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*  Assessment of the repellent effect of citronella and lemon eucalyptus oil against South African Culicoides species
Implications for bluetongue virus transmission in the USA and its international impact', in T.E. Walton & B.I. Osburn (eds.), ... 66 viruses (Borkent 2005) isolated from Culicoides midges, African horse sickness virus (AHSV) is probably the most devastating ... Have we underestimated a potential bluetongue virus vector?', Journal of Applied Ecology 45, 1237-1245. [ Links ]. ... In endemic situations like South Africa, vaccination will always remain the key control strategy for diseases caused by viruses ...
  http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1019-91282014000100012&lng=en&nrm=iso
*  Abundance and species composition of Culicoides spp. biting midges near cattle and horse in South-Eastern Poland : Acta...
... bluetongue virus (BTV) and Schmallenberg virus (SBV). The latter two have been already reported in Polish ruminants recently, ... are known vectors of arboviruses including African horse sickness virus (AHSV), ... a major vector of bluetongue and African horse sickness viruses. PLoS One 9:e112491. CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar ... are known vectors of arboviruses including African horse sickness virus (AHSV), bluetongue virus (BTV) and Schmallenberg virus ...
  https://www.degruyter.com/view/j/ap.2017.62.issue-4/ap-2017-0089/ap-2017-0089.xml
*  Culicoides species abundance and potential over-wintering of African horse sickness virus in the Onderstepoort area, Gauteng,...
Absence of transovarial transmission of bluetongue virus in Culicoides variipennis: Immunogold labeling of bluetongue virus ... viable virus was only recovered from four pools. These viruses were not typed or further identified. These midges were ... with bluetongue virus', in T.L. Barber & M.M. Jochim (eds.), Progress in clinical and biological research: Bluetongue and ... for bluetongue virus serotype 1 (BTV-1) with special reference to the effect of temperature on the rate of virus replication in ...
  http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1019-91282014000100028&lang=en
*  Bluetongue Virus
... this book serves as an invaluable resource for researchers and clinicians working with alphaviruses and related viruses. Topics ... Recommended: Genes, Genetics and Transgenics for Virus Resistance in Plants Bluetongue Virus. Porcine Viruses: From ... Bluetongue Virus Bluetongue virus (BTV), a member of Orbivirus genus within the Reoviridae family causes serious disease in ... Host-virus interactions during virus trafficking will be one of the future areas needing intense attention. Recent work has ...
  https://www.highveld.com/virology/bluetongue-virus.html
*  Bluetongue virus, type 10 ATCC ® VR-1231AF™
Bluetongue virus type 10 immune ascitic fluid [V-519-701-562] Application: ... Bluetongue virus type 10 immune ascitic fluid [V-519-701-562] Biosafety Level 1 Biosafety classification is based on U.S. ... Bluetongue virus, type 10 (ATCC® VR-1231AF™) Classification: Reoviridae, Orbivirus / Strain: BT8 / Product Format: freeze-dried ... Mice were immunized with Bluetongue virus (strain 8, V-519-401-562, see ATCC VR-1231) in Freund's complete adjuvant. Sacoma 180 ...
  https://www.atcc.org/products/all/VR-1231AF.aspx
*  US5188942A - Method for determining bluetongue virus antibodies in serum - Google Patents
This method utilizes either a biotinylated monoclonal antibody to Bluetongue virus and streptavadin-enzyme in conjunction with ... or an enzyme-conjugated monoclonal to detect antibodies specific for Bluetongue virus. ... for the determination of Bluetongue virus antibodies in serum is described. ... Live viruses, inactivated (e.g., irradiated, frozen, psoral-treated, formalintreated) viruses, lysed viruses, and coat proteins ...
