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*  ATP synthase - Wikipedia
These functional regions consist of different protein subunits - refer to tables. Located within the thylakoid membrane and the ... In order to drive this reaction forward, ATPase couples ATP synthesis during cellular respiration to an electrochemical ... by ATPase using a proton gradient created in the thylakoid lumen through the thylakoid membrane and into the chloroplast stroma ... and seven associated proteins have been identified. Most of these proteins have homologues in other eukaryotes. In plants, ATP ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ATP_synthase
*  Cell Biology Study Guide Test 1 - Cell Biology Study Guide Test 1 1 Introduction to the cells a Understand the tenets of Cell...
... consists of chlorophyll containing thylakoid membranes, thylakoid space, and stroma (that contain DNA); uses photosynthesis; ... involved in protein synthesis, lipid synthesis, and detoxification (7 ) Golgi Apparatus : process materials for transport; ... Understand size relationship between prokaryotes and eukaryotes g.) Know the basic functions of cellular organelles : (1 ) ... ATP generating mechanisms and many proteins are similar across phyla; We can express human proteins in bacterial, insect, yeast ...
  https://www.coursehero.com/file/10989/Cell-Biology-Study-Guide-Test-1/
*  Light-dependent regulation of carotenoid biosynthesis in plants
In eukaryotes, the soluble DXS, IPI and GGPPS enzymes are located in the stroma of the chloroplast where they catalyze the ... and accumulate in the thy-lakoid membranes (Cunningham and Gantt, 1998), specifically near the reaction center of photosystem ... Cryptochrome and PHY bind and inactivate COPl through direct protein-protein contact (Wang et al., 2001; Seo et al., 2004, ... Regulation of carotenoid synthesis and accumulation in plants. Pure Appli. Chem. 74:1409-1417. [ Links ]. Cunningham FX.m H. ...
  http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-16202009000200001&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=en
*  AtREG498
... thylakoid, chloroplast thylakoid membrane, chloroplast thylakoid lumen, chloroplast; EXPRESSED IN: 20 plant structures; ... glycine-rich protein; FUNCTIONS IN: molecular_function unknown; INVOLVED IN: biological_process unknown; LOCATED IN: cellular_ ... Localized to both the outer plastid membrane and the stroma. Probably involved in the metabolic pathway that controls the ... Endoplasmic reticulum enzyme responsible for the synthesis of 18:3 fatty acids from phospholipids. Uses cytochrome b5 as ...
  http://ppdb.agr.gifu-u.ac.jp/ppdb/cgi-bin/tag_list.cgi?organism=At&tag=AtREG498
*  Central Functions of the Lumenal and Peripheral Thylakoid Proteome of Arabidopsis Determined by Experimentation and Genome-Wide...
Proteins then are directed into the inner envelope membrane, into the thylakoid membranes, or remain in the chloroplast stroma ... using the cellular localization program TargetP (Emanuelsson et al., 2000). After synthesis in the cytosol, the cTP is ... was developed originally for the prediction of cleavable signal peptides of secretory proteins in bacteria and eukaryotes, but ... The inner envelope proteins, the peripheral thylakoid proteins located at the stromal site of the thylakoid membrane, and most ...
  http://www.plantcell.org/content/14/1/211?ijkey=b7f1e2a352ebd86684fd7d5c7d5ebe32f5485dfb&keytype2=tf_ipsecsha
*  Structural Biochemistry/The Endosymbiotic Theory - Wikibooks, open books for an open world
In chloroplasts, protons are pumped into the thylakoid space and drive ATP synthesis as they diffuse back into stroma. ... One possible explanation is that it may be difficult to transport hydrophobic proteins across the mitochondrial membrane, and ... For example, each organelle in eukaryotes has a single, circular DNA that is more similar to prokaryotes than eukaryotes. In ... Aerobic bacteria eventually became mitochondria, which is supported by the fact that mitochrondria have their own cellular ...
