*  Culicoides species abundance and potential over-wintering of African horse sickness virus in the Onderstepoort area, Gauteng,...
Absence of transovarial transmission of bluetongue virus in Culicoides variipennis: Immunogold labeling of bluetongue virus ... viable virus was only recovered from four pools. These viruses were not typed or further identified. These midges were ... with bluetongue virus', in T.L. Barber & M.M. Jochim (eds.), Progress in clinical and biological research: Bluetongue and ... for bluetongue virus serotype 1 (BTV-1) with special reference to the effect of temperature on the rate of virus replication in ...
  http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1019-91282014000100028&lang=en
*  Bluetongue virus, type 10 ATCC ® VR-1231AF™
Bluetongue virus type 10 immune ascitic fluid [V-519-701-562] Application: ... Bluetongue virus type 10 immune ascitic fluid [V-519-701-562] Biosafety Level 1 Biosafety classification is based on U.S. ... Bluetongue virus, type 10 (ATCC® VR-1231AF™) Classification: Reoviridae, Orbivirus / Strain: BT8 / Product Format: freeze-dried ... Mice were immunized with Bluetongue virus (strain 8, V-519-401-562, see ATCC VR-1231) in Freund's complete adjuvant. Sacoma 180 ...
  https://www.atcc.org/products/all/VR-1231AF.aspx
*  US5188942A - Method for determining bluetongue virus antibodies in serum - Google Patents
This method utilizes either a biotinylated monoclonal antibody to Bluetongue virus and streptavadin-enzyme in conjunction with ... or an enzyme-conjugated monoclonal to detect antibodies specific for Bluetongue virus. ... for the determination of Bluetongue virus antibodies in serum is described. ... Live viruses, inactivated (e.g., irradiated, frozen, psoral-treated, formalintreated) viruses, lysed viruses, and coat proteins ...
  https://patents.google.com/patent/US5188942
*  Determination of the minimum protective dose for bluetongue virus serotype 2 and 8 vaccines in sheep
... and wild ruminants that is caused by the bluetongue virus (BTV).1 Bluetongue viruses share a common group-specific antigen but ... Recombinant canarypox virus vaccine co-expressing genes encoding the VP2 and VP5 outer capsid proteins of bluetongue virus ... A European field strain of bluetongue virus derived from two parental vaccine strains by genome reassortment. Virus Res. 2008; ... Bluetongue virus serotype 8. Two sheep vaccinated with low titre BTV 8 vaccines (102 PFU/mL and 102 PFU/mL) had pyrexia on day ...
  http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1019-91282012000100009&lng=en&nrm=iso
*  Establishment of an entirely plasmid-based reverse genetics system for Bluetongue virus
... reverse genetics system was used successfully to isolate viable cross-serotype reassortant viruses and a mutant virus ... Bluetongue virus (BTV), the type species of the genus Orbivirus within the family Reoviridae, has a genome consisting of 10 ... Establishment of an entirely plasmid-based reverse genetics system for Bluetongue virus. Pretorius, Jakobus Maree; Huismans, H ... Establishment of an entirely plasmid-based reverse genetics system for Bluetongue virus. Login ...
  https://repository.up.ac.za/handle/2263/51691
*  Epidemiology of bluetongue virus with special reference to the Mnisi area, Mpumalanga Province, South Africa
... especially in episystems where distinct grouping of viruses co-evolved with respect to specific Culicoides species. The ... Bluetongue virus (BTV) is the prototype member of the genus Orbivirus in the family Reoviridae. This virus causes an ... Bluetongue virus can be divided into five topotypes based on segment 10 i.e. western 1, 2 and 3 and eastern 1 and 2. The ... The epidemiology of bluetongue virus is very complex due to the involvement of several mammalian hosts and vector species. The ...
