*  Helminthosporium solani - Wikipedia
The spores can still infect and cause disease in daughter tubers in the soil for about two years. It is also possible for the ... Like with many other fungal plant diseases, a diagnosis can be made by looking for the specific sexual structures of the fungus ... These conidia germinate and infect tubers. The pathogen enters through the periderm or lenticels. After that, the pathogen ... It was believed that overwintering soil-borne inoculum wasn't important in the disease cycle, but recent studies suggest H. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helminthosporium_solani
*  Glomerella graminicola - Wikipedia
As these practices are widespread, as can be the pathogen. C. graminicola is a fungal pathogen that colonizes and infects many ... Conidial spores infect young plants through the epidermis or stomata. Anthracnose develops rapidly in cloudy, overcast ... These lesions usually occur early in the season and are how this pathogen is distinguished from other diseases. Top die-back is ... In the spring, fruiting structures (acervuli) form from corn residue and produce spores (conidia) that are dispersed by wind ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glomerella_graminicola
*  Stromatinia cepivora - Wikipedia
Therefore, this pathogen is of great concern to growers experiencing cool wet summers. Stromatinia cepivora is a soil borne ... Sclerotia infect the host and spread. They are formed on the decaying host tissue and then are left free in the soil. To ... However, the sclerotia and fungal growth are inhibited above 70 F. With the pathogen favoring cool wet summers, irrigation can ... These small black globular structures are resistant to adverse temperatures and can remain dormant in the soil for years even ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stromatinia_cepivora
*  Botrytis cinerea - Wikipedia
List of rhododendron diseases Botrytis cinerea is characterized by abundant hyaline conida (asexual spores) borne on grey, ... Biochar, a form of charcoal, can be applied as a soil amendment to strawberry plants to reduce the severity of the fungal ... Sclerotia and the asexual conidia spores contribute to the widespread infection of the pathogen. A low pH is preferred by the ... These conidia are asexual spores that will continue to infect the plant and surrounding hosts throughout the growing season ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Botrytis_cinerea
*  Fungi by Emma Ritcey on Prezi
This is when structures grow from the spores. For example, when the hyphae grow from spores to produce a multicellular mycelium ... Fungal diseases can result in the loss of an entire crop if they aren't treated with antifungal agents.. Food Spoilage. Fungi ... A fungal plant pathogen that causes black knot on trees.. It produces a rough, black substance that encircles the branches of ... However, if spores have begun to form, it can cause digestive discomfort.. It doesn't have a cap with spore bearing gills. ...
  https://prezi.com/5qt3qvlmxotp/fungi/
*  Chronic Pneumonia (not TB) - ONA
How do these pathogens cause chronic pneumonia?. Fungi. The endemic fungal pathogens, including B. dermatitidis, H. capsulatum ... Following inhalation of aerosolized spores, these structures can transform into hyphal forms with invasive potential. ... The two chief parasitic causes of pneumonia, filariasis and dirofilariasis, are mosquito-borne diseases. ... "Melioidosis". Curr Opin Infect Dis. vol. 19. 2006. pp. 421-8. (Helpful review of infection due to this organism rarely seen in ...
  https://www.oncologynurseadvisor.com/infectious-diseases/chronic-pneumonia-not-tb/article/609564/
*  Sudden Death Syndrome - Wikipedia
SDS is caused by a Fusarium fungi, more specifically the soil borne root pathogen Fusarium virguliforme, formerly known as ... roots are also likely to show blue masses of spores (macroconidia) around the taproot just below the soil surface. Blue fungal ... When conditions are favorable, these spores germinate on seedling roots and infect the plant. From the V1 to R1 stages ( ... These thick walled overwintering structures can withstand large temperature fluctuations within the soil and even resist ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sudden_Death_Syndrome
*  Pythium irregulare - Wikipedia
Pythium irregulare is a soil borne oomycete plant pathogen. Oomycetes, also known as "water molds", are fungal-like protists. ... All three of these diseases caused by P. irregulare can be caused by other pathogens as well, so a disease diagnosis is not ... During the winter, oospores, which are sexual resting spores, survive in the soil. Oospore germination occurs when the oospore ... Once zoospores reach the root or seed, they encyst, germinate, and infect via a germ tube. Once infection has been established ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pythium_irregulare
*  Urocystis agropyri - Wikipedia
The leaf discoloration is due to fungal structures called sori, which are clusters of spore-bearing structures. During ... Since U. agropyri spores germinate in dry soils, maintaining wetter soils helps to diminish their viability. Carboxin is a ... This pathogen prefers arid summers, moderate temperatures, and mild winters. Flag smut fungi germinate in dry soils when the ... "Smut diseases G. Fuentes-Dávila, B.J. Goates, P. Thomas, J. Nielsen, B. Ballantyne." Smut diseases. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Oct. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Urocystis_agropyri
*  Fruit Tree Terms : Trees of Antiquity, Heirloom Fruit Trees for your Home
Rootstock affects tree size, precocity of fruiting, and resistance to soil born diseases. While any seedling can serve as ... All are traditional treatments in the garden and orchard to fight off bacterial and fungal diseases, based on their pathogen- ... Fungicide applications are used to protect the tree from spores being released by the juniper host in mid-spring. This occurs ... Espalier became an art form, "botanical architecture" Gardeners began to create interesting two dimensional structures, or ...
