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*  Increased Pulmonary Venous Resistance in Morbidly Obese Patients without Daytime Hypoxia:Clinical Utility of the Pulmonary...
... as the pulmonary capillary blood takes up nitrous oxide, alveolar gas pressure decreases, and attenuates the pulsatile gas flow ... Measurement of cardiac output by alveolar gas exchange, Handbook of Physiology, The Respiratory System. Vol IV, Gas Exchange. ... Her C, Baek SH, Shin SW, Lee HJ: Increases in pulmonary artery systolic storage associated with improved ventilation-to- ... The incidence of pulmonary embolism in open versus laparoscopic gastric bypass. Ann Vasc Surg 2007; 21:556-9Gargiulo, NJ Veith ...
  http://anesthesiology.pubs.asahq.org/article.aspx?articleid=1933033
*  Multiple inert gas elimination technique - Wikipedia
The technique quantifies true shunt, physiological dead space ventilation, ventilation versus blood flow (VA/Q) ratios, and ... inert gases in mixed venous blood, arterial blood, and expired gas of a subject. ... Steady-state gas exchange in the lungs obeys the principles of conservation of mass. This leads to the ventilation/perfusion ... West, JB (2008). Pulmonary Pathophysiology - The Essentials. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Wagner, PD; Saltzman ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multiple_inert_gas_elimination_technique
*  Patent US5941710 - Apparatus and method of simulating the determination of continuous blood ... - Google Patents
... and a simulated blood gas machine simulates an output representative of a simulated physiological state based at least in part ... A patient simulator and method of patient simulation wherein a physical gas composition representative of a simulated alveolar ... gas composition in a lung model is determined, ... the gas exchange during mandatory or assisted ventilation and ... simulates the pulmonary blood flow, carrying gases to and from the lungs. The vane pump 106 (GAST 0532, Benton Harbor, Mich.) ...
  http://www.google.com/patents/US5941710?dq=patent:+7360079
*  Patent US6227196 - Apparatus and method for non-invasively measuring cardiac output - Google Patents
The method of the invention includes estimating the cardiac output or pulmonary capillary blood flow of a patient based on ... A computer program for calculating the cardiac output or pulmonary capillary blood flow of a patient is also disclosed. ... Apparatus and methods for non-invasively determining the cardiac output or pulmonary capillary blood flow of a patient using ... Method and apparatus for measuring pulmonary blood flow by pulmonary exchange of oxygen and an inert gas with the blood. ...
  http://www.google.com/patents/US6227196?dq=5572193
*  Winter metabolic depression does not change arterial baroreflex control of heart rate in the tegu lizard Salvator merianae |...
Andrade, D. V. and *Abe, A. S.. (1999). Gas exchange and ventilation during dormancy in the tegu lizard Tupinambis merianae. J ... 1982). Pulmonary blood plasma filtration in reptiles: a 'wet' vertebrate lung? Science 215, 77-78. doi:10.1126/science.215.4528 ... system that has the ability to return excessive transcapillary fluids back to the venous system and thereby maintain blood ... V.D. performed the experiments; V.D., L.A.Z. and K.C.B. analyzed and interpreted the data; L.A.Z., K.C.B., V.D., D.V.A., L.H.G ...
  http://jeb.biologists.org/content/219/5/725
*  Patent US6155976 - Reciprocating movement platform for shifting subject to and fro in headwards ... - Google Patents
The monitor may also be employed as a trigger for assisting or supporting ventilation and cardiac/cardiopulmonary support. ... The platform may also be oscillated to assist or support ventilation and/or for cardiopulmonary/cardiac support of the subject ... The stable normal values of arterial blood gases exhibited during NIMV indicate that the method maintains ventilation without ... The decrease in pulmonary arterial hypertension resulted from nitric oxide released from the endothelial lining of blood ...
  http://www.google.com/patents/US6155976?dq=7,157,879
*  Skeletal muscle mitochondrial function and exercise capacity in HIV-infected patients with lipodystrophy and elevated p-lactate...
