*  Surviving The Cold Flashcards by Romy Rayner | Brainscape
... through shivering of flight muscles and probably substrate cycling in flight muscles. ... 3. the TCA or tricarboxylic acid (or Krebs) cycle, in the mitochondrial matrix.. 4. electron transport and oxidative ... This reaction is called the link reaction because it links glycolysis to the TCA cycle. ...
  https://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/surviving-the-cold-3849003/packs/5667126
*  Choosing between Daily and Event-Driven Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis: Results of a Belgian PrEP Demonstration Project.
Examples of substrate cycling are cycling of gluconeogenesis and glycolysis pathways and cycling of the triglycerides and fatty ... Rates of substrate cycling may be increased many-fold in association with hypermetabolic states resulting from severe burns, ... Substrate Cycling. A set of opposing, nonequilibrium reactions catalyzed by different enzymes which act simultaneously, with at ... The results of the cycle are that ATP energy is depleted, heat is produced and no net substrate-to-product conversion is ...
  https://www.bioportfolio.com/resources/pmarticle/2091452/Choosing-between-Daily-and-Event-Driven-Pre-Exposure-Prophylaxis-Results-of-a.html
*  Ch 8 - 10 Flashcards by Erica Kenney | Brainscape
Glycolysis (substrate lvl phosphorylation) requires enzymes occurs: cytoplasm. Krebs cycle (substrate lvl phosphorylation) ... A smaller amount of ATP is formed directly in a few reactions of glycolysis and the citric acid cycle(Krebs cycle). ... do not directly compete w/ the substrate to bind to the active site. they bind else where and change the shape of the enzyme ... Compare Substrate lvl phosphorylation to oxidative phosphorylation?. which requires enzymes?. What are the oxidizing agents? ...
  https://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/ch-8-10-2898851/packs/4643291
*  Sensors | Free Full-Text | Optimization of Hydrogen Peroxide Detection for a Methyl Mercaptan Biosensor | HTML
Coupled with this system, a substrate regeneration cycle with ascorbic acid was carried out. However, a sensor for the ... electrochemically cycling for 20 cycles between −0.05 V and 0.35 V versus Ag/AgCl at a scan rate of 50 mV·s−1. After washing ... After 20 scan cycles, the PB/CSPEs CV's performance were similar to the unmodified CSPEs (Figure 2). With PPD layer coating, ... This low KM,p value indicates Os-HRP's high affinity and high effective conversion for the H2O2 substrate and a favorable ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/1424-8220/13/4/5028/htm
*  Fatigue by Alan Richardson on Prezi
Lactate clearance - Cori Cycle. Increased pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) activation?. Increased Krebs cycle substrate - pyruvate? ... THE CORI CYCLE. H+ + HCO3 H2CO3 H2O + CO2. Normal With Sodium Bicarbonate Supplementation. Energy Systems. Repeated Sprint ... H+ may also displace Ca in muscle fibre, interfering with actin-myosin cross bridge cycling. Low muscle pH is the major limiter ... 30 s of passive recovery b/w 6 s cycling sprints. Anaerobic Sources of ATP in 10 x 6 s sprints. Glycolytic Contribution to ...
  https://prezi.com/p6qkonk1qikg/fatigue/
*  Emerging Role of AMPK in Brown and Beige Adipose Tissue (BAT): Implications for Obesity, Insulin Resistance, and Type 2...
A creatine-driven substrate cycle enhances energy expenditure and thermogenesis in beige fat. Cell. 2015;163:643-55.CrossRef ... UCP1-independent signaling involving SERCA2bmediated calcium cycling regulates beige fat thermogenesis and systemic glucose ...
  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11892-018-1049-6
*  Identification of CHIP, a Novel Tetratricopeptide Repeat-Containing Protein That Interacts with Heat Shock Proteins and...
This occurs, most likely, by inhibiting the forward reaction of the substrate-binding cycle, resulting in lower substrate ... At present, it is unclear whether the effects of CHIP on the Hsp70-Hsc70 substrate-binding cycle are mediated solely through ... Previously, three proteins have been shown to regulate the Hsc70-Hsp70 substrate-binding cycle. Hsp40 enhances the forward ... and they implicate CHIP in the negative regulation of the forward reaction of the Hsc70-Hsp70 substrate-binding cycle. ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC104411/?lang=en-ca
*  Plus it
The key enzymes of the hepatic glycolytic, gluconeogenic, and glycogenolytic substrate cycles. Substrates: glucose (GLC), G6P, ... The increase in glycerol uptake was the result of an increase in substrate availability, which in turn resulted from increased ... Randle PJ: Regulatory interactions between lipids and carbohydrates: the glucose fatty acid cycle after 35 years. Diabetes ... Net fractional substrate extraction by the liver was calculated by NHB/Loadin. The approximate insulin and glucagon levels in ...
  http://diabetes.diabetesjournals.org/content/51/11/3151
*  Patent US6492130 - Modulation of the sulfonylurea receptor and calcium in adipocytes for ... - Google Patents
Hammond et al., Substrate Cycling Between Triglyceride and Fatty Acid in Human Adipocytes Metabolism vol. 36 No. 4 Apr. 1987 pp ... followed by 34 cycles of denaturation at 94 C. for 45s, annealing at 55 C. for 1 min, and extension at 72 C. for 2 min, with a ...
  http://www.google.com/patents/US6492130?dq=6,123,819
*  Astroglial Contribution to Brain Energy Metabolism in Humans Revealed by 13C Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy:...