  https://repository.up.ac.za/handle/2263/46211
*  Development and evaluation of real time RT-PCR assays for detection and typing of Bluetongue virus - Nottingham ePrints
Bluetongue virus is the type species of the genus Orbivirus, family Reoviridae. Bluetongue viruses (BTV) are transmitted ... Development and evaluation of real time RT-PCR assays for detection and typing of Bluetongue virus ... Development and evaluation of real time RT-PCR assays for detection and typing of Bluetongue virus. PLoS ONE, 11 (9). e0163014/ ... The virus can also be transmitted vertically in vertebrate hosts, and some strains/serotypes can be transmitted horizontally in ...
  http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/38905/
*  Role of lipids on entry and exit of bluetongue virus, a complex non-enveloped virus. - LSHTM Research Online | London School...
Role of lipids on entry and exit of bluetongue virus, a complex non-enveloped virus. Viruses, 2 (5). pp. 1218-35. ISSN 1999- ... Moreover, it appears that complex, non-enveloped viruses such as bluetongue virus (BTV) and rotavirus interact with lipids ... Role of lipids on entry and exit of bluetongue virus, a complex non-enveloped virus. ... Non-enveloped viruses such as members of Picornaviridae and Reoviridae are assembled in the cytoplasm and are generally ...
  http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/20262/
*  Development of plant-produced protein body vaccine candidates for bluetongue virus | BMC Biotechnology | Full Text
Bluetongue and equine viral arteritis viruses as models of virus-induced fetal injury and abortion. Anim Reprod Sci. 2000;61: ... Bluetongue virusProtein body Nicotiana benthamiana VaccineZera®. Background. Bluetongue (BT) is a non-contagious, arthropod- ... Vellema P. Bluetongue in sheep: question marks on bluetongue virus serotype 8 in Europe. Small Rumin Res. 2008;76(1-2):141-8. ... Mertens PP, Diprose J. The bluetongue virus core: a nano-scale transcription machine. Virus Res. 2004;101(1):29-43.View Article ...
  https://bmcbiotechnol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12896-017-0370-5
*  Spatio-temporal modelling of bluetongue virus distribution in Northern Australia based on remotely sensed bioclimatic variables
... throughout Northern Australia to complement conventional surveillance.Environmental factors relating to the viruses' host and ... The presence of Bluetongue virus (BTV) in Northern Australia poses an ongoing threat for animal health and although clinical ... To monitor Bluetongue virus (BTV) activity in northern and eastern Australia the National Arbovirus Monitoring Program (NAMP) ... Prediction of Bluetongue virus seropositivity on pastoral properties in northern Australia using remotely sensed bioclimatic ...
  https://espace.curtin.edu.au/handle/20.500.11937/726
*  Evolution and Phylogenetic Analysis of Full-Length VP3 Genes of Eastern Mediterranean Bluetongue Virus Isolates - pdf descargar
Evolution and Phylogenetic Analysis of Full-Length VP3 Genes of Eastern Mediterranean Bluetongue Virus Isolates. . Biblioteca ... Epidemiological and phylogenetic analyses indicate that these viruses originated from a geographic area to the east and ... Bluetongue virus BTV is the 'type' species of the genus Orbivirus within the family Reoviridae. The BTV genome is composed of ... Evolution and Phylogenetic Analysis of Full-Length VP3 Genes of Eastern Mediterranean Bluetongue Virus Isolates - Descarga este ...
  http://libros.duhnnae.com/2017/jun6/149801657670-Evolution-and-Phylogenetic-Analysis-of-Full-Length-VP3-Genes-of-Eastern-Mediterranean-Bluetongue-Virus-Isolates.php
*  University of Glasgow - Research - Research units A‑Z - The Boyd Orr Centre for Population and Ecosystem Health - People - by...