  https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Structural_Biochemistry/The_Endosymbiotic_Theory
*  Question Bank for High School Science/Biology/CBSEPMT2007 - Wikibooks, open books for an open world
a) Both chloroplasts and mitochondria have an internal compartment, the thylakoid space bounded by the thylakoid membrane (b) ... A plant requires magnesium for (a) protein synthesis (b) chlorophyll synthesis (c) cell wall development (d) holding cells ... Which part of ovary in mammals acts as an endocrine gland after ovulation? (a) stroma (b) e^-j,;', epithelium Ccl vi!!!:::; " ... of TCA cycle are located in the mitochondrial matrix except one which is located in inner mitochondrial membranes in eukaryotes ...
  https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Question_Bank_for_High_School_Science/Biology/CBSEPMT2007
*  Protocols and Video Articles Authored by Christoph Benning (Translated to Portuguese)
Genes for photosynthetic proteins followed a pattern very similar to that of fatty acid synthesis proteins, implicating a role ... Photosynthetic complexes are embedded into the thylakoid membrane which forms an intricate system of membrane lamellae and ... Feb, 2012 , Pubmed ID: 22337920 Membrane transporters play a central role in many cellular processes that rely on the movement ... Analysis of Porphyra Membrane Transporters Demonstrates Gene Transfer Among Photosynthetic Eukaryotes and Numerous Sodium- ...
  https://www.jove.com/author/Christoph_Benning?language=Portuguese
*  Cryptomonads
Harper JT, Waanders E, Keeling PJ (2005) On the monophyly of chromalveolates using a six-protein phylogeny of eukaryotes. Int. ... a chlorophyll a/c2 complex on the outside of the thylakoid membranes and a biliprotein that, peculiarly, accumulates as dense ... having a four-membrane-bound plastid and four distinct DNA-containing cellular compartments, the plastid, mitochondrion, host ... 2007). It has therefore been hypothesized that the biliprotein is assembled in the plastid stroma, and then the complete ...
  http://tolweb.org/Cryptophyta
*  Chapter 6 Flashcards by Kimber Munford | Brainscape
Two molecules of PQH2 diffuse through thylakoid membrane and bind cytochrome b6f and release protons into the lumen of the ... Two proteins, D1 and D2, bind the P680 cholorophyll and perform reactions to oxidize H2O. Light is harvested by light- ... Consists of head (CF1) and base (CF0). Head projects outward into the stroma, keeping with the orientation of the proton ... How does the porphyrin ring in Chlorophyll compare to that in the heme group used in cellular respiration ...
  https://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/chapter-6-4297180/packs/6264987
*  10.3.2 Genome interactions | Plants in Action
figure) Table 10.3 Plants are unique in having genomes in three cellular com-partments: the nucleus, plastids and mitochondria ... stroma or thylakoid, and even orientation within the membrane, that is, outward or inward facing. We can deduce that there is ... In addition, mitochondria depend on import of some nuclear-encoded tRNAs for mitochondrial protein synthesis. Cytoplasmic male ... Plants are unique in having genomes in three cellular com-partments: the nucleus, plastids and mitochondria. Most DNA and hence ...
  http://plantsinaction.science.uq.edu.au/edition1/?q=content/10-3-2-genome-interactions
*  Eukaryote - Conservapedia
The outer membrane surrounds the inner membrane, which itself surrounds the stroma, in which are embedded a number of thylakoid ... and also contiguous with the nuclear membrane. They are the site of synthesis for proteins destined for the endomembrane system ... Eukaryotes are organisms whose cells are organized into complex structures by internal membranes and a cytoskeleton. animals, ... It is composed of a fluid mosaic of proteins embedded in a phospholipid bilayer, as are all membranes. The plasmalemma also ...
