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*  Spare part - Wikipedia
The cost of having serviceable parts available in inventory can be tremendous, as items that are prone to failure may be ... although acknowledged to have a long life or a small chance of failure, would cause a long shutdown of equipment because it ... When the cost of repair becomes a significant percentage of the cost of replacement, it becomes economically favorable to ... This allows components to be more easily removed, repaired, and replaced, enabling cheaper replacement. Spare parts that are ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spare_part
*  Website Security: What is Your Ultimate CRASH plan?
All important elements, from computer components to cooling equipment, should have a backup in case of failure. While this may ... Scheduled backups can help remedy this problem by ensuring the most significant items are saved on a regular basis. This ... This is especially true for small businesses, which may not have the necessary resources to rebuild once after a data disaster. ... There are a number of important distinctions between the two options, including overall cost, limits on data transference, ...
  https://webhostinggeeks.com/blog/website-security-what-is-your-ultimate-crash-plan/
*  Tackling the mounting e-waste problem - AIIA - Australian Information Industry Association
This will enable economies of scale for industry and increase the amount of recycling at no extra cost to consumers.. To date, ... Australians are among the biggest users of technology in the world, buying millions of items a year. We love our gadgets and ... This will have an impact locally in Australia, as well as make a significant contribution to solving the e-waste problem ... The industry supports the export model where products and parts are broken down in Australia, and then components are sold ...
  https://aiia.com.au/documents/news/aiia-news/aiia-news/2017/tackling-the-mounting-e-waste-problem
*  Tanks of the interwar period - Wikipedia
Germany never made much use of large cast components, limiting casting to smaller items such as mantlets. Welding gradually ... The role of small unit leaders was to execute plans, not to take the initiative in combat. This was nearly the opposite of ... A perhaps less significant but also notable design was the Vickers A1E1 Independent, which was a large heavy tank that was ... Due to the use of obsolete equipment, the experiment failed, and the force was disbanded after three months. In 1934-35, at the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tanks_of_the_interwar_period
*  Ground loop (electricity) - Wikipedia
... there are many signal sources in items of AC powered equipment, feeding many inputs on other items of equipment. Careless ... semiconductor output drivers and line receivers to enable this system to be implemented with a small number of components. ... This has resulted in many fatal accidents, when some item of equipment has an insulation failure, the only path to ground is ... This is a significant fraction of the output voltage of a moving coil pickup cartridge, and a truly objectionable hum will ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ground_loop_(electricity)
*  Management, Administration and Finance
... a significant impact on the cost and availability of liability insurance coverage. The digest discusses the role of liability ... and establishing cost allocation procedures. Volume 2: The Research Report summarizes all of the study components that ... Requirements That Impact the Acquisition of Capital-Intensive Long-Lead Items, Rights of Way, and Land for Transit. Report ... Risk Management for Small and Medium Transit Agencies. Report Number: S-13 ...
  https://www.apta.com/resources/tcrp/Pages/Management-Administration-Finance.aspx
*  Patent US5752796 - Vacuum integrated SMIF system - Google Patents
Particles within the equipment and chemicals are termed "process defects." To minimize process defects, processing equipment ... 11 and other components of the invention; and. FIGS. 13 and 14 are detail side elevation view of parts of the cassette gripper ... The SMIF concept is based on the realization that a small volume of still, particle-free air, with no internal source of ... People, by shedding of skin flakes, for example, are a significant source of particles that are easily ionized and cause ...
  http://www.google.com/patents/US5752796?dq=5,381,459
*  Fasteners | Corrosion | Stainless Steel
the overall cost of the finished product (from a small appliance to a large plant) will generally be affected only by an ... When the cost of failure is considered. COLD HEADING QUALITY The addition of copper in Type 302 stainless steel (UNS S30430) ... The cost of removing rusty bolts.PREFACE There was a time when the periodic repair of mechanical and electrical components was ... has a significant disadvantage. But the making of and threading the blank are the two major processes. 400 Series that can be ...
  https://www.scribd.com/doc/80350034/Fasteners
*  Commercial Medium Tire Debris Study - English
In addition, some highway safety advocate organizations perceive retread tire failures as a significant problem and have called ... Retread Manufacturer - The business entity that provides the retread materials, equipment, and other items required in the ... Separation - One or more of a tire's laminar components having become separated from an adjacent component (or components) in ... 4.4 Cost Impacts of Truck Tire Failures ............................................................................. 51 4.5 ...