  https://patents.google.com/patent/US5188942
*  Use of inactivated bluetongue virus serotype 8 vaccine against virulent challenge in sheep and cattle
Bluetongue Viruses Based on Modified-Live Vaccine Serotype 6 with Exchanged Outer Shell Proteins Confer Full Protection in ... Attenuated Live Bluetongue Virus 8 Vaccine Protects Sheep from Challenge with the European BTV-8. Dungu, Baptiste K.; Louw, Ian ... An attenuated live bluetongue virus (AL-BTV) serotype 8 vaccine of South African origin was evaluated for its ability to ... Twenty six bluetongue virus (BTV) serotypes have been recognised worldwide, including nine from Europe and fifteen in the ...
  http://connection.ebscohost.com/c/articles/44532610/use-inactivated-bluetongue-virus-serotype-8-vaccine-against-virulent-challenge-sheep-cattle
*  Determination of the minimum protective dose for bluetongue virus serotype 2 and 8 vaccines in sheep
... and wild ruminants that is caused by the bluetongue virus (BTV).1 Bluetongue viruses share a common group-specific antigen but ... Recombinant canarypox virus vaccine co-expressing genes encoding the VP2 and VP5 outer capsid proteins of bluetongue virus ... A European field strain of bluetongue virus derived from two parental vaccine strains by genome reassortment. Virus Res. 2008; ... Bluetongue virus serotype 8. Two sheep vaccinated with low titre BTV 8 vaccines (102 PFU/mL and 102 PFU/mL) had pyrexia on day ...
  http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1019-91282012000100009&lng=en&nrm=iso
*  Establishment of an entirely plasmid-based reverse genetics system for Bluetongue virus
... reverse genetics system was used successfully to isolate viable cross-serotype reassortant viruses and a mutant virus ... Bluetongue virus (BTV), the type species of the genus Orbivirus within the family Reoviridae, has a genome consisting of 10 ... Establishment of an entirely plasmid-based reverse genetics system for Bluetongue virus. Pretorius, Jakobus Maree; Huismans, H ... Establishment of an entirely plasmid-based reverse genetics system for Bluetongue virus. Login ...
  https://repository.up.ac.za/handle/2263/51691
*  Molecular analysis of genome segment-3 of bluetongue virus serotype 12 isolates from Haryana
... of bluetongue virus (BTV) serotype 12 isolates from different outbreaks of Bluetongue disease in Haryana, India ... Lee, F., Ting, L.J., Lee, M.S., Chang, W.M. and Wang, F.I. (2011) Genetic analysis of two taiwanese bluetongue viruses. Vet. ... Keywords: bluetongue, bluetongue virus-12, genome segment-3, Haryana, real time, serotype, sequencing. ... Genetic characterization of bluetongue virus serotype 9 isolates from India. Virus Genes, 44: 1-9. [Crossref] [PubMed] ...
  http://www.veterinaryworld.org/Vol.10/November-2017/18.html
*  Detection, discrimination and quantitation of 22 bluetongue virus serotypes using real-time RT-PCR with TaqMan MGB probes,...
... discrimination and quantitation of 22 bluetongue virus serotypes using real-time RT-PCR with TaqMan MGB probes, Archives of ... description and validation of four real-time RT-PCR assays for the serotyping of bluetongue viruses BTV-1, BTV-6, BTV-8 and BTV ... Bluetongue virus serotype 8 virus-like particles protect sheep against virulent virus infection as a single or multi-serotype ... Bluetongue virus (BTV) is the etiological agent of bluetongue (BT) disease, a noncontagious insect-transmitted disease of ...
  https://www.deepdyve.com/lp/springer_journal/detection-discrimination-and-quantitation-of-22-bluetongue-virus-xeE8ktfjpY
*  Development of the polymerase chain reaction for the detection of bluetongue virus in tissue samples. - Semantic Scholar
... for the detection of bluetongue virus RNA. Pairs of oligonucleotides complementary to the 3' termini of eight of the ten genome ... Positive results were obtained from samples taken 7 days post-infection (p.i.) (containing 1.6 x 10(3) TCID50 of virus/ml of ... with the exception of Tilligery virus, isolates from other Orbivirus serogroups tested all gave negative results (African horse ... extracted from purified core particles of bluetongue virus serotype 1 from South Africa (BTV1SA), was used as template to ...