  http://www.conservapedia.com/Eukaryota
*  Cell Structure and Function by Zoe Lodato on Prezi
double membrane. Fluid in chloroplast is known as stroma. Stack of hollow disks made of thylakoid membrane ---, granum.. Grana ... Golgi Apparatus- DNA synthesis. Smooth ER- Lipid synthesis. Rough ER- Protein synthesis. Ribosomes- Polypeptide synthesis. ... Eukaryotes. True nucleus. Membranous organelles Endomembrane System. -A system of interrealted membranes. Includes:. Smooth Er ... Mitochondria - cellular respiration in eukaryotic cells. Convert chemical energy in foods to chemical energy of ATP *main ...
  https://prezi.com/tvba3fha8bsq/cell-structure-and-function/
*  Plastid terminal oxidase - Wikipedia
... an integral monotopic protein and is bound to the thylakoid membrane facing the stroma. Based on sequence homology, the enzyme ... Without the enzyme, the carotenoid synthesis pathway slows down due to the lack of oxidized plastoquinone with which to oxidize ... Through endosymbiosis, the plastid oxidase was vertically inherited by eukaryotes that evolved into plants and algae. Sequenced ... Molecular and Cellular Biology portal Metabolism portal. ... Plastid terminal oxidase is an integral membrane protein, or ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plastid_terminal_oxidase
*  Organelle acidification: an ancient cellular leak detector | BMC Biology | Full Text
OM outer membrane, PM plasma membrane, TM thylakoid membrane ... Eukaryotes co-translationally transport proteins into the lumen ... When these protons flow back down the gradient into the cytoplasm, they propel a rotary motor, driving ATP synthesis [5]. In ... chloroplast stroma). Once an acidification mechanism is available, it can of course be exapted for functions other than leak ... Eukaryotes differ from prokaryotes along many parameters: size and shape, membrane organization, chromosomal structure, and ...
  https://preview-bmcbiol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12915-017-0395-1
*  Outline of cell biology - Wikipedia
... where photosynthesis is commenced before the chemical changes are completed in the stroma. Thylakoid membrane - It is the site ... Its primary function is the synthesis of enzymes and other proteins. Vesicle - A relatively small intracellular, membrane- ... Glucose is one of the main products of photosynthesis and starts cellular respiration in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Cell ... that serves as the site of biological protein synthesis (translation). Ribosomes build proteins from the genetic instructions ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Outline_of_cell_biology
*  AtREG577
... thylakoid, thylakoid lumen, chloroplast thylakoid membrane, chloroplast thylakoid lumen, chloroplast; EXPRESSED IN: 21 plant ... protein binding, ATP binding; INVOLVED IN: protein folding, cellular protein metabolic process; EXPRESSED IN: 22 plant ... GTP-binding protein TypA (InterPro:IPR006298), Protein synthesis factor, GTP-binding (InterPro:IPR000795), Elongation factor G ... PLASTID TRANSCRIPTIONALLY ACTIVE17 (PTAC17); LOCATED IN: plastid chromosome, chloroplast stroma, chloroplast, nucleoid; ...
  http://ppdb.agr.gifu-u.ac.jp/ppdb/cgi-bin/tag_list.cgi?organism=At&tag=AtREG577
*  Frontiers | OsPEX11, a Peroxisomal Biogenesis Factor 11, Contributes to Salt Stress Tolerance in Oryza sativa | Plant Science
Here, a novel prey protein, OsPEX11 (Os03g0302000), was screened and identified by yeast two-hybrid and GST pull down assays. ... Here, a novel prey protein, OsPEX11 (Os03g0302000), was screened and identified by yeast two-hybrid and GST pull down assays. ... Peroxisomes are single membrane-bound organelles, whose basic enzymatic constituents are catalase and H2O2-producing flavin ... Peroxisomes are single membrane-bound organelles, whose basic enzymatic constituents are catalase and H2O2-producing flavin ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpls.2016.01357/full
*  Biology Notes chapter 6-11 Flashcards - Cram.com
A third membrane-the thylakoid membrane- is folded up inside the stroma. Pigments are packed together as light-harvesting ... ATP allows cellular work to occur (e.g., breakdown, rearrangement, and synthesis of substances; contractions of muscle cells; ... ATP synthase proteins on the thylakoid membrane use H+ to drive their rotations. This movement causes ADP to bind with ... a nuclear division mechanism that occurs in somatic cells of multicelled eukaryotes. It is the basis of increases in body size ...
