Loading...


*  Visual stability | Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
2004 Attentional modulation of motion integration in individual neurons in the middle temporal area. J. Neurosci. 24, 7964-7977 ... 1967 Ways of looking at perception. In Models for the perception of speech and visual form (ed. Wathen-Dunn W.), pp. 25-43. ... 5. A visual stability network. Given the number of different potential mechanisms for visual stability described in this theme ... It will be important to distinguish between these three types of spatiotopy in future studies to see which, if any, of these ...
  http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/366/1564/468
*  Prior Expectations Bias Sensory Representations in Visual Cortex | Journal of Neuroscience
This makes it likely that the top-down gain mechanisms involved in attention could produce shifts in perception and neural ... as well as the relatively low temporal resolution of fMRI, the current study cannot distinguish between these alternatives. ... 1999) Responses of macaque perirhinal neurons during and after visual stimulus association learning. J Neurosci 19:10404-10416 ... prior expectations about visual motion stimuli, and probed the effects on both perception and representations in visual cortex ...
  http://www.jneurosci.org/content/33/41/16275
*  Categorical perception - Wikipedia
Dimensional perception involves visual imagery. Categorical perception occurs even when processing is dimensional. Symbol ... Neurons in general are linked to all processes in the brain and, therefore, facilitate learned categorical perception. They ... Kuhl, P. K. (1987). "The Special-Mechanisms Debate in Speech Perception: Nonhuman Species and Nonspeech Signals". In S. Harnad ... Before language in infants, they can distinguish emotional responses. The categorical perception of emotions is by a "hardwired ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Categorical_perception
*  Frontiers | Methodological Problems on the Way to Integrative Human Neuroscience | Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience
Gibson, J. J. (1979). The Ecological Approach to Visual Perception. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Co. ... Fourth, the quality of data can be used to distinguish "hard" sciences like physics with interval or rational data from "soft" ... The poor temporal resolution of many sophisticated techniques we use for study of the human brain further aggravates this ... Craver, C., and Tabery, J. (2015). "Mechanisms in science," in Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Available online at: http ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fnint.2016.00041/full
*  consciousness facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about consciousness
One goes to the primary visual cortex, and on into the lower parts of the temporal lobe, which is responsible for the ... including the mechanisms of colour vision - but who happens to be colour blind and cannot herself distinguish between red and ... But the other pathway into the temporal lobe seems to be intimately involved in conscious perception. A more subtle ... Neurons - specks of jelly in the brain, with their electrical impulses and their little squirts of neurotransmitter - seem so ...
  https://www.encyclopedia.com/medicine/psychology/psychology-and-psychiatry/consciousness
*  Cerebral Cortex | Article about Cerebral Cortex by The Free Dictionary
In an optic analyser the functions of the perception of visual images are also distributed in columns. For example, one column ... Inhibitory neurons, which use the neurotransmitter GABA, make up about 20 percent of the neurons in the cerebral cortex and ... However, one can distinguish several different types of activity according to the frequency of the potentials (alpha, beta, ... The hippocampus, located under the cerebral cortex in the medial temporal lobe and part of the limbic system, regulates the ...
  https://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Cerebral+Cortex
*  Neuronal tuning - Wikipedia
Single neurons may be simultaneously tuned to several modalities, such as visual, auditory, and olfactory. Neurons that are ... Neurons in area V4 are selectively tuned to different wavelengths, hues, and saturations of color. The middle temporal or area ... After training, the FFA was tuned to distinguish between this class of objects as well as faces. Curran et al (2002) similarly ... Neural mechanisms of object recognition. Current Opinion in Neurobiology 2002, 12:162-168. Kolb, B.; Whishaw, I. Q. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neuronal_tuning
*  Frontiers | Reactivation, Retrieval, Replay and Reconsolidation in and Out of Sleep: Connecting the Dots | Frontiers in...