  https://www.slideshare.net/TiroGage/commercial-28810668
*  Deepwater: Devil in the Details
... holds a hearing today to receive a 120-day update on the unfolding Deepwater scandal to modernize the Coast Guard's equipment ... External Equipment: The C4ISR systems on the 123's are not properly protected by the boat's external equipment. Over 30 items ... While significant steps have been taken to address high-level concerns regarding the Lockheed Lead Systems Integrator contract ... As defense contractors gleefully point out, it will be no small task for the Coast Guard to find the right personnel to ...
  http://pogoblog.typepad.com/pogo/2007/06/deepwater_devil.html
*  Government procurement in the United States - Wikipedia
No-bid contract Cost-plus contract Small and medium enterprise Contract adjustment board United States Court of Appeals for the ... Taking another example, what happens when significant research and development is needed to adapt a commercial items for ... in the cases of leased equipment that was held over due to delays on the part of the Government or the Government's failure to ... to sell or otherwise relinquish to the Government any rights in technical data related to items, components or processes ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Government_procurement_in_the_United_States
*  10 reasons to purchase new hardware during a recession | ZDNet
But IT consultant Erik Eckel suggests that trying to coast on failing or outdated equipment will cost you more in the long run. ... Simply put, PCs, servers, network components, and other business-critical items will fail, even in a recession. This equipment ... the cost of locating and training new staff remains significant. When a good employee leaves an organization, his or her ... Windows Small Business Server 2008 won't even run on 32-bit servers; the popular small business server OS now requires 64-bit ...
  http://www.zdnet.com/article/10-reasons-to-purchase-new-hardware-during-a-recession/
*  Computer recycling - Wikipedia
Businesses seeking a cost-effective way to recycle large amounts of computer equipment responsibly face a more complicated ... The high value of working and reusable laptops, computers, and components (e.g. RAM) can help pay the cost of transportation ... For unwanted items that still have value, these firms buy the excess IT hardware and sell refurbished products to those seeking ... Ease of replacement is hereby a corner point since hardware failures are expected at any time due to the condition of the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Computer_recycling
*  ITJEMAST5(2): Latest Research from International Transaction Journal … - English
Diagnose Failures Equipment failures, spare parts, and maintenance must be monitored. Safety Systems must operate in a safe ... Cost is always a concern with construction. The main prefab advantages are less time and waste, thus have cheaper cost (Diamond ... significant at 5% and 1%, respectively. ns = non-significant. A 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Control 70 140 210 Control 70 140 210 Control 70 ... It is clearly shown in Figure 3 that the carbon spectra has double small peaks in around 2300 - 2400 cm-1 which is the sum of ...
  https://www.slideshare.net/drboon/itjemast52-latest-research-from-international-transaction-journal-of-engineering-management-applied-sciences-technologies
*  Safety in the Air: Technology, People and Practice
Passengers will have checked in bags that will be locked in the hold and carried on (hopefully) smaller items. Most small ... It appears there are always jobs for freshly qualified pilots at the low end of the pay scale who will cover the cost of Type ... Nonetheless, a significant event such as 9/11 can quickly lead to an update in requirements that rapidly becomes a worldwide ... For example, "Each aircraft door must be designed so that, during pressurized flight, no single failure in the locking system ...
  https://www.gresham.ac.uk/lectures-and-events/safety-in-the-air-technology-people-and-practice
*  Getting What You Paid For: A Discussion of Laboratory Building Commissioning
The last key area is equipment utilization. It may be determined that certain systems or components may have to be operated in ... Many of these systems are in less than peak condition and run continuously, so their current operating cost is high. Small ... and that the refrigerator is properly functioning and is monitored for unexpected failure. ... and system optimization was not a significant issue. ... a representative sampling of quantitative and qualitative items ...
  https://www.forensicmag.com/article/2006/02/getting-what-you-paid-discussion-laboratory-building-commissioning
*  TSSI Access Control Systems & Kits | Access Control Products - SourceSecurity.com
Where a small office that is only open during standard business hours may be better suited for a labour only M-F with annual ... This is a significant improvement over sharing physical keys - or hiding one under the doormat. We cannot be totally sure where ... Scalable hardware components As previously mentioned, there is no one-size-fits-all system, but thanks to the scalability of ... A typical card access system often makes the move from the traditional lock and key systems to electronic card access cost ...
