*  Glyceraldehyde - Wikipedia
... dihydroxyacetone phosphate), catalyzed by the enzyme triosephosphate isomerase, is an important intermediate step in glycolysis ... The interconversion of the phosphates of glyceraldehyde (glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate) and dihydroxyacetone ( ... glyceraldehyde are assigned an l-. Glyceraldehyde can be prepared, along with dihydroxyacetone, by the mild oxidation of ... Glyceraldehyde (glyceral) is a triose monosaccharide with chemical formula C3H6O3. It is the simplest of all common aldoses. It ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glyceraldehyde
*  Fructose 1-phosphate - Wikipedia
Glyceraldehyde is then phosphorylated by triose kinase to glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate. Metabolism of fructose thus essentially ... Aldolase B converts it into glyceraldehyde and dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP). ... The final product of glycolysis (pyruvate) may then undergo gluconeogenesis, enter the TCA cycle or be stored as fatty acids. ... It is an important intermediate of glucose metabolism. Because fructokinase has a high Vmax fructose entering cells is quickly ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fructose_1-phosphate
*  Protocols and Video Articles Authored by Kyu Y. Rhee
... bypass for the TPI-dependent interconversion of dihydroxyacetone phosphate and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate in glycolysis and ... We investigated triosephosphate isomerase (TPI) because it is central to both glycolysis and gluconeogenesis and had been ... Deuteride transfer to the Pro-R position in NADP+ generates the thioester intermediate and [4A-²H, 4B-¹H] NADPH. A chemical ... catalyzes the interconversion of dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP) and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate (G3P). This reaction is ...
  https://www.jove.com/author/Kyu++Y._Rhee
*  Triosephosphate isomerase - Wikipedia
... the reversible interconversion of the triose phosphate isomers dihydroxyacetone phosphate and D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate. ... The loss of a high-energy phosphate bond and the substrate for the rest of glycolysis makes formation of methylglyoxal ... the TPI loop sequesters the reactive enediol intermediate to prevent decomposition to methylglyoxal and inorganic phosphate. ... The structure of TPI facilitates the conversion between dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP) and glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate (GAP ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Triosephosphate_isomerase
*  Role of Methylglyoxal in Alzheimer's Disease
... of the triosephosphate intermediates glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate and dihydroxyacetone-phosphate deriving from glycolysis [40, 44 ... Methylglyoxal, a reactive intermediate of cellular metabolism, is the most potent precursor of AGEs and is strictly correlated ... Dihydroxyacetone phosphate can be converted to MG by either spontaneous nonenzymatic elimination of the phosphate group or by ... nonenzymatic pathways include the spontaneous decomposition of dihydroxyacetone phosphate, the Maillard reaction, the oxidation ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2014/238485/
*  Fructose-bisphosphate aldolase - Wikipedia
... into the triose phosphates dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP) and glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate (G3P). Aldolase can also produce ... In glycolysis fructose 1,6-bisphosphate is made into glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate and dihydroxyacetone phosphate through the use ... Class I proteins form a protonated Schiff base intermediate linking a highly conserved active site lysine with the DHAP ... Triose-phosphate isomerase maintains DHAP and G3P in near equilibrium, producing the mixture called triose phosphate (TP) G3P ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fructose-bisphosphate_aldolase
*  Glycolysis - Wikipedia
Dihydroxyacetone phosphate + + Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate Triosephosphate isomerase 2 × Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate 2 × ... For example, the intermediate dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP) is a source of the glycerol that combines with fatty acids to ... which then is converted into glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate and dihydroxyacetone phosphate. The dihydroxyacetone phosphate can be ... Triosephosphate isomerase rapidly interconverts dihydroxyacetone phosphate with glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate (GADP) that proceeds ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glycolysis
*  Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate - Wikipedia
Dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP), catalyzed by triose phosphate isomerase. Compound C00111 at KEGG Pathway Database.Enzyme 5.3 ... catalyzed by glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase. To produce 1,3-bisphospho-D-glycerate in glycolysis. Compound C00118 at ... is a chemical compound that occurs as an intermediate in several central metabolic pathways of all organisms. It is a phosphate ... Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate, also known as triose phosphate or 3-phosphoglyceraldehyde and abbreviated as G3P, GA3P, GADP, GAP, ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glyceraldehyde_3-phosphate
*  Glycolysis - Wikipedia
Dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP). triosephosphate isomerase (TPI). an isomerase. D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate (GADP). ... For example, the intermediate dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP) is a source of the glycerol that combines with fatty acids to ... Dihydroxyacetone phosphate2− → Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate2−. 7.56. 2.4. 6. Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate2− + Pi2− + NAD+ → 1,3- ... Dihydroxyacetone phosphate. DHAP. Glycerone phosphate. 6. Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate. GADP. 3-Phosphoglyceraldehyde. PGAL, G3P ...
