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*  Biofilm extracellular DNA enhances mixed species biofilms of Staphylococcus epidermidis and Candida albicans | BMC Microbiology...
We evaluated the morphology of mixed species biofilms of S. epidermidis and C. albicans, in vitro. We observed enhancement of biofilms in a mixed species environment. In a mouse subcutaneous catheter model of biofilm infection, we noted increased catheter infection and systemic dissemination of S. epidermidis in a mixed species environment. To further explore the reasons for increased pathogenicity of S. epidermidis in mixed species biofilm infections with C. albicans, we evaluated the transcriptome of S. epidermidis in a mixed species environment and found that the repressors of autolysis, lrgA and lrgB were highly down regulated. Down regulation of repressors of autolysis, is associated with increased eDNA in the biofilm matrix, possibly by increased bacterial autolysis. We confirmed the significance of increased biofilm eDNA by evaluating ...
  https://bmcmicrobiol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2180-13-257
*  Staphylococcus hominis - Wikipedia
Staphylococcus hominis is a coagulase-negative member of the bacterial genus Staphylococcus, consisting of Gram-positive, spherical cells in clusters. It occurs very commonly as a harmless commensal on human and animal skin and is known for producing thioalcohol compounds that contribute to body odour. Like many other coagulase-negative staphylococci, S. hominis may occasionally cause infection in patients whose immune systems are compromised, for example by chemotherapy or predisposing illness. Colonies of S. hominis are small, usually 1-2 mm in diameter after 24 hours' incubation at 35 °C, and white or tan in colour. Occasionally, strains are resistant to novobiocin and may be confused with other resistant species (e.g. S. saprophyticus). It is one of only two species of Staphylococcus to display sensitivity to desferrioxamine, the other being S. epidermidis. Unlike S. epidermidis, S. hominis produces acid from trehalose, ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Staphylococcus_hominis
*  Intestinal Staphylococcus spp. and virulent features associated with coeliac disease | Journal of Clinical Pathology
Results Staphylococcus epidermidis was more abundant in the microbiota of active and non-active CD patients than in controls. Staphylococcus haemolyticus was more abundant in active CD patients than in control subjects. Staphylococcus aureus was less abundant in active CD patients than in the other child groups. Staphylococcus spp. diversity was higher in active CD patients than in non-active CD patients and controls. The presence of the mecA gene and the simultaneous presence of both the mecA and atlE genes were higher in S. epidermidis clones isolated from CD patients, with active and non-active disease, than in those from control subjects. The individual presence of the other virulent genes was lower in S. epidermidis from active CD patients than in those from the other -child- groups. ...
  http://jcp.bmj.com/content/early/2012/06/19/jclinpath-2012-200759
*  Polymers | Free Full-Text | Antimicrobial Plant Extracts Encapsulated into Polymeric Beads for Potential Application on the Skin
In this study, the in vitro bacterial growth inhibition, antioxidant activity and the content in bioactive components of Plectranthus barbatus, P. hadiensis var. tomentosus, P. madagascarensis, P. neochilus and P. verticillatus aqueous extracts were investigated and compared by three extraction methods (infusion, decoction and microwave extractions). The microwave extract of P. madagascariensis showed the higher antimicrobial activity against the Staphylococcus epidermidis strain with a minimum inhibitory concentration of 40 µg/mL. This extract also showed no toxicity in a general toxicity assay and no considerable cytotoxicity against a human keratinocyte cell line. The antioxidant activity of the extracts was assessed using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH method), and all showed antioxidant activity. The microwave extract of P. madagascariensis was the one with the highest antioxidant activity (IC50 value of 41.66 µg/mL). To increase extract stability, the microwave P. ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/2073-4360/6/2/479
*  Staphylococcus Epidermidis | Pharmacognosy Journal
Founded: In 2004, as the PHCOG.NET - a non-profit private organization dedicated to Natural Products Research leading to develop promising drugs. Our main mission is to make information on herbal drug research readily available in different formats to suit the individual needs. Pharmacognosy Journal (Phcog J.) is one of the six journals published by Phcog.Net, Each issue covers different topics in natural product drug discovery, and also publishes manuscripts that describe pharmacognostic investigations, evaluation reports, methods, techniques and applications of all forms of medicinal plant research ...
