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*  Forensic Science 210 - Radford University
7. Attribution of Sex from the skeleton. 8. Attribution of Ancestry from the skeleton. 9. Determination of Stature, Handedness ... It includes a brief study of the major bones of the human body, their growth, development, variation, and initial treatment and ... sex, ancestry, and stature from the human skeleton. It also includes discussions of determination of time since death (or ... 6. Bone Growth and Development and the Determination of Age from the Skeleton. ...
  https://www.radford.edu/content/registrar/home/course-descriptions/csat-descriptions/forensic-science/fosc-210.html
*  Differential diagnosis of mastoid hypocellularity in human skeletal remains.
Sex determination was performed on the skeletons based on gross morphological characteristics of the pelvis and the skull ( ... Note the variation in the degree of mineralization between the wall of the mastoid process (W) and the new bone formation ( ... and Melanie Lebschy and Joachim Kauppert for help with age at death and sex determination on the skeletons. The helpful ... Frequencies of different types of pneumatization of the mastoid process according to sex Fully pneumatized Male Female Sex ...
  https://www.docme.ru/doc/1928726/differential-diagnosis-of-mastoid-hypocellularity-in-huma..
*  Clavicle - Wikipedia
Clavicle form is a reliable criterion for sex determination.[4]. The collarbones are sometimes partly or completely absent in ... Variation[edit]. The shape of the clavicle varies more than most other long bones. It is occasionally pierced by a branch of ... Transmits physical impacts from the upper limb to the axial skeleton.. Muscle[edit]. Muscles and ligaments that attach to the ... The clavicle first appears as part of the skeleton in primitive bony fish, where it is associated with the pectoral fin; they ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Collar_bone
*  Indmedica - Journal of the Anatomical Society of India
Determination of sex from skeletal remains is a difficult task faced by Anatomists. The problem is more severe if only a part ... of skeleton is available. The present study is therefore an attempt to establish the identity of sex from the dimensions of ... Variation in the number of lesser palatine foramen (LPF) and the shape of the palatal vault were also studied. On comparison of ... It has been observed that the derived formula is far effective in determination of sex and is superior to the individual ...
  http://www.indmedica.com/journals.php?journalid=8&issueid=95&articleid=1303&action=article
*  Dienekes' Anthropology Blog: Abstracts from 74th Meeting of AAPA
However, the ability to determine sex and group affiliation from juvenile skeletons is limited and often unreliable (Kerley, ... Human genetic variation: the first 50 dimensions. Human genetic variation: 124+ clusters with the Galore approach. How Y-STR ... Much research has been conducted in the area of age determination of juvenile skeletal remains for biological profiling ... Non-Africans possess a subset of the variation in Africans; Asians and Native Americans possess a subset of the variation in ...
  http://dienekes.blogspot.com/2005/04/abstracts-from-74th-meeting-of-aapa.html
*  Dienekes' Anthropology Blog: 04/2005
Contrasting patterns of Y chromosome and mtDNA variation in Africa: evidence for sex-biased demographic processes. Elizabeth T ... However, the ability to determine sex and group affiliation from juvenile skeletons is limited and often unreliable (Kerley, ... Much research has been conducted in the area of age determination of juvenile skeletal remains for biological profiling ... Human genetic variation: the first 50 dimensions. Human genetic variation: 124+ clusters with the Galore approach. How Y-STR ...
  http://dienekes.blogspot.com/2005/04/
*  Stature estimation from bones of South African whites
This is because variation in body proportions exists, making these formulae population and sex specific.6, 8 11 ... The skeletons used in this study cover a wide range of birth dates, but many of the skeletons used were derived from human ... anthropological analysis is the determination of age, sex, race and ante-mortem stature of the unknown individual. ... Skeletons from the Raymond A. Dart Collection of Human Skeletons (School of Anatomical Sciences, University of the ...
  http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0038-23532008000200010&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=en
*  UCD Archaeological Society : October 2014
Skeleton SK199 was composed of a pair of feet therefore the sex was undetermined. It was estimated by the level of epiphyseal ... Among the 8 remaining, sex determination was predominately male and 1 female, with 2 left undermined. Analysis of the remains ... showed skeletal variation, evidence of both dental and skeletal diseases and signs of healed and unhealed trauma. ... SK196 is of undetermined sex with an estimated age between 16-18 years. Trauma was identified on the remains as 4 peri-mortem ...