  https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Development-of-the-polymerase-chain-reaction-for-of-Wade-Evans-Mertens/ae9866b1e3a58ab6530a936ecfc53f35d4f636d3
*  Epidemiology of bluetongue virus with special reference to the Mnisi area, Mpumalanga Province, South Africa
... especially in episystems where distinct grouping of viruses co-evolved with respect to specific Culicoides species. The ... Bluetongue virus (BTV) is the prototype member of the genus Orbivirus in the family Reoviridae. This virus causes an ... Bluetongue virus can be divided into five topotypes based on segment 10 i.e. western 1, 2 and 3 and eastern 1 and 2. The ... The epidemiology of bluetongue virus is very complex due to the involvement of several mammalian hosts and vector species. The ...
  https://repository.up.ac.za/handle/2263/46211
*  Development and evaluation of real time RT-PCR assays for detection and typing of Bluetongue virus - Nottingham ePrints
Bluetongue virus is the type species of the genus Orbivirus, family Reoviridae. Bluetongue viruses (BTV) are transmitted ... Development and evaluation of real time RT-PCR assays for detection and typing of Bluetongue virus ... Development and evaluation of real time RT-PCR assays for detection and typing of Bluetongue virus. PLoS ONE, 11 (9). e0163014/ ... The virus can also be transmitted vertically in vertebrate hosts, and some strains/serotypes can be transmitted horizontally in ...
  http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/38905/
*  Role of lipids on entry and exit of bluetongue virus, a complex non-enveloped virus. - LSHTM Research Online | London School...
Role of lipids on entry and exit of bluetongue virus, a complex non-enveloped virus. Viruses, 2 (5). pp. 1218-35. ISSN 1999- ... Moreover, it appears that complex, non-enveloped viruses such as bluetongue virus (BTV) and rotavirus interact with lipids ... Role of lipids on entry and exit of bluetongue virus, a complex non-enveloped virus. ... Non-enveloped viruses such as members of Picornaviridae and Reoviridae are assembled in the cytoplasm and are generally ...
  http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/20262/
*  Bluetongue disease - Wikipedia
Roy P (2008). "Molecular Dissection of Bluetongue Virus". Animal Viruses: Molecular Biology. Caister Academic Press. pp. 305- ... Bluetongue is caused by the pathogenic virus, Bluetongue virus (BTV), of the genus Orbivirus, of the Reoviridae family. Twenty- ... virus is closely related and crossreacts with Bluetongue virus on many blood tests. "Q&A: Bluetongue disease". BBC. 2008-09-17 ... It is caused by the Bluetongue virus (BTV). The virus is transmitted by the midge Culicoides imicola, Culicoides variipennis, ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bluetongue_disease
*  RNA virus - Wikipedia
Viruses portal Virus classification List of viruses Viral replication Positive/negative-sense Animal viruses Double-stranded ... Bluetongue virus is an economically important pathogen of cattle and sheep. In recent years, remarkable progress has been made ... virus Extra small virus Jingmen tick virus Le Blanc virus Nesidiocoris tenuis virus 1 Nylanderia fulva virus 1 Orsay virus ... includes Yellow fever virus, West Nile virus, Hepatitis C virus, Dengue fever virus, Zika virus Family Fusariviridae Family ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RNA_virus
*  Sedoreovirinae - Wikipedia
Includes: Bluetongue virus, African horse sickness virus, Epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus, among others. Known ... Sedoreovirinae (sedo = smooth) is a subfamily of the Reoviridae family of viruses. Viruses in this subfamily are distinguished ... Included: Rice dwarf virus, Rice gall dwarf virus and Wound tumor virus. Rotavirus A-E cause infantile gastroenteritis in ... Included: Banna virus, Kadipiro virus and Liao ning virus. http://ictvonline.org/virusTaxonomy.asp[full citation needed] https ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sedoreovirinae
*  Double-stranded RNA viruses - Wikipedia