  http://phcogj.com/tags/staphylococcus-epidermidis
*  Ampicillin against staphylococcus aureus - Prix viagra pharmacie algerie 2017
Guideline for interpretation of Microbiology Lab Results Lim Kruy, MD. Coccus Staphylococcus aureus. with known good activity against this bacterium.Staphylococcus aureus PBP4 Is Essential for. PBP4 represents a major target for drug rediscovery against CA-MRSA. ampicillin at 100 g/ml for E. coli and.A small RNA controls a protein regulator involved in antibiotic resistance in Staphylococcus aureus. Alex Eyraud, Pierre Tattevin, Svetlana Chabelskaya, Brice Felden.. Siriwong et al. BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology The synergy and mode of action of quercetin plus amoxicillin against amoxicillin-resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis.60 Staphylococcus aureus 0 10 20 30 40. against gentamicin-resistant E. faecalis. replace ampicillin with ampicillin-sulbactam or amoxicillin with amoxicillin ...
  http://www.cprtunisie.net/mofe/ampicillin-against-staphylococcus-aureus-1023.php
*  Towards individualized diagnostics of biofilm-associated infections: a case study. - Helmholtz Zentrum für Infektionsforschung...
Organized within biofilm communities, bacteria exhibit resistance towards a broad spectrum of antibiotics. Thus, one might argue that bacteria isolated from biofilm-associated chronic infections should be subjected to resistance profiling under biofilm growth conditions. Various test systems have been developed to determine the biofilm-associated resistance; however, it is not clear to what extent the in vitro results reflect the situation in vivo, and whether the biofilm-resistance profile should guide clinicians in their treatment choice. To address this issue, we used confocal microscopy in combination with live/dead staining, and profiled biofilm-associated resistance of a large number (,130) of clinical Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from overall 15 cystic fibrosis patients. Our results demonstrate that in addition to a general non-responsiveness of bacteria when grown under biofilm ...
  http://hzi.openrepository.com/hzi/handle/10033/621169
*  Publications - Gallo Lab - UC San Diego Health Sciences
The microbiome can promote or disrupt human health by influencing both adaptive and innate immune functions. We tested whether bacteria that normally reside on human skin participate in host defense by killing Staphylococcus aureus, a pathogen commonly found in patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) and an important factor that exacerbates this disease. High-throughput screening for antimicrobial activity against S. aureus was performed on isolates of coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (CoNS) collected from the skin of healthy and AD subjects. CoNS strains with antimicrobial activity were common on the normal population but rare on AD subjects. A low frequency of strains with antimicrobial activity correlated with colonization by S. aureus. The antimicrobial activity was identified as previously unknown antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) produced by CoNS species including Staphylococcus epidermidis and Staphylococcus hominis. These ...
  https://healthsciences.ucsd.edu/som/dermatology/research/labs/gallo-lab/Pages/Publications.aspx
*  Adherence of peritonitis-causing staphylococci to human peritoneal mesothelial cell monolayers.
The adherence of staphylococci to monolayers of human mesothelial cells was studied. Adherence of Staphylococcus aureus to mesothelial cell monolayers was 3.4-fold better than to plastic (P less than .01) whereas that of Staphylococcus epidermidis wa
  http://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Adherence-peritonitis-causing-staphylococci-to/2299208.html
*  EURETINA Official | Official EURETINA Website | European Society of Retina Specialists
In 42333 anti-VEGF intravitreal injections performed, an acute endophthalmitis occurred in ten patients (0.02%), one after Bevacizumab, one after Aflibercept and eight after Ranibizumab. The mean post operative onset was 3, 4 days. Vitreous tap revealed 5 cases of Staphylococcus Epidermidis, one case of Staphylococcus Warneri, one case of Staphylococcus Haemolyticus and in 3 cases was negative. One patient was lost to follow-up during the first month after injection. The remaining 9 patients had a mean follow-up of 38 months (min. 18 - max. 60). The mean VA was 0.49±0.22 before endophthalmitis, 0.28±0.22 after one month and 0.33±0.26 at the last follow-up. Seven patients recovered at least the pre-endophthalmitis VA score during follow-up (5 patients between 1 and 3 months, one patient in 16 months and one in 36 months). At the last follow-up 4 patients had the same VA score compared to pre-endophthalmitis, 4 had worse and one had better. ...
