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*  ارزیابی فعالیت سلول‌های کشنده طبیعی (NK) جوجه‌ها در عفونت همزمان بیماری بورس عفونی و آنفلوانزای پرندگان تحت تیپH9N2
... در عفونت همزمان ویروس بیماری گامبورو با ویروس آنفلوانزای پرندگان تحت تیپ H9N2 در جوجه بررسی شد. بدین منظور 32 قطعه جوجه از مرغ ... "امروزه گستردگی ویروس آنفلوانزای پرندگان تحت تیپ H9N2 به حدی است که به صورت یک بیماری اندمیک در قسمت اعظم خاورمیانه در آمده است ... Avian influenza virus subtype H9N2 is an endemic viral disease in middle east. On the otherhand Infectious bursal disease virus ... In this research we assesed NK cell activity after coinfection of chickens with IBD virus and Avian influenza virus H9N2. ...
  http://vj.areo.ir/article_116478.html
*  Codon usage bias and recombination events for neuraminidase and hemagglutinin genes in Chinese isolates of influenza A virus...
"Codon usage bias and recombination events for neuraminidase and hemagglutinin genes in Chinese isolates of influenza A virus ... subtype H9N2, Archives of Virology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of ... Engineering tomato for resistance to tomato leaf curl disease using viral rep gene sequences ... of 128 Chinese isolates of influenza A virus subtype H9N2 were analyzed to reveal codon usage bias and recombination events. A ...
  https://www.deepdyve.com/lp/springer_journal/codon-usage-bias-and-recombination-events-for-neuraminidase-and-661nT0boFJ
*  Mesenchymal Stromal Cells and Viral Infection
"Avian-to-human transmission of H9N2 subtype influenza A viruses: relationship between H9N2 and H5N1 human isolates," ... Avian Influenza Virus (AIV). Avian influenza virus (AIV) causes disease among birds species, including chickens, ducks, and ... chronic hepatitis in Hepatitis B Virus (HBV), and acute lung injury (ALI) in influenza virus. Administration of MSCs to virus- ... Y. Li, Y. Chi, Q. Bian, T. Wen, and W. Zhang, "Mesenchymal stem cells therapy for H9N2 avian influenza viruses induced acute ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/sci/2015/860950/
*  Influenza A virus subtype H9N2 - Wikipedia
H9N2): computational molecular analysis and phylogenetic characterization of viral surface proteins isolated between 1997 and ... H9N2 is a subtype of the species Influenza A virus (bird flu virus). Over the years the H9N2 influenza strain caused illness in ... H9N2) infection in a 5-year-old boy HK girl infected with rare but mild A/H9N2 flu virus Sun Y, Liu J. "H9N2 influenza virus in ... H9N2 influenza virus has been recognized to reassort with multiple other subtypes, including H6N1, H6N2, and H5N1 viruses. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Influenza_A_virus_subtype_H9N2
*  Analysis of the phylogeny of Chinese H9N2 avian influenza viruses and their pathogenicity in mice, Archives of Virology | 10...
"Analysis of the phylogeny of Chinese H9N2 avian influenza viruses and their pathogenicity in mice, Archives of Virology" on ... Viral replication in infected mice resulted in minimal weight loss, suggesting that these H9N2 avian influenza viruses had low ... Complex reassortment of multiple subtypes of avian influenza viruses in domestic ducks at the Dongting Lake Region of China ... Molecular characterization of H9N2 influenza viruses: Were they the donors of the "internal" genes of H5N1 viruses in Hong Kong ...
  https://www.deepdyve.com/lp/springer_journal/analysis-of-the-phylogeny-of-chinese-h9n2-avian-influenza-viruses-and-S3uPahpzii
*  A Novel Genotype H9N2 Influenza Virus Possessing Human H5N1 Internal Genomes Has Been Circulating in Poultry in Eastern China...
