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*  Trypanosoma cruzi transmission in a captive primate unit, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Almost 200 animals of 20 species that include both wild captured animals and specimens ... Here, we examined 198 primates of CPRJ for infection with the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi. The animals included 18 ... Almost 200 animals of 20 species that include both wild captured animals and specimens born in captivity are maintained in CPRJ ... Trypanosoma cruzi / genetics*, isolation & purification, pathogenicity. From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National ...
  http://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Trypanosoma-cruzi-transmission-in-captive/14739028.html
*  Eating at the Table of Another: Metabolomics of Host/Parasite Interactions
Protozoan parasites cause serious infections in humans and animals, including life-threatening diseases such as malaria ( ... Global metabolic responses of mice to Trypanosoma brucei brucei infection. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 2008;105:6127-6132. ... Markers of Protozoan Infection. Few metabolomic studies have attempted to develop biomarkers of protozoan infections. Using 1H- ... Metabolomic profiling of host fluids and tissues and changes in response to infection with protozoan parasites is critical for ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC2825149/?lang=en-ca
*  Antileishmanial and Trypanocidal Activities of Extracts and Aporphine Alkaloids Isolated from Monodora Genus (Annonaceae) |...
Leishmaniasis and trypanosomiasis are protozoan diseases caused respectively by the kinetoplastid protozoan Leishmania ... diseases of humans and other animals caused by infection with protozoan hemoflagellates of the genus Leishmania and Trypanosoma ... The animals were aparasitaemic 30 days post-infection. Melarsoprol and pentamidine were used as reference compounds. ... Leishmaniasis and trypanosomiasis are protozoan diseases caused respectively by the kinetoplastid protozoan Leishmania ...
  https://www.omicsonline.org/open-access/antileishmanial-and-trypanocidal-activities-of-extracts-and-aporphinealkaloids-isolated-from-monodora-genus-annonaceae-2472-0992-1000136.php?aid=92067
*  Monitoring the emergence of infectious diseases | University of Oxford
The most recent example of this is a case of Trypanosoma evansi infection - a protozoan disease of animals and, rarely, humans ... Where I currently work in Vietnam, and across the region, humans have a very different way of interacting with animals being ... The major problem of researching emerging infections is predicting how they arise and how we respond to them once they do. ... The ideal scenario is that we can identify new pathogens with zoonotic potential in animals prior to them spilling over into ...
  http://www.ox.ac.uk/node/1370644
*  Sleeping Sickness | Encyclopedia.com
... the infection progresses to death within months or years. ... is an infection caused by Trypanosoma protozoa; it is passed to ... Sleeping sickness (also called trypanosomiasis) is an infection caused by Trypanosoma protozoa; it is passed to humans through ... Protozoa are single-celled organisms considered to be the simplest animal life form. The protozoa responsible for sleeping ... Protozoa are single-celled organisms considered to be the simplest life form in the animal kingdom. The protozoa responsible ...
  https://www.encyclopedia.com/medicine/diseases-and-conditions/pathology/sleeping-sickness
*  Federal Register :: Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing
Description of Technology: Parasitic protozoa are responsible for a wide variety of infections in both humans and animals. ... One type is caused by the parasite Trypanosoma brucei gambiense, and the other is caused by the parasite Trypanosoma brucei ... of the parasites Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiensi and Trypanosoma cruzi, respectively.. Applications: Prophylactic and ... Chagas disease, caused by Trypanosoma cruzi (T. cruzi), affects millions of people in Mexico and South and Central America. ...
  https://www.federalregister.gov/documents/2010/12/28/2010-32629/government-owned-inventions-availability-for-licensing
*  Protozoan Parasites of Rodents and Their Zoonotic Significance in Boyer-Ahmad District, Southwestern Iran
The current study aimed to assess the protozoan infection of rodents in Boyer-Ahmad district, southwestern Iran. Materials and ... Each rodent was anesthetized with ether, according to the ethics of working with animals, and was dissected. Samples were taken ... were infected with Trypanosoma lewisi. Antibodies to T. gondii were detected in the sera of 5 (9.61%) cases. Results of the ... Of the 52 stool samples of rodents studied by parasitological methods, intestinal protozoa infection was seen in 28 cases (53.8 ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/vmi/2016/3263868/abs/
*  Evaluation of in vivo antitrypanosomal activity of crude extracts of Artemisia abyssinica against aTrypanosoma congolense...
