*  Nanomaterials | Free Full-Text | Synergistic Antibacterial Effects of Nanoparticles Encapsulated with Scutellaria baicalensis...
... ratio were analyzed in both planktonic and biofilm modes of representative oral bacteria. The Nano-MIX was effective on the ... mono-species biofilms of Streptococcus (S.) mutans, S. sobrinus, Fusobacterium (F.) nucleatum, and Aggregatibacter (A.) ... actinomycetemcomitans (MIC 50 μg/mL) at 24 h, and exhibited an enhanced effect against the multi-species biofilms such as S. ... and Nano-CHX on oral bacterial biofilms. Loading efficiency of Nano-SB was determined by thermogravimetric analysis, and its ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/2079-4991/6/4/61
*  Bacterial interaction in dual-species biofilms - Internship projects - Academisch Centrum Tandheelkunde Amsterdam, VU...
These bacteria are organized in a form of biofilm. It was known that strictly anaerobic bacteria Fusobacterium nucleatum and ... Commensal bacteria refer to the bacterial species which are beneficial for the oral health. It is our interest to study the ... Fluorescent protein labeled bacteria, live/dead staining kit will be used to visualize the interactions in the biofilm. ... In this project, the influence of commensal bacteria on biofilm formation on various S. mutans strains will be studied mainly ...
  https://www.acta.nl/en/studying-at-acta/Internship-at-ACTA/Internship-projects/bacterial-interaction-dual-species-biofilms/index.aspx
*  PRODUCTS WITH ORAL HEALTH BENEFITS - UCL BUSINESS PLC
The compositions are generally functional foods or oral preparations which comprises one or more extracts, for example ... The invention provides novel compositions for promoting oral health e.g. for ameliorating, controlling or reducing the risk of ... inhibit bacteria-induced host cell pro-inflammatory cytokine production 7.1 Prevention of biofilm formation by target organism ... Indeed, it is generally accepted that a consortium of bacteria, not a single species, is involved in these diseases. ...
  http://www.sumobrain.com/patents/wipo/Products-with-oral-health-benefits/WO2012001347.html
*  ASMscience | COLOR PLATES
... and additional species may be added to the biofilm before the biofilm is removed by oral hygiene procedures. The temporal ... but growth is not limited to any particular species in the developing dental plaque biofilm. Middle colonizers Fusobacterium ... All species coaggregate with initial colonizers. Growth of bacteria is depicted by increased numbers of shapes representing ... and additional species may be added to the biofilm before the biofilm is removed by oral hygiene procedures. The temporal ...
  http://www.asmscience.org/content/book/10.1128/9781555817107.app01
*  Fusobacterium - Wikipedia
"Stimulation of Fusobacterium nucleatum biofilm formation by Porphyromonas gingivalis - Saito - 2007 - Oral Microbiology and ... "Synergy in biofilm formation between Fusobacterium nucleatum and Prevotella species". Anaerobe. 18 (1): 110-116. doi:10.1016/j. ... The bacterium is a big anchor for biofilms. It is susceptible to clindamycin. In contrast to Bacteroides spp., Fusobacterium ... Fusobacterium is a genus of anaerobic, Gram-negative, non-sporeforming bacteria, similar to Bacteroides. Individual cells are ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fusobacterium
*  BREATH FRESHENING AND ORAL CLEANSING PRODUCT COMPRISING A MAGNOLIA BARK EXTRACT AND SURFACTANT - WM. WRIGLEY JR. COMPANY
The effectiveness of Magnolia Bark Extract in inhibiting biofilm formation in the oral cavity is increased by a synergistic ... combination of the Magnolia Bark Extract with a surface active agent in an oral cavity delivery agent, such as chewing gum, a ... An oral composition for oral cleansing, breath freshening, and anti-microbial benefits includes Magnolia Bark Extract in ... Diffusion into the biofilm is limited, and bacteria within the bulk of the biofilm are protected from exposure to the agent by ...