  http://www.cram.com/flashcards/biology-notes-chapter-6-11-479110
*  Rozaini Othman (Guru Cemerlang Biologi): August 2010
The H+ ions then diffuse back through a protein which spans the thylakoid membrane. Part of this protein acts as an enzyme - ... 5. This energy is used by cytochromes to pump protons (H+ ions) from the stroma across the thylakoid membranes. This sets up an ... is located in cell membranes of prokaryotes whereas it is placed in the inner membranes of mitochondria for eukaryotes. ... The first cellular event that takes place after gamete fusion is an increase in the cytoplasmic calcium (Ca2+) levels of the ...
  http://cikgurozaini.blogspot.com/2010/08/?widgetType=BlogArchive&widgetId=BlogArchive1&action=toggle&dir=close&toggle=YEARLY-1262275200000&toggleopen=MONTHLY-1280592000000
*  Chloroplast - Wikipedia
While different parts of the thylakoid system contain different membrane proteins, the thylakoid membranes are continuous and ... From here, chloroplast proteins bound for the stroma must pass through two protein complexes-the TOC complex, or translocon on ... Protein synthesis within chloroplasts relies on two RNA polymerases. One is coded by the chloroplast DNA, the other is of ... and not the phagosomal membrane from the host, which was probably lost. The new cellular resident quickly became an advantage, ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chloroplast
*  Photosynthesis - Wikipedia
3. inner membrane (1+2+3: envelope). 4. stroma (aqueous fluid). 5. thylakoid lumen (inside of thylakoid). 6. thylakoid membrane ... thylakoid membranes). picosecond to nanosecond. 3. Electron transport chain and ATP synthesis (thylakoid membranes). ... Embedded in the thylakoid membrane are integral and peripheral membrane protein complexes of the photosynthetic system. ... photosynthesis and cellular respiration take place through a different sequence of chemical reactions and in different cellular ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Photosynthesis
*  Answer Key- LO 2.3 Which of the following best explains why energy cannot cycle through an ecosystem? A. The law of...
Proteins in the membrane could hydrolyze ATP as an energy source to actively pump water out of the cell. The proteins use ... Proteins are activated at this time to break down cellular components. Enzymes then break down the nucleus and the cell emits ... It also increases the breakdown of fat, stimulates protein synthesis and degradation, and stimulates the heart. This process ... The NADP+ changes into NADPH and travels into the stroma. In the stroma rubisco fixes carbon from CO2 to 5 carbon chains. Once ...
  http://slideplayer.com/slide/3393538/
*  Photosynthesis | Biology for Majors I
... to the protein plastocyanin (Pc), thus enabling both the transfer of protons across the thylakoid membrane and the transfer of ... in the stroma) is harnessed to create ATP, just as in the electron transport chain of cellular respiration. The ions build up ... "synthesis" part). Those carbohydrates are the energy source that heterotrophs use to power the synthesis of ATP via respiration ... In all autotrophic eukaryotes, photosynthesis takes place inside an organelle called a chloroplast. For plants, chloroplast- ...
  https://courses.lumenlearning.com/wmopen-biology1/chapter/photosynthesis/
*  AtREG452
unknown protein; LOCATED IN: cellular_component unknown; BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: unknown protein (TAIR: ... chloroplast thylakoid membrane, chloroplast, plasma membrane, vacuole; EXPRESSED IN: 25 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 15 ... intracellular protein transport, protein targeting, protein import; LOCATED IN: chloroplast stroma, chloroplast, chloroplast ... These two activities catalyze the first and the third steps toward the synthesis of the essential amino acids threonine, ...
  http://ppdb.agr.gifu-u.ac.jp/ppdb/cgi-bin/tag_list.cgi?organism=At&tag=AtREG452