*  "Regulation of neuronal voltage-gated sodium channels by the ubiquitin " by Andrew B. Fotia, Jenny Ekberg et al.
... channel (Nav1.2 and Nav1.7, respectively) are readily ubiquitinated by Nedd4-2. In Xenopus oocytes, Nedd4-2 strongly inhibited ... We found that the carboxyl termini of the six voltage-gated Na+ (Nav) channels contain typical PY motifs (PPXY), and a further ... epithelial Na+ channel by Nedd4 and Nedd4-2 is mediated via interactions between the PY motifs of the epithelial sodium channel ... Our results provide evidence that Nedd4 and Nedd4-2 are likely to be key regulators of specific neuronal Nav, channels in vivo. ...
  http://ro.uow.edu.au/ihmri/672/
*  ChemCORE
... and ligand-gated (KATP, nAChR, etc.) potassium channels, voltage-gated sodium channels (SCN5a, Nav1.2) and transporters (Na/K- ... channel screening by the flux assay approach. The ICR 8000 displays broad utility; it can be applied to assess voltage-gated ( ... Ion Channel Reader 8000 and 12000, an atomic absorption spectroscopy and flux assay based ion channel activity detection system ... Fux assays utilize tracer ions to study the ion channel of interest. The Ion Channel Reader 8000 provides a medium throughput ...
  http://hopkinschemcore.org/facility/hardware.html
*  Mutations in SCN9A, encoding a sodium channel alpha subunit, in patients with primary erythermalgia | Journal of Medical...
Sangameswaran L, Fish LM, Koch BD, et al. A novel tetrodotoxin-sensitive, voltage-gated sodium channel expressed in rat and ... Nav1.2 (encoded by SCN2A), Nav1.3 (encoded by SCN3A), Nav1.4 (encoded by SCN4A), Nav1.5 (encoded by SCN5A), Nav1.6 (encoded by ... SCN9A encodes Nav1.7, a voltage gated sodium channel alpha subunit expressed primarily in sensory and sympathetic ganglia,14 ... The leucine and isoleucine at the two sites are highly conserved in most voltage gated sodium channel alpha subunit isoforms ( ...
  http://jmg.bmj.com/content/41/3/171
*  Taking Lamictal (Lamotrigine) For Anxiety Disorders: Does It Help?
Lamotrigine's modulation of voltage-gated sodium channels, and to a lesser extent, modulation of voltage-gated calcium channels ... NaV1.2, NaV1.3, and Nav1.6. Their research using cell cultures indicates that lamotrigine facilitates a significant shift in ... In addition to blocking various voltage-gated sodium and calcium channels, lamotrigine appears to modulate voltage-gated ... Though the role of voltage-gated sodium channels in anxiety disorders remains unknown, it's possible that decreasing voltage- ...
  https://mentalhealthdaily.com/2016/10/04/lamictal-lamotrigine-for-anxiety-disorders/?replytocom=149006
*  Nav1.2 - Wikipedia
Sodium channels which contain the Navα1.2 subunit are called Nav1.2 channels. Voltage-gated sodium channels are transmembrane ... Navα1.2, also known as the sodium channel, voltage-gated, type II, alpha subunit is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ... 1992). "Primary structure, chromosomal localization, and functional expression of a voltage-gated sodium channel from human ... Nomenclature and structure-function relationships of voltage-gated sodium channels". Pharmacol. Rev. 57 (4): 397-409. doi: ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nav1.2
*  SCN2A2 (Human) Recombinant Protein (Q01) - (H00006326-Q01) - Products - Abnova
... voltage-gated, type II, alpha,sodium channel, voltage-gated, type II, alpha 1 polypeptide,sodium channel, voltage-gated, type ... HBA,HBSCI,HBSCII,NAC2,Na(v)1.2,Nav1.2,SCN2A1,SCN2A2. *Gene Description: ... Voltage-gated sodium channels are transmembrane glycoprotein complexes composed of a large alpha subunit with 24 transmembrane ... OTTHUMP00000041049,OTTHUMP00000041050,sodium channel protein, brain type 2 alpha subunit,sodium channel, ...