  http://www.euretina.org/barcelona2017/programme/free-papers-details.asp?id=13231&day=0
*  Buy Levaquin in Pharmacy Online
Antibiotics. Group affiliation:. The antimicrobial agent - fluoroquinolone. Dosage form:. solution for infusion, film-coated tablets, film-coated tablets. The selling Generic Levaquin (Levofloxacin) is by prescription. Pharmacological action:. Fluoroquinolone antimicrobial is a broad spectrum bactericidal action. Blocks of DNA gyrase (topoisomerase II) and topoisomerase IV, and crosslinking gives supercoiling of DNA breaks, inhibits DNA synthesis, causes profound morphological change in the cytoplasm, membrane and cell wall of bacteria. Activity in vitro: Sensitive organisms (minimum inhibitory concentration of less than 2 mg / l). Aerobic gram-positive microorganisms: Corynebacterium diphtheriae, Enterococcus spp. (Including Enterococcus faecalis), Listeria monocytogenes, Staphylococcus spp. (Coagulase metitsillinchuvstvitelnye / moderately susceptible strains), including Staphylococcus aureus (metitsillinchuvstvitelnye strains), Staphylococcus ...
  http://www.togetherrxacces.com/p/antibiotic/buy-levaquin-online.aspx
*  Staphylococcus - Wikipedia
Staphylococcus (from the Greek: σταφυλή, staphylē, "grape" and κόκκος, kókkos, "granule") is a genus of Gram-positive bacteria. Under the microscope, they appear round (cocci), and form in grape-like clusters. The Staphylococcus genus includes at least 40 species. Of these, nine have two subspecies, one has three subspecies, and one has four subspecies. Most are harmless and reside normally on the skin and mucous membranes of humans and other organisms. Staphylococcus has been found to be a nectar-inhabiting microbe. Found worldwide, they are a small component of soil microbial flora. The taxonomy is based on 16s rRNA sequences, and most of the staphylococcal species fall into 11 clusters: S. aureus group - S. argenteus, S. aureus, S. schweitzeri, S. simiae S. auricularis group - S. auricularis S. carnosus group - S. carnosus, S. condimenti, S. massiliensis, S. piscifermentans, S. simulans S. epidermidis group - S. capitis, S. caprae, S. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Staphylococcus
*  EP 0633795 B1 20010530 - ANTIBACTERIAL COATED MEDICAL IMPLANTS
301543762 - EP 0633795 B1 2001-05-30 - ANTIBACTERIAL COATED MEDICAL IMPLANTS - [origin: US5217493A] An implantable medical device having long lasting resistance to staphylococcal biofilm colonization is provided. Implantable medical devices such as catheters, shunts, prosthesis, pacemakers, etc. are susceptible to colonization by biofilm adherent microorganisms, especially staphylococci. While systemic staphylococcal infections are effectively treated by many antibiotics, vancomycin being the antibiotic of choice, this same bacteria when encased in biofilm adhering to indwelling medical devices is generally resistant to antibiotic treatment. By the present invention, the combination of rifampin and minocycline or the combination of rifampin and novobiocin when coated on the surfaces of implantable medical devices unexpectedly provides superior antibacterial activity against staphylococcal biofilm colonization on the coated surface of ...
