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*  Cathodic protection - Wikipedia
... so the two metals must have a good electrically conductive contact. The driving force for the cathodic protection current is ... The AC power cable is connected to the rectifier input terminals. The output of the ICCP system should be optimised to provide ... Interpretation of electrode potential measurements to determine the potential at the interface between the anode of the ... An additional problem is that any excessive hydrogen ions as a result of an excessively negative potential can cause hydrogen ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cathodic_protection
*  Electric spark - Wikipedia
The exponentially-increasing electrons and ions rapidly cause regions of the air in the gap to become electrically conductive ... The electric discharge in a spark plug occurs between an insulated central electrode and a grounded terminal on the base of the ... is a sintering technique that uses a pulsed direct current that passes through an conductive powder in a graphite die. SPS is ... electrically conductive channel through a normally-insulating medium, often air or other gases or gas mixtures. Michael Faraday ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electric_spark
*  Patent US6835332 - Process for producing an electrode material for a rechargeable lithium ... - Google Patents
An electrode structural body in which said electrode material is used, and a rechargeable lithium battery in which said ... to obtain an amorphous alloy material capable of being electrochemically alloyed with lithium as said electrode material. ... A process for producing an electrode material for a rechargeable lithium battery, comprising the steps of mixing a metal ... 90 parts of the Sn-Ni-Co alloy powder obtained in the above 5 parts of a graphite powder as an electrically conductive ...
  http://www.google.co.uk/patents/US6835332
*  Patent US7979117 - Device and method for controlled delivery of active substance into the skin - Google Patents
... a power source for providing a current and voltage connected through a conductive media to the first and second electrode, and ... a second electrode capable of closing an electrical circuit with the skin surface, ... a first electrode adapted to communicate the active substance into the skin by application of an electrical current on the skin ... powdered graphite, carbon fibers or other known electrically conductive filler material. ...
  http://www.google.com/patents/US7979117?dq=5,579,517
*  Lithium-ion battery - Wikipedia
During discharge, the (positive) lithium ions move from the negative electrode (usually graphite = " C 6 {\displaystyle \mathrm ... doi:10.1016/0038-1098(82)90282-4. US 4601849, Yata, S., "Electrically conductive organic polymeric material and process for ... Rising internal resistance causes the voltage at the terminals to drop under load, which reduces the maximum current draw. ... The lithium ions then migrate from the positive to the negative electrode, where they become embedded in the porous electrode ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium-ion_battery
*  Patente US6265111 - Non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery - Google Patentes
The negative electrode comprises alloy particles having a composition represented by the formula: LixM1 aM2 (1) wherein M1 ... A non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery having an improved negative electrode is disclosed. ... A negative electrode was produced by mixing each alloy particle, a graphite powder as an electrically conductive agent, and ... and the case was sealed with a sealing plate 19 having a positive electrode terminal 20. ...
  http://www.google.es/patents/US6265111?dq=flatulence
*  US Patent # 6,982,132. Rechargeable thin film battery and method for making the same - Patents.com
An electrically conductive material which has a low ionic conductivity and high oxidation resistance to cathode materials is ... wherein said energetic ions and said thermally evaporated material combine on said electrode surface to form said electrolyte ... In these batteries, porous polymer composite anodes are employed which are fabricated from blends of conductive graphite powder ... The first and second battery terminals 550, 560 are typically comprised of any suitable electrically conducting material. In ...
  http://patents.com/us-6982132.html
*  Microbial fuel cell - Wikipedia
Connecting the two electrodes is a wire (or other electrically conductive path). Completing the circuit and connecting the two ... The now-reduced mediator exits the cell laden with electrons that it transfers to an electrode; this electrode becomes the ... uncoated graphite electrodes). Higher power production was observed with a biofilm-covered graphite anode. Fuel cell emissions ... Lu, Z.; Chang, D.; Ma, J.; Huang, G.; Cai, L.; Zhang, L. (2015). "Behavior of metal ions in bioelectrochemical systems: A ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microbial_fuel_cell
*  Carbide-derived carbon - Wikipedia
The electrically conductive carbon material minimizes resistance losses in supercapacitor devices and enhances charge screening ... the corresponding ions assemble into a double layer in the pores of the two terminals, decreasing the ion content in the liquid ... It's important to mention that graphite cannot operate in dry environments. The porous 3-dimensional network of CDC allows for ... 2011). "Hierarchical Micro- and Mesoporous Carbide-Derived Carbon as a High-Performance Electrode Material in Supercapacitors ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carbide-derived_carbon
*  Patent US6252762 - Rechargeable hybrid battery/supercapacitor system - Google Patents
... and a capacitor electrode (13) combined with a separator (15) and electrically-conductive current collector elements (11, 19) ... and capacitively adsorb at the surface of the other electrode (13) upon the application of charging current. The high density ... provides complementary ion species which respectively reversibly intercalate into the one electrode (17) ... electrical storage system capable of providing high energy and high power densities comprises an intercalation electrode (17) ...