During exercise, blood samples were drawn at times of load change and at maximal exercise. Gas exchange was continuously ... Oxygen consumption (VO2), carbon dioxide production, pulmonary ventilation (Ve), and the respiratory quotient (RER) were ... Blood samples were drawn without stasis from a venous catheter in the forearm. In the blood samples the following parameters ... the change in blood lactate from baseline values ( blood lactate) from 5 to 60 min post-exercise was plotted against time (Fig ...
  http://www.natap.org/2002/april/042202_1.htm
*  Part 13: Neonatal Resuscitation Guidelines | Circulation
Palme-Kilander C, Tunell R. Pulmonary gas exchange during facemask ventilation immediately after birth. Arch Dis Child. 1993; ... protects against lung injury and improves lung compliance and gas exchange (LOE 6).60,61 Evidence from case series in human ... Blood flow during cardiopulmonary resuscitation with simultaneous compression and ventilation in infant pigs. Pediatr Res. 1989 ... Given the lack of data on endotracheal epinephrine, the IV route should be used as soon as venous access is established. ...
  http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/112/24_suppl/IV-188.full
*  Patent US5060656 - Metabolic rate analyzer - Google Patents
The sample cylinder is also used for chrging the test chamber with the proportional sample of the expired gas of the subject. A ... A sample cylinder is provided for drawing a proportional sample of the expired gas of the subject being studied from the flow ... An analyzing means is provided fo determining CO2 content in the expired gas from the rate of pressure decay in the test ... CO2 content and total volume of expired gas to provide a measure of the metabolic rate of the subject being studied. ...
  http://www.google.ca/patents/US5060656
*  Pediatric inhalation injury | Burns & Trauma | Full Text
In pediatric patients, these perturbations cause profound changes in cardiac and pulmonary physiology. In this review, we ... In burn patients, this mode of ventilation may improve gas exchange and airway pressures compared to the conventional ... COHb can be measured in the blood with arterial blood gas analysis specialized for coximetry. Other methods that can be used to ... This coupled with pulmonary edema can further exacerbate poor gas exchange. Pediatric patients with concomitant inhalation and ...
  https://burnstrauma.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s41038-017-0097-5
*  Central Mechanisms Regulating Coordinated Cardiovascular and Respiratory Function - Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Neuroscience
... and include those that signal changes in blood pressure, the level of blood oxygenation, respiratory activity, and metabolic ... thus maintaining a relatively constant level of arterial blood PO2, PCO2, and pH. In addition, external alerting stimuli that ... such that both ventilation and cardiac output increase in a parallel fashion, ... respiratory sinus arrhythmia improves the efficiency of pulmonary gas exchange by better matching of perfusion to ventilation ...
  http://neuroscience.oxfordre.com/abstract/10.1093/acrefore/9780190264086.001.0001/acrefore-9780190264086-e-64?rskey=d3DwpL&result=10
*  1 - Forex euro rate in pakistan
Lenticels in the bark permit gas exchange.. EXAMPLE Consider the equation ðx 2Þ2 þ ðy þ 1Þ2 14 4. Acad. 11 Polyhydantoin Resins ... high blood pressure, diabetes, and high blood viscosity, have all been cited as significant contributors [2428]. ... Systemic forex euro rate in pakistan tend to be less marked than in pulmonary disease. Anteriorly based lesions contiguous with ... C C a am m b br r i id d g ge eU Un n i i v ve er rs s i it t y yP P r r e es s s s,2 20 00 0 6 6 32 Microprocessor Theory and ...
  http://forexsanity.com/forex-euro-rate-in-pakistan.html
*  Pulmonary Gas Exchange and Acid‐Base Balance During Exercise - Comprehensive Physiology
... optimizing the exchange of respiratory gases to maintain delivery of oxygen and the elimination of carbon dioxide ... Rahn H. A concept of mean alveolar air and the ventilationblood flow relationships during pulmonary gas exchange. Am J Physiol ... Exercise results in an alteration in the PO2 versus relationship because of the lower mixed venous PO2 entering the lung and ... Pulmonary Gas Exchange, Vol. 1. Ventilation, Blood Flow, and Diffusion. New York: Academic Press, 67-85, 1980. ...
