*  AviPro AE Tremblex for Animal Use - Drugs.com
AVIAN ENCEPHALOMYELITIS VACCINE. LIVE VIRUS. Directions For Use. FOR VETERINARY USE ONLY ... When administered to susceptible chickens, a mild infection results, which stimulates immunity. ... eggs for administration to chickens as an aid in the prevention of avian encephalomyelitis. ... Recommendations for use: This product is a live virus vaccine of chicken embryo origin manufactured from SPF (Specific Pathogen ...
  https://www.drugs.com/vet/avipro-ae-tremblex.html
*  Overview of Viral Encephalitides in Poultry - Poultry - Merck Veterinary Manual
... avian encephalomyelitis virus (see Avian Encephalomyelitis), botulism (see Botulism), and listeriosis (see Listeriosis). ... virus, Highlands J (HJ) virus, Israel turkey meningoencephalitis virus, and West Nile Virus (See also West Nile Virus Infection ... Epornitics of EEE virus infection in pheasants are believed to be initiated by mosquito-borne infection of one or more birds in ... WEE virus is less severe, with a case-fatality rate of ~3%-7%; most infections are subclinical. Human infection usually is ...
  http://www.merckvetmanual.com/en-pr/poultry/viral-encephalitides/overview-of-viral-encephalitides-in-poultry
*  Murray McMurray Hatchery - AE and Fowl Pox Vaccine
Avian Encephalomyelitis (AE) disease can cause devastating egg production drop in laying hens. In breeders, the AE virus can be ... Fowl Pox infection also causes egg production losses in laying hens. Vaccination is applied through the wing web with an ...
  https://www.mcmurrayhatchery.com/pox_vaccine.html
*  The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene | Detection of Eastern Equine Encephalomyelitis Virus RNA in North...
To determine rates of exposure and infection, we examined serum samples from wild snakes at a focus of EEEV in Alabama for ... possibly as over-wintering hosts for the virus. ... in the ecology of eastern equine encephalomyelitis virus (EEEV ... The role of non-avian vertebrates in the ecology of eastern equine encephalomyelitis virus (EEEV) is unresolved, but mounting ... f Detection of Eastern Equine Encephalomyelitis Virus RNA in North American Snakes * Authors: Andrea M. Bingham, Sean P. Graham ...
  http://www.ajtmh.org/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2012.12-0257
*  The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene | Volume 87, Issue 6
The role of non-avian vertebrates in the ecology of eastern equine encephalomyelitis virus (EEEV) is unresolved, but mounting ... Eleven patients with concurrent dengue virus (DENV) and Plasmodium vivax infection are reported. Similar frequencies of DENV-2 ... Cholul virus (CHLV), South River virus (SOURV), Kairi virus, Maguari virus, and Wyeomyia virus. Of the 182 horses, 60 (33.0%) ... Detection of Eastern Equine Encephalomyelitis Virus RNA in North American Snakes Andrea M. Bingham, Sean P. Graham, Nathan D. ...
  http://www.ajtmh.org/content/journals/14761645/87/6?page=2
*  Sick Chicken---Bubbling eye, and swelling of lower eye lid | BackYard Chickens
Avian encephalomyelitis virus normally causes disease in chickens 1-6 weeks of age. The virus primarily affects the nervous ... A high incidence of cataracts can occur in flocks with vitamin E deficiency, avian encephalomyelitis infection, or continuous ... Often young birds acquire the infections from the hen or through navel or yolk sac infections. Fungal Infections Molds readily ... While the vaccination is effective in preventing formation of tumors, it does not prevent infection by the virus. Recent ...
  https://www.backyardchickens.com/threads/sick-chicken-bubbling-eye-and-swelling-of-lower-eye-lid.6772/
*  Comparison of immune responses of brown-headed cowbird and related blackbirds to West Nile and other mosquito-borne...
... western equine encephalomyelitis virus (family Togaviridae, genus Alphavirus, WEEV), and St, Louis encephalitis virus (family ... across the United States has stimulated interest in comparative host infection studies to delineate competent avian hosts ... Differences were observed among the response of these hosts to all three viruses, Red-winged Blackbirds were more susceptible ... We compared the host competence of four taxonomically related blackbird species (Icteridae) after experimental infection with ...
  https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/5224813
*  JoVE | Peer Reviewed Scientific Video Journal - Methods and Protocols
Following intranasal infection of the mice with TC83-Luc, an attenuated Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus strain modified to ... Risk of exposure to eastern equine encephalomyelitis virus increases with the density of northern cardinals. ... The broad species tropism of SINV allows for infection of insect, avian, and mammalian cells8. However, ATSs have been derived ... Three of these viruses (West Nile virus, Potosi virus, and La Crosse virus) represent new records for North America or the New ...