  http://www.sumobrain.com/patents/wipo/Breath-freshening-oral-cleansing-product/WO2007011504.html
*  Periodontal pathogen - Wikipedia
... have been identified in the oral cavity and nearly 300 species have been cultured and found to contribute to the biofilm of the ... Periodontal pathogens are bacteria that have been shown to significantly contribute to periodontitis. Although approximately ... Treponema denticola Fusobacterium nucleatum Prevotella intermedia Prevotella nigrescens Eikenella corrodens Eubacterium nodatum ... periodontal pocket, there is a much smaller number of species that have been shown to be more closely related to the initial ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Periodontal_pathogen
*  Periodontitis and diabetes: a two-way relationship | SpringerLink
The contribution of oral bacteria to adiposity has also been assessed. In a study of 313 women with BMI of 27-32 kg/m2 ( ... responses that develop in the periodontal tissues in response to the chronic challenge by bacteria in the subgingival biofilm, ... Fusobacterium nucleatum and Prevotella intermedia, was similar in both diabetic and non-diabetic participants, but ... leading to more tissue destruction by continued release of MMPs and reactive oxygen species (ROS). Diabetes prolongs the ...
  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00125-011-2342-y
*  Frontiers | Quantitative Molecular Detection of 19 Major Pathogens in the Interdental Biofilm of Periodontally Healthy Young...
Concerning the orange complex, F. nucleatum is the most abundant species in interdental biofilm. The red complex, which is ... The orange complex bacteria generally appear after the early colonizers and include many putative periodontal pathogens, such ... periodontal pathogens is a strong indicator of the need to develop new methods for disrupting interdental biofilm in daily oral ... The orange complex bacteria generally appear after the early colonizers and include many putative periodontal pathogens, such ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2016.00840/full
*  Frontiers | Effect of an oxygenating agent on oral bacteria in vitro and on dental plaque composition in healthy young adults |...
Results: AX showed high inter-species variation in microbial growth inhibition. The tested Prevotella strains and Fusobacterium ... AX has the potential for selective inhibition of oral bacteria. The shift in oral microbiome after one week of rinsing deserves ... Results: AX showed high inter-species variation in microbial growth inhibition. The tested Prevotella strains and Fusobacterium ... The aim of this study was to determine the antimicrobial potential of AX and the effects of a twice-daily oral rinse on dental ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fcimb.2014.00095/full
*  Chronic periodontitis - Wikipedia
Hydrogen peroxide gel was demonstrated to be effective in controlling the bacteria biofilm [Subgingival Delivery of Oral ... Anaerobic species of bacteria Porphyromonas gingivalis, Bacteroides forsythus, Treponema denticola, Prevotella intermedia, ... Fusobacterium nucleatum, Eubacterium sp. have all been implicated in chronic periodontitis. Microaerophile bacteria Actinomyces ... Major risk factors: Smoking, lack of oral hygiene with inadequate plaque biofilm control. Measuring disease progression is ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chronic_periodontitis
*  Candida albicans alters the bacterial microbiome of early in vitro oral biofilms
Interactions between C. albicans and bacteria have been studied in dual-species biofilm models. It is clear that these ... Prevotella and Fusobacterium species are part of the so-called orange complex, which is a consortium of bacteria related to ... Effect of C. albicans on phenotypes of oral biofilms. Oral biofilms consist mainly of oral bacteria with fungi probably ... like many other oral biofilm models, is incubated anaerobically to preserve the strictly anaerobic species typical for oral ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC5328388/
*  Real-time molecular monitoring of chemical environment in obligate anaerobes during oxygen adaptive response | PNAS
1998) Role of Fusobacterium nucleatum and coaggregation in anaerobe survival in planktonic and biofilm oral microbial ... 4B), which is typical of a water molecule that forms a strong ionic H-bond with species such as the superoxide anion (16), ... Among sulfate-reducing bacteria, genome sequencing has shown that D. vulgaris has developed well-defined protective enzymatic ... 1986) Acetate oxidation to CO2 in anaerobic bacteria via a novel pathway not involving reactions of the citric-acid cycle. Arch ...