  http://www.google.com/patents/US6252762?dq=6,606,102
*  Patent US8211279 - Electrochemistry and electrogenerated chemiluminescence with a single ... - Google Patents
The capacitive counter electrode reduces the amount of redox products generated at the counter electrode while enabling the ... working electrode to generate redox products. The electrochemical cell is useful for controlling the redox products generated ... Described herein is an apparatus comprising an electrochemical cell that employs a capacitive counter electrode and a faradaic ... A Capacitive counter electrode can remove ions of a single polarity (i.e., without a counter ion) where the ionic charge can be ...
  http://www.google.com/patents/US8211279?dq=5,072,412
*  WO2005074060A1 - Polymerizable compositions for bonding and sealing low surface energy substrates for fuel cells -...
Such a conductive substrate may be an electrically conductive substrate, a thermally conductive substrate and combinations ... compressed and exfoliated graphite; porous graphite; stainless steel or other graphite composites. The plates may be treated to ... electrode assembly frame 42 of the membrane electrode assembly 36, and the gas diffusion layer 26 and the cathode catalyst 24 ... The proton exchange membrane 22 facilitates the migration of hydrogen ions from the anode 34 to the cathode 38. In addition to ...
  https://patents.google.com/patent/WO2005074060A1/en
*  US5472810A - Copper, silver, vanadium oxide composite cathode material for high energy density batteries - Google...
Dual chemistry electrode design US20030134204A1 (en) * 2001-11-05. 2003-07-17. Hong Gan. Highly conductive and stable ... The cathode of claim 28 wherein the conductive additive material is selected from the group consisting of carbon, graphite and ... 1. An electrochemical cell having an anode of a Group IA metal which is electrochemically oxidized to form metal ions in the ... The separator is of electrically insulative material to prevent an internal electrical short circuit in the cell between the ...
  https://patents.google.com/patent/US5472810A/en
*  US6203942B1 - Phosphate additives for nonaqueous electrolyte rechargeable electrochemical cells - Google Patents
Suitable conductive additives include acetylene black, carbon black and/or graphite. Metals such as nickel, aluminum, titanium ... is welded to the positive terminal pin in the glass-to-metal seal and the header is welded to the case containing the electrode ... b) a solid cathode of electrically conductive material; and c) a nonaqueous electrolyte activating the anode and the cathode, ... Known lithium salts that are useful as a vehicle for transport of alkali metal ions from the anode to the cathode, and back ...
  https://patents.google.com/patent/US6203942B1/en
*  Microbial fuel cell - greenergyexpo.eu
Connecting the two electrodes is a wire (or other electrically conductive path). Completing the circuit and connecting the two ... The now-reduced mediator exits the cell with electrons that it transfers to an electrode; this electrode becomes the anode. The ... uncoated graphite electrodes). Higher power production was observed with a biofilm-covered graphite anode. Fuel cell emissions ... Also the hydrogen ions / protons are moved from the anode to the cathode via a proton exchange membrane such as nafion. They ...
  https://www.greenergyexpo.eu/microbial-fuel-cell/
*  Geobacter - Wikipedia
Geobacter species are also found to be able to respire upon a graphite electrode. They have been found in anaerobic conditions ... Geobacter degrade the material by creating electrically conductive pili between itself and the pollutant material, using it as ... hence it was assumed that they required direct physical contact in order to use metal ions as terminal electron acceptors (TEAs ... not only do not possess highly conductive pili, but also do not need direct physical contact in order to utilize the metal ions ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geobacter
*  Patent US20060020189 - Transcutaneous analyte sensor - Google Patents
... or bulk electrically conductive material. Although the illustrated electrode configuration and associated text describe one ... so as to provide for the full transport of ions in the aqueous environment (e.g. without a distinct electrode domain). ... graphite, gold, carbon, conductive polymer, alloys, or the like. Although the electrodes can by formed by a variety of ... a contact holder 34 and provides a watertight seal configured to surround the electrical connection at the electrode terminals ...
  http://www.google.com/patents/US20060020189?dq=5311516
*  US Patent # 6,284,412. Hybrid polymeric electrolyte and non-aqueous electrochemical device comprising the same - Patents...