  https://www.jove.com/visualize/abstract/23469095/risk-exposure-to-eastern-equine-encephalomyelitis-virus-increases
*  Vaccine development
Pasteurella infections. Birds. Marek's disease. Paramyxovirus. Herpes. Infectious bursal disease. Avian encephalomyelitis. ... Bovine respiratory syncitial virus. Bovine influenza type 3. ... Duck virus enteritis. References. *Cornelius, CE (1969) New Eng ...
  http://www.animalresearch.info/en/medical-advances/veterinary-medicine/vaccine-development/
*  Guidelines | College of Veterinary Medicine
Avian influenza. Newcastle disease. Infectious encephalomyelitis. Paramyxovirus infection. Infectious laryngotracheitis ... West Nile Virus. Rabies. REPORTABLE DISEASES OF POULTRY. ... Avian Influenza*General Information and Resources. *Supplies ...
  https://vetmed.iastate.edu/vdl/submissions/guidelines
*  West Nile virus: lessons from the 21st century - Wilkins - 2004 - Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care - Wiley...
B. Dunkel, F. Piero, K.L. Wotman, I.C. Johns, J. Beech, P.A. Wilkins, Encephalomyelitis from West Nile Flavivirus in 3 Alpacas ... WNV infection has been documented in other species of mammals, including camelids (alpaca/llamas) and dogs, and veterinarians ... There are many WNV-permissive native avian and mosquito hosts in the Unites States and there appear to be few limitations to ... West Nile virus: lessons from the 21st century. Authors. *. Pamela A. Wilkins DVM, MS, PhD, DACVIM, DACVECC,. *From the ...
  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1534-6935.2004.04003.x/abstract
*  Arboviral Infections of the Central Nervous System -- United States, 1996-1997
During 1996-1997, a total of 23 states conducted surveillance for SLE, EEE, and/or western equine encephalomyelitis (WEE) virus ... Eastern equine encephalitis in a flock of emus (Dromaius novaehollandiae). Avian Diseases 1992;36: 808-12. ... In addition, EEE virus can be isolated from the bloody feces of infected emus, and emu-to-emu transmission of EEE virus has ... Emus are highly susceptible to EEE virus infection, which typically results in acute hemorrhagic enterocolitis and death (8). ...
  https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00053675.htm
*  RNase-Free - What does RNase-Free stand for? The Free Dictionary
Discrimination between highly pathogenic and low pathogenic H5 avian influenza a viruses ... Hemagglutinating encephalomyelitis coronavirus infection in pigs, Argentina. Total RNA was eluted with 30 [micro]L of RNase- ...
  http://acronyms.thefreedictionary.com/RNase-Free
*  Applications of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in veterinary medicine: A bibliography | SpringerLink
Detection of chicken antibodies against avian encephalomyelitis virus by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Poult. Sci., 60 ... Diagnosis of bovine corona virus infection with haemadsorptionelution haemagglutination assay (HEHA) and enzyme-linked ... An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for detecting avian leukosis sarcoma virus. Avian Dis., 23: 698-707.Google Scholar ... An enzyme linked immunosorbent assay for detection of antibodies of avian adenovirus and avian adenovirus associated virus in ...
  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF02214720
*  Tremovirus - Wikipedia
Avian encephalomyelitis virus is a picornavirus and is most closely related to hepatitis A virus, Journal of General Virology, ... Currently, no treatment is available, but chicks that survive infection are immune. Control is achieved by vaccination of the ... The genus has one species, Tremovirus A, which is also called Avian encephalomyelitis virus. The first avian picornavirus to ... 2011 The Picornavirus Avian Encephalomyelitis Virus Possesses a Hepatitis C Virus-Like Internal Ribosome, Journal of Virology, ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tremovirus
*  Encephalomyelitis | definition of encephalomyelitis by Medical dictionary
What is encephalomyelitis? Meaning of encephalomyelitis medical term. What does encephalomyelitis mean? ... Looking for online definition of encephalomyelitis in the Medical Dictionary? encephalomyelitis explanation free. ... encephalomyelitis. Infection of the brain and spinal cord. See Experimental allergic encephalomyelitis. en·ceph·a·lo·my·e·li· ... Near Eastern equine encephalomyelitis. the cause is a virus, antigenically identical with the Borna disease virus, which ...
  http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/encephalomyelitis
*  Common Eye Disorders in Birds | petMD
They can be due to an eye injury, or possibly an infection to the area. Occasionally, eye disorders are symptoms of another ... Avian Pox is another eye disorder which is found in birds, and is due to a viral infection. Though it is a generalized disease ... Cataracts develop in the bird's eye when there is a deficiency in vitamin E, an infection with encephalomyelitis, or even from ... However, a bird that is already infected with the virus, cannot be cured. ...
  http://www.petmd.com/bird/conditions/eyes/c_bd_Eye_Disorders
*  The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene | PREVIOUS INFECTION WITH WEST NILE OR ST. LOUIS ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES...