  https://data.epo.org/gpi/EP0633795B1-ANTIBACTERIAL-COATED-MEDICAL-IMPLANTS
*  USPTO Issues Patent for PCR Amplification Suppressor To Great Basin Scientific Inc (NASDAQ:GBSN) | Traders 350
The high sensitivity related to molecular diagnostic assessment makes it susceptible to the impact of common environmental pollutants such as Staphylococcus epidermidis, which is mostly found on public and skin surfaces. To offer for higher test specificity, the company has advanced this "amplification suppressor" plan that can remove detection of Staphylococcus species or other bacteria environmental pollutant when assessing clinical specimens such as nasal swabs, bronchial lavages or blood specimens from doubted pneumonia. The amplification suppressor is utilized in Great Basin's 'Staph ID/R Blood Culture Panel' and is being used in the SA Nasal Screen assessment, slated for clinical study in 1H2017, as well as future assessments and panels.. Robert D. Jenison, the CTO of Great Basin, reported that in the molecular diagnostics group, concern that a positive report is actually indicating an environmental pollutant as opposed a severe organism has long been ...
  http://traders350.com/uspto-issues-patent-for-pcr-amplification-suppressor-to-great-basin-scientific-inc-nasdaqgbsn/7211305/
*  IJMS | Free Full-Text | Water Soluble Usnic Acid-Polyacrylamide Complexes with Enhanced Antimicrobial Activity against ...
Usnic acid, a potent antimicrobial and anticancer agent, poorly soluble in water, was complexed to novel antimicrobial polyacrylamides by establishment of strong acidic-base interactions. Thermal and spectroscopic analysis evidenced a molecular dispersion of the drug in the polymers and a complete drug/polymer miscibility for all the tested compositions. The polymer/drug complexes promptly dissolved in water and possessed a greater antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus epidermidis than both the free drug and the polymer alone. The best results were obtained with the complex based on the lowest molecular weight polymer and containing a low drug content. Such a complex showed a larger inhibition zone of bacterial growth and a lower minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) with respect to usnic acid alone. This improved killing effect is presumably due to the reduced size of the complexes that allows an efficient cellular uptake of the antimicrobial complexes. The ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/14/4/7356/notes
*  Anti-inflammatory effects of the antibiotics ceftazidime and tobramycin in porcine endotoxin shock : are they really anti...
Anti-Bacterial Agents/blood/*cerebrospinal fluid/therapeutic use, Cerebrospinal Fluid/chemistry, Fusidic Acid/blood/*cerebrospinal fluid/therapeutic use, Humans, Inflammation/*drug therapy/microbiology, Male, Meningitis; Bacterial/*drug therapy/microbiology, Middle Aged, Rifampin/blood/*cerebrospinal fluid/therapeutic use, Staphylococcal Infections/drug therapy/microbiology, Staphylococcus epidermidis/*drug effects ...
  http://uu.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2:100839
*  Marine Drugs | Free Full-Text | Calcarides A-E, Antibacterial Macrocyclic and Linear Polyesters from a Calcarisporium Strain |...
Bioactive compounds were detected in crude extracts of the fungus, Calcarisporium sp. KF525, which was isolated from German Wadden Sea water samples. Purification of the metabolites from the extracts yielded the five known polyesters, 15G256α, α-2, β, β-2 and π (1-5), and five new derivatives thereof, named calcarides A-E (6-10). The chemical structures of the isolated compounds were elucidated on the basis of one- and two-dimensional NMR spectroscopy supported by UV and HRESIMS data. The compounds exhibited inhibitory activities against Staphylococcus epidermidis, Xanthomonas campestris and Propionibacterium acnes. As the antibacterial activities were highly specific with regard to compound and test strain, a tight structure-activity relationship is assumed.
  http://www.mdpi.com/1660-3397/11/9/3309/htm
*  Dielectrophoretic assay of bacterial resistance to antibiotics - Surrey Research Insight Open Access
The dielectrophoretic collection spectra of antibiotic-sensitive and antibiotic-resistant strains of Staphylococcus epidermidis have been determined. These indicate that in the absence of antibiotic treatment there is a strong similarity between the dielectric properties of sensitive and resistant strains, and that there is a significant difference between the sensitive strains before and after treatment with the antibiotic streptomycin after 24 h exposure. This method offers possibilities for the assessment of bacterial resistance to antibiotics.. ...