  http://www.comprehensivephysiology.com/WileyCDA/CompPhysArticle/refId-c110048.html
*  Tracheal intubation - Wikipedia
... endotracheal tubes have an inflatable cuff to seal the tracheobronchial tree against leakage of respiratory gases and pulmonary ... Several open techniques exist, such as spontaneous ventilation, apnoeic ventilation or jet ventilation. Each has its own ... or when the lungs are unable to sufficiently transfer gasses to the blood. Such patients, who may be awake and alert, are ... The Cook Airway Exchange Catheter (CAEC) is another example of this type of catheter; this device has a central lumen (hollow ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tracheal_intubation
*  SSOE - People - Federspiel, William
Hattler, B.G., and Federspiel, W., 2002, "Gas exchange in the venous system: support for the failing lung," in The Artificial ... Federspiel, W., 1988, "Influence of the particulate nature of blood on pulmonary oxygen exchange," A170. ... DiLeo, M.V., and Federspiel, W.J., 2010, "Scaling Issues in the Article Entitled "Cytokines in Blood From Septic Patients ... "Veno-venous Extracorporeal CO2 Removal: Reduction in Dependence on Mechanical Ventilation via the Hemolung Respiratory Assist ...
  http://www.engineering.pitt.edu/William_Federspiel/
*  Laparoscopic Physiologic Perturbations: Implications for At-Risk Patients - The 3rd Edition: Prevention & Management
Although a small portion of CD exists as a gas in the blood, pulmonary exhalation is generally effective. The majority of CD ... Cardiac Preload Of 23 human investigations providing CDP central venous pressure results relative to postanesthesia induction ... Nitrogen gas is not very soluble in blood and can cause gas embolism. Nitrous oxide is combustible and has been associated with ... Specifically, CD is relatively benign because most of the gas in the blood is bound to terminal amino groups of hemoglobin or ...
  http://laparoscopy.blogs.com/prevention_management_3/2010/07/laparoscopic-physiologic-perturbations-implications-for-atrisk-patients.html
*  The Efficacy and Safety of Liquid Stored Blood and Storage D... : Anesthesia & Analgesia
Fresh and stored red blood cell transfusion equivalently induce subclinical pulmonary gas exchange deficit in normal humans. ... It is important to note that safety is relative, because no therapy is without risk and should always be weighed against a ... Cescon M, Grazi GL, Varotti G, Ravaioli M, Ercolani G, Gardini A, Cavallari A. Venous outflow reconstructions with the ... Mortality increases after massive exchange transfusion with older stored blood in canines with experimental pneumonia. Blood. ...
  http://journals.lww.com/anesthesia-analgesia/subjects/Patient%20Safety/Fulltext/2014/08000/The_Efficacy_and_Safety_of_Liquid_Stored_Blood_and.3.aspx
*  Xenopus and the art of oxygen maintenance | Journal of Experimental Biology
... including longer alveolar gas-to-pulmonary capillary blood diffusion distances, and anatomical shunts between pulmonary artery ... 1986). Effect of experimental ventilation of the skin on cutaneous gas exchange in the bullfrog. J. Exp. Biol. 121, 445-449. ... Consequently, venous blood stores would then be recruited, augmenting the effectiveness of the cutaneous gas exchanger. In this ... Commentary - Deciphering V̇O2,max: limits of the genetic approach. Hans Hoppeler discusses how V̇O2,max, as a multigenetic ...
  http://jeb.biologists.org/content/220/22/4084?utm_source=FA&utm_medium=Classics&utm_campaign=JEB_Snippet&utm_content=220-4084
*  Drowning:Update 2009 | Anesthesiology | ASA Publications
... arterial blood gas values should be obtained to evaluate the adequacy of ventilation, acid-base status, and pulmonary gas ... The main objective of out-of-hospital therapy is to restore normal ventilation and circulation and to normalize gas exchange, ... Modell JH, Kuck EJ, Ruiz BC, Heinitsh H: Effect of intravenous versus aspirated distilled water on serum electrolytes and blood ... effective circulating blood volume must be followed by measuring the patient's central venous pressure, pulse waveform or ...