Molecular evolution and ecology of bluetongue virus. Bluetongue virus (BTV) is a vector-borne, segmented RNA virus, responsible ... Traditionally, the main focus of this work had been on RNA viruses, for which genetic change is rapid enough to simultaneously ... In addition, we are trying to understand how the virus is able to emerge in new host species and the adaptive processes ... Emergence, spread and control of rabies virus. Despite the existence of effective vaccines, rabies continuous to be an ...
  https://www.gla.ac.uk/research/az/boydorr/people/byname/romanbiek/
*  'animals domestic' Protocols and Video...
Detection of the Genome and Transcripts of a Persistent DNA Virus in Neuronal Tissues by Fluorescent In situ Hybridization ... Nasal Wipes for Influenza A Virus Detection and Isolation from Swine', 'Screening Foodstuffs for Class 1 Integrons and Gene ... Assays for the Identification of Novel Antivirals against Bluetongue Virus', 'Evaluation of a Novel Laser-assisted Coronary ... Assays for the Identification of Novel Antivirals against Bluetongue Virus. Linlin Gu1, Stewart W. Schneller2, Qianjun Li1 ...
  https://www.jove.com/keyword/animals+domestic
*  Bluetongue disease - Wikipedia
Roy P (2008). "Molecular Dissection of Bluetongue Virus". Animal Viruses: Molecular Biology. Caister Academic Press. pp. 305- ... Bluetongue is caused by the pathogenic virus, Bluetongue virus (BTV), of the genus Orbivirus, of the Reoviridae family. Twenty- ... virus is closely related and crossreacts with Bluetongue virus on many blood tests. "Q&A: Bluetongue disease". BBC. 2008-09-17 ... It is caused by the Bluetongue virus (BTV). The virus is transmitted by the midge Culicoides imicola, Culicoides variipennis, ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bluetongue_disease
*  RNA virus - Wikipedia
Viruses portal Virus classification List of viruses Viral replication Positive/negative-sense Animal viruses Double-stranded ... Bluetongue virus is an economically important pathogen of cattle and sheep. In recent years, remarkable progress has been made ... virus Extra small virus Jingmen tick virus Le Blanc virus Nesidiocoris tenuis virus 1 Nylanderia fulva virus 1 Orsay virus ... includes Yellow fever virus, West Nile virus, Hepatitis C virus, Dengue fever virus, Zika virus Family Fusariviridae Family ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RNA_virus
*  Sedoreovirinae - Wikipedia
Includes: Bluetongue virus, African horse sickness virus, Epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus, among others. Known ... Sedoreovirinae (sedo = smooth) is a subfamily of the Reoviridae family of viruses. Viruses in this subfamily are distinguished ... Included: Rice dwarf virus, Rice gall dwarf virus and Wound tumor virus. Rotavirus A-E cause infantile gastroenteritis in ... Included: Banna virus, Kadipiro virus and Liao ning virus. http://ictvonline.org/virusTaxonomy.asp[full citation needed] https ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sedoreovirinae
*  Double-stranded RNA viruses - Wikipedia
45-. Roy P (2008). "Structure and Function of Bluetongue Virus and its Proteins". Segmented Double-stranded RNA Viruses: ... Microbiology Virology RNA virus Virus classification List of viruses Animal virology Patton 2008 Ghabrial SA (1998). "Origin, ... 2008). "The Yeast dsRNA Virus L-A Resembles Mammalian dsRNA Virus Cores". Segmented Double-stranded RNA Viruses: Structure and ... Bluetongue virus (BTV) which causes disease in livestock (sheep, goat, cattle) has been in the forefront of molecular studies ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Double-stranded_RNA_viruses
*  Molecular microbiology - Wikipedia
ISBN 978-1-904455-03-5. Roy P (2008). "Molecular Dissection of Bluetongue Virus". Animal Viruses: Molecular Biology. Caister ... The complete DNA sequence of the Epstein-Barr virus was completed in 1984. Bluetongue virus (BTV) has been in the forefront of ... Some viruses are used as vectors for gene therapy. Virus vectors have been developed that mediate stable genetic modification ... Other viruses such as Papillomavirus, Coronavirus, Caliciviruses, Paramyxoviruses and Influenza virus have also been ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Molecular_microbiology
