*  Forensic Science 210 - Radford University
7. Attribution of Sex from the skeleton. 8. Attribution of Ancestry from the skeleton. 9. Determination of Stature, Handedness ... It includes a brief study of the major bones of the human body, their growth, development, variation, and initial treatment and ... sex, ancestry, and stature from the human skeleton. It also includes discussions of determination of time since death (or ... 6. Bone Growth and Development and the Determination of Age from the Skeleton. ...
  https://www.radford.edu/content/registrar/home/course-descriptions/csat-descriptions/forensic-science/fosc-210.html
*  Differential diagnosis of mastoid hypocellularity in human skeletal remains.
Sex determination was performed on the skeletons based on gross morphological characteristics of the pelvis and the skull ( ... Note the variation in the degree of mineralization between the wall of the mastoid process (W) and the new bone formation ( ... and Melanie Lebschy and Joachim Kauppert for help with age at death and sex determination on the skeletons. The helpful ... Frequencies of different types of pneumatization of the mastoid process according to sex Fully pneumatized Male Female Sex ...
  https://www.docme.ru/doc/1928726/differential-diagnosis-of-mastoid-hypocellularity-in-huma..
*  Clavicle - Wikipedia
Clavicle form is a reliable criterion for sex determination.[4]. The collarbones are sometimes partly or completely absent in ... Variation[edit]. The shape of the clavicle varies more than most other long bones. It is occasionally pierced by a branch of ... Transmits physical impacts from the upper limb to the axial skeleton.. Muscle[edit]. Muscles and ligaments that attach to the ... The clavicle first appears as part of the skeleton in primitive bony fish, where it is associated with the pectoral fin; they ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Collar_bone
*  Indmedica - Journal of the Anatomical Society of India
Determination of sex from skeletal remains is a difficult task faced by Anatomists. The problem is more severe if only a part ... of skeleton is available. The present study is therefore an attempt to establish the identity of sex from the dimensions of ... Variation in the number of lesser palatine foramen (LPF) and the shape of the palatal vault were also studied. On comparison of ... It has been observed that the derived formula is far effective in determination of sex and is superior to the individual ...
  http://www.indmedica.com/journals.php?journalid=8&issueid=95&articleid=1303&action=article
*  Dienekes' Anthropology Blog: Abstracts from 74th Meeting of AAPA
However, the ability to determine sex and group affiliation from juvenile skeletons is limited and often unreliable (Kerley, ... Human genetic variation: the first 50 dimensions. Human genetic variation: 124+ clusters with the Galore approach. How Y-STR ... Much research has been conducted in the area of age determination of juvenile skeletal remains for biological profiling ... Non-Africans possess a subset of the variation in Africans; Asians and Native Americans possess a subset of the variation in ...
  http://dienekes.blogspot.com/2005/04/abstracts-from-74th-meeting-of-aapa.html
*  Dienekes' Anthropology Blog: 04/2005
Contrasting patterns of Y chromosome and mtDNA variation in Africa: evidence for sex-biased demographic processes. Elizabeth T ... However, the ability to determine sex and group affiliation from juvenile skeletons is limited and often unreliable (Kerley, ... Much research has been conducted in the area of age determination of juvenile skeletal remains for biological profiling ... Human genetic variation: the first 50 dimensions. Human genetic variation: 124+ clusters with the Galore approach. How Y-STR ...
  http://dienekes.blogspot.com/2005/04/
*  UCD Archaeological Society : October 2014
Skeleton SK199 was composed of a pair of feet therefore the sex was undetermined. It was estimated by the level of epiphyseal ... Among the 8 remaining, sex determination was predominately male and 1 female, with 2 left undermined. Analysis of the remains ... showed skeletal variation, evidence of both dental and skeletal diseases and signs of healed and unhealed trauma. ... SK196 is of undetermined sex with an estimated age between 16-18 years. Trauma was identified on the remains as 4 peri-mortem ...
  http://ucd-archsoc.blogspot.co.uk/2014/10/
*  Osteometry - Wikipedia
In zooarchaeology the main goal of osteometry is taxonomic determination and, to lesser extent, determination of sex. Usually ... In later skeletons, osteometry has historically been used to attempt to identify the ethnicity or race of skeletons. Aspects ... problems relative to the phenotypic variations between subpopulations of one species, etcetera. Comparison of various aspects ... sex, the degree of sex dimorphism (which may be used to answer questions related to lack of nutrition) and even ethnicity. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Osteometry
*  Protocols and Video Articles Authored by Xiao-Guang Chen
SEX DETERMINATION. A Male-determining Factor in the Mosquito Aedes Aegypti Science (New York, N.Y.). Jun, 2015 , Pubmed ID: ... The skeleton of the compounds (1 and 2) has been reported only one time so far. Compounds 1, 13, and 23 exhibited antiviral ... This species has a large genome with significant population-based size variation. The complete genome sequence was determined ... Sex determination in the mosquito Aedes aegypti is governed by a dominant male-determining factor (M factor) located within a Y ...