  https://www.treesofantiquity.com/index.php?main_page=page&id=8
*  Sphacelotheca reiliana - Wikipedia
Sporisorium reilianum causes the diseases maize head smut and sorghum head smut. This soil borne smut fungus has two formae ... The cob is replaced by white sori which are the structures that make and hold the spores of the fungus. If there is an infected ... and hyphal proliferation near the roots is a characterization of the early stage of this Fungal pathogen. During the Basido- ... To infect maize roots, S. reilianum f. sp. zeae must form a dikaryotic parasitic hypha which results for the mating of two ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sphacelotheca_reiliana
*  Plasmopara halstedii - Wikipedia
... halstedii is a soil borne pathogen infecting the roots of the host plant. Oospores have the potential to live in soil up to 8 ... Between long surviving resting spores and high levels of secondary inoculum, P. halstedii can infect anywhere from 50% to 95% ... The pathogen breaks through the surface of leaves and flowering structures through stomata. Asexual reproduction structures, ... Index Fungorum USDA ARS Fungal Database Sakr, Nachaat (December 2012). "Diversity in Plasmopara halstedii, the Causal Agent of ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plasmopara_halstedii
*  Viroids facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Viroids
Many diseases caused by microbial pathogens, and the frequency of these diseases, are a national security issue. ... Fungi causing this disease are soilborne. They infect roots and grow through the plant, colonizing the xylem. Bacteria that ... The downy and powdery mildews also cover the leaves with fungal structures further reducing photosynthesis. Both of the mildews ... Food-borne pathogens cause millions of cases of disease and hundreds of deaths each year in the United States alone. Frequently ...
  http://www.encyclopedia.com/science-and-technology/biology-and-genetics/genetics-and-genetic-engineering/viroids
*  Fungal Endophthalmitis: Background, Pathophysiology, Epidemiology
The following 3 classes of fungi are important ocular pathogens: molds, yeasts, and diphasic fungi. ... They are ubiquitous organisms found in soil, decaying matter, water, and organic debris. Its conidia, the asexual spores of ... Fungal endophthalmitis associated with compounded products. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014 Feb. 20 (2):248-56. [Medline]. ... Blood-borne Candida endophthalmitis. A clinical and pathologic study of 21 cases. Arch Ophthalmol. 1973 Jun. 89(6):450-6. [ ...
  https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1204298-overview
*  Peronosclerospora philippinensis - Wikipedia
... spore-bearing structures). These then asexually bud into conidium spores. These structures create the characteristic grayish- ... 2010). "Emerging infectious plant diseases". Emerging Infectious Diseases: 337-366. Pawar, MN (1986). "Pathogenic variability ... As of 2010, this disease is on the USDA APHIS Plant Pathogen Select Agent List. There are provisions for the USDA to treat the ... These can be applied in the soil to the roots or as a spray to be taken up via transpiration. Other fungitoxicants, like ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peronosclerospora_philippinensis
*  Colletotrichum kahawae - Wikipedia
Colletotrichum kahawae is a fungal plant pathogen that causes Coffee Berry Disease (CBD) on C. arabica crops. The pathogen is ... except for the fungal fruiting structures). Under humid conditions, the fruiting structures on the lesions may produce pink ... The asexual spores (conidia) are stored within acervuli. This disease is considered to be one of the major factors hampering C. ... Only the fourth group was able to infect both wounded and unwounded green berries and was formerly referred to as C. coffeanum ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colletotrichum_kahawae
*  Purpureocillium - Wikipedia
These bear phialides from the ends of which spores are formed in long chains. Spores germinate when suitable moisture and ... Emerg Infect Dis [serial online] 2003 Sep Lysek H. (1996). "Study of biology of geohelminths. II. The importance of some soil ... Purpureocillium is a fungal genus in the Ophiocordycipitaceae family. The genus now contains 12 species with a representative ... Research of the last decade suggests it may be an emerging pathogen of both immunocompromised as well as immunocompetent adults ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Purpureocillium
*  Cantaloupe and Specialty Melons | UGA Cooperative Extension
Fungal Diseases Diseases caused by fungi are the most damaging to most crops, including cucurbits. Fungal inoculum (spores, ... Soil and human pathogens Clean/sanitize frequently. Field sanitation records Postharvest Handling. Harvest Quality. Field ... Pickleworms bore and tunnel in the fruit and are more serious than the melonworm, which feeds mainly on the foliage. Both pests ... The mouth parts are dark brown, pincher-like structures that are highly visible. The head capsule is slightly recessed and ...
