*  Effects of vagotomy and pharmacological blocking on heart rate of the toad Rhinella arenarum (Anura: Bufonidae) during forced...
Effects of vagotomy and pharmacological blocking on heart rate of the toad Rhinella arenarum (Anura: Bufonidae) during forced ... Effects of vagotomy and pharmacological blocking on heart rate of the toad Rhinella arenarum (Anura: Bufonidae) during forced ... Toads of Rhinella (=Bufo) arenarum were subjected to a condition of forced submersion duringa 40-minute period, to deepen the ...
  http://ppct.caicyt.gov.ar/index.php/cuadherpetol/article/view/10256
*  Species boundaries, biogeography and evolutionarily significant units in dwarf toads: Duttaphrynus scaber and D. atukoralei ...
... biogeography and evolutionarily significant units in dwarf toads: Duttaphrynus scaber and D. atukoralei (Bufonidae: Adenominae ... biogeography and evolutionarily significant units in dwarf toads: Duttaphrynus scaber and D. atukoralei (Bufonidae: Adenominae ... biogeography and evolutionarily significant units in dwarf toads: Duttaphrynus scaber and D. atukoralei (Bufonidae: Adenominae ... Both genetic and morphological evidence so far suggest that there is only a single Dwarf toad species in Sri Lanka, which is ...
  https://cjs.sljol.info/articles/abstract/10.4038/cjs.v46i5.7455/
*  AmphibiaWeb - Rhinella tenrec
Lynch, J. D. and Renjifo, J.M. (1990). ''Two new toads (Bufonidae: Rhamphophryne) from the Northern Andes of Colombia.'' ... Bufonidae).'' Los Angeles County Museum Contributions in Science, 216, 1-40. Written by Raul E. Diaz (lissamphibia AT gmail.com ... Trueb, L. (1971). ''Phylogenetic relationships of certain neotropical toads with the description of a new genus (Anura: ...
  https://amphibiaweb.org/cgi/amphib_query?where-genus=Rhinella&where-species=tenrec
*  Fish/Amphibian Index
Family Bufonidae-True Toads. Anaxyrus boreas-Western Toad. Anaxyrus cognatus-Great Plains Toad ... Family Scaphiopodidae-Spadefoot Toads. Scaphiopus/Spea sp.-Scaphiopus/Spea Spadefoot Toads. Scaphiopus couchii-Couch's ... Family Microhylidae-Microhylid Frogs and Toads. Gastrophryne olivacea-Western Narrow-mouth Frog ...
  https://www.utep.edu/leb/pleistNM/Fishamphibindex.htm
*  Collections-based Biology in Dublin
Bufonidae (Toads): fluid-preserved material. - request catalogue PDF. - request collections report. Gekkonidae (Gekkos): fluid- ...
  http://www.ucd.ie/cobid/collections.html
*  Literature
Further notes on the nomenclature of Middle American toads (Bufonidae). Copeia (2):418. ... An extinct toad from Rancho La Brea. University of California Publications in Science 10(17):287-292. ...
  https://www.utep.edu/leb/pleistNM/literature.htm
*  Animal tracks : a Falcon field guide (Book, 2012) [WorldCat.org]
Toads (family Bufonidae) --. True frogs (family Ranidae) --. Newts (family Salamandridae).. Series Title:. Falcon field guide. ... Toads (family Bufonidae) -- True frogs (family Ranidae) -- Newts (family Salamandridae)."@en ;. schema:description ""Animal ...
  http://www.worldcat.org/title/animal-tracks-a-falcon-field-guide/oclc/756579025
*  Amphibians - Devils Tower National Monument (U.S. National Park Service)
TOADS - (BUFONIDAE):. *Great plains toad (Bufo cognatus) U. *Woodhouse's toad (Bufo woodhousei woodhousei) C ...
  https://www.nps.gov/deto/learn/nature/amphibians.htm
*  Anuran Breeding Systems
Explosive breeding is common to many toads, family Bufonidae. After warm spring rains, large congregations of toads assemble ... Toads are generally explosive breeders. Treefrogs, family Hylidae, are generally prolonged breeders. ... This figure shows a scramble competition between several explosive breeding American toads (Bufo americanus).. ...
  http://www.tolweb.org/treehouses/?treehouse_id=4215
*  Higher taxonomy and progress | Amphibian Species of the World
A phylogeny and evolutionary natural history of mesoamerican toads (Anura: Bufonidae: Incilius) based on morphology, life ... Bufonidae Bufonidae Frost et al., 2006, rendered a number of generic rearrangements to render a monophyletic Bufo and to ... 8 and later) figures: Bufonidae 1, Bufonidae 2, Ranidae 1, and Ranidae 2. In addition, one has to wonder why various ... Molecular systematics of African 20-chromosome toads (Anura: Bufonidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 32: 671-685. ...