  https://www.jove.com/author/Xiao-Guang_Chen
*  Paleodemography of Extinct Hominin Populations | SpringerLink
Mall G, Graw M, Gehring K-D, Hubig M (2000) Determination of sex from femora. Forensic Sci Int 113:315-321PubMedGoogle Scholar ... Workshop of European Anthropologists (1980) Recommendations for age and sex diagnosis of skeletons. J Hum Evol 9:517-549Google ... Eveleth PB, Tanner JM (1990) Worldwide variation in human growth, 2nd edn. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar ... Asala SA (2001) Sex determination from the head of the femur of South African whites and blacks. Forensic Sci Int 117:15-22 ...
  https://link.springer.com/referenceworkentry/10.1007/978-3-642-27800-6_22-3
*  Clavicle - Wikipedia
Clavicle form is a reliable criterion for sex determination. The collarbones are sometimes partly or completely absent in ... The clavicle first appears as part of the skeleton in primitive bony fish, where it is associated with the pectoral fin; they ... In modern forms, however, there are a number of variations from the primitive pattern. For example, crocodilians and ... Transmits physical impacts from the upper limb to the axial skeleton. Muscles and ligaments that attach to the collarbone ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clavicle
*  Lake Mungo remains - Wikipedia
Thorne A, Curnoe D (2000). "Sex and significance of Lake Mungo 3: reply to Brown "Australian pleistocene variation and the sex ... to collaborate on a final determination of the skeleton's age. They reached a consensus that LM3 is about 40,000 years old. ... Determination of LM3's sex was initially difficult, due to the deterioration of the skull and pelvis bones, which normally ... Brown P. (2000). "Australian Pleistocene variation and the sex of Lake Mungo 3". J Hum Evol. 38 (5): 743-9. doi:10.1006/jhev. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_Mungo_remains
*  Determination of age from the sternal rib in white females: a test of the phase method.
Sex differences in both the rate and pattern of aging in the sternal extremity of the rib necessitated the development of ... separate standards of age determination for males and females. A test of the male phase technique has already demonstrated its ... Age Determination by Skeleton*. Aged. Female. Forensic Medicine*. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Reference Standards. Ribs*. ... Sex differences in both the rate and pattern of aging in the sternal extremity of the rib necessitated the development of ...
  http://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Determination-age-from-sternal-rib/3734747.html
*  NCERT Revised Syllabus of Biology (Class 11 & 12) | CBSE PORTAL : CBSE, ICSE, NIOS, JEE-MAIN, AIPMT Students Community
Sex determination- In humans, birds, honey bee; Linkage and crossing over; Sex linked inheritance- Haemophilia, Colour ... The principal objective at this stage would be to explore the variations amongst the living and developing respect for the ... Study of human skeleton and different types of joints.. 11. Study of external morphology of cockroach through models. ... Heredity and variation: Mendelian Inheritance; Deviations from Mendelism- Incomplete dominance, Co-dominance, Multiple alleles ...
  http://cbseportal.com/NCERT/syllabus/biology-higher-secondary
*  Alec Jeffreys - Wikipedia
Sixteen micro satellites, plus a marker for sex determination, are used with the current system developed for the NDNAD, giving ... Josef Mengele, who had died in 1979, by comparing DNA obtained from a femur bone of his exhumed skeleton, with DNA from his ... Within about half an hour, he continued, he realized the possible scope of DNA fingerprinting, which uses variations in the ... where in 1984 he discovered a method of showing variations between individuals' DNA, inventing and developing genetic ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alec_Jeffreys
*  Effect of ethnicity and sex on the growth of the axial and appendicular skeleton of children living in a developing...
Variations in growth and size of regional bones with respect to sex and ethnicity have been explored to explain differences of ... Skeletal determination in children of European and African 141 descent: applicability of the Greulich and Pyle standards. ... Effect of ethnicity and sex on the growth of the axial and appendicular skeleton of children living in a developing country.. ... Ethnic and sex variations in axial and appendicular growth, along with the stronger relationship of regional segment length ...
  https://www.docme.ru/doc/1943293/effect-of-ethnicity-and-sex-on-the-growth-of-the-axial-an..
