Predictors and outcomes of shunt-dependent hydrocephalus in patients with aneurysmal sub-arachnoid hemorrhage | BMC Surgery |...
To date, this is the first study to determine the potential risk factors that are predictive of shunt-dependent hydrocephalus in patients with aneurysmal SAH but without hydrocephalus upon arriving at the hospital. Differences in the relative prevalence of hydrocephalus following aneurysmal SAH vary with case ascertainment and inclusion criteria, timing and methods of neuro-imaging studies, serial follow-up neuro-imaging studies, surgical procedure, and presence of complications [1-7]. In the current study, hydrocephalus accounts for 61.9% (104/168) of all episodes, including 82 with initial hydrocephalus on admission and 22 with subsequent hydrocephalus. Such figures are higher than those of two recent studies [3, 6] and the largest study .. The present study examined the risk factors and outcome of ...https://bmcsurg.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2482-12-12
Information about Hydrocephalus | Spina Bifida and Hydrocephalus
Babies: Hydrocephalus may develop in the womb or after birth as a result of a congenital defect. This defect is not necessarily hereditary, but may result from something (including the condition known as spina bifida) that goes wrong during development of the fetus. Hydrocephalus may also result from complications associated with premature birth.. Children, young and middle-aged adults: Hydrocephalus may develop during these years as a result of intracranial bleeding, (stroke), brain injury, tumour growth, meningitis or other factors. Hydrocephalus that occurs after birth as a result of one of these factors is called "acquired hydrocephalus.". Seniors: When it is diagnosed during these years, hydrocephalus is typically called "adult onset hydrocephalus." It may take one of ...http://www.sbhao.on.ca/hydrocephalus
Risk factors of congenital hydrocephalus: a 10 year retrospective study | Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry
Objective: To evaluate and identify the risk factors associated with the pathogenesis of congenital hydrocephalus in a large specific population.. Methods: An International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-9 database search of patients with congenital hydrocephalus treated at the University of Mississippi Medical Center between 1998 and 2007 was performed. All recruited patients were interviewed, assessing maternal age, onset of prenatal care, geographic location of pregnancy, maternal diabetes and chronic hypertension, pregnancy induced hypertension, pre-eclampsia, eclampsia, single or multiparous gestation, maternal alcohol, tobacco and drug use, infection and trauma during gestation, trauma or sexually transmitted disease at parturition, and other family members with hydrocephalus.. Results: In this 10 year retrospective study, several significant risk factors were identified among 596 well defined cases ...http://jnnp.bmj.com/content/80/2/213
Congenital Hydrocephalus | PeaceHealth
Congenital hydrocephalus is a condition present at birth in which excess cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) collects within the brain. The brain's passageways (ventricles) may not drain or absorb fluid properly, leading to increased pressure within the brain.. The most obvious symptom of hydrocephalus is an unusually large head, which will most likely be noticed at birth or within the first 9 months of life. Other symptoms in an infant may include irritability, excessive sleeping, vomiting, and poor feeding.. Congenital hydrocephalus may result from either genetic or other causes, such as prenatal hemorrhage (bleeding before birth in the fetus) or infections such as toxoplasmosis, rubella, syphilis, or mumps. It may be associated with other birth defects, especially neural tube defects.. The main way to treat hydrocephalus is with a shunt, a type of ...https://www.peacehealth.org/medical-topics/content/definition/stc123758.html
Cerebrospinal fluid tenascin-C increases preceding the development of chronic shunt-dependent hydrocephalus after subarachnoid...
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The possible cause of chronic hydrocephalus after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) has been reported to be meningeal fibrosis. We examined whether the induction of tenascin-C (TN-C), an extracellular matrix glycoprotein known tohttp://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Cerebrospinal-fluid-tenascin-C-increases/18323479.html
Complex hydrocephalus (combination of communicating and obstructive type): an important cause of failed endoscopic third...