Glucose being the main substrate of brain metabolism and glucose C1 and C6 being incorporated in the TCA cycle the same way as ... cycle. +. V. cycle. ′. ). /. (. V. TCA. n. +. V. cycle. +. V. cycle. ′. ). ,. Equation 2Because the addition of V′ cyclewould ... V cycle, Glu/Gln cycle flux;V′cycle , Glu/α-KG cycle flux;V TCAn , neuronal TCA cycle rate;V TCAg , glial TCA cycle rate. ... cycle. /. (. V. TCA. n. +. V. cycle. ). ,. Equation 1where V TCAn is the neuronal TCA cycle flux, and V cycle is the rate of ...
  http://www.jneurosci.org/content/22/5/1523.long
*  Vesicular monoamine transporter - Wikipedia
... this residue is thought to complete the substrate transport cycle. VMATs have a relatively low Vmax, with an estimated rate of ... Several motifs involved in the VMAT trafficking cycle are believed to be encoded in the C-terminus. A dileucine motif in the C- ... Exogenous substrates include guanethidine and MPP+. VMAT research began in 1958 with the discovery of secretory vesicles by ... VMAT1 has a lower turnover number and a lower affinity for most monoamine substrates than VMAT2. This may be because of VMAT2's ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vesicular_monoamine_transporter
*  Frontiers | Contrasting extracellular enzyme activities of particle-associated bacteria from distinct provinces of the North...
All four substrates were hydrolyzed by the BPLR/ARCT communities; hydrolysis rates of individual substrate varied by factors of ... the functional consequences of these compositional variations for the carbon cycle are only beginning to be explored. We ... All four substrates were hydrolyzed by the BPLR/ARCT communities; hydrolysis rates of individual substrate varied by factors of ... the functional consequences of these compositional variations for the carbon cycle are only beginning to be explored. We ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2012.00425/full
*  Instant Aquarium Freshwater Substrate (Torpedo Beach) - Aquarium Equipment Reviews
Aquarium Substrate, Welcome to our friendly aquarium forum. We are happy to talk fish, answer your questions and help solve ... "Live" substrate conditions and cycles newly setup aquariums. CaribSeaCondition and cycle new setups with beautiful Instant ... These unique substrates jumpstart the cycling process with live water-purifying bacteria contained in each water-packed bag. ... 20 lbs substrate treats up to 20 gallons.. Torpedo Beach. Average Small Grain Size: 0.2 mm. Average Large Grain Size: 1.2 mm. ...
  http://www.aquaticcommunity.com/review/showproduct.php?product=559&title=instant-aquarium-freshwater-substrate-torpedo-beach&cat=28
*  PPT - Metabolism 10/27/09 PowerPoint Presentation - ID:3351756
Substrate cycles: Fluxes through r and f can be separately regulated. *Genetic control: up or down regulated production or ... The acetyl group is then oxidized to CO2 via the citric acid cycle while NAD+ and FAD are reduced to NADH and FADH2. ... 1. Substrate level phosphorylation - direct transfer of a phosphate group to ADP from a high energy compound. ... Allosteric control: by substrates, products, or coenzymes of the pathway (e.g. CTP in ATCase) ...
  https://www.slideserve.com/lahela/metabolism-10-27-09
*  Table of Contents - January 01, 1986, 29 (1) | Molecular Pharmacology
Nuclear magnetic resonance studies of carbohydrate metabolism and substrate cycling in Fasciola hepatica. P M Matthews, D ... I. Receptor metabolism after irreversible blockade of receptors and in cells traversing the cell division cycle. L C Mahan and ... Effect of the suicide substrate 3,5-diethoxycarbonyl-2,6-dimethyl-4-ethyl-1,4-dihydropyridine on the metabolism of xenobiotics ...
  http://molpharm.aspetjournals.org/content/29/1
*  Genetic Variants in Cytosolic 5′-Nucleotidase II Are Associated with Its Expression and Cytarabine Sensitivity in HapMap Cell...