  https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glycolysis
*  Biotechnology: Enzymes, Biomass, Food and Feed, Volume 9, - Agenda Rio Books
6-bisphosphate and the trioses, dihydroxyacetone phosphate and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate. After binding of the keto substrate ... The covalent en- Ser 195 a I His 57 zyme intermediate must be hydrolyzed in a second step. A key feature of this variety of ... 1963), which catalyzes the aldol condensation (or the reverse of the condensation, in the forward direction of glycolysis) that ... Many hydrolases employ covalent catalysis in which an enzyme-bonded intermediate is formed with the-release of one product. ...
  http://agendario.forumrio.org/ebooks/biotechnology-enzymes-biomass-food-and-feed-volume-9-second-edition
*  Discovery of Predictive Biomarkers for Litter Size in Boar Spermatozoa
... interconversion of the triose phosphate isomers dihydroxyacetone phosphate and d-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate in the glycolysis ... CALM is a multifunctional intermediate messenger protein that modifies interactions between various target proteins by binding ... triosephosphate isomerase. AWN. spermadhesin AWN. LYZL4. lysozyme-like protein 4. AQN-3. spermadhesin AQN-3. LAAO. L-amino-acid ... Bogan K. L., Brenner C. (2010) 5′-Nucleotidases and their new roles in NAD+ and phosphate metabolism. New J. Chem. 34, 845-853 ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC4424395/
*  sll0395 protein (Synechocystis sp. PCC6803) - STRING interaction network
Catalyzes stereospecifically the conversion of dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP) to D-glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate (G3P) (242 aa) ... It is essential for the degradation of carbohydrates via glycolysis. Triosephosphate isomerase; Involved in the gluconeogenesis ... via a covalent intermediate with the cofactor thiamine pyrophosphate (670 aa) ... Catalyzes stereospecifically the conversion of dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP) to D-glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate (G3P) ...
  https://string-db.org/network/1148.SYNGTS_2413
*  Biochem 1 Flashcards - Cram.com
Fructose to F1P to Dihydroxyacetone Phosphate or Glyceraldehyde. Dihydroxyacetone Phospate enters glycolysis. Fructokinase ... Nonoxidative- reversible reaction that generates intermediate molecules for nucleotide synth and glycolysis. ... Occurs in the liver, corbamoyl phosphate is in the mitochondria, the rest is in the cytosol. Carbamoyl phosphate synthetase I ... Triose Phosphate Isomerase. G3PD. Phosphoglycerate kinase. Enolase. Pyruvate Kinase What are the 5 fates of Pyruvate? ...
  http://www.cram.com/flashcards/biochem-1-355955
*  Methylglyoxal synthase - Wikipedia
Triose phosphate catabolism switches over to MGS when phosphate concentrations are too low for glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate ... both enzymes react with dihydroxyacetone phosphate to form an ene-diol phosphate intermediate as the first step of their ... It has activity levels similar to that of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase from glycolysis, suggesting an interplay ... In situations when glycolysis is restricted by phosphate starvation, the switch to MGS serves to release phosphate from ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Methylglyoxal_synthase
*  metabolism | Definition, Process, & Biology - The study of metabolic pathways | Britannica.com
It will be recalled that dihydroxyacetone phosphate is an intermediate compound of glycolysis. Although glyceraldehyde is not ... dihydroxyacetone phosphate and glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate, are also called triose phosphates. They are readily converted to ... Glycerol 1-phosphate is then oxidized to dihydroxyacetone phosphate [20], an intermediate of glycolysis. The reaction is ... glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate) combines with a ketone (dihydroxyacetone phosphate)-the enzyme is commonly called aldolase. The two ...
  https://www.britannica.com/science/metabolism/The-study-of-metabolic-pathways
*  Proteomic analysis of endothelial cold-adaptation | BMC Genomics | Full Text
6-PGL, 6-phosphoglucono-δ-lactone; 6-PG, 6-phosphogluconate; G-3-P, glycerol-3-phosphate; DHAP, dihydroxyacetone phosphate; 1,3 ... Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH), which reduces NAD+ to NADH, increased at 25°C, as did lactate dehydrogenase ( ... Glycolysis. P-values and fold-enrichment values derived from the bioinformatic analysis (Table 2) indicate that one of the most ... In contrast to diminished microtubular and actin-filament networks, there was a cold-induced increase in type III intermediate ...