The conventional treatment of obstructive hydrocephalus is CSF diversion [7, 8], usually by performing a shunt procedure. Shunts divert the CSF flow into extracranial body cavities such as the peritoneal cavity (VP shunt). Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV which creates a flow of CSF endoscopically from the third ventricles to the subarachnoid space, is an alternative form of CSF diversion . It is a minimally invasive procedure and has established itself in the management of obstructive hydrocephalus. The reported success rate of ETV is usually in the range of 60 to 80% [8, 9]. The success rate of ETV in our series was 78.8%. Previous studies have evaluated various risk factors for the failure of ETV, such as cause of hydrocephalus, presence and function of shunts, history of shunt revisions or infections, symptoms, preoperative imaging, infection, etc [8, 10]. In ...https://bmcresnotes.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1756-0500-2-137
Hydrocephalus Why choose Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
Adults with more severe complications also may require the services of occupational therapists, social workers, specialists in dementia care or other medical specialists.. With the help of rehabilitative therapies and educational interventions, many people with hydrocephalus live with few limitations.. There are many resources available to provide emotional and medical support as you parent a child with hydrocephalus. Children with developmental problems due to hydrocephalus may be eligible for government-sponsored health care and other support services. Check with your state or county social services agency. Hospitals and voluntary organizations serving people with disabilities are good resources for emotional and practical support, as are doctors and nurses. Ask these resources to help you connect with other families who are coping with hydrocephalus. Adults living with ...https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hydrocephalus/care-at-mayo-clinic/why-choose-mayo-clinic/CON-20030706?p=1
Isodense colloid cyst with acute obstructive hydrocephalus | Radiology Case | Radiopaedia.org
The findings were interpreted as an isodense colloid cyst with obstructive hydrocephalus at level of Foramen of Monro. Urgent neurosurgical management required.https://radiopaedia.org/cases/isodense-colloid-cyst-with-acute-obstructive-hydrocephalus
Genetic loci for ventricular dilatation in the LEW/Jms rat with fetal-onset hydrocephalus are influenced by gender and genetic...
Genetic loci for ventricular dilatation in the LEW/Jms rat with fetal-onset hydrocephalus are influenced by gender and genetic background : The LEW/Jms rat strain has inherited hydrocephalus, with more males affected than females and an overall expression rate of 28%. This study aimed to determine chromosomal positions for genetic loci causing the hydrocephalus. Methods An F 1 backcross was made to the parental LEW/Jms strain from a cross with non-hydrocephalic Fischer 344 rats. BC 1 rats were generated for two specific crosses: thehttp://www.youscribe.com/catalogue/documents/savoirs/genetic-loci-for-ventricular-dilatation-in-the-lew-jms-rat-with-2043466
Adult Hydrocephalus Support Group | Spina Bifida and Hydrocephalus
Support groups are powered by the sharing of common experiences and concerns. They are a collective exchange where you may find answers to your individual questions.. The Adult Hydrocephalus Support Group is a place to find others who know what it's like to be living with hydrocephalus. It is a place where you're not alone. This safe environment sets the stage for mutual support and encouragement, comfort, information exchange and positive feedback. This atmosphere can also provide personal growth, closer inter-personal relationships and increased self-esteem.. Currently, the Association facilitates an active support group for Adults with Hydrocephalus. They meet on the last Wednesday of each month from 5:30-7:30 p.m. You can join us in person at the SB&H offices or join us on the telephone (Toll-Free) from anywhere in Ontario.. For upcoming Adult Hydrocephalus Support group ...http://www.sbhao.on.ca/hydrocephalus/support/adult-hydrocephalus-support-group
Communicating hydrocephalus synonyms, communicating hydrocephalus antonyms - FreeThesaurus.com
Synonyms for communicating hydrocephalus in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for communicating hydrocephalus. 1 synonym for hydrocephalus: hydrocephaly. What are synonyms for communicating hydrocephalus?http://www.freethesaurus.com/communicating+hydrocephalus
Congenital hydrocephalus: gestational and neonatal outcomes | SpringerLink
To evaluate gestational and neonatal outcomes in pregnancies complicated by fetal hydrocephalus. Retrospective analysis of 287 cases of fetal hydrocephalus followed at the Fetal Medicine Unit of the Uhttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00404-009-1254-2
Hydrocephalus | Health Information | MedCentral Health System
Hydrocephalus What is hydrocephalus? Hydrocephalus is a condition in which there is a lack of absorption, blockage of flow, or overproduction of the cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) that is found inside the ventricles (fluid-filled areas) of the brain. This may result in a build up of fluid that can cause the pressure inside of the head to increase and the skull bones to expand to a larger-than-normal appearance. What causes hydrocephalus? Click Image to Enlarge Hydrocephalus occurs in approximately one out ...http://www.medcentral.org/Main/StayWellProducts.aspx?iid=90_P02367
X-linked hydrocephalus and MASA syndrome present in one family are due to a single missense mutation in exon 28 of the L1CAM...
