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*  Sodium channel blocker - Wikipedia
Selective blockers of Nav1.7 and Nav1.8 voltage-gated sodium channels, such as CNV1014802 and Funapide, are being investigated ... Class Ia agents include quinidine, procainamide and disopyramide. Class Ib antiarrhythmic agents are sodium channel blockers. ... Sodium channel blockers are drugs which impair the conduction of sodium ions (Na+) through sodium channels. The following ... Sodium channel blockers are also used as local anesthetics and anticonvulsants. Sodium channel blockers have been proposed for ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sodium_channel_blocker
*  Channel blocker - Wikipedia
... channel blockers Potassium (K+) channel blockers Sodium (Na+) channel blockers The following types which act on ligand-gated ... "Stapled Voltage-Gated Calcium Channel (CaV) α-Interaction Domain (AID) Peptides Act As Selective Protein-Protein Interaction ... receptor antagonists with fast open-channel blocking kinetics and strong voltage-dependency as potential therapeutic agents for ... voltage-gated ion channels Ion channels that are activated by changes in membrane potential ligand-gated ion channel Ion ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Channel_blocker
*  Analgesic - Wikipedia
Some novel and investigational analgesics include subtype-selective voltage-gated sodium channel blockers such as funapide and ... N-type calcium-channel blocker.. Intrathecal.. Protein binding = 50%; half-life = 2.9-6.5 hours; excretion = urine (,1%).[120] ... Psychotropic agents[edit]. Other psychotropic analgesic agents include ketamine (an NMDA receptor antagonist), clonidine and ... Binds to the α2δ-1 subunit of voltage gated calcium ion channels in the spinal cord. May also modulate NMDA receptors and ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Analgetics
*  Computational Biophysics
Designing a C84 fullerene as a specific voltage-gated sodium channel blocker. Nanoscale Research Letters, 8, (323), 1-8, 2013. ... Rigid body brownian dynamics as a tool for studying ion channel blockers. J. Phys. Chem. B, 116, 1933-1941, 2012.. PDF: full ... Silicon carbide nanotube as a chloride-selective channel. J. Phys. Chem. C, 116, 4465-4470, 2012.. PDF: full article. ... Mechanisms and Energetics of Potassium Channel Block by Local Anesthetics and Antifungal Agents. Biochemistry, 53, 6786-6792, ...
  http://biology-assets.anu.edu.au/hosted_sites/langevin/publications.html
*  Frontiers | Involvement of gap junction channels in the pathophysiology of migraine with aura | Physiology
Gap junction channels seem to be involved in several ways in the pathophysiology of migraine with aura and emerge as a new ... quinidine and the derivative mefloquine are able to inhibit CSD suggesting an involvement of neuronal connexin36 channels in ... shown to induce headache by activating the trigeminovascular system through the opening of stressed neuronal Pannexin1 channels ... shown to induce headache by activating the trigeminovascular system through the opening of stressed neuronal Pannexin1 channels ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fphys.2014.00078/full
*  Augmented Vasoconstriction and Thromboxane Formation by 15-F2t-Isoprostane (8-Iso-Prostaglandin F2α) in Immature Pig...
... by the selective N-type voltage-gated calcium channel blocker ω-conotoxin35 but not by L-type voltage-gated channel blocker ... Effects of Ca2+ Channel Blockers on Vasoconstriction of Fetal Periventricular Microvessels in Response to 15-F2t-IsoP and ... Effects of agents were studied in situ on brain slices, as described in Methods. Data are mean±SEM of 4 to 5 separate ... carbaprostacyclin and sodium nitroprusside). Vascular diameter was recorded before and after topical application of increasing ...
  http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/31/2/516
*  Burning pain: axonal dysfunction in erythromelalgia
A tetrodotoxin-resistant voltage-gated sodium channel expressed by sensory neurons. Nature 1996;379:257-62. [PubMed] ... channel blockers for the treatment of neuropathic pain, particularly the selective and potent Nav1.7 channel blockers, with ... a selective sodium channel blocker in 4 SCN9A+mutated patients with EM. ... Multiple treatments were used including Na+ channel blockers, modulators of vascular tone, anaesthetic agents, antihistamines, ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC5402712/
*  Frontiers | A Novel Retinal Oscillation Mechanism in an Autosomal Dominant Photoreceptor Degeneration Mouse Model | Frontiers...