... the type of the material for the negative electrode is not particularly limited as long as it is electrically conductive. The ... formed on the negative electrode by the reduction of lithium ions on the negative electrode is used as a negative electrode ... positive electrode). The obtained laminate structure was placed in a glass cell having inner electric terminals for taking a ... A 10% by weight solution of a polyvinylidene fluoride powder used in Example 20 in NMP was mixed with a graphite powder in the ...
  http://patents.com/us-6284412.html
*  Patent US5527442 - Refractory protective coated electroylytic cell components - Google Patents
... embedded in an electrically conductive matrix of carbon or graphite and a particulate filler such as aluminium carbide, ... Oxidation retarded graphite or carbon electrode and method for producing the electrode. ... Refractory resistor with supporting terminal. US4003014 *. Sep 25, 1975. Jan 11, 1977. Robertshaw Controls Company. Refractory ... of Lithium Oxide or Chromium Mono Boride in an effort to reduce the amount of sodium ions transferred from the melt to the ...
  http://www.google.com/patents/US5527442?dq=6,332,126
*  US Patent # 9,812,704. Active material, nonaqueous electrolyte battery, and battery pack - Patents.com
The negative electrode terminal may be electrically connected to the negative electrode. The positive electrode terminal may be ... Examples of conductive agent include carbonaceous substances such as acetylene black, carbon black, and graphite. The binder ... For example, when used as a negative electrode, the battery is completely discharged. However, residual lithium ions may remain ... a negative electrode terminal, and a positive electrode terminal. The positive electrode and negative electrode may be ...
  http://patents.com/us-9812704.html
*  US7160415B2 - Gel electrolyte battery - Google Patents
... gel electrolyte battery includes a battery device preparation step of layering a positive electrode and a negative electrode ... A gel electrolyte battery in which adhesion between a layer of an active material of an electrode and a gel electrolyte is ... raised to provide for sufficient mobility of lithium ions, and a method for the preparation of the gel electrolyte battery. The ... such battery is being envisaged which uses a solid electrolyte employing an electrically conductive organic high polymer ...
  https://patents.google.com/patent/US7160415
*  Aluminum electrolytic capacitor - Wikipedia
These are the terminal resistances, the contact resistance of the electrode contact, the line resistance of the electrodes, the ... 3.0.co;2-2 S. Machida; S. Miyata; A. Techagumpuch (1989), "Chemical synthesis of highly electrically conductive polypyrrole", ... graphite/silver cathode connection Al-e-cap with polymer electrolyte Al-e-cap with polymer electrolyte, graphite/silver cathode ... as a liquid medium that has an ion conductivity caused by moving ions, are relatively insensitive to voltage spikes or current ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aluminum_electrolytic_capacitor
*  CA2370524A1 - Electrically conductive, freestanding microporous polymer sheet - Google Patents
The polymer matrix preferably includes UHMWPE, and the electrically conductive matrix preferably is in powder form. The UHMWPE ... is composed of a polymer matrix binding and electrically conductive matrix. ... 1 weight ratio of UHMWPE and HDPE in the production of a graphite/conductive carbon black electrode. Using the same procedure ... The anode collector tab was connected to the negative terminal of a Hewlett Packard Model 6611 C DC power supply by means of ...
  https://patents.google.com/patent/CA2370524A1/en
*  US5445606A - Indicator for iontophoresis system - Google Patents
A second terminal of the display module 35 is connected to the electrically conducting layer 25 of the second electrode ... powdered graphite, carbon fibers or other known electrically conductive filler material. The hydrophobic polymer-based ... cumulative mass of ions deposited at cathodic terminal,. Z=oxiditation state of metal ion to be deposited on cathodic terminal, ... The second terminal of the current source 33 is electrically connected to a first terminal of a display module 35 that measures ...
  https://patents.google.com/patent/US5445606
*  Patente US20040084318 - Methods and apparatus for activating openings and for jets plating - Google Patentes
... said electrolyte includes metallic ions of said metal or alloy; and (d) applying an electroplating current to the substrate to ... Continuous electrical contact to the wafer's peripheral edge was provided by an electrically conductive elastomer O-ring tubing ... Electrode Arrangement and Method for Electrochemical Coating of a Workpiece Surface. US20110272287 *. 7 May 2010. 10 Nov 2011. ... In contrast, brush contacts (such as spring-loaded graphite) disclosed in the '987 patent, proved to be very erratic and noisy ...
  http://www.google.es/patents/US20040084318