  http://research.amnh.org/vz/herpetology/amphibia/Higher-taxonomy-and-progress
*  Almirante Trail toad - Wikipedia
Savage, Jay M.; Ugarte, Cristina A.; Donnelly, Maureen A. (2013). "A new species of earless toad (Bufonidae: Incilius) from ... The Almirante Trail toad (Incilius peripatetes) is a species of toad endemic to Panama. It is only known from its type locality ... Incilius peripatetes is a medium-sized toad, with the holotype, an adult male, reported to be 70 mm (2.8 in) in snout-vent ... This is a little known terrestrial toad inhabiting premontane wet forest at elevation of 1,500 m (4,900 ft) asl. It is likely ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Almirante_Trail_toad
*  Cranopsis - Wikipedia
"Further notes on the nomenclature of Middle American toads (Bufonidae)". Copeia. 2009 (2): 418. doi:10.1643/CH-08-204. ... The name was very briefly resurrected for a subgroup of toads (Bufo) by Frost et al. (2006a). However, Frost et al. (2006b) ... Bufonidae)". Copeia. 2006 (3): 558. doi:10.1643/0045-8511(2006)2006[558:OCITON]2.0.CO;2. Frost, Darrel R.; Mendelson, III, ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cranopsis
*  Species New to Science: January 2015
researchgate.net/publication/271020164_The_Sri_Lankan_torrent_toads_(Bufonidae_Adenominae_Adenomus)_species_boundaries_assessed ... The Sri Lankan Torrent Toads (Bufonidae: Adenominae: Adenomus): Species Boundaries assessed using Multiple Criteria. Zootaxa. ... Herpetology • 2015] The Sri Lankan Torrent Toads (Bufonidae: Adenominae: Adenomus): Species Boundaries assessed using Multiple ... Bufonidae (53) Bulbophyllum (9) Bulgaria (1) Burmanniaceae (2) Bushmeat (1) Butterflyfish - Chaetodontidae (2) BUU (3) Caatinga ...
  http://novataxa.blogspot.com.br/2015/01/
*  Parotoid gland - Wikipedia
Bufotoxin True toad Cannon MS, Hostetler JR (February 1976). "The anatomy of the parotoid gland in Bufonidae with some ... Hutchinson DA, Savitzky AH (May 2004). "Vasculature of the parotoid glands of four species of toads (bufonidae: bufo)". Journal ... A study of the parotoid glands of the Colorado River toad in 1976 found that the parotoid glands were "composed of numerous ... The parotoid gland (alternatively, paratoid gland) is an external skin gland on the back, neck, and shoulder of toads and some ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parotoid_gland
*  Scientific Papers
Geographic Variation in Bufo valliceps (Anura: Bufonidae), a Widespread Toad in the United States and Middle America  ... The common lowland toad Bufo valliceps has a large distribution in the southern United States, Mexico, and most of Central ... Systematics of the Bufo coccifer Complex (Anura: Bufonidae) of Mesoamerica  Mendelson, Joseph R. III; Williams, Becky L.; ... Many populations of toads occuring between west-central Mexico and Panama have been referred to Bufo coccifer Cope, 1866. While ...
  https://kuscholarworks.ku.edu/handle/1808/25246
*  Clarke, 2001, Afr. J. Herpetol., 50 | Amphibian Species of the World
Towards a natural classification of African toads (Anura: Bufonidae): past progress and future prospects. African Journal of ...
  http://research.amnh.org/vz/herpetology/amphibia/Bibliography/C/Clarke-2001-Afr.-J.-Herpetol.