45-. Roy P (2008). "Structure and Function of Bluetongue Virus and its Proteins". Segmented Double-stranded RNA Viruses: ... Microbiology Virology RNA virus Virus classification List of viruses Animal virology Patton 2008 Ghabrial SA (1998). "Origin, ... 2008). "The Yeast dsRNA Virus L-A Resembles Mammalian dsRNA Virus Cores". Segmented Double-stranded RNA Viruses: Structure and ... Bluetongue virus (BTV) which causes disease in livestock (sheep, goat, cattle) has been in the forefront of molecular studies ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Double-stranded_RNA_viruses
*  Molecular microbiology - Wikipedia
ISBN 978-1-904455-03-5. Roy P (2008). "Molecular Dissection of Bluetongue Virus". Animal Viruses: Molecular Biology. Caister ... The complete DNA sequence of the Epstein-Barr virus was completed in 1984. Bluetongue virus (BTV) has been in the forefront of ... Some viruses are used as vectors for gene therapy. Virus vectors have been developed that mediate stable genetic modification ... Other viruses such as Papillomavirus, Coronavirus, Caliciviruses, Paramyxoviruses and Influenza virus have also been ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Molecular_microbiology
*  Culicoides - Wikipedia
... bluetongue virus, Schmallenberg virus, African horse sickness, bovine ephemeral fever (C. osystoma and C. nipponesis), Akabane ... Various Culicoides species have been shown to be vectors for the following viruses and conditions: Mansonella spp. (M. ozzardi ... in 2006, bluetongue virus was first recorded in Northern Europe. In 2007 and 2008, there were huge outbreaks, going as far as ... main vector of bluetongue virus and African Horse Sickness in Southern Europe Culicoides chiopterus - Culicoides dewulfi - ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Culicoides
*  Pirbright - Wikipedia
The site also conducts research on viruses including foot and mouth disease and bluetongue virus. On Saturday 4 August 2007 it ... Professor Brian Spratt's report found that more likely than not the strain of the virus understandably came from the Merial ... Independent Review of the safety of UK facilities handling foot and mouth disease virus Professor Brian Spratt, August 2007 ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pirbright
*  Orbivirus - Wikipedia
... with constituent viruses): African horse sickness virus Bluetongue virus Chuzan virus Corriparta virus Epizootic haemorrhagic ... Changuinola virus Irituia virus Jamanxi virus Jari virus Gurupi virus Monte Dourado virus Ourem virus Purus virus Saraca virus ... virus Tribec viruses Lake Clarendon virus Palyam virus CSIRO Village virus Pata virus Peruvian horse sickness virus Elsey virus ... virus Bluetongue virus Changuinola virus Chenuda virus Chobar Gorge virus Corriparta virus Epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orbivirus
*  Epizootic hemorrhagic disease - Wikipedia
Bluetongue virus is closely related to EHD, and has similar clinical signs, but it is a different disease. Bluetongue is a ... Testing at animal health laboratories is necessary to distinguish between the viruses that cause bluetongue and EHD. The ... caused by an infection of a virus from the genus Orbivirus. It is an infectious, and sometimes fatal, virus that is ... "Facts About Bluetongue And EHD." Grand View Outdoors, 18 Dec. 2014, www.grandviewoutdoors.com/big-game-hunting/facts-about- ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Epizootic_hemorrhagic_disease
*  Tony Minson - Wikipedia
... and such a vaccine has recently been successfully developed for bluetongue virus of sheep. Single-cycle viruses are also widely ... His research in the early 1970s was in the field of plant viruses, including tobacco rattle virus and tobacco necrosis virus, ... Minson's group called the resulting virus a "disabled infectious single cycle" (DISC) virus; similarly disabled viruses are ... "Generation of Replication-Defective Virus-Based Vaccines That Confer Full Protection in Sheep against Virulent Bluetongue Virus ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tony_Minson