  http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/808521/
*  Pacemaker Extrusion | Circulation
This 61-year-old man received a pacemaker at another institution for complete atrioventricular block 9 months before the photograph shown in the Figure⇓ was taken. The patient considered follow-up unnecessary, and he was not concerned when the device began to show through the skin. Only when it fell out, 2 weeks before admission, did he notify his physician. No systemic reaction occurred, and the pacemaker functioned normally. The patient prevented the device from catching in his clothing by holding it against his chest wall with a gauze flat and adhesive tape. Explantation and replacement of a new unit under the pectoral major muscle on the opposite side was accomplished without incident. Cultures of the wound were positive for Staphylococcus epidermidis. At follow-up 6 months later, the wounds had healed and there was no recurrence of infection at either site.. ...
  http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/102/10/1192
*  Title page for ETD etd-11092012-040148
Present methods of counting and sizing of bacteria arc usually tedious and often have low statistical validity. The objective of this thesis was to investigate the feasibility of counting and sizing of bacteria with the Coulter Counter and to evaluate orifices which were prepared in this laboratory.. Size distributions of Pasteurella multocida and Proteus vulgaris were obtained with the electronic particle counter. These distributions appeared to follow the normal distribution when relative per cent was plotted against diameter, The two modes of the distributions appeared far enough apart to warrant future attempts to separate quantitatively P. vulgaris and P. multocida in mixed suspensions. Size distributions also were obtained for Staphylococcus epidermidis, Sarcina lutea, and Azotobacter.. Many variables appeared to be inherent in the electronic particle method of counting biological cells; among these are the biological cells, diluent, and electronic circuitry. ...
  http://theses.lib.vt.edu/theses/available/etd-11092012-040148/
*  Pathogenesis and innate immunity against staphylococcal infections | Frontiers Research Topic
Staphylococci are among the most important human pathogens and a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, causing septicaemia, pneumonia, endocarditis, osteomyelitis and post-operative infections. Among staphylococci, Staphylococcus aureus is regarded as the most virulent species, while S. epidermidis, once considered harmless, is emerging as an important agent of nosocomial infections, particularly in association with indwelling medical devices.The emergence of methicillin- and vancomycin- resistance among clinical isolates of S. aureus has made treatment of staphylococcal infections difficult and has revived research on vaccination and other strategies to prevent and treat staphylococcal infections especially in patients who are at high risk.The pathogenicity of staphylococci is due to the expression of a large plethora of virulence factors. Such determinants, which are mainly cell wall-associated and secreted proteins, include adhesins that confer to the ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/research-topics/4955/pathogenesis-and-innate-immunity-against-staphylococcal-infections
*  How do fluorescence spectroscopy and multimodal fluorescence imaging help to dissect the enhanced efficiency of the vancomycin...
Staphylococcus aureus is one of the most frequent pathogens responsible for biofilm-associated infections. Among current clinical antibiotics, very few enable long-term successful treatment. Thus, it becomes necessary to better understand antibiotic failures and successes in treating infections in o
  http://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2017/pp/c7pp00079k/unauth
*  Static Biofilm Cultures of Gram‐Positive Pathogens Grown in a Microtiter Format Used for Anti‐Biofilm Drug Discovery - Current...
An in vitro assay is presented for culturing staphylococcal biofilms and biofilms of nonmotile Gram‐positive bacteria under static conditions in microtiter assay plates, and for the quantification of biofilm growth, using a simple staining procedure that measures amounts of bacterial cells and extracellular matrix
  http://www.currentprotocols.com/WileyCDA/CPUnit/refId-ph13a08.html?quicktabs_cp=abstract
*  Staphylococcus | bacteria genus | Britannica.com
Staphylococcus: Staphylococcus, (genus Staphylococcus), group of spherical bacteria, the best-known species of which are universally present in great numbers on the mucous membranes and skin
  https://www.britannica.com/science/Staphylococcus