  http://anesthesiology.pubs.asahq.org/article.aspx?articleid=1940940
*  Patent US7717115 - Delivery methods and devices for implantable bronchial isolation devices - Google Patents
Method and devices for decreasing elevated pulmonary venous pressure. US20020062120. Dec 13, 2001. May 23, 2002. Pulmonx. ... The valve seals against the outer surface of the outer shaft 820 to prevent air leaks. This seal can provide resistance against ... Apparatus for pulmonary delivery of drugs with simultaneous liquid lavage and ventilation. ... As used herein, the term "fluid" can refer to a gas, a liquid, or a combination of gas(es) and liquid(s). For clarity of ...
  http://www.google.com/patents/US7717115?dq=6,590,872
*  Patent US4445888 - Stroke treatment utilizing extravascular circulation of oxygenated synthetic ... - Google Patents
The disclosed system and method have been shown to effectively exchange oxygen, carbon dioxide, glucose, and other metabolites ... Reference liquid for blood gas equipment. US4173224 *. 19 Jun 1978. 6 Nov 1979. Alvin J. Marx. Automated intravenous fluid ... These organic liquids should prove to be of value in studies of gas exchange in living tissues in animals. Organic liquids, ... Estimates of the amount of palmitate recovered from the cisternal effluent and cerebral venous blood lead to the conclusion ...
  http://www.google.co.uk/patents/US4445888
*  The Key Roles of Negative Pressure Breathing and Exercise in the Development of Interstitial Pulmonary Edema in Professional...
Pulmonary artery pressure was assessed from the tricuspid regurgitant jet. Two venous blood samples were taken from the ... Moon RE , Cherry AD , Stolp BW , Camporesi EM . Pulmonary gas exchange in diving . J Appl Physiol ( 1985 ). 2009 ; 106 ( 2 ): ... Effects of hyperoxia on ventilation and pulmonary hemodynamics during immersed prone exercise at 4.7 ATA: possible implications ... Castagna O , Gempp E , Poyet R , Schmid B , Desruelle AV , Crunel V , et al. Cardiovascular mechanisms of extravascular lung ...
  http://paperity.org/p/85719222/the-key-roles-of-negative-pressure-breathing-and-exercise-in-the-development-of
*  Tolerability of inhaled N-chlorotaurine in the pig model | BMC Pulmonary Medicine | Full Text
Compared to saline, 1% NCT + 1% NH4Cl led to significantly lower PaO2 values at the endpoint after 4 hours (62 ± 9.6 mmHg vs. ... Addition of ammonium chloride in high concentration provokes a statistically significant impact on blood oxygenation. ... The increase of pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) over the observation period was smallest with 1% NCT without difference to ... NCT on gas exchange than 5% NCT and the combination. Ventilation-perfusion distributions determined with MIGET showed no ...
  https://bmcpulmmed.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2466-9-33
*  Distribution of Perfusion - Comprehensive Physiology
Local driving pressures and resistances within the pulmonary vascular tree determine the distribution of perfusion in the lung ... Pulmonary blood flow remains fractal down to the level of gas exchange. J Appl Physiol 89: 742‐748, 2000. ... Schematic of longitudinal resistances across arterial (RA), capillary (RC), and venous (RV) compartments in the lung. Flow (F) ... Regional distribution of pulmonary ventilation and perfusion in the conscious dog [proceedings]. J Physiol 295: 40P, 1979. ...
  http://www.comprehensivephysiology.com/WileyCDA/CompPhysArticle/refId-c100012.html
*  Moderate concentrations of supplemental oxygen worsen hypercapnia in obesity hypoventilation syndrome: a randomised crossover...
Effects of the administration of O2 on ventilation and blood gases in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ... arterialised-venous CO2; VE, minute ventilation; VD/VT, dead space to tidal volume ratio. ... gas exchange and breathing pattern when patients were breathing moderate oxygen concentrations. ... Increased VD/VT could arise from an increase in VDphys, a decrease in VT or both. In studies measuring V/Q distributions in ...
  http://thorax.bmj.com/content/69/4/346