H9N2). The neuraminidase (NA) subtypes of the viruses were determined by conducting a BLAST search on viral nucleotide ... H9N2 subtype influenza A viruses in poultry in Pakistan are closely related to the H9N2 viruses responsible for human infection ... Our systematic surveillance of influenza viruses in chickens in China showed that H9N2 subtype influenza viruses continued to ... Avian-to-human transmission of H9N2 subtype influenza A viruses: relationship between H9N2 and H5N1 human isolates. Proc. Natl ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC2738149/?lang=en-ca
*  Subclinical Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Virus Infection among Vaccinated Chickens, China - Volume 20, Number 12-December...
Investigation suggested that the virus has evolved into multiple genotypes. To better control transmission of the virus, we ... virus was identified through routine surveillance in China. ... of vaccinated chickens with a highly pathogenic avian influenza ... and the remaining 6 genomic segments of H5N2qd14 likely reassorted from subtype H9N2 avian influenza virus (Figure, Technical ... The entire viral genome of the virus, A/chicken/Qingdao/1/2014(H5N2), abbreviated as H5N2qd14, was sequenced and analyzed as ...
  https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/20/12/14-0733_article
*  Molecular evaluation of M2 protein of Iranian avian influenza viruses of H9N2 subtype in order to find mutations of adamantane...
These drugs inhibit M2 protein ion channel which has role on viral replication. OBJECTIVES: The main objective of this study is ... to evaluate M gene of avian influenza viruses (AIVs) of H9N2 subtype in order to find adamantane drug resistance mutations. ... The H9N2 subtype was confirmed by specific RT-PCR. The RT-PCR was conducted for full length M gene. PCR amplified products were ... Adamantane is a group of antiviral agents which is effective both in prevention and treatment of influenza A virus infections. ...
  https://ijvm.ut.ac.ir/article_59718.html
*  Replication Capacity of Avian Influenza A(H9N2) Virus in Pet Birds and Mammals, Bangladesh - Volume 21, Number 12-December 2015...
H9N2) is an agricultural and public health threat. We characterized an H9N2 virus from a pet market in Bangladesh and ... Results implicated pet birds in the potential dissemination and zoonotic transmission of this virus. ... Avian influenza A(H9N2) virus is endemic among poultry throughout Eurasia (1-3). In Bangladesh, subtype H9N2 viruses are unique ... H9N2 virus replication in pet birds also has implications for viral spread. Poultry are a major source of dissemination, but ...
  https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/21/12/15-1152_article
*  Study of Immune Responses in Healthy Adults Receiving Live Influenza Virus Vaccines - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
For the inpatient arm, seropositive to the H2N3 influenza A virus or the H9N2 influenza A virus (serum HAI titer ,1:8). For the ... Influenza A viruses are widely distributed in nature and exist as many different subtypes. Pandemics of influenza can occur, ... in humans and to develop biomarkers that can predict the viral shedding and immune response to LAIVs. ... Influenza, Human. Orthomyxoviridae Infections. RNA Virus Infections. Virus Diseases. Respiratory Tract Infections. Respiratory ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT01674205
*  Antimicrobial Properties of Plant Essential Oils against Human Pathogens and Their Mode of Action: An Updated Review
... subtype H9N2. They found that various concentrations of lemon balm essential oil suppressed influenza virus replication. ... Actions against the Viruses. At present, various essential oils may be a promising alternative against viral infections [105]. ... such as herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and type 2 (HSV-2), dengue virus type 2, Junin virus, influenza virus adenovirus ... essential oil against avian influenza A virus (H9N2)," VirusDisease, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 170-178, 2016. View at Publisher · ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ecam/2016/3012462/
*  Isolation of mixed subtypes of influenza A virus from a bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) | Virology Journal | Full Text
RNA was extracted from HA positive samples and from a known AIV (H9N2) isolate using QIAamp viral RNA kit (Qiagen, Valencia, CA ... InfluenzaAvian Influenza VirusWild BirdHighly Pathogenic Avian InfluenzaCloacal Swab ... Isolation of mixed subtypes of influenza A virus from a bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus). ... viruses [2-5] although highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) viruses have also been isolated from some species [6]. To ...