  https://bmcgenomics.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2164-12-630
*  Fructolysis - Wikipedia
... to form dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP) and glyceraldehyde; DHAP can either be isomerized to glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate by ... Though the metabolism of glucose through glycolysis uses many of the same enzymes and intermediate structures as those in ... dihydroxyacetone(DHAP) and glyceraldehyde; the second phase is the subsequent metabolism of these trioses either in the ... to glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate by glyceraldehyde kinase or converted to glycerol 3-phosphate by glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fructolysis
*  Fatty acid metabolism - Wikipedia
... and the resulting glycerol 3-phosphate is oxidized to dihydroxyacetone phosphate. The glycolytic enzyme triose phosphate ... isomerase converts this compound to glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate, which is oxidized via glycolysis, or converted to glucose via ... except that the VLDL remnant is known as an intermediate-density lipoprotein (IDL), which is capable of scavenging cholesterol ... Glycerol 3-phosphate is then oxidized to dihydroxyacetone phosphate, which is, in turn, converted into glyceraldehyde 3- ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fatty_acid_metabolism
*  Experimental test of a method for determining causal connectivities of species in reactions | PNAS
dihydroxyacetone 3-phosphate;. GAP,. glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate;. G3P,. glycerol 3-phosphate;. 3PG,. 3-phosphoglycerate;. CSTR, ... triose phosphate isomerase; G3PDH, glycerol 3-phosphate dehydrogenase; 1,3BPG, 1,3-bisphosphoglycerate; PGK, phosphoglycerate ... In this article, we report on an experimental test of the pulse perturbation method on a part of glycolysis shown in Fig. 1. ... 4; see Data Analysis). The maximum of DHAP, the perturbed intermediate, is next in amplitude, followed by G3P and 3PG, which ...
  http://www.pnas.org/content/100/4/1494
*  Acetyl-CoA - Wikipedia
Acetyl-CoA is produced by the breakdown of both carbohydrates (by glycolysis) and lipids (by β-oxidation). It then enters the ... Isovaleryl-CoA undergoes dehydrogenation, carboxylation and hydration to form another CoA-derivative intermediate before it is ... 2 × Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate. 2 × Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate. dehydrogenase. NAD++ Pi ... CoA is acetylated to acetyl-CoA by the breakdown of carbohydrates through glycolysis and by the breakdown of fatty acids ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acetyl_coa
*  Dihydroxyacetone - Wikipedia
Its phosphorylated form, dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP), takes part in glycolysis, and it is an intermediate product of ... Dihydroxyacetone /ˌdaɪhaɪˌdrɒksiˈæsɪtoʊn/ ( listen), or DHA, also known as glycerone, is a simple saccharide (a triose) with ... DHA may be prepared, along with glyceraldehyde, by the mild oxidation of glycerol, for example with hydrogen peroxide and a ... Dihydroxyacetone can affect the anti-microbial activity in wine, as it has the ability to bind SO2. Coppertone introduced the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dihydroxyacetone
*  Metabolism of halophilic archaea | SpringerLink
This intermediate is then phosphorylated to KDPG and subsequently split into pyruvate and glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate. In ... but from glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate using triosephosphate isomerase (EC 5.3.1.1, e.g. NP2182A, NP3716A). Another glycolytic ... the abundant glycerol through phosphorylation to glycerol 3-phosphate and subsequent formation of dihydroxyacetone phosphate ( ... 1988). The final glycolysis step from phosphoenolpyruvate to pyruvate might be catalyzed by pyruvate kinase (EC 2.7.1.40, e.g. ...
  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00792-008-0138-x
*  Molecules | Free Full-Text | Species-Specific Inactivation of Triosephosphate Isomerase from Trypanosoma brucei: Kinetic and...
In this context, T. brucei depends on glycolysis as the unique source for ATP supply; therefore, the enzyme triosephosphate ... Triosephosphate isomerase (E.C. 5.3.1.1) catalyzes the interconversion between glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate and dihydroxyacetone ... Pompliano, D.L.; Peyman, A.; Knowles, J.R. Stabilization of a reaction intermediate as a catalytic device: Definition of the ... in the direction of glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate (GAP) to dihydroxyacetone phosphate, as reported elsewhere [11,17,19]. The ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/1420-3049/22/12/2055/htm
*  Exercise-Induced Metabolic Acidosis
dihydroxyacetone phosphate glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate. Triose phosphate isomerase. glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + Pi + NAD+ 1,3 ... reaction produces the first acid intermediate of glycolysis; 3-phosphoglycerate. In an early edition of his textbook, Lehninger ... Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (G3PDH) catalyzes the third proton releasing reaction of glycolysis (Figure 7). The ... and the glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase reaction of glycolysis. In addition, the Pi can also be transported into the ...
  http://ww-w.sportsci.org/jour/0102/rar.htm
*  glycogenolysis
Dihydroxyacetone phosphateGlyceraldehyde 3-phosphate. Triose phosphate isomerase, in converting dihydroxyacetone phosphate ... Conversely, glyceraldehyde is not an intermediate of the glycolysis, and is phosphorylated to glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate at the ... Fructose 1-phosphateDihydroxyacetone Phosphate + Glyceraldehyde. Dihydroxyacetone phosphate is an intermediate of the ... interconversion of dihydroxyacetone phosphate and glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate. *Reaction 6: oxidation of glyceraldehyde 3- ...
  http://www.tuscany-diet.net/tag/glycogenolysis/