200 and 400 mg/kg body weight were administered intraperitoneally daily for 7 days to mice infected with Trypanosoma congolense ... crude extracts of aerial parts of Artemisia abyssinica for in vivo antitrypanosomal activity against Trypanosoma congolense ... African trypanosomiasis, a parasitic infection caused by single-celled protozoan parasites of the genus Trypanosoma that are ... The positive effect of the extracts against trypanosome infection can further be deduced from the weight status of the animals ...
  https://bmccomplementalternmed.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1472-6882-14-117
*  trypanosoma brucei gambiense
or sleeping sickness) is a protozoan parasitic infection caused by Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense or Trypanosoma brucei ... Division of Animal Sciences, Section for Animal Genomics, Institute for Animal Science and Health, ID Lelystad, The Netherlands ... protozoan antibodies*eflornithine*pentamidine*agglutination tests*latex fixation tests*insect vectors*protozoan dna*trypanosoma ... DESCRIPTION (provided by the applicant): Trypanosoma brucei gambiense and Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense are protozoan ...
  http://www.labome.org/topics/organisms/animals/invertebrates/protozoa/sarcomastigophora/mastigophora/zoomastigophora/kinetoplastida/trypanosomatina/trypanosoma/trypanosoma-brucei-gambiense-2178.html
*  trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense
... is a protozoan parasitic infection caused by Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense or Trypanosoma brucei gambiense. These are ... Detection of Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense in animals from sleeping sickness foci in East Africa using the serum resistance ... protozoan proteins*trypanosoma*benzamidines*pentamidine*protozoan dna*trypanosomiasis*insect vectors*trypanosoma variant ... 1%), despite infections of several months' duration. All infections were confirmed to be Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense by ...
  http://www.labome.org/topics/organisms/animals/invertebrates/protozoa/sarcomastigophora/mastigophora/zoomastigophora/kinetoplastida/trypanosomatina/trypanosoma/trypanosoma-brucei-rhodesiense-2179.html
*  Protozoan infection - Wikipedia
Protozoan infections in animals may be caused by organisms in the sub-class Coccidia (disease: Coccidiosis) and species in the ... Trypanosoma brucei (African sleeping sickness), Trypanosoma cruzi (Chagas disease) and Giardia intestinalis (giardiasis). They ... Recent papers have also proposed the use of viruses to treat infections caused by protozoa. Protozoan Infections at the US ... Protozoan infections are parasitic diseases caused by organisms formerly classified in the Kingdom Protozoa. They include ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Protozoan_infection
*  Frontiers | More than meets the eye: understanding Trypanosoma brucei morphology in the tsetse | Frontiers in Cellular and...
However, we conclude that with recent breakthroughs allowing for the replication of the tsetse-infection process of T. brucei ... However, we conclude that with recent breakthroughs allowing for the replication of the tsetse-infection process of T. brucei ... It has to successfully complete its infection cycle in the tsetse vector to be able to infect other vertebrate hosts. T. brucei ... It has to successfully complete its infection cycle in the tsetse vector to be able to infect other vertebrate hosts. T. brucei ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fcimb.2013.00071/full
*  Rhodnius prolixus - Wikipedia
Chagas disease is caused by the parasitic protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi. Infection with Chagas disease occurs after Rhodnius ... "A role for host-parasite interactions in the horizontal transfer of DNA transposons across animal phyla". Nature. 464 (7293): ... Infection may also occur via blood transfusion and ingestion of food contaminated with kissing bug feces. Vector epidemiology ... ISBN 978-0-12-473276-6 VectorBase's genomic resource for Rhodnius prolixus Rhodnius prolixus from Animal Diversity Web General ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhodnius_prolixus
*  Meningoencephalitis - Wikipedia
... which is an infection or inflammation of the brain. Causative organisms include protozoans, viral and bacterial pathogens. ... Halicephalobus gingivalis Animal pathogens exist as facultative parasites. They are an exceptionally rare cause of ... Primary amoebic meningoencephalitis, e.g., Naegleria fowleri, Balamuthia mandrillaris, Sappinia diploidea Trypanosoma brucei ... Serena, Gordon (2013-02-04). "Mistaken Infection 'On The Prairie'?". U.S. News and World Report. Retrieved 2013-02-04. "What ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meningoencephalitis
*  References :: Definitions and Notes - The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency
... caused by the parasitic protozoa Trypanosoma; transmitted to humans via the bite of bloodsucking Tsetse flies; infection leads ... Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever - tick-borne viral disease; infection may also result from exposure to infected animal blood or ... animal contact disease acquired through direct contact with local animals:. Rabies - viral disease of mammals usually ... Leptospirosis - bacterial disease that affects animals and humans; infection occurs through contact with water, food, or soil ...
  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/docs/notesanddefs.html?fieldkey=2020&alphaletter=E&term=Elevation%20extremes
*  Frontiers | New Approaches to Overcome Transport Related Drug Resistance in Trypanosomatid Parasites | Pharmacology
Despite efforts to eradicate them, migrations are expanding these infections to developing countries. There are no vaccines ... opening alternative ways to solve drug resistance in protozoan parasitic diseases. ... Despite efforts to eradicate them, migrations are expanding these infections to developing countries. There are no vaccines ... opening alternative ways to solve drug resistance in protozoan parasitic diseases. ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fphar.2016.00351/full
*  Constraints to estimating the prevalence of trypanosome infections in East African zebu cattle | Parasites & Vectors | Full Text
These are important for assessing the contribution of infections in animal reservoirs and the risk posed to humans from ... Repeated testing increased the estimated prevalence of all Trypanosoma spp. from 9.7% to 86%. Using repeat testing, a very high ... Many Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) based diagnostic tools are available to characterise and quantify infection in animals. ... Accurate species-specific prevalence measurements of these parasites in animal populations are complicated by mixed infections ...
