*  COMPOSITIONS AND METHODS FOR THE TREATMENT OF SINONASAL DISORDERS - OTONOMY, INC.
The olfactory segment is lined with olfactory epitheulium which contains receptors for the sense of smell. Olfactory mucosal ... bipolar neurons, supporting cells, basal cells and Bowman's glands. Anosmia is a nasal condition that causes the loss of smell ... Toll like receptor inhibitors [00137] Examples of toll like receptor inhibitors include and are not limited to E5531 ((6-0- {2- ... Adenosine Receptor Modulators [00140] Examples of adenosine receptor modulators include and are not limited to ATL313 (4-(3-(6- ...
  http://www.sumobrain.com/patents/wipo/Compositions-methods-treatment-sinonasal-disorders/WO2011049960.html
*  The Adverse Effects of Air Pollution on the Nervous System
Olfactory receptor neurons are bipolar sensory neurons that mediate the sense of smell by conveying sensory information from ... express pattern-recognition receptors (PRRs), for example, TLR4, which participate in the assembly and activation of the ... Nasally inhaled pollutants that reach the olfactory mucosa could enter the cilia of olfactory receptor neurons by pinocytosis, ... The olfactory epithelium is covered by a layer of sustentacular cells, but olfactory sensory neurons extend their dendrites ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jt/2012/782462/
*  The Defence Mechanisms of the Lungs With Relation to Pulmonary Anatomy - Nursing Research Paper
It is a bipolar ciliated neuron that possesses receptors from which the sensation of smell is derived. Over the millennia, man ... form the olfactory segment that contain olfactory mucosa. The main constituent of this layer is the olfactory cell. ... Mast cells and basophils in the lungs have special IgE receptor sites on their surfaces to which the IgE molecules attach. ... The bronchi and the trachea contain sensory receptors that are sensitive to foreign particles and irritating substances. It is ...
  http://www.freeonlineresearchpapers.com/defence-mechanisms-lungs-relation-pulmonary-anatomy
*  Hyperosmia - Wikipedia
... they bind to odorant receptors at the base of the olfactory epithelium. These receptors are bipolar neurons that connect to the ... axons from the olfactory receptor neurons intermingle with dendrites from intrinsic olfactory bulb neurons: mitrial/tufted ... Hyperosmia is an increased olfactory acuity (heightened sense of smell), usually caused by a lower threshold for odor. This ... From the olfactory bulb, mitral/tufted cells send axons via the lateral olfactory tract (the cranial nerve I) to the olfactory ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hyperosmia
*  3 Types of Neurons (Plus Facts About the Nervous System)
Learn about the primary types of neurons through the spinal cord, their distinctions, functions, and how these specialized ... Taste: found in the taste receptors of the taste buds.. *Smell: olfactory receptor neurons that are activated by odor molecules ... which are then refined and controlled with other types of neurons found in the retina. The five basic classes include bipolar ... There are also various types of lower motor neurons, including alpha motor neurons, beta motor neurons, and gamma motor neurons ...
  https://www.popoptiq.com/types-of-neurons/
*  Sensory neuron - Wikipedia
The sensory neurons involved in smell are called olfactory receptor neurons. These receptor neurons contain receptors, called ... The five basic classes of neurons within the retina are photoreceptor cells, bipolar cells, ganglion cells, horizontal cells, ... Similarly to olfactory receptor neurons, taste receptors (gustatory receptors) in taste buds interact with chemicals in food to ... Sensory neurons also known as afferent neurons are neurons that convert a specific type of stimulus, via their receptors, into ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sensory_neuron
*  Pulmonary Histology Flashcards by Antonio White | Brainscape
bipolar neuron. 8 What are the function of olfactory cells? They allow for the sense of smell. They do so via G-protein linked ... odorant receptor protein.. The odorant receptor protein binds to the olfactory cell cilium, which activates adenyl cyclase. ... There will be no sense of smell because basal cells are responsible for replacing old olfactory cells. ... odor-specific receptors. 9 You are conducting an experiment on scent and knock out a gene in mice that prevents the ...
  https://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/pulmonary-histology-4486430/packs/6402534
*  Retronasal smell - Wikipedia
Smell receptors are bipolar neurons that bind odorants from the air and congregate at the olfactory nerve before passing axons ... the olfactory receptor cells in the olfactory epithelium, mitral cells, and olfactory pyramidal neurons. At the level of the ... Duchamp-Viret, P.; Chaput, M. A.; Duchamp, A. (1999-06-25). "Odor Response Properties of Rat Olfactory Receptor Neurons". ... Each olfactory cell has a single type of receptor, but that receptor can be "broadly tuned" and odor molecules further interact ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Retronasal_smell
*  Free Anatomy Flashcards about Chapter 17 A&P
olfactory receptors are?. Olfactory receptor cells are bipolar neurons with radiating olfactory ciliaOlfactory receptors are ... gustation (taste) and olfaction (smell). chemoreceptors respond to chemicals in aqueous solution: taste is?. to substances ... Olfactory receptors convey what?. nerve impulses to olfactory nerves, olfactory bulbs, olfactory tracts, and the cerebral ... olfactory receptors respond to?. several different odor-causing chemicals.. olfactory receptors when bound to ligand these ...