The noradrenergic system is activated during sleep after learning and noradrenergic neurons fire in concert with cortical ... The noradrenergic system is activated during sleep after learning and noradrenergic neurons fire in concert with cortical ... Miyashita, Y. (1993). Inferior temporal cortex: where visual perception meets memory. Annu. Rev. Neurosci. 16, 245-263. ... Recording activity of LC neurons while monitoring the sleep state through cortical electrodes, we found that LC neurons ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fnbeh.2010.00185/full
*  Fixation (visual) - Wikipedia
Rapid eye movement Saccade Pritchard R.M., Heron W., & Hebb D.O. (1960). Visual Perception Approached by the Method of ... Therefore, amplitude can no longer be used to distinguish microsaccades and saccades. The only way to distinguish microsaccades ... which continuously stimulates neurons in the early visual areas of the brain responding to transient stimuli. There are three ... "Temporal encoding of spatial information during active visual fixation". Current Biology. 22 (6): 510-514. doi:10.1016/j.cub. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fixation_(visual)
*  Visual short term memory - Scholarpedia
Fuster, J. M., & Jervey, J. P. (1981). Inferotemporal neurons distinguish and retain behaviorally relevant features of visual ... The role of the saccade target object in the perception of a visual stable world. Perception & Psychophysics, 62, 673-683. ... Miller, E. K., Li, L., & Desimone, R. (1993). Activity of neurons in anterior inferior temporal cortex during a short-term ... Xu, Y., & Chun, M. M. (2006). Dissociable neural mechanisms supporting visual short-term memory for objects. Nature, 440, 91-95 ...
  http://www.scholarpedia.org/article/Visual_short_term_memory
*  JoVE Science Education >...
In this video, we will test a patient with medial temporal lobe damage on a series of memory tasks designed to distinguish ... In this experiment we explore the mechanisms of voluntary, or "top-down" attentional control on visual processing. This ... There is growing evidence that the brain uses the same mechanisms for imagination that it uses for perception.1 For example, ... for example by neurochemical adjustments in the behavior of individual neurons, we may also examine anatomical changes to the ...
  https://www.jove.com/science-education-library/21/neuropsychology
*  Frontiers | Tonotopic and Field-Specific Representation of Long-Lasting Sustained Activity in Rat Auditory Cortex | Frontiers...
... and continuous plateau of an acoustic stimulus should play an important role in acoustic object perception. To date, transient ... and continuous plateau of an acoustic stimulus should play an important role in acoustic object perception. To date, transient ... and mediates feature binding in visual perception (Kreiter and Singer, 1996). Therefore, our results indicate that cortical ... The right temporal muscle, cranium, and dura overlying the auditory cortex were surgically removed and the exposed cortical ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fncir.2016.00059/full
*  Brainwave entrainment - Wikipedia
Neural tissue can generate oscillatory activity driven by mechanisms within individual neurons, as well as by interactions ... Thaut, M. H., McIntosh, G. C., Prassas, S. G., and Rice, R. R., Effect of rhythmic cuing on temporal stride parameters and EMG ... They may also adjust frequency to synchronize with the periodic vibration of external acoustic or visual stimuli. The activity ... Zakharova, N. N., and Avdeev, V. M., "Functional changes in the central nervous system during music perception. Zhurnal vysshei ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brainwave_entrainment
*  JoVE | Peer Reviewed Scientific Video Journal - Methods and Protocols
Inhibitory neurons act in the central nervous system to regulate the dynamics and spatio-temporal co-ordination of neuronal ... For studying mechanisms that may link social influences and aging plasticity, this protocol provides a standardized tool set to ... As a high status can also be achieved by aggressive and antisocial means it can be difficult to distinguish between anti-social ... To address this issue, we recently designed a modified visual search paradigm similar to the standard adult paradigm that is ...
  https://www.jove.com/visualize/abstract/25679787/inferring-district-based-hierarchical-structure-social-contacts-from
*  Auditory system - Wikipedia
Perception of sound is associated with the left posterior superior temporal gyrus (STG). The superior temporal gyrus contains ... The frontotemporal system underlying auditory perception allows us to distinguish sounds as speech, music, or noise. Proper ... The neurons of the primary auditory cortex can be considered to have receptive fields covering a range of auditory frequencies ... SMG integrates tactile, visual, and auditory info. The folds of cartilage surrounding the ear canal are called the pinna. Sound ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Auditory_system
*  Mismatch negativity - Wikipedia
Mäntysalo at the Institute for Perception, TNO in The Netherlands. The first report of a visual MMN was in 1990 by Rainer ... Also the temporal order reversals elicit an MMN when successive sound elements differ either in frequency, intensity, or ... A third view is that the sensory afferents are the memory neurons (Ulanovsky, 2004; Jääskeläinen et al., 2007). ... Cognitive neuroscience has consequently emphasised the importance of understanding brain mechanisms of sensory information ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mismatch_negativity
*  Frontiers | Altered Auditory and Multisensory Temporal Processing in Autism Spectrum Disorders | Frontiers in Integrative...