1986) Interrelations between substrate cycles and de novo synthesis of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside triphosphates in 3T6 ... It has been hypothesized that because NT5C2 is involved in substrate dNTP cycles, survival of highly proliferating NT5C2- ... PCR amplification consisted of an initial activation step at 95°C, followed by 34 cycles consisting of denaturation at 94°C for ... 2003) Cytosolic and mitochondrial deoxyribonucleotidases: activity with substrate analogs, inhibitors and implications for ...
  http://jpet.aspetjournals.org/content/339/1/9.long
*  Plus it
1986) Interrelations between substrate cycles and de novo synthesis of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside triphosphates in 3T6 ... It has been hypothesized that because NT5C2 is involved in substrate dNTP cycles, survival of highly proliferating NT5C2- ... PCR amplification consisted of an initial activation step at 95°C, followed by 34 cycles consisting of denaturation at 94°C for ... 2003) Cytosolic and mitochondrial deoxyribonucleotidases: activity with substrate analogs, inhibitors and implications for ...
  http://jpet.aspetjournals.org/content/339/1/9
*  Patent US7135369 - Atomic layer deposited ZrAlxOy dielectric layers including Zr4AlO9 - Google Patents
... layer deposited ZrAlxOy are thermodynamically stable such that the ZrAlxOy will have minimal reactions with a silicon substrate ... Pulsing a zirconium-containing precursor onto a substrate, pulsing a first oxygen-containing precursor, pulsing an aluminum- ... pulsing a precursor containing zirconium onto a substrate in a cycle of an atomic layer deposition; ... the substrate is cleaned to provide an initial substrate depleted of its native oxide. In an embodiment, the initial substrate ...
  http://www.google.com/patents/US7135369?dq=5083039
*  Interaction among Skeletal Muscle Metabolic Energy Systems during Intense Exercise
Note that the TCA cycle as shown is not complete for all substrates and products. Also, the ATP yield from carbohydrate ... Figure 11: The changes and cycling of substrates, products, and protons during the glycolytic-lactate energy system. Adapted ... Figure 3: The urea cycle of the liver, showing the connections between the TCA cycle in the mitochondria, ammonia, and the ... and how lactate production and the ATP hydrolysis supporting cell work are involved in the cycling of substrates and products ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jnme/2010/905612/
*  International Textbook of Diabetes Mellitus, 4th Ed., Excerpt #70: Regulation of Glucose Metabolism in Liver Part 6 of 11
... the generation of pyruvate from gluconeogenic PEP is an active substrate cycle in liver (Figure 13.6). Tracer experiments in ... Moreover, L-PK is a better substrate for phosphorylation by PKA when it is allosterically inhibited by alanine or ATP than when ... Phosphorylation of L-PK by PKA decreases the maximal activation of L-PK by its substrates and potentiates the effectiveness of ... This may provide a metabolic mechanism allowing oxaloacetate production to match TCA cycle capacity. Despite the elegant ...
  http://www.diabetesincontrol.com/international-textbook-of-diabetes-mellitus-excerpt-70-regulation-of-gluconeogenesis/
*  Elucidating Nature's Solutions to Heart, Lung, and Blood Diseases and Sleep Disorders | Circulation Research
Glucose production and substrate cycle activity in a fasting adapted animal, the northern elephant seal. J Exp Biol. 2005; 208 ...
  http://circres.ahajournals.org/content/110/7/915.full
*  Biochemistry II Flashcards - Cram.com
enzymes controlled by effectors that can be substrates, products or coenzymes of the pathway ...
  http://www.cram.com/flashcards/biochemistry-ii-323765
*  Essential Skills in Biochemistry
Explain the function of substrate cycles in regulation.. *Use diagrams of regulatory cascades (such as Figures 12.16 and 12.17 ... Citric-Acid Cycle. Essential Skills. At the exam covering this chapter, you should be able to ... Construct and use double-reciprocal plots of kinetic data (concentrations of substrates or products versus time) to determine K ... Predict the products of reactions catalyzed by triose phosphate isomerase, lysozyme, and serine proteases on normal substrates ...
  https://spdbv.vital-it.ch/TheMolecularLevel/Biochem/Text/Skills.html
*  The ontogeny of aerobic and diving capacity in the skeletal muscles of Weddell seals | Journal of Experimental Biology
The direct effect of leptin on skeletal muscle thermogenesis is mediated by substrate cycling between de novo lipogenesis and ... Call, K. A., Fadely, B. S., Greig, A. and Rehberg, M. J. (2007). At-sea and on-shore cycles of juvenile Steller sea lions ( ... The enzymes assayed were as follows: citrate synthase (CS), important in the citric acid cycle; cytochrome c oxidase (COX), as ... After washing with PBS, Fast Red substrate or DAB (3,3′-diaminobenzidine tetrahydrochloride) chromagen was applied to the ...
  http://jeb.biologists.org/content/211/16/2559