  https://parasitesandvectors.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1756-3305-3-82
*  Bioluminescence Imaging to Detect Late Stage Infection of African Trypanosomiasis | Protocol
... manuscript describes the use of a bioluminescent strain of African trypanosomes to enable the tracking of late stage infection ... Human African trypanosomiasis (HAT), or sleeping sickness, is caused by the vector-borne protozoan parasites of the Trypanosoma ... Development of the infection in animals can be followed by measuring the bioluminescence as in Figure 3, which shows the ... Through the course of infection an increase in bioluminescence can be observed in all the animals over the first 21 days as the ...
  https://www.jove.com/video/54032/bioluminescence-imaging-to-detect-late-stage-infection-african
*  Balloon sickness | definition of balloon sickness by Medical dictionary
2. Infection with the African trypanosome, Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense or gambiense, parasitic protozoans introduced into ... antiserum obtained from horses or other animals. Animal serum was formerly used for passive immunization against some ... Synonym: African sleeping sickness See: Trypanosoma brucei. space sickness. A transient form of motion sickness occurring in ...
  http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/balloon+sickness
*  Parasitic flies of domestic animals - Wikipedia
Glossina morsitans and G.pallidipes tsetse-flies are transmitters of various species of Trypanosoma protozoa causing animal ... These infestations and infections cause distress to companion animals, and in livestock industry the financial costs of these ... They also transmit Trypanosoma melophagium, but this protozoan seems non-pathogenic. These usually consist of netting made of ... Infections with Trypanosoma species are treated, either prophylactically or to treat acute cases with synthetic chemical drugs ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parasitic_flies_of_domestic_animals
*  Trypanosomiasis | Article about trypanosomiasis by The Free Dictionary
... one-celled protozoan of the genus Trypanosoma, typically... Explanation of trypanosomiasis ... infectious disease caused by a protozoan organism, the trypanosome trypanosome , microscopic, ... Any of many diseases of humans and animals caused by infection with species of Trypanosoma and transmitted by tsetse flies and ... Trypanosoma vivax (syn. Trypanosoma caprae, Trypanosoma angolense). *Trypanosoma vivax (syn. Trypanosoma caprae, Trypanosoma ...
  https://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/trypanosomiasis
*  Immunity to Protozoan Parasites
... contribute to crosstalk between immune cells and inflammatory mediators in the innate response to Trypanosoma cruzi infection ... current advances in our understanding on the mechanisms of immunity to protozoan parasites in humans and experimental animal ... "B cell response during protozoan parasite infections" discuss how protozoan parasites negatively affect development and ... Many protozoa cause infections that often follow chronic courses, owing to coevolution between parasites and host immune system ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jpr/2012/250793/
*  Extracellular Vesicles: Role in Inflammatory Responses and Potential Uses in Vaccination in Cancer and Infectious Diseases
EVs are described in many protozoa such as Leishmania spp. [37, 38, 90, 111, 112], Trypanosoma cruzi [40, 41, 113-115], ... When injected in animal models or added to in vitro systems, these EVs were found to affect the course of infection and alter ... Trypanosoma cruzi is a flagellate protozoan that causes Chagas disease. It is acquired by humans either by the insect vector, ... M. H. Magdesian, R. Giordano, H. Ulrich et al., "Infection by Trypanosoma cruzi: identification of a parasite ligand and its ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jir/2015/832057/
*  Scientists decipher genetic code of malaria parasite | EurekAlert! Science News
Trypanosoma brucei, which causes African sleeping sickness * Trypanosoma cruzi, which causes Chagas' disease, mainly in the ... Trichomonas vaginalis, a protozoan parasite which causes vaginitis * Theileria parva, a malaria-like parasite that causes East ... Toxoplasma gondii, which causes opportunistic infections in HIV/AIDS patients * Entamoeba histolytica, an enteric parasite that ... higher animals and plants. ### ... and opportunistic infections in HIV/AIDS patients. "It took six ...
  https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2002-10/tifg-sdg093002.php
*  Protist - Wikipedia
583, 588 Lauckner, G. (1980). "Diseases of protozoa". In: Diseases of Marine Animals. Kinne, O. (ed.). Vol. 1, p. 84, John ... Recent papers have proposed the use of viruses to treat infections caused by protozoa. Researchers from the Agricultural ... Other protists include pathogenic species such as the kinetoplastid Trypanosoma brucei, which causes sleeping sickness and ... Cox, F.E.G. (1991). "Systematics of parasitic protozoa". In: Kreier, J.P. & J. R. Baker (ed.). Parasitic Protozoa, 2nd ed., vol ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Protist