... unisensory temporal acuity was measured by determining individual thresholds on visual and auditory temporal order judgment ( ... unisensory temporal acuity was measured by determining individual thresholds on visual and auditory temporal order judgment ( ... Whereas no differences in thresholds for the visual TOJ task were seen between children with ASD and TD, thresholds were higher ... Whereas no differences in thresholds for the visual TOJ task were seen between children with ASD and TD, thresholds were higher ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fnint.2010.00129/full
*  Synaptic Mechanisms of Direction Selectivity in Primary Auditory Cortex | Journal of Neuroscience
1998) Visual input evokes transient and strong shunting inhibition in visual cortical neurons. Nature 393:369-373. ... 2000) Spectral-temporal receptive fields of nonlinear auditory neurons obtained using natural sounds. J Neurosci 20:2315-2331. ... 1985) Spatiotemporal energy models for the perception of motion. J Opt Soc Am A 2:284-299. ... results from the extracellular recording experiments could not distinguish whether the suppression is mediated by the increase ...
  http://www.jneurosci.org/content/30/5/1861?ijkey=43aba3ea45c533d2d782864eb9e1b529e51b9e81&keytype2=tf_ipsecsha
*  Face perception - Wikipedia
The occipital face area is activated by the visual perception of single features of the face, for example, the nose and mouth, ... Vuilleumier, P; Pourtois, G (2007). "Distributed and interactive brain mechanisms during emotion face perception: Evidence from ... the superior temporal sulcus, the amygdala, and the anterior/inferior cortex of the temporal lobe, all played roles in ... This entire region links to form a network that acts to distinguish faces. The processing of faces in the brain is known as a " ...
  https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Face_perception
*  Face perception - Wikipedia
... neurons) in a 50-dimensional "Face Space". The mechanisms underlying gender-related differences in facial processing have not ... The occipital face area is activated by the visual perception of single features of the face, for example, the nose and mouth, ... The right inferior temporal/fusiform gyrus responds selectively to faces but not to non-faces. The right temporal pole is ... This entire region links to form a network that acts to distinguish faces. The processing of faces in the brain is known as a " ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Face_perception
*  Carlos Brody | Neuroscience
To help us understand the mechanisms behind our findings, we build computational models of networks of spiking neurons, with ... We are using this task to study the neural basis of time perception. Unlike other perceptual modalities, there is no specific ... 2010) Human performance on the temporal bisection task. Brain Cogn. 74: 262-272. PubMed ... we can follow anatomical pathways from the eyes to know where in the brain visual information is processed and perceived. But ...
  http://pni.princeton.edu/faculty/carlos-brody
*  The Autistic Brain
For these children, it was truly a blessing that at least some visual perception existed in the temporal lobe where language ... the ability to distinguish between the truth and a lie was also believed to reside in the temporal lobe. ... In 1997, there was a study on the effects of mercury on brain neurons. Brain lesions were said to be similar to those found in ... With time, as autistic children devised coping mechanisms to deal with their world, or they finally did break the code to so ...
  http://autismhelpforyou.com/New%20-%20Brain%20Overview%20-%20Book%202.htm
*  Plus it
5E). A related tradeoff has been observed in auditory temporal modulation perception where listeners who practiced ... As mentioned in the Introduction, individual neurons that are tuned to particular combinations of spectral and temporal ... 2008) Broad bandwidth of perceptual learning in the visual system of adults with anisometropic amblyopia. Proc Natl Acad Sci U ... For the modulation-depth-discrimination conditions, listeners had to distinguish a modulated noise stimulus with a 50 dB depth ...
  http://www.jneurosci.org/content/32/19/6542
*  The discerning predator: decision rules underlying prey classification by a mosquito-eating jumping spider | Journal of...
1983). Brain mechanisms of visual localization by frogs and toads In Advances in Vertebrate Neuroethology (ed. Ewert, J. P., ... 2004). Motion perception shapes the visual world of amphibians. In Complex Worlds from Simpler Nervous Systems (ed. Prete, F. R ... Consequently, it remains to be seen whether E. culicivora can distinguish between blood-fed females (which take on a red hue in ... This implicit recognition is achieved through simultaneous processing of spatio-temporal features of objects that fit a limited ...
  http://jeb.biologists.org/content/215/13/2255.full
*  Frontiers | Visual perception of axes of head rotation | Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
This suggests that transformed visual self-rotation signals may combine with vestibular signals.2. Do transformed visual self- ... This suggests that transformed visual self-rotation signals may combine with vestibular signals. 2. Do transformed visual self- ... Here, we address three questions concerning the visual registration of self-rotation. 1. Eye-in-head movements provide a link ... Here, we address three questions concerning the visual registration of self-rotation. 1. Eye-in-head movements provide a link ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fnbeh.2013.00011/full