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*  Substrate cycling
vf - vr represents cycling: if this difference is small then cycling is large, if difference is large, cycling is small ... SUBSTRATE CYCLING (see Voet and Voet) F. 6P F1,6, bisP Phosphofructokinase I: forward reaction, activated by AMP fructose 1,6, ... decrease in ATP can result in a 90-fold increase in glycolytic flux as a result of adenylate kinase and substrate cycling. ... Nonshivering thermogenesis: cycling in muscle and liver when it is cold. Stimulated by thyroid hormone. Chronic obesity: may be ...
  http://atelim.com/substrate-cycling.html
*  Surviving The Cold Flashcards by Romy Rayner | Brainscape
... through shivering of flight muscles and probably substrate cycling in flight muscles. ... 3. the TCA or tricarboxylic acid (or Krebs) cycle, in the mitochondrial matrix.. 4. electron transport and oxidative ... This reaction is called the link reaction because it links glycolysis to the TCA cycle. ...
  https://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/surviving-the-cold-3849003/packs/5667126
*  Refresher
This energy expenditure becomes the net effect of the cycle, and for this reason substrate cycles are also referred to as ... Substrate cycles occur in several places in metabolism; we will see some examples in sections 6.10 and 7.5. In order to crank ... We can achieve the same basal throughput for B⟶C as in (a) using a substrate cycle between A and B, in which one enzyme ... Cooperativity is one device for increasing the sensitivity of metabolic flux to regulation; substrate cycles are another. This ...
  http://watcut.uwaterloo.ca/webnotes/Metabolism/Refresher.html
*  Choosing between Daily and Event-Driven Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis: Results of a Belgian PrEP Demonstration Project.
Examples of substrate cycling are cycling of gluconeogenesis and glycolysis pathways and cycling of the triglycerides and fatty ... Rates of substrate cycling may be increased many-fold in association with hypermetabolic states resulting from severe burns, ... Substrate Cycling. A set of opposing, nonequilibrium reactions catalyzed by different enzymes which act simultaneously, with at ... The results of the cycle are that ATP energy is depleted, heat is produced and no net substrate-to-product conversion is ...
  https://www.bioportfolio.com/resources/pmarticle/2091452/Choosing-between-Daily-and-Event-Driven-Pre-Exposure-Prophylaxis-Results-of-a.html
*  Impact of Drugs on Diabetes Risk and Glycemic Control | SpringerLink
Hormonal control of substrate cycling in humans. J Clin Invest. 1988;81:1545-55.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar ... Dexamethasone down-regulation of insulin receptor substrate-1 in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. J Biol Chem. 1994;269:2516-20.PubMedGoogle ... The effect of cortisol on glucose/glucose-6-phosphate cycle activity and insulin action. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1993;77:1180- ... Modulation of insulin receptor, insulin receptor substrate-1, and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase in liver and muscle of ...
  https://link.springer.com/referenceworkentry/10.1007%2F978-3-319-44433-8_19
*  Ch 8 - 10 Flashcards by Erica Kenney | Brainscape
Glycolysis (substrate lvl phosphorylation) requires enzymes occurs: cytoplasm. Krebs cycle (substrate lvl phosphorylation) ... A smaller amount of ATP is formed directly in a few reactions of glycolysis and the citric acid cycle(Krebs cycle). ... do not directly compete w/ the substrate to bind to the active site. they bind else where and change the shape of the enzyme ... Compare Substrate lvl phosphorylation to oxidative phosphorylation?. which requires enzymes?. What are the oxidizing agents? ...
  https://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/ch-8-10-2898851/packs/4643291
*  Sensors | Free Full-Text | Optimization of Hydrogen Peroxide Detection for a Methyl Mercaptan Biosensor | HTML
Coupled with this system, a substrate regeneration cycle with ascorbic acid was carried out. However, a sensor for the ... electrochemically cycling for 20 cycles between −0.05 V and 0.35 V versus Ag/AgCl at a scan rate of 50 mV·s−1. After washing ... After 20 scan cycles, the PB/CSPEs CV's performance were similar to the unmodified CSPEs (Figure 2). With PPD layer coating, ... This low KM,p value indicates Os-HRP's high affinity and high effective conversion for the H2O2 substrate and a favorable ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/1424-8220/13/4/5028/htm
*  Cyclohexyl ketone substrate analogue inhibitors (AcCpSer-[C?=?OCH]-PipCtryptamine) of Pin1, the cell cycle | healthweblognews...