Louis encephalitis virus. Our data have broad implications for free-ranging avian serological diagnostics and possibly for the ... prior infection with either virus prevented mortality upon challenge with West Nile virus. Prior infection with West Nile virus ... Louis encephalitis viruses and then challenged 6 weeks post infection with either homologous or heterologous viruses. Although ... Louis encephalitis virus prevented viremia from St. Louis encephalitis virus, but only reduced West Nile virus viremia titers. ...
  http://www.ajtmh.org/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2006.75.480
*  Patent US6333051 - Nanogel networks and biological agent compositions thereof - Google Patents
Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis, Rota virus, polyoma tumor virus, Feline leukemia virus, reovirus, respiratory synticial ... Mengo virus, paramixovirus, avian infectious bronchitis virus. Suitable bacterial antigens include but are not limited to ... Also suitable antigens include infections such as Rocky mountain spotted fever and thyphus, parasites such as malaria, ... herpes-virus, Pox-virus) used as complete viruses of their parts. See, for example, Hodgson, Biotechnology, 1995, 13: 222. ...
  http://www.google.com.au/patents/US6333051
*  Small-scale poultry production
... tendon infections in which feet joints feel warm) and Avian Encephalomyelitis (AE). ... Infection occurs early in life, and once a bird is infected, it can shed the virus in skin flakes throughout its life, if it ... Avian malaria). Avian malaria infection is much higher among exotics and cross-breeds. ... Avian Salmonellosis (Paratyphoid). Salmonellosis is usually used to describe infection with any organism of the Salmonella ...
  http://www.fao.org/docrep/008/y5169e/y5169e07.htm
*  Turkey | definition of turkey by Medical dictionary
a catarrhal infection of the upper respiratory tract in young poults. In chickens, a similar disease is called swollen head ... an acute, infectious disease of turkeys 4 weeks old and older caused by a Group II avian adenovirus. Clinically there is ... antigenically related to Marek's disease virus (MDV) but not pathogenic in any species. Used to vaccinate chickens against ... see Israeli turkey encephalomyelitis.. turkey mullein. see eremocarpus setigerus.. turkey rhinotracheitis. ...
  http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/turkey
*  Guidelines for West Nile Virus Vaccination
West Nile virus, a flavivirus, was first identified as a cause of infection and fatal encephalomyelitis (inflammation of the ... from avian hosts, which serve as natural reservoirs for these viruses in nature. ... West Nile virus (WNV) infection was first diagnosed in horses in the United States in 1999 andis now an important consideration ... The incubation period for West Nile virus in horses appears to be 3 to15 days. Clinical signs of WNV infection in horses may ...
  https://lsu.edu/vetmed/ehsp/horse_health/aaep_tips/wnv_vaccination_guidelines.php
*  The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene | CHANGES IN SEROPREVALENCE OF WEST NILE VIRUS ACROSS ILLINOIS IN FREE...
Avian species with high WNV seroprevalence rates tended to be those that bred throughout the year, have open cup nests, and ... Louis encephalitis virus were also the most common hosts for WNV, which strongly supports the role of similar vectors for both ... Our multiple year surveillance identified several avian species that had particularly high percentages of seropositive ... Of the 5,236 birds sampled for antibodies to West Nile virus (WNV) in Illinois from 2001 through 2004, 348 (6.6%) birds were ...
  http://www.ajtmh.org/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2006.74.174
*  Specific-pathogen-free - Wikipedia
Avian Encephalomyelitis, Avian Influenza (Type A), Avian Nephritis Virus, Avian Paramyxovirus Type 2, Avian Reovirus S 1133, ... Reticuloendotheliosis Virus; Salmonella pullorum-gallinarum ; Salmonella species; When by accident some infection does occur, ... Avian Rhinotracheitis Virus; Avian Rotavirus; Avian Tuberculosis M. avium; Chicken Anemia Virus; Endogenous GS Antigen; Fowl ... For SPF eggs the specific pathogens are: Avian Adenovirus Group I, Avian Adenovirus Group II (HEV), Avian Adenovirus Group III ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Specific-pathogen-free
*  The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene | A NOVEL, RAPID ASSAY FOR DETECTION AND DIFFERENTIATION OF SEROTYPE...
It could also be used to determine the epidemic potential of a VEE virus following an intentional introduction for bioterrorism ... Two monoclonal antibodies that differentially recognize epizootic versus enzootic VEE virus epitopes were used to measure the ... Experimental Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis virus infection of the bovine. Infect Immun 5 : 155-159.. ... Epitope-blocking enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays for the detection of serum antibodies to West Nile virus in multiple avian ...
  http://www.ajtmh.org/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2005.72.805