X-linked hydrocephalus and MASA syndrome present in one family are due to a single missense mutation in exon 28 of the L1CAM gene ...https://repository.uantwerpen.be/link/irua/9976
Ventriculoperitoneal shunting in childhood tuberculous meningitis
Hydrocephalus is a common complication of tuberculous meningitis (TBM) in children. In this study, 217 patients with stage II and III TBM and hydrocephalus (TBMH) were reviewed. Ventriculoperitoneal shunting (VPS) was performed in the acute stage if the hydrocephalus was non-communicating or following failed medical therapy if the hydrocephalus was communicating. Following this protocol only 65 of 217 (29.9%) patients eventually required VPS. Non-communicating hydrocephalus was present in 38 of 65 (58.5%) and communicating hydrocephalus in 27 of 65 (41.5%) of the shunted cases. These 65 cases were followed for 6 months and their outcome assessed. Good outcome or moderate disability was seen in 55.4% and 12.3% died. Different factors relating to outcome are discussed. The shunted patients in this study had a ...http://scholar.sun.ac.za/handle/10019.1/13488
Find out what Hydrocephalus is - RunWashington
When Amanda Garzon was making preparations to host the third annual Hydrocephalus Association 5k Run/Walk on September 29, she knew that many of the runners participating would not have a first- hand knowledge, or even an awareness of the disease. Many would be standing on the starting line on the mild Saturday morning in late September mainly because they were searching for a local, flat, and fast 5k race to include in their competition schedule. At the same time, however, Garzon, the Co-Chair of the race and the Director of Media and Marketing for the Hydrocephalus Association (HA), hoped that by drawing local attention to the HA cause, she could raise awareness and build support for finding treatment and a cure for the disease.. Garzon knows all too well about the impact hydrocephalus can have on lives. Her 13-year old daughter, Gabriela, has suffered from the disease since she was a baby, and has had 15 ...http://www.runwashington.com/2013/09/30/find-hydrocephalus/
A Review of Endoscopic Treatment of Hydrocephalus in Paediatric and Review
Review A Review of Endoscopic Treatment of Hydrocephalus in Paediatric and Adult Patients Ji Min Ling, MB.ChB (UK), MMed Surgery (NUS), Rajendra Tiruchelvarayan, MBBS, FRCS (Neurosurgery) (Ireland) Department of Neurosurgery, National Neuroscience Institute, Singapore Abstract Endoscopic treatment for hydrocephalus started in the early 20th century, but could not thrive due to poor illumination and magnification of the scope. In the 1950s, ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt became widely acceptable as standard treatment for hydrocephalus owing to the invention of well-designed valves and discovery of silicone, a biocompatible material for manufacturing shunt catheters. However, shunting is still far from being an ideal treatment because of its associated complications such as catheter malposition, blockage, and over- or under-drainage of cerebrospinal fluid. The shunt revision rates remained high in recent ...http://spotidoc.com/doc/140205/a-review-of-endoscopic-treatment-of-hydrocephalus-in-paed..
A Randomised Controlled Trial of Lumbar Drainage to Treat Communicating Hydrocephalus After Severe Intraventricular Hemorrhage ...
All patients requiring external ventricular drain (EVD) for treatment of acute obstructive hydrocephalus receive intraventricular fibrinolysis with rt-PA via the ventricular catheter. Lumbar drainage (LD) is inserted at a timepoint, when communication between the internal and the external CSF-spaces is recognizable on CT ('opening' of third and fourth ventricle and aqueduct ...https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01041950?term=Hydrocephalus&rank=14
A Randomised Controlled Trial of Lumbar Drainage to Treat Communicating Hydrocephalus After Severe Intraventricular Hemorrhage ...