*  Adenomus kandianus - Wikipedia
Adenomus kandianus (Kandyan dwarf toad) is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae endemic to Sri Lanka. As there had been no ... "The Sri Lankan torrent toads (Bufonidae: Adenominae: Adenomus): species boundaries assessed using multiple criteria". Zootaxa. ... Jeremy Hance (June 18, 2012). "Extinct toad rediscovered after hiding for 133 years in Sri Lanka". Mongabay.com. Retrieved 18 ... "Sri Lankan Kandyan Dwarf Toad". Amphibian Survival Alliance. Archived from the original on 1 February 2014. Retrieved 18 ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adenomus_kandianus
*  Adenomus - Wikipedia
"The Sri Lankan torrent toads (Bufonidae: Adenominae: Adenomus): species boundaries assessed using multiple criteria". Zootaxa. ... Adenomus are slender toads that lack the supraorbital ridge (present in other Sri Lankan bufonids) and have smooth finger edges ... Adenomus is a small genus of true toads, with only two species, endemic to Sri Lanka. Adenomus kandianus was considered as ... A third species, Adenomus dasi (Das's dwarf toad) was recognized in 2015 as being a synonym of Adenomus kandianus; the two show ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adenomus
*  South American common toad - Stock Image C004/2556 - Science Photo Library
Also known as sapo crestado, this is a species of toad in the Bufonidae family. Toads are adapted to drier habitats than frogs ... This toad is found in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Panama, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela. ... South American common toad (Bufo margaritifer) in leaf litter. ... this is a species of toad in the Bufonidae family. Toads are ... south american common toad, toad, tropical, tropics, wildlife, zoological, zoology ...
  http://www.sciencephoto.com/media/106769/view
*  Bufo vulgaris | definition of Bufo vulgaris by Medical dictionary
Natterjack Toad, Common Frog Bufo. a genus of toads of the family Bufonidae; these amphibians carry toxins in parotid glands in ... the giant tropical toad. Introduced into many areas such as Australia and Hawaii to control insect pests. Absorption of the ... Related to Bufo vulgaris: Bufo viridis, American toad, ...
  http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Bufo+vulgaris
*  List of amphibians of Guatemala - Wikipedia
Family: Bufonidae True toads (Bufonidae) are a family in the order of Anura (frogs and toads). They are the only family of ... These glands contain an alkaloid poison which the toads excrete when stressed. Some toads, like the cane toad Bufo marinus, are ... Bocourt's Toad -- Bufo bocourti Brocchi, 1877 Campbell's Forest Toad -- Bufo campbelli Mendelson, 1994 Dwarf Toad -- Bufo ... 1866 Jalapa Toad -- Bufo ibarrai Stuart, 1954 [EN] Yellow Toad -- Bufo luetkenii Boulenger, 1891 Large-crested Toad -- Bufo ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_amphibians_of_Guatemala
*  The toads series comes to SciAm: because Africa has toads too - Scientific American Blog Network
Around the world in 10 million years: biogeography of the nearly cosmopolitan true toads (Anura: Bufonidae). Global Ecology and ... Common American toad and kin), Incilius (Central American toads) and Rhinella (the Cane toad and kin). It therefore seems ... South America, land of toads part II: tree toads, Truebella, Frostius... oh, and did I mention the COMMUNAL NESTS? ... Western leopard toad photo by Serban Proches, Common European toad by Accipiter. ...
  https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/tetrapod-zoology/the-toads-series-comes-to-sciam-because-africa-has-toads-too/
*  Amphibian - Wikipedia
Members of the family Bufonidae are known as the "true toads". Frogs range in size from the 30-centimetre (12 in) Goliath frog ... Cannatella, David; Graybeal, Anna (2008). "Bufonidae, True Toads". Tree of Life Web Project. Retrieved December 1, 2012. "Frog ... Some frogs and toads inflate themselves to make themselves look large and fierce, and some spadefoot toads (Pelobates spp) ... toads, salamanders, newts and caecilians) Salientia (frogs, toads and relatives): Jurassic to present-6,200 current species in ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amphibian
*  Atelopus longirostris - Wikipedia
Atelopus longirostris is a species of harlequin frog, a member of the family of true toads (Bufonidae). It has been recorded ... Common names longnose stubfoot toad, scrawny stubfoot-toad, and longnose sharlequin frog have been coined for it. The species ... ISBN 958-97690-4-7. Peters, James Arthur (1973). "The frog genus Atelopus in Ecuador (Anura: Bufonidae)". Smithsonian ... Bufonidae) in Junín, Imbabura, Ecuador". Neotropical Biodiversity. 3 (1): 157-167. doi:10.1080/23766808.2017.1327000. Galvis, P ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atelopus_longirostris
*  Peltophryne - Wikipedia
Peltophryne is a genus of true toads, family Bufonidae, from the Greater Antilles (Cuba, Isla de Juventud, Hispaniola, Puerto ... Alonso, R.; Crawford, A. J.; Bermingham, E. (2012). "Molecular phylogeny of an endemic radiation of Cuban toads (Bufonidae: ... doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2011.02594.x. Pregill, G. (1981). "Cranial morphology and the evolution of West Indian toads (Salientia ... "Bufonidae". AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation. [web application]. Berkeley, California: ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peltophryne