  http://extension.uga.edu/publications/detail.html?number=B1179
*  PP-232/PG133: 2013 Florida Plant Disease Management Guide: Guava (Psidiumguajava)
Conidia (asexual spores) are the fungal structures responsible for anthracnose infection. Conidia are produced on dead twigs, ... attack plants at the soil line causing root and stem rots. This pathogen can attack leaves as well, and is especially severe ... Guava Diseases Caused by Nonfungal Agents. Algal Leaf Spot. Algal leaf spot occurs on a wide range of tropical fruit species. ... The fungi can infect fruit and cause lesions and fruit cracking which may lead to secondary infections of other opportunistic ...
  http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pg133
*  Plant | Encyclopedia.com
Fungal spores, which act like seeds, are spread by wind, water, soil, and animals to other plants. Warm, humid conditions ... The Ginkgophyta consists of a single species, Ginkgo biloba, a gymnosperm which bears its seeds in green, fruit-like structures ... Infectious plant diseases are caused by living microorganisms that infect a plant and rob it of nutrients. Bacteria, fungi, and ... promote fungal growth.. Viruses are the hardest pathogens (disease-causing organisms) to control. Destroying the infected ...
  https://www.encyclopedia.com/plants-and-animals/botany/botany-general/plant
*  PDMG-V3-50/PG056: 2015 Florida Plant Disease Management Guide: Strawberry
These spores (conidia) are dispersed by air, by water, and by harvesters to infect flowers during the main bloom period in ... Bacteria can survive on dry infested leaves and tissue buried in the soil for up to 1 year. The pathogen is mainly dispersed by ... Phytoplasma Diseases. Several diseases of strawberry are caused by phytoplasmas. Some of the most common are aster yellows, ... Ostiolate pycnidia bearing relatively large, broadly ellipsoidal, hyaline conidia occasionally develop on host tissue after 8 ...
  http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pg056
*  Fungi - faba bean | Guidelines for the safe transer of faba bean germplasm | Safe transfer of faba bean germplasm | Safe...
The pathogen is transported in infested soil or through movement of diseased plants or bean pods. Potential for seed-borne ... sexual spores are formed on specialized structures called basidia. Four spores are produced on each basidium. Basidia are ... Diseases of lucerne - 2: Fungal leaf diseases. Agriculture Notes. [online].. Diseases of Red clover (2) ... the fungus will occasionally infect fruit and leaf tissue located near or on the soil surface. This type of disease often ...
  https://www.genebanks.org/resources/general-genebank-management/stog/faba-bean116/guidelines117/fungi-for-faba-bean/
*  Fungal diseases in plants - Botany Studies
The leaf bears cup-like structures on the ventral surface. These are called cluster-cups or aecidia. Aecidia contain ... Teleutospores: The teleutospores are final spores on wheat. They fall down on the soil and remain dormant till spring. ... Disease cycle: The pathogen survives in the soil as oospore. Oospore germinates to produce zoospores. The zoospores attack fir ... The aecidiospores re-infect the vateat. It completes the life cycle.. Control measures ...
  http://botanystudies.com/fungal-diseases-in-plants/
*  Verticillium wilt - Wikipedia
can naturally occur in forest soils and when these soils are cultivated, the pathogen will infect the crop. The Salinas Valley ... are very diverse, the basic life cycle of the pathogen is similar across species, except in their survival structures. The ... Diseases of Trees and Shrubs, 2nd Edition, Sinclair and Lyon, 2005". R. J. Stipes, Professor of Plant Pathology, Virginia Tech ... Air borne conidia have been detected and some colonies observed, but mostly the conidia have difficulty developing above ground ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Verticillium_wilt
*  Mold Allergy: Background, Pathophysiology, Epidemiology
Fungi are ubiquitous airborne allergens and are important causes of human diseases, especially in the upper and lower ... Soiled upholstery and garbage containers are favored sites of indoor fungal growth. The porosity of rubber and synthetic foams ... Several pathogen-derived products have been shown to possess therapeutic potentials for allergic diseases. It has been ... A fumigatus is the most frequent Aspergillus species to infect humans. Spores are 2-3.5 µm, which permits penetration to ...
  https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/887374-overview