Cyclohexyl ketone substrate analogue inhibitors (AcCpSer-[C?=?OCH]-PipCtryptamine) of Pin1, the cell cycle. November 20, 2018 ... Cyclohexyl ketone substrate analogue inhibitors (AcCpSer-[C?=?OCH]-PipCtryptamine) of Pin1, the cell cycle regulatory peptidyl- ...
  http://healthweblognews.info/cyclohexyl-ketone-substrate-analogue-inhibitors-accpser-coch-pipctryptamine-of-pin1-the-cell-cycle/
*  Fatigue by Alan Richardson on Prezi
Lactate clearance - Cori Cycle. Increased pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) activation?. Increased Krebs cycle substrate - pyruvate? ... THE CORI CYCLE. H+ + HCO3 H2CO3 H2O + CO2. Normal With Sodium Bicarbonate Supplementation. Energy Systems. Repeated Sprint ... H+ may also displace Ca in muscle fibre, interfering with actin-myosin cross bridge cycling. Low muscle pH is the major limiter ... 30 s of passive recovery b/w 6 s cycling sprints. Anaerobic Sources of ATP in 10 x 6 s sprints. Glycolytic Contribution to ...
  https://prezi.com/p6qkonk1qikg/fatigue/
*  Emerging Role of AMPK in Brown and Beige Adipose Tissue (BAT): Implications for Obesity, Insulin Resistance, and Type 2...
A creatine-driven substrate cycle enhances energy expenditure and thermogenesis in beige fat. Cell. 2015;163:643-55.CrossRef ... UCP1-independent signaling involving SERCA2bmediated calcium cycling regulates beige fat thermogenesis and systemic glucose ...
  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11892-018-1049-6
*  Identification of CHIP, a Novel Tetratricopeptide Repeat-Containing Protein That Interacts with Heat Shock Proteins and...
This occurs, most likely, by inhibiting the forward reaction of the substrate-binding cycle, resulting in lower substrate ... At present, it is unclear whether the effects of CHIP on the Hsp70-Hsc70 substrate-binding cycle are mediated solely through ... Previously, three proteins have been shown to regulate the Hsc70-Hsp70 substrate-binding cycle. Hsp40 enhances the forward ... and they implicate CHIP in the negative regulation of the forward reaction of the Hsc70-Hsp70 substrate-binding cycle. ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC104411/?lang=en-ca
*  Plus it
The key enzymes of the hepatic glycolytic, gluconeogenic, and glycogenolytic substrate cycles. Substrates: glucose (GLC), G6P, ... The increase in glycerol uptake was the result of an increase in substrate availability, which in turn resulted from increased ... Randle PJ: Regulatory interactions between lipids and carbohydrates: the glucose fatty acid cycle after 35 years. Diabetes ... Net fractional substrate extraction by the liver was calculated by NHB/Loadin. The approximate insulin and glucagon levels in ...
  http://diabetes.diabetesjournals.org/content/51/11/3151
*  Patent US6492130 - Modulation of the sulfonylurea receptor and calcium in adipocytes for ... - Google Patents
Hammond et al., Substrate Cycling Between Triglyceride and Fatty Acid in Human Adipocytes Metabolism vol. 36 No. 4 Apr. 1987 pp ... followed by 34 cycles of denaturation at 94 C. for 45s, annealing at 55 C. for 1 min, and extension at 72 C. for 2 min, with a ...
  http://www.google.com/patents/US6492130?dq=6,123,819
*  Astroglial Contribution to Brain Energy Metabolism in Humans Revealed by 13C Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy:...
Glucose being the main substrate of brain metabolism and glucose C1 and C6 being incorporated in the TCA cycle the same way as ... cycle. +. V. cycle. ′. ). /. (. V. TCA. n. +. V. cycle. +. V. cycle. ′. ). ,. Equation 2Because the addition of V′ cyclewould ... V cycle, Glu/Gln cycle flux;V′cycle , Glu/α-KG cycle flux;V TCAn , neuronal TCA cycle rate;V TCAg , glial TCA cycle rate. ... cycle. /. (. V. TCA. n. +. V. cycle. ). ,. Equation 1where V TCAn is the neuronal TCA cycle flux, and V cycle is the rate of ...
  http://www.jneurosci.org/content/22/5/1523.long
*  Frontiers | Contrasting extracellular enzyme activities of particle-associated bacteria from distinct provinces of the North...
All four substrates were hydrolyzed by the BPLR/ARCT communities; hydrolysis rates of individual substrate varied by factors of ... the functional consequences of these compositional variations for the carbon cycle are only beginning to be explored. We ... All four substrates were hydrolyzed by the BPLR/ARCT communities; hydrolysis rates of individual substrate varied by factors of ... the functional consequences of these compositional variations for the carbon cycle are only beginning to be explored. We ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2012.00425/full
*  Instant Aquarium Freshwater Substrate (Torpedo Beach) - Aquarium Equipment Reviews
Aquarium Substrate, Welcome to our friendly aquarium forum. We are happy to talk fish, answer your questions and help solve ... "Live" substrate conditions and cycles newly setup aquariums. CaribSeaCondition and cycle new setups with beautiful Instant ... These unique substrates jumpstart the cycling process with live water-purifying bacteria contained in each water-packed bag. ... 20 lbs substrate treats up to 20 gallons.. Torpedo Beach. Average Small Grain Size: 0.2 mm. Average Large Grain Size: 1.2 mm. ...