  https://virologyj.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1743-422X-7-174
*  Continuing Evolution of H9N2 Influenza Viruses in Southeastern China | Journal of Virology
H9N2 subtype influenza A viruses in poultry in Pakistan are closely related to the H9N2 viruses responsible for human infection ... Lethal H5N1 influenza viruses escape host anti-viral cytokine responses. Nat. Med. 8:950-954. ... H9N2 viruses accounted for approximately 75% of all influenza viruses isolated. Antigenically distinct lineages of H9N2 viruses ... Avian-to-human transmission of H9N2 subtype influenza A viruses: relationship between H9N2 and H5N1 human isolates. Proc. Natl ...
  https://jvi.asm.org/content/78/16/8609
*  Overview of Viral Encephalitides in Poultry - Poultry - Merck Veterinary Manual
Learn about the veterinary topic of Overview of Viral Encephalitides in Poultry. Find specific details on this topic and ... Influenza A viruses are divided into 16 hemagglutinin (H1-16) and 9 neuraminidase (N1-9) subtypes. Which of the following ... virus, Highlands J (HJ) virus, Israel turkey meningoencephalitis virus, and West Nile Virus (See also West Nile Virus Infection ... Highlands J Virus:. Highlands J (HJ) virus is a cause of encephalitis in chukar partridges. Chukars exhibit somnolence, ruffled ...
  http://www.merckvetmanual.com/en-pr/poultry/viral-encephalitides/overview-of-viral-encephalitides-in-poultry
*  Turkey Viral Hepatitis - Merck Veterinary Manual
Influenza A viruses are divided into 16 hemagglutinin (H1-16) and 9 neuraminidase (N1-9) subtypes. Which of the following ... subtypes is most likely to cause a highly pathogenic form of avian influenza in poultry? ...
  http://www.merckvetmanual.com/en-pr/poultry/turkey-viral-hepatitis
*  Study finds H1N1 and H9N2 offspring can be more lethal | CIDRAP
... a subtype that commonly circulates in birds, found that several were more pathogenic then the parent viruses, which they said ... CIDRAP News) Chinese researchers who tested reassortants that combined the 2009 H1N1 virus with H9N2, ... the study group attempted to make all possible 127 reassortants from an avian H9N2 influenza virus and the 2009 H1N1 virus. ... of Agriculture conducted a sequence analysis of 571 viral genomes from a flu virus database to pinpoint the subtype's genetic ...
  http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspective/2011/03/study-finds-h1n1-and-h9n2-offspring-can-be-more-lethal
*  Changing Patterns of H6 Influenza Viruses in Hong Kong Poultry Markets
... and clinical studies related to all aspects of influenza. ... Influenza Research and Treatment is a peer-reviewed, Open ... "H9N2 subtype influenza A viruses in poultry in Pakistan are closely related to the H9N2 viruses responsible for human infection ... "Clinical features and rapid viral diagnosis of human disease associated with avian influenza A H5N1 virus," The Lancet, vol. ... "Avian-to-human transmission of H9N2 subtype influenza A viruses: relationship between H9N2 and H5N1 human isolates," ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/irt/2011/702092/ref/
*  JoVE | Peer Reviewed Scientific Video Journal - Methods and Protocols
Avian influenza A virus of the H9N2 subtype likely made a recent contribution to the evolution of the H7N9 virus and continues ... exposure histories and sequence similarities between viral isolates. To explore the role of live poultry markets in the origin ... Avian influenza virus A of the novel H7N9 reassortant subtype was recently found to cause severe human respiratory infections ... Influenza H7N9 and H9N2 viruses: coexistence in poultry linked to human H7N9 infection and genome characteristics. ...
  https://www.jove.com/visualize?author=Yujun%20Du%20
*  Welcome to CDC stacks | Phylogenetic and antigenic characterization of reassortant H9N2 avian influenza viruses isolated from...
Avian Influenza Virus Birds China Dongting Lake Evolution, Molecular Genome, Viral H9N2 Subtype Influenza A Virus, H9N2 Subtype ... Influenza In Birds Lakes Molecular Sequence Data Phylogeny Reassortant Reassortant Viruses Research RNA, Viral Sequence ... In this study, 22 H9N2 avian influenza viruses were isolated from wild waterfowl feces in East Dongting Lake Nature Reserve in ... Phylogenetic and antigenic characterization of reassortant H9N2 avian influenza viruses isolated from wild waterfowl in the ...
  https://stacks.cdc.gov/view/cdc/32164
*  US Patent Application for MONOCLONAL ANTIBODIES CAPABLE OF REACTING WITH A PLURALITY OF INFLUENZA VIRUS A SUBTYPES Patent...