Furthermore, the latter persisted in the presence of flupirtine, an M-type potassium channel activator recently reported to ... EPSC oscillation was synaptically driven by glutamate and sensitive to blockade of NaV channels and gap junctions. These data ... EPSC oscillation was synaptically driven by glutamate and sensitive to blockade of NaV channels and gap junctions. These data ... by blocking GABAergic transmission or by treating the retina with the non-selective voltage-gated potassium channel blocker ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fncel.2015.00513/full
*  Marine Drugs | Free Full-Text | µ-Conotoxins Modulating Sodium Currents in Pain Perception and Transmission: A Therapeutic...
µ and µO-CTX are two isoforms that specifically target voltage-gated sodium channels. These, by inducing the entrance of sodium ... In this review, we describe the current knowledge of µ-CTX interacting with the different sodium channels subtypes, the ... Hyperexcitability and mutations of sodium channels are responsible for perception and transmission of inflammatory and ... there is still a paucity of high selective Nav channel blockers since the action on multiple subtypes may create side effects. ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/1660-3397/15/10/295/htm
*  Ion channels | Pharmacology Education Project
The sodium leak channel, non-selective (provisionally assigned as NaVi2.1) is structurally related to the voltage-gated sodium ... Sodium channel blockers. Class III antiarrhythmics are primarily sodium channel blocking agents, and include the prescription ... The calcium channel blocker verapamil also blocks NaVi2.1. ... Voltage-gated ion channels Voltage-gated ion channels (VGICs) ... Sodium channel blockers. Class III antiarrhythmics are primarily sodium channel blocking agents, and include the prescription ...
  http://www.pharmacologyeducation.org/pharmacology/ion-channels
*  Frontiers | Propranolol Blocks Cardiac and Neuronal Voltage-Gated Sodium Channels | Pharmacology
... non-selective β-blocker) and metoprolol (selective β1-blocker). Figure 2 illustrates that neither 10 μM nadolol nor 10 μM ... To test whether propranolol is unique among β-adrenergic receptor blockers in having sodium channel blocking activity, we ... Contingent negative variation and efficacy of beta-blocking agents in migraine. Cephalalgia 6, 229-233. ... Propranolol blocks cardiac and neuronal voltage-gated sodium channels. Dao W. Wang1,2, Akshitkumar M. Mistry1, Kristopher M. ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fphar.2010.00144/full
*  Plus it
Blockade of voltage-gated sodium channels with TTX has been previously used to establish release mechanisms in both nerve ... However, the application of cadmium chloride, a nonselective blocker of voltage-sensitive calcium channels, reduced the S2/S1 ... 1998) Effects of local administration of L-, N-, and P/Q-type calcium channel blockers on spontaneous dopamine release in the ... these agents have not been directly compared in electrochemical recordings from the striatum and SN. Because KCl andd- ...
  http://jpet.aspetjournals.org/content/289/1/455
*  Flashcards - NSG 205
Calcium channel blockers*work by blocking voltage-gated*calcium channels (VGCCs) in cardiac muscle and blood vessels. This* ... Beta Blocker *}Medication*ending with ALOL or LOL. *}Mechanism*of action: Selective beta*1-adrenergic blockers but occasional ... sodium bicarbonate-acts by increasing blood pH.. * As*pH goes up, Potassium will come down.. * Watch*for s/s of volume overload ... Aminoglycoside agents *Several aminoglycosides*function as *protein synthesis*inhibition of aminoglycosides *that are effective ...
  https://www.freezingblue.com/flashcards/print_preview.cgi?cardsetID=206066
*  Saxitoxin Is a Gating Modifier of hERG K+ Channels | JGP
It inhibits voltage-gated sodium channels by binding to the outer ion conduction pore, and causes rapid neuromuscular paralysis ... as expected for a open state pore blocker). There was no tail current crossover as is seen with some open state blockers that ... An affect of this toxin on K+ channels was unprecedented as STX is believed to be highly sodium channel selective. ... a programed fast step perfusion device was used to apply various agents at t = 10 s and a wash solution at t = 20 s. Shown are ...
  http://jgp.rupress.org/content/121/6/583
*  Selective N-Type Calcium Channel Antagonist Omega Conotoxin MVIIA Is Neuroprotective Against Hypoxic Neurodegeneration in...
