*  Effects of vagotomy and pharmacological blocking on heart rate of the toad Rhinella arenarum (Anura: Bufonidae) during forced...
Effects of vagotomy and pharmacological blocking on heart rate of the toad Rhinella arenarum (Anura: Bufonidae) during forced ... Effects of vagotomy and pharmacological blocking on heart rate of the toad Rhinella arenarum (Anura: Bufonidae) during forced ... Toads of Rhinella (=Bufo) arenarum were subjected to a condition of forced submersion duringa 40-minute period, to deepen the ...
  http://ppct.caicyt.gov.ar/index.php/cuadherpetol/article/view/10256
*  Epidemic disease decimates amphibian abundance, species diversity, and evolutionary history in the highlands of central Panama ...
2010) A new species of toad (Bufonidae: Incilius) from central Panama. Zootaxa 2396:61-68. ... 1994) Amphibian declines and climate disturbance: The case of the golden toad and the harlequin frog. Conserv Biol 8:72-85. ... 2001) Evidence of a chytrid fungus infection involved in the decline of the common midwife toad (Alytes obstetricans) in ... Taxonomic families of amphibians are indicated by brown circles: A, Aromobatidae; B, Bufonidae; C, Caecilidae (a caecilian); Ce ...
  http://www.pnas.org/content/107/31/13777?ijkey=1db641daa8f3de08fda37240da6f47a2ce71b0b4&keytype2=tf_ipsecsha
*  Species boundaries, biogeography and evolutionarily significant units in dwarf toads: Duttaphrynus scaber and D. atukoralei ...
... biogeography and evolutionarily significant units in dwarf toads: Duttaphrynus scaber and D. atukoralei (Bufonidae: Adenominae ... biogeography and evolutionarily significant units in dwarf toads: Duttaphrynus scaber and D. atukoralei (Bufonidae: Adenominae ... biogeography and evolutionarily significant units in dwarf toads: Duttaphrynus scaber and D. atukoralei (Bufonidae: Adenominae ... Both genetic and morphological evidence so far suggest that there is only a single Dwarf toad species in Sri Lanka, which is ...
  https://cjs.sljol.info/articles/abstract/10.4038/cjs.v46i5.7455/
*  AmphibiaWeb - Rhinella tenrec
Lynch, J. D. and Renjifo, J.M. (1990). ''Two new toads (Bufonidae: Rhamphophryne) from the Northern Andes of Colombia.'' ... Bufonidae).'' Los Angeles County Museum Contributions in Science, 216, 1-40. Written by Raul E. Diaz (lissamphibia AT gmail.com ... Trueb, L. (1971). ''Phylogenetic relationships of certain neotropical toads with the description of a new genus (Anura: ...
  https://amphibiaweb.org/cgi/amphib_query?where-genus=Rhinella&where-species=tenrec
*  Fish/Amphibian Index
Family Bufonidae-True Toads. Anaxyrus boreas-Western Toad. Anaxyrus cognatus-Great Plains Toad ... Family Scaphiopodidae-Spadefoot Toads. Scaphiopus/Spea sp.-Scaphiopus/Spea Spadefoot Toads. Scaphiopus couchii-Couch's ... Family Microhylidae-Microhylid Frogs and Toads. Gastrophryne olivacea-Western Narrow-mouth Frog ...