  http://www.aquaticcommunity.com/review/showproduct.php?product=559&title=instant-aquarium-freshwater-substrate-torpedo-beach&cat=28
*  Factors Controlling Surface Water Flow in a Low-gradient Subtropical Wetland | SpringerLink
... biogeochemical cycling, and ecosystem characteristics. This paper focuses on the factors controlling flow across a large,... ... Surface water flow patterns in wetlands play a role in shaping substrates, ... Surface water flow patterns in wetlands play a role in shaping substrates, biogeochemical cycling, and ecosystem ...
  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs13157-010-0022-1
*  PPT - Metabolism 10/27/09 PowerPoint Presentation - ID:3351756
Substrate cycles: Fluxes through r and f can be separately regulated. *Genetic control: up or down regulated production or ... The acetyl group is then oxidized to CO2 via the citric acid cycle while NAD+ and FAD are reduced to NADH and FADH2. ... 1. Substrate level phosphorylation - direct transfer of a phosphate group to ADP from a high energy compound. ... Allosteric control: by substrates, products, or coenzymes of the pathway (e.g. CTP in ATCase) ...
  https://www.slideserve.com/lahela/metabolism-10-27-09
*  Table of Contents - January 01, 1986, 29 (1) | Molecular Pharmacology
Nuclear magnetic resonance studies of carbohydrate metabolism and substrate cycling in Fasciola hepatica. P M Matthews, D ... I. Receptor metabolism after irreversible blockade of receptors and in cells traversing the cell division cycle. L C Mahan and ... Effect of the suicide substrate 3,5-diethoxycarbonyl-2,6-dimethyl-4-ethyl-1,4-dihydropyridine on the metabolism of xenobiotics ...
  http://molpharm.aspetjournals.org/content/29/1
*  1: Physiology: Deamination and Transamination class notes Flashcards by jade kleeschulte | Brainscape
However one of the gluconeogenic substrates do not require the use of the TCA cycle to get made into glucose, which one is it? ... Amino groups are removed from AAs, thereby producing acetyl CoA molecules or molecular intermediates of the TCA cycle, both of ... sending messages o liver or kidney cells to tell them to do more or less of the cycles (gluconeogenesis) ... turning one cycle up while turning another down. ex: more glycolysis means less gluconeogenesis ...
  https://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/1-physiology-deamination-and-transaminati-896492/packs/1246520
*  LIPIDE (lipids): Topics by WorldWideScience.org
Effect of Cancer Cachexia on Triacylglycerol/Fatty Acid Substrate Cycling in White Adipose Tissue ... Lipids in key copepod species of the Baltic Sea and North Sea - implications for life cycles, trophodynamics and food quality ...
  https://worldwidescience.org/topicpages/multi/DE/l/lipids.html
*  Vesicular monoamine transporter - Wikipedia
... this residue is thought to complete the substrate transport cycle. VMATs have a relatively low Vmax, with an estimated rate of ... Several motifs involved in the VMAT trafficking cycle are believed to be encoded in the C-terminus. A dileucine motif in the C- ... Exogenous substrates include guanethidine and MPP+. VMAT research began in 1958 with the discovery of secretory vesicles by ... VMAT1 has a lower turnover number and a lower affinity for most monoamine substrates than VMAT2. This may be because of VMAT2's ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vesicular_monoamine_transporter
*  Plus it
... rotenone-insensitive TCA cycle substrate-dependent respiration); AOX, antimycin A-insensitive respiration. G, Western blots of ... the Calvin cycle (BIN1.3), and the reductive pentose phosphate cycle (BIN1.4) was not significantly changed. Analysis of ... The TCA cycle-dependent respiration rate of mitochondria isolated from Col-0 plants was inhibited by 30% by rotenone, ... The ADP/O ratio was measured when mitochondrial respiration was run through the TCA cycle (state 3) in the presence of Glu (10 ...
  http://www.plantphysiol.org/content/151/2/603
*  Genetic Variants in Cytosolic 5′-Nucleotidase II Are Associated with Its Expression and Cytarabine Sensitivity in HapMap Cell...
1986) Interrelations between substrate cycles and de novo synthesis of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside triphosphates in 3T6 ... It has been hypothesized that because NT5C2 is involved in substrate dNTP cycles, survival of highly proliferating NT5C2- ... PCR amplification consisted of an initial activation step at 95°C, followed by 34 cycles consisting of denaturation at 94°C for ... 2003) Cytosolic and mitochondrial deoxyribonucleotidases: activity with substrate analogs, inhibitors and implications for ...
  http://jpet.aspetjournals.org/content/339/1/9.long