... which have the advantageous and unpredicted property of being able to bind a plurality of subtypes of the influenza A virus. ... which displays a neutralizing activity against a plurality of subtypes of the influenza A virus. Anti-idiotype antibodies ... Monoclonal antibodies directed against the influenza A virus are described, ... Other subtypes have sporadically affected humans (H9N2, H7N7, and the so dreaded recent H5N1 subtype), but they have not ...
  https://patents.justia.com/patent/20110014187
*  Application # 2016/0376597. METHOD OF TREATING INFLUENZA A - Patents.com
A method of treating Influenza A is disclosed. The method includes the step of administering a pharmaceutical composition ... 0034] The virus subtypes of Influenza A may be H7N9, H1N1, H5N1, H1N2, H2N2, H2N3, H3N1, H3N2, H3N8, H5N2, H5N3, H5N8, H5N9, ... 0038] Today, most drugs for treating Influenza are against viral proteins. Viral proteins are prone to mutate, and thus it is ... H9N2, H10N7 or H10N8, preferably H1N1. The subject may be a human. [0040] The pharmaceutical composition can restore the ...
  http://patents.com/us-20160376597.html
*  Application # 2017/0368165. RECOMBINANT INFLUENZA VIRUS VACCINES FOR INFLUENZA AND RESPIRATORY SYNCYTIAL VIRUS - Patents...
Disclosed are recombinant chimeric influenza virus vaccines and live attenuated influenza virus (LAIV) vaccines expressing ... avian origin influenza viruses including H5N1, H7N2, H7N3, H7N7 and H9N2 subtypes have been shown to cause human infections on ... inactivated virus, split viral vaccine, or live attenuated influenza vaccine. 14. The recombinant influenza virus of claim 1, ... Influenza epidemics in human population contain two influenza A subtypes (H1N1 and H3N2) and one variant of influenza B virus, ...
  http://patents.com/us-20170368165.html
*  The use of green tea (Camellia sinensis) as a phytogenic substance in poultry diets
... human influenza viruses (A/H1N1, A/H3N2 and B type), H2N2 and H9N2 avian influenza virus. The compounds strongly inhibited ... The broad spectrum activity against various subtypes of influenza viruses may complement the limitations of current antivirals ... and their anti-influenza-viral activity was evaluated in vitro and in ovo. Marked antiviral activity was observed for ... They also restricted the growth of avian influenza virus in ovo, with a minimum inhibition concentration of 5 µΜ to 10 µΜ; this ...
  http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0030-24652014000100005&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=en
*  Frontiers | Inhibition of H9N2 Virus Invasion into Dendritic Cells by the S-Layer Protein from L. acidophilus ATCC 4356 |...
... and to verify its ability to inhibit the invasion of H9N2 avian influenza virus (AIV) in DCs. We found that the S-layer protein ... The invasion and replication of the H9N2 virus in mouse DCs was successfully demonstrated. However, the invasion of H9N2 virus ... The invasion and replication of the H9N2 virus in mouse DCs was successfully demonstrated. However, the invasion of H9N2 virus ... and to verify its ability to inhibit the invasion of H9N2 avian influenza virus (AIV) in DCs. We found that the S-layer protein ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fcimb.2016.00137/full
*  "Predicting Avian Influenza Co-Infection with H5N1 and H9N2 in Northern" by Sean G. Young, Margaret Carrel et al.
H5N1 and H9N2 influenza subtypes are endemic in Egyptian poultry. From 2006 to 2015, over 20,000 poultry and wild birds were ... constrained by poor viral adaptation to non-avian hosts. This could be overcome via co-infection, whereby two strains share ... Using only single-subtype influenza outbreaks and publicly available ecological data, we identified areas of co-infection ... Niches differed markedly by subtype. The subtype niches were combined to model co-infection potential with known occurrences ...
  http://ir.uiowa.edu/geog_pubs/215/