  https://www.utep.edu/leb/pleistNM/Fishamphibindex.htm
*  Almirante Trail toad - Wikipedia
Savage, Jay M.; Ugarte, Cristina A.; Donnelly, Maureen A. (2013). "A new species of earless toad (Bufonidae: Incilius) from ... The Almirante Trail toad (Incilius peripatetes) is a species of toad endemic to Panama. It is only known from its type locality ... Incilius peripatetes is a medium-sized toad, with the holotype, an adult male, reported to be 70 mm (2.8 in) in snout-vent ... This is a little known terrestrial toad inhabiting premontane wet forest at elevation of 1,500 m (4,900 ft) asl. It is likely ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Almirante_Trail_toad
*  Cranopsis - Wikipedia
"Further notes on the nomenclature of Middle American toads (Bufonidae)". Copeia. 2009 (2): 418. doi:10.1643/CH-08-204. ... The name was very briefly resurrected for a subgroup of toads (Bufo) by Frost et al. (2006a). However, Frost et al. (2006b) ... Bufonidae)". Copeia. 2006 (3): 558. doi:10.1643/0045-8511(2006)2006[558:OCITON]2.0.CO;2. Frost, Darrel R.; Mendelson, III, ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cranopsis
*  Parotoid gland - Wikipedia
Bufotoxin True toad Cannon MS, Hostetler JR (February 1976). "The anatomy of the parotoid gland in Bufonidae with some ... Hutchinson DA, Savitzky AH (May 2004). "Vasculature of the parotoid glands of four species of toads (bufonidae: bufo)". Journal ... A study of the parotoid glands of the Colorado River toad in 1976 found that the parotoid glands were "composed of numerous ... The parotoid gland (alternatively, paratoid gland) is an external skin gland on the back, neck, and shoulder of toads and some ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parotoid_gland
*  Adenomus kandianus - Wikipedia
Adenomus kandianus (Kandyan dwarf toad) is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae endemic to Sri Lanka. As there had been no ... "The Sri Lankan torrent toads (Bufonidae: Adenominae: Adenomus): species boundaries assessed using multiple criteria". Zootaxa. ... Jeremy Hance (June 18, 2012). "Extinct toad rediscovered after hiding for 133 years in Sri Lanka". Mongabay.com. Retrieved 18 ... "Sri Lankan Kandyan Dwarf Toad". Amphibian Survival Alliance. Archived from the original on 1 February 2014. Retrieved 18 ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adenomus_kandianus
*  Adenomus - Wikipedia
"The Sri Lankan torrent toads (Bufonidae: Adenominae: Adenomus): species boundaries assessed using multiple criteria". Zootaxa. ... Adenomus are slender toads that lack the supraorbital ridge (present in other Sri Lankan bufonids) and have smooth finger edges ... Adenomus is a small genus of true toads, with only two species, endemic to Sri Lanka. Adenomus kandianus was considered as ... A third species, Adenomus dasi (Das's dwarf toad) was recognized in 2015 as being a synonym of Adenomus kandianus; the two show ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adenomus
*  Collections-based Biology in Dublin
Bufonidae (Toads): fluid-preserved material. - request catalogue PDF. - request collections report. Gekkonidae (Gekkos): fluid- ...
  http://www.ucd.ie/cobid/collections.html
*  Literature
Further notes on the nomenclature of Middle American toads (Bufonidae). Copeia (2):418. ... An extinct toad from Rancho La Brea. University of California Publications in Science 10(17):287-292. ...
  https://www.utep.edu/leb/pleistNM/literature.htm
*  Animal tracks : a Falcon field guide (Book, 2012) [WorldCat.org]
Toads (family Bufonidae) --. True frogs (family Ranidae) --. Newts (family Salamandridae).. Series Title:. Falcon field guide. ... Toads (family Bufonidae) -- True frogs (family Ranidae) -- Newts (family Salamandridae)."@en ;. schema:description ""Animal ...
  http://www.worldcat.org/title/animal-tracks-a-falcon-field-guide/oclc/756579025
*  List of amphibians of Guatemala - Wikipedia
Family: Bufonidae True toads (Bufonidae) are a family in the order of Anura (frogs and toads). They are the only family of ... These glands contain an alkaloid poison which the toads excrete when stressed. Some toads, like the cane toad Bufo marinus, are ... Bocourt's Toad -- Bufo bocourti Brocchi, 1877 Campbell's Forest Toad -- Bufo campbelli Mendelson, 1994 Dwarf Toad -- Bufo ... 1866 Jalapa Toad -- Bufo ibarrai Stuart, 1954 [EN] Yellow Toad -- Bufo luetkenii Boulenger, 1891 Large-crested Toad -- Bufo ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_amphibians_of_Guatemala
*  Amphibians - Devils Tower National Monument (U.S. National Park Service)
TOADS - (BUFONIDAE):. *Great plains toad (Bufo cognatus) U. *Woodhouse's toad (Bufo woodhousei woodhousei) C ...