*  Cranid - Wikipedia
This data set consists of W.W. Howells' 1973 study of cranial variation of 2,524 crania from 28 populations from around the ... The use of this program is designed to aid forensic anthropologists in the determination of the biological profile, which ... "Can ancestry be consistently determined from the skeleton?". Anthropological Review. 78 (1): 21-31. doi:10.1515/anre-2015-0002 ... includes factors such as age, sex, stature and race. This biological profile is used to determine personal identification of ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cranid
*  Recent advances in sex identification of human skeletal remains in South Africa
Molecular sex determination has certain advantages over morphometric methods, as it is not affected by individual variation in ... Sex determination from the skeleton. Hum Biol. 1957;29:247 273. [ Links ]. ... Pillay and Kramer71 presented a new method for sex determination from teeth using the ZF gene, which is located on both sex ... 82 developed two methods of molecular sex determination using the AMEL gene. One of these methods isolates ten sex-specific ...
  http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0038-23532010000600012&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en
*  Madrone butterfly - Wikipedia
The determination of sex in E. socialis is chromosomal with heterogametic females. But, the primary sex-ratio i.e, the sex- ... The nests are roughly pyramidal, but can show great variation in size. The size of the nest correlates with the size of the ... They consume the epidermis and mesophyll and leave the venous skeleton of the leaf intact. The larvae then build their first ... Furthermore, the operational sex-ratio is also male-biased. Such a ratio is thought to be evolutionarily maintained because of ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Madrone_butterfly
*  Bird - Wikipedia
These birds do not exhibit temperature-dependent sex determination, but temperature-dependent sex mortality. Feathers are a ... "The Avian Skeleton". paulnoll.com. Retrieved 13 December 2007. "Skeleton of a typical bird". Fernbank Science Center's ... Variation in plumage also allows for the identification of birds, particularly between species. Visual communication among ... Birds have two sexes: either female or male. The sex of birds is determined by the Z and W sex chromosomes, rather than by the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bird
*  The massacre mass grave of Schöneck-Kilianstädten reveals new insights into collective violence in Early Neolithic Central...
... it was possible to gather reliable information from this assemblage including age and sex determinations (46, 47), calculations ... 1999) A variation on a basic theme: The transition to farming in Southern Central Europe. J World Prehist 13(2):123-210. ... The articulation of the skeletons can be observed from the top layers of the feature, and the presence of numerous small bone ... This skewed sex distribution is significantly different both from an equal number of male and female individuals (χ2 = 4.455; P ...
  http://www.pnas.org/content/112/36/11217
*  Bird - Wikipedia
These birds do not exhibit temperature-dependent sex determination, but temperature-dependent sex mortality.[100] ... "The Avian Skeleton". paulnoll.com. Retrieved 13 December 2007.. *^ "Skeleton of a typical bird". Fernbank Science Center's ... plumage, or-in the Humphrey-Parkes terminology-"basic" plumage; breeding plumages or variations of the basic plumage are known ... Birds have two sexes: either female or male. The sex of birds is determined by the Z and W sex chromosomes, rather than by the ...
  https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bird
*  Terry Collection - Wikipedia
Işcan's ancestry determination using the pelvis, DiBennardo and Taylor's method of sex and ancestry assessment utilizing the ... The Robert J. Terry Anatomical Skeletal Collection is a collection of some 1,728 human skeletons held by the Department of ... Killgrove, Kristina (2009). "Rethinking Taxonomies: Skeletal Variation on the North Carolina Coastal Plain". Southeastern ... The FDB is the main data pool that the computer program FORDISC utilizes in order to estimate sex, stature, and ancestry from ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terry_Collection
*  ANCIENT HUMAN REMAINS Dead Men Do Tell Tales. Inference: What Can We Learn? Demographic structure of population Height, body...
Some bones display specific features which can be used to help determination of the sex of the skeleton. The best indicators ... Some bones display specific features which can be used to help determination of the sex of the skeleton. The best indicators ... There is still some variation from person to person in the order in which the teeth erupt. ... Much more difficult to estimate sex in children's skeletons. Sex Estimation: Face 1. Supraorbital (Brow) ridges: more prominent ...
  http://slideplayer.com/slide/3468899/
*  Bone Age Determination of Epiphyseal Union Around Wrist Joint and its Correlation with Chronological Age: A Radiological Study...
Worldwide Variation in Human Growth, 2nd edn. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press1990.. *Lampl M and Johnston FE. Problems in ... Complete union of lower end of radius was seen in 100% of the cases of age group 20-21 years in both sexes (Table 3). The ... In Age Markers in the Human Skeleton (ed. Isçan MY). Springfield, IL: Charles C Thomas, 1989 ... Furthermore, sexual variations in time of epiphysis maturation were well documented. In most of the studies females have shown ...
  http://www.biotech-asia.org/vol13no1/bone-age-determination-of-epiphyseal-union-around-wrist-joint-and-its-correlation-with-chronological-age-a-radiological-study-in-a-jordanian-population/