  https://www.studystack.com/flashcard-325210
*  Action potential - Wikipedia
Some examples in humans include the olfactory receptor neuron and Meissner's corpuscle, which are critical for the sense of ... Typically, neurotransmitter molecules are released by the presynaptic neuron. These neurotransmitters then bind to receptors on ... smell and touch, respectively. However, not all sensory neurons convert their external signals into action potentials; some do ... In similar manner, in the human retina, the initial photoreceptor cells and the next layer of cells (comprising bipolar cells ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Action_potential
*  Bipolar cells | definition of Bipolar cells by Medical dictionary
Bipolar cells explanation free. What is Bipolar cells? Meaning of Bipolar cells medical term. What does Bipolar cells mean? ... Looking for online definition of Bipolar cells in the Medical Dictionary? ... Olfactory receptor cell.. olfactory receptor cell. A cell of the olfactory mucosa that has receptors for the sense of smell. ... bipolar cell. (redirected from Bipolar cells) bi·po·lar cell. a neuron having two processes, anaxon and a dendrite,such as ...
  http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Bipolar+cells
*  Human Physiology/Senses - Wikibooks, open books for an open world
... olfactory receptor neurons reside on the olfactory epithelium in the nasal cavity. These cells are bipolar neurons with a ... As these compounds react with the receptors, an impulse is sent to the brain and is registered as a certain taste or smell. ... An olfactory receptor neuron, also called an olfactory sensory neuron, is the primary transduction cell in the olfactory system ... Each olfactory receptor cell contains only one type of olfactory receptor, but many separate olfactory receptor cells contain ...
  https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Human_Physiology/Senses
*  Chemoreception facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Chemoreception
... and smell (olfactory receptors). Though our sense of smell assists us in distinguishing among tastes, the gustatory and ... Neurons, or nerve cells, serve as primary receptors. In addition, there are secondary receptors, which simply transmit signals ... At the other end of these receptor cells are axons that project up through the skull and terminate in the two olfactory bulbs ... Drugs such as lithium, used to treat bipolar disorder (what used to be called manic depression) also may cause taste and smell ...
  http://www.encyclopedia.com/science-and-technology/chemistry/chemistry-general/chemoreception
*  Test 2 Week 1 Flashcards by Stephen Barna | Brainscape
The receptor olfactory cells are ___ sensory neurons Olfactory cells, supporting (sustentacular) cells, and basal cells (stem ... A loss of smell is called ____ and is due to a loss of neurons in the brain called ___ cells, that receive input from the ... This occurs via axons from olfactory cell receptors with the same ORs, terminating in one to three ___ located in the ___ ( ... causing NO release of glutamate and this takes away the inhibitory effect on the bipolar cell, allowing the bipolar cell to ...
  https://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/test-2-week-1-5018113/packs/7368607
*  A&P Final pt2 Flashcards - Cram.com
What 4 cell types make up the sense of smell? 1)olfactory receptory cells. 2)support cells. 3)basal cells. 4)bipolar neurons ... Organs that resopond the NE exhibit one or both receptors, however receptor type tends to predominated in certain target organs ... 1)receptor. 2)sensory neuron (affernt pathway). 3)intergraion center. 4)motor neuron (effector pathway). 5)effector ... 1)In Somatic NS the motor neurons of the CNS exert direct effect over skeletal muscle.. 2)In Autonomic NS the motor neurons of ...
  http://www.cram.com/flashcards/ap-final-pt2-417369
*  Outstanding Olfactory Bulb Anatomy Image - Internal organs diagram - thevisitorsbook.info
Nose Bipolar Neuron Anatomy Olfactory Receptor Neuron Nose 731 550 Olfaction Smell Classification Odors Odorants Anatomy Of The ... Nasal Receptors Olfactory Bulb Vector Royalty Free Cliparts Vectors Anatomy And Physiology Of Smell ... Do you know The thought of Olfactory Bulb Anatomy that we show you on this page relates to the demand report about Olfactory ... Olfactory Bulb Anatomy. Good day dear reader. In the current new period, information regarding the expansion of technologies is ...