  http://ucd-archsoc.blogspot.co.uk/2014/10/
*  Osteometry - Wikipedia
In zooarchaeology the main goal of osteometry is taxonomic determination and, to lesser extent, determination of sex. Usually ... In later skeletons, osteometry has historically been used to attempt to identify the ethnicity or race of skeletons. Aspects ... problems relative to the phenotypic variations between subpopulations of one species, etcetera. Comparison of various aspects ... sex, the degree of sex dimorphism (which may be used to answer questions related to lack of nutrition) and even ethnicity. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Osteometry
*  Protocols and Video Articles Authored by Xiao-Guang Chen
SEX DETERMINATION. A Male-determining Factor in the Mosquito Aedes Aegypti Science (New York, N.Y.). Jun, 2015 , Pubmed ID: ... The skeleton of the compounds (1 and 2) has been reported only one time so far. Compounds 1, 13, and 23 exhibited antiviral ... This species has a large genome with significant population-based size variation. The complete genome sequence was determined ... Sex determination in the mosquito Aedes aegypti is governed by a dominant male-determining factor (M factor) located within a Y ...
  https://www.jove.com/author/Xiao-Guang_Chen
*  View source for Homology (biology) - wikidoc
Gametologs result from the origination of genetic sex determination and barriers to recombination between sex chromosomes. ... There may be some variations between genes on homologs giving rise to alternate forms or alleles. Sex chromosomes have a ... Owen, R. ''On the archetype and homologies of the vertebrate skeleton.'' London, 1847. * DePinna, M.C.C. 1991. "Concepts and ... sex chromosome]]s, homologous chromosomes share significant sequence similarity across their entire length, typically contain ...
  http://wikidoc.org/index.php?title=Homology_
*  Paleodemography of Extinct Hominin Populations | SpringerLink
Mall G, Graw M, Gehring K-D, Hubig M (2000) Determination of sex from femora. Forensic Sci Int 113:315-321PubMedGoogle Scholar ... Workshop of European Anthropologists (1980) Recommendations for age and sex diagnosis of skeletons. J Hum Evol 9:517-549Google ... Eveleth PB, Tanner JM (1990) Worldwide variation in human growth, 2nd edn. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar ... Asala SA (2001) Sex determination from the head of the femur of South African whites and blacks. Forensic Sci Int 117:15-22 ...
  https://link.springer.com/referenceworkentry/10.1007/978-3-642-27800-6_22-3
*  Clavicle - Wikipedia
Clavicle form is a reliable criterion for sex determination. The collarbones are sometimes partly or completely absent in ... The clavicle first appears as part of the skeleton in primitive bony fish, where it is associated with the pectoral fin; they ... In modern forms, however, there are a number of variations from the primitive pattern. For example, crocodilians and ... Transmits physical impacts from the upper limb to the axial skeleton. Muscles and ligaments that attach to the collarbone ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clavicle
*  An ancient bison from the mouth of the Rauchua River (Chukotka, Russia) | Quaternary Research | Cambridge Core
Bedord, J.N. A technique for sex determination of mature Bison metapodials Plains Anthropologist 23 82 1978 40-43 ... Duffield, L.F. Aging and sexing the post-cranial skeleton of bison Plains Anthropologist 18 1973 132-139 ... Bedord, J.N. Morphological variation in Bison metacarpals and metatarsals Frison, G.C. The Casper Site: A Hell Gap Bison Kill ... Zazzo, A. Harrison, S.M. Bahar, B. Moloney, A.P. Monahan, F.J. Scrimgeour, C.M. Schmidt, O. Experimental determination of ...
  https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/quaternary-research/article/an-ancient-bison-from-the-mouth-of-the-rauchua-river-chukotka-russia/9AF2F445B5E16F389C561682586C3DB6
*  Bone age - Wikipedia
An advanced bone age is common when a child has had prolonged elevation of sex steroid levels, as in precocious puberty or ... As a person grows from fetal life through childhood, puberty, and finishes growth as a young adult, the bones of the skeleton ... Just as there is wide variation among the normal population in age of losing teeth or experiencing the first menstrual period, ... In 2009, the Bayley-Pinneau method was modernized as part of the BoneXpert for automated bone age determination. It has the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bone_age
*  Lake Mungo remains - Wikipedia
Thorne A, Curnoe D (2000). "Sex and significance of Lake Mungo 3: reply to Brown "Australian pleistocene variation and the sex ... to collaborate on a final determination of the skeleton's age. They reached a consensus that LM3 is about 40,000 years old. ... Determination of LM3's sex was initially difficult, due to the deterioration of the skull and pelvis bones, which normally ... Brown P. (2000). "Australian Pleistocene variation and the sex of Lake Mungo 3". J Hum Evol. 38 (5): 743-9. doi:10.1006/jhev. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_Mungo_remains
*  Determination of age from the sternal rib in white females: a test of the phase method.