All patients requiring external ventricular drain (EVD) for treatment of acute obstructive hydrocephalus receive intraventricular fibrinolysis with rt-PA via the ventricular catheter. Lumbar drainage (LD) is inserted at a timepoint, when communication between the internal and the external CSF-spaces is recognizable on CT ('opening' of third and fourth ventricle and aqueduct ...https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01041950?term=Hydrocephalus&rank=15
Media Resources | Spina Bifida and Hydrocephalus
Send by email. The Spina Bifida & Hydrocephalus Association of Ontario (SB&H) is the source for accurate, up-to-date information about living with spina bifida and hydrocephalus (sb/h) in the province.. These complex, incurable neurological conditions affect more than 25,000 adults, children, parents and caregivers in Ontario. Follow the links below to learn about the conditions as well as SB&H and our commitment to increasing awareness and driving education, research, support, care and advocacy.. Members of the media can access quick, basic information about spina bifida, hydrocephalus, folic acid, SB&H and various SB&H activities, through these links to fact sheets, media releases, personal stories and other materials. For more information or to arrange an interview, please contact:. David Disher, Interim Executive Director ...http://www.sbhao.on.ca/about-us/media-resources
In our prospective study cohort, membranous obstruction was demonstrated in 92 (68.6%) of 134 cases of hydrocephalus with the use of 3D-CISS at 3T. Intraventricular membranous obstruction is the most common pathologic finding to cause noncommunicating hydrocephalus (85/114 total noncommunicating cases). However, except in the cerebral aqueduct region, conventional images are insensitive in detection of obstructive membranes in the CSF pathway. In this study, they were only demonstrated in 57 (36.3%) of 157 obstruction sites with the use of conventional imaging. In choosing the most appropriate treatment technique and to assess the prognosis in hydrocephalus, the classification of hydrocephalus and demonstration of obstruction, if it exists, are of significant importance.20,33 The terminology and the classification of ...http://www.ajnr.org/content/30/10/1898
DMOZ - Health: Conditions and Diseases: Neurological Disorders: Hydrocephalus
Hydrocephalus comes from the Greek: hydro means water, cephalus means head. Hydrocephalus is an abnormal accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) within cavities called ventricles inside the brain. CSF is produced in the ventricles, circulates through the ventricular system, and is absorbed into the bloodstream. CSF is in constant circulation and has many important functions. It surrounds the brain and spinal cord and acts as a protective cushion against injury. CSF contains nutrients and proteins necessary for the nourishment and normal function of the brain. It carries waste products away from surrounding tissues. Hydrocephalus occurs when there is an imbalance between the amount of CSF that is produced and the rate at which it is absorbed. As CSF builds up, it causes the ventricles to enlarge, and the pressure inside the head to increase.http://dmoztools.net/Health/Conditions_and_Diseases/Neurological_Disorders/Hydrocephalus/
Research Scientists Find Clue into the Cause of Congenital Hydrocephalus
A Eureka Moment. Chun's laboratory specializes in the study of lipid-signaling molecules involved in the developing brain, including LPA. LPA is normally produced in the fast-growing fetal brain, and appears to be important for the normal development of neural 'progenitor' cells. But when the researchers added abnormally high concentrations of LPA to the brains of fetal mice, they found an unexpected effect on brain development. 'When we looked at their condition as newborns, we were surprised to see that they uniformly had big, fluid-filled brains,' said postdoctoral fellow Yun Yung, PhD. 'It was a Eureka moment, because we realized that LPA might help explain hydrocephalus.'. Reviewing the medical literature on the condition, Chun and Yung noted that it was often linked to brain-bleeding events in the womb and typically also featured some improperly developed brain structures. 'Our experiments with LPA connected both sets of findings,' said Yung, 'because LPA is involved ...http://www.sbhao.on.ca/print/news/hydrocephalus/research-scientists-find-clue-cause-congenital-hydrocephalus
"Pediatric hydrocephalus: systematic literature review and evidence-bas" by Paul Klimo, Mark Van Poppel et al.
Klimo, P.,Jr, Van Poppel, M., Thompson, C. J., Baird, L. C., Duhaime, A. -., Flannery, A. M., & Pediatric Hydrocephalus Systematic Review and Evidence-Based Guidelines Task Force. (2014). Pediatric hydrocephalus: Systematic literature review and evidence-based guidelines. part 6: Preoperative antibiotics for shunt surgery in children with hydrocephalus: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Neurosurgery.Pediatrics, 14, 44-52.. ...http://hsrc.himmelfarb.gwu.edu/biostatscenter_facpubs/118/
BMJ Blogs: ADC Online Blog » Blog Archive » No dental antibiotic prophylaxis for VP shunts.
Ian - there is a feeling that you can get haematogenous spread of bugs into/onto VP shunts (though exactly how they did this - I can't imagine your average Staphlococcus answering such a question - I'm unsure about). Somewhere around 10-15% of shunts get infected mostly in the first year of placement; I don't know what proportion have an 'identified source'.. I have never considered antibiotic prophylaxis for someone with a Port-a-cath pre-dentistry. I must ask a dentist next time I see one.. Now, back to the VP shunts: I agree that the core question has to be "How does the risk of prophylactic antibiotics compare with the risk of post-procedural shunt infection?".. (Out of interest - anyone know what the risk of endocarditis is for a simple VSD without prophylaxis, for example? Would give us a baseline on which to build any assessment of VP shunt prophylaxis.). ...http://blogs.bmj.com/adc/2008/02/12/dental-antibiotic-prophylaxis-for-vp-shunts/