  http://www.abnova.com/products/products_detail.asp?catalog_id=H00006326-Q01
*  Sodium - Voltage-gated - Ion Channels - Products
Sodium. Voltage-gated sodium channels, which produce the inward membrane current necessary for regenerative action potential ... Nine members of the family of voltage-gated sodium channels have been identified thus far, consisting of a large alpha subunit ... Nomenclature and structure-function relationships of voltage-gated sodium channels. W.A. Catterall, A.L. Goldin, S.G. Waxman. ... Ligand gated sodium channels (e.g. nicotinic receptors) are activated by endogenous acetylcholine. Activation causes a ...
  https://www.axonmedchem.com/products/ion-channels/voltage-gated/sodium
*  Paralytic (gene) - Wikipedia
Voltage-gated sodium channels are highly conserved across lineages. The exons in specific, are conserved across many diverged ... Voltage-gated ion channel Nav1.2 SCN8A SCN1A "Dmel\para". FlyBase. Retrieved 28 March 2017. "D. melanogaster chrX:16,455,230- ... Paralytic is a gene in the fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster, which encodes a voltage gated sodium channel within D. ... Lin WH, Wright DE, Muraro NI, Baines RA (September 2009). "Alternative splicing in the voltage-gated sodium channel DmNav ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paralytic_(gene)
*  Hainantoxin - Wikipedia
... voltage-gated sodium channels (VGSCs). Voltage-gated Ca2+ channels (VGCCs), tetrodotoxin-resistant (TTX-R) VGSCs and rectifier- ... Other hainantoxins bind at site 3 of the sodium channels. HNTX-I specifically blocks mammalian Nav1.2 and insect para/tipE ... Mechanism of action of two insect toxins huwentoxin-III and hainantoxin-VI on voltage-gated sodium channels. J Zhejiang Univ ... A positively charged surface patch is important for hainantoxin-IV binding to voltage-gated sodium channels. J Pept Sci. 2012 ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hainantoxin
*  Frontiers | Ankyrin G Membrane Partners Drive the Establishment and Maintenance of the Axon Initial Segment | Frontiers in...
... voltage-gated sodium channels (Nav) or neurofascin-186) led to a decrease of ankG concentration and perturbed the AIS formation ... rescued by expressing a recombinant AIS-targeted Nav or by a minimal construct containing the ankyrin-binding domain of Nav1.2 ... voltage-gated sodium channels (Nav) or neurofascin-186) led to a decrease of ankG concentration and perturbed the AIS formation ... rescued by expressing a recombinant AIS-targeted Nav or by a minimal construct containing the ankyrin-binding domain of Nav1.2 ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fncel.2017.00006/full
*  Nav1.1 - Wikipedia
The vertebrate sodium channel is a voltage-gated ion channel essential for the generation and propagation of action potentials ... Nav1.2), and III (Nav1.3). There are also several distinct sodium channel alpha subunit isoforms in skeletal and cardiac muscle ... Nav1.1, also known as the sodium channel, voltage-gated, type I, alpha subunit (SCN1A), is a protein which in humans is encoded ... Spampanato J, Escayg A, Meisler MH, Goldin AL (Oct 2001). "Functional effects of two voltage-gated sodium channel mutations ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nav1.1
*  JoVE | Peer Reviewed Scientific Video Journal - Methods and Protocols
... voltage-gated sodium channel (VGSC). Sodium channels have been considered as therapeutic targets for pain. Several animal ... µ-SLPTX-Ssm6a has more than 150-fold selectivity for NaV1.7 over all other human NaV subtypes, with the exception of NaV1.2, ... Loss-of-function mutations in the human voltage-gated sodium channel NaV1.7 result in a congenital indifference to pain. ... A novel 60-residue neurotoxin peptide (anntoxin) that inhibited tetrodotoxin-sensitive (TTX-S) voltage-gated sodium channel ( ...
  https://www.jove.com/visualize?author=Ren-Hau+Lai