*  Culicoides - Wikipedia
... bluetongue virus, Schmallenberg virus, African horse sickness, bovine ephemeral fever (C. osystoma and C. nipponesis), Akabane ... Various Culicoides species have been shown to be vectors for the following viruses and conditions: Mansonella spp. (M. ozzardi ... in 2006, bluetongue virus was first recorded in Northern Europe. In 2007 and 2008, there were huge outbreaks, going as far as ... main vector of bluetongue virus and African Horse Sickness in Southern Europe Culicoides chiopterus - Culicoides dewulfi - ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Culicoides
*  Pirbright - Wikipedia
The site also conducts research on viruses including foot and mouth disease and bluetongue virus. On Saturday 4 August 2007 it ... Professor Brian Spratt's report found that more likely than not the strain of the virus understandably came from the Merial ... Independent Review of the safety of UK facilities handling foot and mouth disease virus Professor Brian Spratt, August 2007 ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pirbright
*  Orbivirus - Wikipedia
... with constituent viruses): African horse sickness virus Bluetongue virus Chuzan virus Corriparta virus Epizootic haemorrhagic ... Changuinola virus Irituia virus Jamanxi virus Jari virus Gurupi virus Monte Dourado virus Ourem virus Purus virus Saraca virus ... virus Tribec viruses Lake Clarendon virus Palyam virus CSIRO Village virus Pata virus Peruvian horse sickness virus Elsey virus ... virus Bluetongue virus Changuinola virus Chenuda virus Chobar Gorge virus Corriparta virus Epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orbivirus
*  Epizootic hemorrhagic disease - Wikipedia
Bluetongue virus is closely related to EHD, and has similar clinical signs, but it is a different disease. Bluetongue is a ... Testing at animal health laboratories is necessary to distinguish between the viruses that cause bluetongue and EHD. The ... caused by an infection of a virus from the genus Orbivirus. It is an infectious, and sometimes fatal, virus that is ... "Facts About Bluetongue And EHD." Grand View Outdoors, 18 Dec. 2014, www.grandviewoutdoors.com/big-game-hunting/facts-about- ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Epizootic_hemorrhagic_disease
*  Tony Minson - Wikipedia
... and such a vaccine has recently been successfully developed for bluetongue virus of sheep. Single-cycle viruses are also widely ... His research in the early 1970s was in the field of plant viruses, including tobacco rattle virus and tobacco necrosis virus, ... Minson's group called the resulting virus a "disabled infectious single cycle" (DISC) virus; similarly disabled viruses are ... "Generation of Replication-Defective Virus-Based Vaccines That Confer Full Protection in Sheep against Virulent Bluetongue Virus ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tony_Minson
*  Epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus - Wikipedia
"Bluetongue virus" (BTV), another Orbivirus that, like EHDV, causes the host to develop a characteristic blue tongue due to ... "Resistance mechanisms to plant viruses: an overview". Virus research. 92 (2): 207-12. doi:10.1016/S0168-1702(02)00353-2. PMID ... and African horse sickness virus. Epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus is a double-stranded RNA virus that belongs to the family ... Hyatt, AD; Zhao, Y; Roy, P (April 1993). "Release of bluetongue virus-like particles from insect cells is mediated by BTV ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Epizootic_hemorrhagic_disease_virus
*  Parasitic flies of domestic animals - Wikipedia
Mellor, P.S. (1995) The transmission and geographical spread of African horse sickness and bluetongue viruses Annals of ... Species such as Culicoides imicola and Culicoides variipennis transmit bluetongue virus between sheep and cattle (see diagram ... Culex mosquitoes transmit West Nile virus between birds and horses; they transmit Rift Valley fever virus to livestock species ... A typical pathway of transmission of organisms by blood feeding flies is shown below as a virus transmitted by an adult fly ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parasitic_flies_of_domestic_animals