  https://www.nps.gov/deto/learn/nature/amphibians.htm
*  Amphibian - Wikipedia
Members of the family Bufonidae are known as the "true toads". Frogs range in size from the 30-centimetre (12 in) Goliath frog ... Cannatella, David; Graybeal, Anna (2008). "Bufonidae, True Toads". Tree of Life Web Project. Retrieved December 1, 2012. "Frog ... Some frogs and toads inflate themselves to make themselves look large and fierce, and some spadefoot toads (Pelobates spp) ... toads, salamanders, newts and caecilians) Salientia (frogs, toads and relatives): Jurassic to present-6,200 current species in ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amphibian
*  Atelopus longirostris - Wikipedia
Atelopus longirostris is a species of harlequin frog, a member of the family of true toads (Bufonidae). It has been recorded ... Common names longnose stubfoot toad, scrawny stubfoot-toad, and longnose sharlequin frog have been coined for it. The species ... ISBN 958-97690-4-7. Peters, James Arthur (1973). "The frog genus Atelopus in Ecuador (Anura: Bufonidae)". Smithsonian ... Bufonidae) in Junín, Imbabura, Ecuador". Neotropical Biodiversity. 3 (1): 157-167. doi:10.1080/23766808.2017.1327000. Galvis, P ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atelopus_longirostris
*  Peltophryne - Wikipedia
Peltophryne is a genus of true toads, family Bufonidae, from the Greater Antilles (Cuba, Isla de Juventud, Hispaniola, Puerto ... Alonso, R.; Crawford, A. J.; Bermingham, E. (2012). "Molecular phylogeny of an endemic radiation of Cuban toads (Bufonidae: ... doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2011.02594.x. Pregill, G. (1981). "Cranial morphology and the evolution of West Indian toads (Salientia ... "Bufonidae". AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation. [web application]. Berkeley, California: ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peltophryne
*  Lannoo References
Toxicity of mine drainage to embryonic and larval boreal toads (Bufonidae: Bufo boreas). Copeia 1976:327-331.. Portnoy, J.W. ... An analysis of feeding in the oak toad, Bufo quercicus (Holbrook) (Anura: Bufonidae). Florida Scientist 58:16-20.. Punzo, F. ... The effects of azadirachtin on larval stages of the oak toad, Bufo quercicus (Holbrook) (Anura: Bufonidae). Florida Scientist ... Habitat use and movements of the Wyoming toad, Bufo baxteri: a study of wild juvenile, adult, and released captive-raised toads ...
  https://amphibiaweb.org/refs/lannoo/P.html
*  Rhinella achavali - Wikipedia
A new toad (Anura: Bufonidae) from Uruguay. Journal of Herpetology 38(2): 161-165. doi:10.1670/54-03A Frost, Darrel R. (2015 ... Rhinella achavali is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae that is found in Uruguay and southernmost Brazil (Rio Grande do ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhinella_achavali
*  Pliny the Elder - Wikipedia
Among other events or features that he saw are the provoking of rubetae, poisonous toads (Bufonidae), by the Psylli; the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pliny_the_Elder
*  Nectophrynoides - Wikipedia
Nectophrynoides is a genus of true toads, family Bufonidae. They are endemic to Eastern Arc forests and wetlands in Tanzania, ... they are the only frogs/toads in the world that do not lay eggs. The Ethiopian Altiphrynoides (includes Spinophrynoides), which ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nectophrynoides
*  Incilius - Wikipedia
Incilius is genus of toads in the true toad family, Bufonidae. They are sometimes known as the Central American toads or Middle ... 2011). "A phylogeny and evolutionary natural history of mesoamerican toads (Anura: Bufonidae: Incilius) based on morphology, ... "Bufonidae". AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation. [web application]. Berkeley, California: ... They are an ecologically and biogeographically diverse group of toads, including micro-endemic species such as Incilius ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Incilius
*  Eastern crested toad - Wikipedia
The eastern crested toad (Peltophryne fracta) is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae. It is endemic to the eastern ... Schwartz, A. (1972). "The native toads (Anura, Bufonidae) of Hispaniola". Journal of Herpetology. 6: 217-231. doi:10.2307/ ... They are morphologically similar to the related southern crested toad (Peltophryne guentheri) but are smaller in size, darker ... Landestoy T.; Miguel A.; Robert Ortíz (2015). "Rediscovery of the eastern crested toad (Peltophryne fracta), with comments on ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eastern_crested_toad