  http://www.pnas.org/content/106/31/12599
*  Consistent and reproducible long-term in vitro growth of health and disease-associated oral subgingival biofilms | SpringerLink
Background Several in vitro oral biofilm growth systems can reliably construct oral microbiome communities in culture, yet ... Healthy site-derived biofilms had eleven core species: Fusobacterium nucleatum subsp. animalis, Fusobacterium sp. oral taxon ... The bacteria in dental plaque are already established, transcriptionally and translationally, for biofilm growth and are likely ... oral taxon 315, Fusobacterium sp. oral taxon 204, Fusobacterium sp. oral taxon 205, Stomatobaculum sp. oral taxon 097, and ...
  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186%2Fs12866-018-1212-x
*  What is the influence of tonsillectomy on the level of periodontal pathogens on the tongue dorsum and in periodontal pockets |...
... the full mouth disinfection approach suggests disinfection of oral soft tissues, such as tongue and tonsils concomitant to ... that bacteria imbedded in the biofilm infrastructure are much more tolerant to antibiotics than planktonic bacterial species [ ... A periodontitis-associated multispecies model of an oral biofilm. J Periodontal Implant Sci. 2014;44:79-84.CrossRefPubMed ... Socransky and co-workers observed that species of the orange complex, among others, like Prevotella intermedia, Fusobacterium ...
  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s12903-018-0521-7
*  Staff Profile - Dental Sciences, School of - Newcastle University
L-Arginine Destabilizes Oral Multi-Species Biofilm Communities Developed in Human Saliva. PLOS ONE 2015, 10(5), e0121835. ... Bacterial biofilm formation, and the structure of biofilm matrices.. Interactions and communication between bacteria in mixed- ... FusoBase: an online Fusobacterium comparative genomic analysis platform. Database 2014, 2014, fusobase. ... Oral multispecies biofilm development and the key role of cell-cell distance. Nature Reviews Microbiology 2010, 8(7), 471-480. ...
  http://www.ncl.ac.uk/dental/staff/profile/nickjakubovics.html
*  Paper: Oral Epithelial Cell Responses to Multispecies Microbial Biofilms (AADR Annual Meeting (March 21-24, 2012))
The oral microbial ecology is comprised of hundreds of bacterial species that co-exist as multispecies biofilms throughout a ... IL-8 was a primary response of the cells to the Sg/An/Fn biofilms, albeit the level to the multispecies biofilm was not ... Method: Three multispecies biofilms comprising Streptococcus gordonii/S. oralis/S. sanguinis, Sg/Fusobacterium nucleatum/ ... and showed synergistic stimulatory activity compared to that expected as simply an additive effect of the 3 individual bacteria ...
  http://www-personal.umich.edu/~sbayne/DMG/DMG-Publications/IADR-AADR-Meeting-Program-Books/2012-AADR-Tampa/2012-AADR-Tampa-CD/AADR12/Paper158211.html
*  Human microbiota - Wikipedia
Bacteria accumulate on both the hard and soft oral tissues in biofilm allowing them to adhere and strive in the oral ... Anaerobic bacteria in the oral cavity include: Actinomyces, Arachnia, Bacteroides, Bifidobacterium, Eubacterium, Fusobacterium ... Some bacteria such as Lactobacillus species can interact and inhibit both the virulence and growth of Candida species in the ... The location of the biofilm determines the type of exposed nutrients it receives. Oral bacteria have evolved mechanisms to ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_microbiota
*  PPT - Biofilms PowerPoint Presentation - ID:6741296
Definition of a Biofilm. Biofilms are communities of microorganisms in a matrix that joins them together and to living or inert ... Epithelial cells of the oral mucosa. *Participate in coaggregation which occurs between different species of bacteria ... Biofilm Biochemistry*The production of succinic acid from Campylobacter species that is known to be used as a growth factor by ... Fusobacterium species produce both thiamine and isobutyrate that may be used by spirochetes to support their growth. The ...