Sex differences in both the rate and pattern of aging in the sternal extremity of the rib necessitated the development of ... separate standards of age determination for males and females. A test of the male phase technique has already demonstrated its ... Age Determination by Skeleton*. Aged. Female. Forensic Medicine*. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Reference Standards. Ribs*. ... Sex differences in both the rate and pattern of aging in the sternal extremity of the rib necessitated the development of ...
  http://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Determination-age-from-sternal-rib/3734747.html
*  Toxicological evaluations
There was no sex-related effect. At 0.3 mg/kg bw per day, the only finding of this type was enlargement of the posterior ... The NOAEL for maternal effects was 1.2 mg/kg bw per day, and that for fetal effects (skeletal variations) was 0.3 mg/kg bw per ... The dams were killed on day 20 of gestation after removal of blood from 10 gravid dams at each dose for determination of ... Increased incidences of malformations in the fetuses at lower doses were confined to the skeleton: e.g. incompletely ossified ...
  http://inchem.org/documents/jmpr/jmpmono/v99pr10.htm
*  NCERT Revised Syllabus of Biology (Class 11 & 12) | CBSE PORTAL : CBSE, ICSE, NIOS, JEE-MAIN, AIPMT Students Community
Sex determination- In humans, birds, honey bee; Linkage and crossing over; Sex linked inheritance- Haemophilia, Colour ... The principal objective at this stage would be to explore the variations amongst the living and developing respect for the ... Study of human skeleton and different types of joints.. 11. Study of external morphology of cockroach through models. ... Heredity and variation: Mendelian Inheritance; Deviations from Mendelism- Incomplete dominance, Co-dominance, Multiple alleles ...
  http://cbseportal.com/NCERT/syllabus/biology-higher-secondary
*  Effect of ethnicity and sex on the growth of the axial and appendicular skeleton of children living in a developing...
Variations in growth and size of regional bones with respect to sex and ethnicity have been explored to explain differences of ... Skeletal determination in children of European and African 141 descent: applicability of the Greulich and Pyle standards. ... Effect of ethnicity and sex on the growth of the axial and appendicular skeleton of children living in a developing country.. ... Ethnic and sex variations in axial and appendicular growth, along with the stronger relationship of regional segment length ...
  https://www.docme.ru/doc/1943293/effect-of-ethnicity-and-sex-on-the-growth-of-the-axial-an..
*  Alec Jeffreys - Wikipedia
Sixteen micro satellites, plus a marker for sex determination, are used with the current system developed for the NDNAD, giving ... Josef Mengele, who had died in 1979, by comparing DNA obtained from a femur bone of his exhumed skeleton, with DNA from his ... Within about half an hour, he continued, he realized the possible scope of DNA fingerprinting, which uses variations in the ... where in 1984 he discovered a method of showing variations between individuals' DNA, inventing and developing genetic ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alec_Jeffreys
*  Recent advances in sex identification of human skeletal remains in South Africa
Molecular sex determination has certain advantages over morphometric methods, as it is not affected by individual variation in ... Sex determination from the skeleton. Hum Biol. 1957;29:247 273. [ Links ]. ... Pillay and Kramer71 presented a new method for sex determination from teeth using the ZF gene, which is located on both sex ... 82 developed two methods of molecular sex determination using the AMEL gene. One of these methods isolates ten sex-specific ...
  http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0038-23532010000600012&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en
*  Cranid - Wikipedia
This data set consists of W.W. Howells' 1973 study of cranial variation of 2,524 crania from 28 populations from around the ... The use of this program is designed to aid forensic anthropologists in the determination of the biological profile, which ... "Can ancestry be consistently determined from the skeleton?". Anthropological Review. 78 (1): 21-31. doi:10.1515/anre-2015-0002 ... includes factors such as age, sex, stature and race. This biological profile is used to determine personal identification of ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cranid
*  KVS PGT Biology Exam 2018 Notification: Syllabus| Exam Pattern| Question Papers
... genetic and environmental basis of sex determination, Y- and X-linked genes; Numerical and Structural abnormalities of human ... Principles of Inheritance and Variation: Mendelian genetics, Inheritance of one gene, two genes, post mendelian inheritance; ... Skeleton system & muscle, Nervous; Physiology of high altitude.. ...
  https://www.edufever.com/kvs-pgt-biology-exam-2018-notification/
*  Bird - Wikipedia
These birds do not exhibit temperature-dependent sex determination, but temperature-dependent sex mortality. Feathers are a ... "The Avian Skeleton". paulnoll.com. Retrieved 13 December 2007. "Skeleton of a typical bird". Fernbank Science Center's ... Variation in plumage also allows for the identification of birds, particularly between species. Visual communication among ... Birds have two sexes: either female or male. The sex of birds is determined by the Z and W sex chromosomes, rather than by the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bird