Pringle and colleagues report in vitro evidence supporting the idea that blockers of N-type voltage-gated calcium channels can ... the selective N-type channel blocker CTX MVIIA (300 nmol/L) and the less selective CTX MVIIC (300 nmol/L) significantly reduced ... an antagonist of voltage-sensitive sodium channels). These data suggest that the relative contribution of glutamate receptor ... Use of in vivo models of both focal and global ischemia has helped to identify a range of pharmacological agents that have ...
  http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/27/11/2124
*  Resveratrol attenuates cortical neuron activity: roles of large conductance calcium-activated potassium channels and voltage...
Being a positive control, TTX, a voltage-gated sodium channel blocker, significantly reduced sodium current amplitude (Fig. 3a ... Current clinical available anti-epileptics are mostly sodium channel blockers. The sodium channel blockers were very effective ... a selective BKCa channel opener molecule (BMS-204352) rescues a broad spectrum of behavioral impairments (social, emotional and ... Curr Med Chem Anticancer Agents. 2003;3(2):77-93.View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar. ...
  https://jbiomedsci.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12929-016-0259-y
*  Sodium channel blocker - Wikipedia
Selective blockers of Nav1.7 and Nav1.8 voltage-gated sodium channels, such as CNV1014802 and Funapide, are being investigated ... Of the sodium channel blocking antiarrhythmic agents (the class I antiarrhythmic agents), the class Ic agents have the most ... Sodium channel blockers are drugs which impair the conduction of sodium ions (Na+) through sodium channels.[1] ... Sodium channel opener. References[edit]. *^ Sodium+Channel+Blockers at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sodium_channel_blockers
*  Patent US6887238 - Suction stabilized epicardial ablation devices - Google Patents
Sodium channel blockers are also known as sodium channel inhibitors, sodium channel blocking agents, rapid channel blockers or ... There are two major types of potassium channels. The first type of channel is voltage-gated and the second type is ligand-gated ... There are ion-selective channels within certain cell membranes. These ion selective channels include calcium channels, sodium ... calcium channel blocker, sodium channel blocker, potassium channel agent, adenosine, adenosine receptor agonist, adenosine ...
  http://www.google.co.uk/patents/US6887238
*  JCI - Mutations in sodium-channel gene SCN9A cause a spectrum of human genetic pain disorders
... gating kinetics and voltage dependence and can also be defined by their sensitivity to the voltage-gated sodium-channel blocker ... target sodium channels and act as channel blockers, although they do not show a high degree of channel subtype specificity and ... These agents, which act primarily through use-dependent blocks of sodium channels indeed are part of the armamentarium for the ... which forms the voltage-sensitive and ion-selective pore, and smaller auxiliary β subunit(s) that can modulate the kinetics and ...
  https://www.jci.org/articles/view/33297
*  Alabama to Beijing... and Back: The Search for a Pain Gene
22 Zakrzewska, J. M. et al. Safety and efficacy of a Nav1.7 selective sodium channel blocker in patients with trigeminal ... 4 Akopian, A. N., Sivilotti, L. & Wood, J. N. A tetrodotoxin-resistant voltage-gated sodium channel expressed by sensory ... The biotech sector launched efforts to develop agents that block NaV1.7 , and these NaV1.7 blockers have begun to enter ... Nomenclature and structure-function relationships of voltage-gated sodium channels. Pharmacol Rev 57, 397-409, (2005). ...
  http://webmail.dana.org/Cerebrum/2018/Alabama_to_Beijing_and_Back_The_Search_for_a_Pain_Gene/
*  Calcium Signaling Mechanisms in Renal Vascular Responses to Vasopressin in Genetic Hypertension | Hypertension
Furthermore, calcium signaling in these cultured cells is not affected by voltage-gated calcium entry channel blockers of the ... Thus, the agents used appear to be selective in their action on calcium mobilization because they have no demonstrable ... Takahara A, Suzuki-Kusaba M, Hisa H, Satoh S. Effects of a novel Ca2+ entry blocker, CD-349, and TMB-8 on renal ... Anesthesia was induced by an intraperitoneal injection of sodium pentobarbital (65 mg/kg body wt), and the animals were placed ...
  http://hyper.ahajournals.org/content/30/5/1223