  https://www.sourcesecurity.com/access-control-systems-and-kits/make.mk-614-ga.html
*  TGV world speed record - Wikipedia
Just as on all TGV lines, the rails were aligned to 1 mm (3/64 in) tolerances, and the ballast was blasted to remove small, ... Axle bearings were unmodified items, broken in for 10,000 km in revenue service on the LGV Sud-Est. Yaw dampers were stiffened ... The Tours branch of the line was tested by special computerized Maintenance of Way equipment manufactured by GEISMAR, from the ... Strictly speaking, there were no significant alterations of the track or catenary for testing purposes. However, some sections ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TGV_world_speed_record
*  LS Series Chevy Electronic Fuel Injector - Hilborn Fuel Injection
Additional Components. Additional components provided in the kit for proper installation include a remote thermostat housing ... Returned items will be subject to a restocking fee of 10% of the list price. Returns must be sent freight pre-paid by the ... Because of this, the LS engines are now poised to be the greatest small block engines GM has ever built. We know how good the ... Also, the history of racing has always been one of trial and error by the users of this type of equipment. Therefore, because ...
  http://hilborninjection.com/product/ls-series-chevy-electronic-fuel-injector/
*  RFA-NS-18-021: BRAIN Initiative: Next-Generation Invasive Devices for Recording and Modulation in the Human Central Nervous...
... equipment, supplies, travel, and other items typically listed under Other Expenses. Applicants should indicate the number of ... approval for a Non-Significant Risk (NSR) study, and a subsequent small clinical trial (e.g., Early Feasibility Study). The ... Non-domestic (non-U.S.) components of U.S. Organizations are not eligible to apply.. Foreign components, as defined in the NIH ... untested device elements/concepts that have significant risk of failure. ...
  https://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/rfa-files/RFA-NS-18-021.html
*  Semiconductor manufacturing process module - Brooks Automation, Inc.
With two load locks 4008, 40004 in a vertical stack, the equipment footprint stays very small, but retains the benefit of ... 25A shows high-level components of a linear processing architecture 4000 for handling items in a manufacturing process. The ... such an architecture may offer significant benefits in equipment footprint and throughput. ... The advantage of a mid-system exit point may be that in case of a partial system failure, materials or wafers can be recovered ...
  http://www.freepatentsonline.com/8870514.html
*  Irrigation and Flood Protection Rehabilitation Project in the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam | Irrigation | Levee
Table A1.2: Actual Cost Breakdown by Project Component (D billion) 1994 A. Hanoi Dyke 1. Foreign Civil Works Material/Equipment ... However, no flood since 1945 has caused significant problems for Hanoi and "failures" reported by the RRP (para. 33) appear to ... xi) Lack of gates in some small sluices that offtake water from large to smaller canals and many small sluices on secondary and ... attention was paid only to the main items such as headworks, main canals, and structures on main canals. Auxiliary items- ...
  https://www.scribd.com/document/91312600/Irrigation-and-Flood-Protection-Rehabilitation-Project-in-the-Socialist-Republic-of-Viet-Nam
*  Consulting-Specifying Engineer
Integrating new controls onto existing equipment is difficult due to the unknowns of the equipment components and their current ... This lowers the first cost, operating cost, and maintenance cost, and still provides good occupant comfort. The building must ... There has been a significant advancement in equipment and system technologies in the past few years. Much of this is due to the ... This approach often negates many of the designer's energy-saving sequences, or worse yet, leads to early equipment failure. The ...
  https://www.csemag.com/single-article/learning-curve.html
*  ADAS Sensor Calibration Increases Repair Costs | AAA Approved Auto Repair Article
Failure to calibrate a sensor when necessary can result in faulty information that will cause ADAS to operate improperly or not ... These requirements can add to the cost of auto repairs, but must be observed to ensure optimum vehicle safety.. Finding Quality ... These components turn the constantly changing analog image the camera sees into digital information that ADAS can use to ... Wheel alignment equipment is now becoming available with built-in ADAS calibration capabilities, although a static and/or ...
  https://www.aaa.com/autorepair/articles/adas-sensor-calibration-increases-repair-costs
*  RFA-HL-19-002: Programs to Increase Diversity Among Individuals Engaged in Health-Related Research (PRIDE) (R25 Clinical Trial...
Non-domestic (non-U.S.) components of U.S. Organizations are not eligible to apply.. Foreign components, as defined in the NIH ... Failure to register in the Commons and to include a valid PD/PI Commons ID in the credential field will prevent the successful ... The actual amounts to be disbursed for each SRP will depend on the project cost(s) and study aims but must not be less than $ ... Direct costs for the mentee small research project (SRP) component may be up to $115,000 per year for each of the four years ...
  https://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/rfa-files/RFA-HL-19-002.html