  http://thevisitorsbook.info/Olfactory-Bulb-Anatomy
*  Frontiers | The influences of age on olfaction: a review | Psychology
In this review we provide an overview of the anatomy and physiology of the aging olfactory system, how this system is ... It is now well established that decreased smell loss can be an early sign of such neurodegenerative diseases as Alzheimer's ... loss of selectivity of receptor cells to odorants, changes in neurotransmitter and neuromodulator systems, and neuronal ... In this review we provide an overview of the anatomy and physiology of the aging olfactory system, how this system is ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00020/full
*  The Aromatic Plant Project ~ Aromatic Article Archives
THE SENSE OF SMELL/Olfactory Receptor Neurons. & the Scent of Sorrow. The Olfactory Receptor Neuron (ORN) is the workhorse of ... clues as to what is happening in other neurons. Another condition being studied is bipolar (manic-depressive) disorder. bipolar ... Humans also have only about 40% of the number of different olfactory receptors that rats do. ... You had materials that normally you shouldn't have been smelling.' The group plans on studying the olfactory function of ...
  http://aromaticplantproject.com/articles_archive/sense_of_smell.html
*  Dysosmia - Wikipedia
Less than 500 receptors are functional in the nasal epithelium. Each receptor neuron is a single type of olfactory receptor and ... and serve the purpose of mediating the sense of smell. Characteristics of the bipolar receptor neurons include cilia on the ... Olfactory receptor neuron axons project through the cribriform plate to the olfactory bulb. The olfactory bulb is a structure ... and each receptor neuron is also a first order neuron. The first order neurons project axons directly from the nasal chamber to ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dysosmia
*  The Sensory Systems of the Human Body | Online Medical Library
Weber´s law ✓, signal detection theory ✓, auditory and vestibular system ✓, nystagmus test ✓, olfactory sense ✓. Read more! ... Olfactory receptors detect airbone chemicals allowing smell. Taste (gustatory receptors) detect chemicals on tongue. ... The perikaryon of the first neuron is located inside the ganglion spiral. These bipolar cells transmit the potentials to the ... There are different ways to measure the sensitivity of the same receptor. One receptor will have a measurable absolute ...
  https://www.lecturio.com/magazine/sensory-systems/
*  Sensory Systems pt 2 Flashcards by Tanisha Mehta | Brainscape
olfactory neurons have a single dendrite that extends down from cell body to the olfactory epithelium, and a single axon that ... each receptor can recognise more than one odorant. each odorant can stimulate more than one type of receptor ... multiple rods to a single bipolar cell, multiple bipolar cells to a single ganglion ... what is the relationship between acid and alcohol versions of a smell? ...
  https://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/sensory-systems-pt-2-6573643/packs/10281406
*  Stimulus (physiology) - Wikipedia
Bipolar sensory neurons located in the center of the cochlea monitor the information from these receptor cells and pass it on ... Smell allows the body to recognize chemical molecules in the air through inhalation. Olfactory organs located on either side of ... The digestive tract, or enteric nervous system alone contains millions of neurons. These neurons act as sensory receptors that ... The olfactory epithelium, which contains olfactory receptor cells, covers the inferior surface of the cribiform plate, the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stimulus_(physiology)
*  17.3 Taste and Smell | Concepts of Biology-1st Canadian Edition
... bipolar olfactory neurons extend from (b) the olfactory epithelium, where olfactory receptors are located, to the olfactory ... olfactory epithelium. specialized tissue in the nasal cavity where olfactory receptors are located. olfactory receptor. ... Olfactory neurons are bipolar neurons (neurons with two processes from the cell body). Each neuron has a single dendrite buried ... Olfactory neurons project from the olfactory epithelium to the olfactory bulb as thin, unmyelinated axons. The olfactory bulb ...
  https://opentextbc.ca/biology/chapter/17-3-taste-and-smell/
*  Olfactory epithelium - Wikipedia
... neurons Supporting cells Basal cells Brush cells The olfactory sensory neurons of the olfactory epithelium are bipolar neurons ... Composition of the Olfactory receptor neuron (captions in German) olfactory epithelium pig Phantosmia Moran, David T.; Rowley ... In order for olfactory sensory neurons to function properly, they must express odorant receptors and the proper transduction ... The olfactory epithelium is a specialized epithelial tissue inside the nasal cavity that is involved in smell. In humans, it ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Olfactory_epithelium
*  Insect olfaction - Wikipedia
... house receptors for scent molecules in their cell membrane.The majority of olfactory receptor neurons typically reside in the ... These ORNs are bipolar, on one end are the olfactory dendrites with the receptors for the odors and on the other end are the ... for example Drosophila flies have 2,600 olfactory sensory neurons. Insects are capable of smelling and differentiating between ... Inside of these olfactory organs there are neurons called olfactory receptor neurons which, as the name implies, ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Insect_olfaction