  http://www.slideserve.com/ursa-underwood/biofilms
*  Interspecies Interactions within Oral Microbial Communities
Many oral bacteria have been shown to use bacteriocin-like compounds to compete with other species. Using overlay and agar ... Synergy between Tannerella forsythia and Fusobacterium nucleatum in biofilm formation. Oral Microbiol. Immunol. 20:39-42. [ ... gram-positive bacteria, gram-negative bacteria, and archaea) have been identified from the human oral cavity, making the oral ... Although oral bacteria which can inactivate AI-2 have not yet been identified, many biofilm residents likely contain active AI- ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC2168648/
*  Dental plaque - Wikipedia
... the biofilm becomes more compliant to other species of bacteria, known as late colonisers. mainly Streptococcus species (60-90 ... oral biofilm, dental biofilm, dental plaque biofilm or bacterial plaque biofilm. Progression and build-up of dental plaque can ... Fusobacterium nucleatum is found between the early and late colonisers, linking them together. Some salivary components are ... Bacteria then attach to the pellicle layer, form micro-colonies, and mature on the tooth, which can result in oral diseases. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dental_plaque
*  Cystic Fibrosis Lung Infections: Polymicrobial, Complex, and Hard to Treat
aeruginosa, oral-associated microbes can be the most prevalent and abundant species found in the CF lung. Indeed, microbiome ... These bacteria continue to play important roles in CF respiratory infections and clinical outcome; however, with the advent of ... Low oxygen environments or growth in a biofilm may enhance antibiotic tolerance [19]. This multifactorial contribution toward ... Fusobacterium spp., Rothia spp., and others (see Fig 1) [5,7,13]. Despite similar origins, the community structure of lung ...
  http://journals.plos.org/plospathogens/article?id=10.1371/journal.ppat.1005258
*  Frontiers | The Porphyromonas gingivalis/Host Interactome Shows Enrichment in GWASdb Genes Related to Alzheimer's Disease,...
Following breakdown of the host's protective oral tissue barriers, P. gingivalis migrates to developing inflammatory ... Following breakdown of the host's protective oral tissue barriers, P. gingivalis migrates to developing inflammatory ... 2015). Periodontal bacteria and prediabetes prevalence in ORIGINS: the oral infections, glucose intolerance, and insulin ... Others are intermediate colonizers of the sub-gingival biofilm ecology of the orange complex, (Fusobacterium nucleatum, ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fnagi.2017.00408/full
*  Abe oral Board Study Guide Topic List - Page 5
What bacteria are more likely to infect a previously treated case? Usually 1 or a few species, generally treatment resistant ... Distal - forms biofilm resistant to defense cells and antibiotics Evans - proton pump resists high pH of calcium hydroxide Are ... Gram - Anaerobic rods: Porphyromonas, Prevotella, Fusobacterium, Bacteroides. Also Candida (Waltimo) & HIV (Trope) found ... Gier - bacteria attracted to inflamed pulps (IV injection of bacteria) No: Doyle - not demonstrated through IV injection of ...
  http://dentisty.org/abe-oral-board-study-guide-topic-list.html?page=5
*  Oral microbiology - Wikipedia
Bacteria species typically associated with oral flora have been found to be present in women with bacterial vaginosis. Genera ... Anaerobic bacteria in the oral cavity include: Actinomyces, Arachnia, Bacteroides, Bifidobacterium, Eubacterium, Fusobacterium ... which can help promote single-species biofilm formation. A common form of inter-species signalling is mediated by 4, 5- ... Bacterial adhesion is particularly important for oral bacteria. Oral bacteria have evolved mechanisms to sense their ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oral_microbiology