*  Haustral Churnings: Devilish details of glucagon regulation
... as part of the endocrine system). The rest of the pancreas (the exocrine pancreas) releases digestive enzymes into the small ... β-cell 'switch-off' hypothesis because insulin is secreted by β-cells. High levels of insulin inhibit glucagon, so the decline ... How does insulin prevent the α-cells from secreting glucagon? ... β-cells release insulin and δ-cells release somatostatin ( ... Paracrines can be thought of as local hormones that affect cell types different from the type of cell that made and secreted ...
  http://haustral.blogspot.com/2007/05/devilish-details-of-glucagon-regulation.html
*  Patent US20030119736 - Methods for improving islet signaling in diabetes mellitus and for its ... - Google Patents
... to cause differentiation of pancreatic epithelial cells into insulin producing β-cells, to improve muscle sensitivity to ... in particular in the pancreatic tissue can also facilitate differentiation and regeneration of the β-cells already present that ... insulin and other weight control efforts by the chronic oral administration of a DP IV-inhibitor. The administration causes the ... to increase the relative insulin producing performance of endogenous pancreatic β-cells, ...
  http://www.google.com/patents/US20030119736?dq=5,646,839
*  Somatostatin cells | definition of somatostatin cells by Medical dictionary
What is somatostatin cells? Meaning of somatostatin cells medical term. What does somatostatin cells mean? ... Looking for online definition of somatostatin cells in the Medical Dictionary? somatostatin cells explanation free. ... These cells secrete the enzyme renin.. K cells 1. killer cells; cells mediating antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity; ... basophilic cell. Basophil.. beta cell. 1. Any of the insulin-secreting cells of the pancreas that constitute the bulk of the ...
  https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/somatostatin+cells
*  TRAP-14 AS A THERAPEUTIC AGENT - Patent application
... insulin-like (IGF) transforming (TGF) taurine polyamines Digestive enzymes amylase bile acid-stimulating esterase bile acid- ... 0099]The term "cytokine," as used herein, means any secreted polypeptide that affects the functions of other cells, and that ... pathogenic-antibody secreting LB; inhibitors of the costimulation between antigen-presenting cells and T lymphocyte (TL) like ... Mantle cell lymphoma, Malignant melanoma, Malignant gastrointestinal stromal tumors, Malabsorption due to exocrine pancreatic ...
  http://www.patentsencyclopedia.com/app/20100210559
*  JoVE | Peer Reviewed Scientific Video Journal - Methods and Protocols
... this decrement develops from both an inability of beta cells to secrete insulin appropriately and the destruction of beta cells ... Pathology of pancreatic sections is intended to characterize both exocrine, ductular, and endocrine components. The exocrine ... The β-cells of the pancreatic islets of Langerhans are responsible for appropriately secreting insulin in response to elevated ... and a pentamerised enzyme-tagged (β-lactamase) prey. The bait and prey proteins are presented to each other in a binary fashion ...
  https://www.jove.com/visualize/abstract/21935440/discovery-dual-action-membrane-anchored-modulators-incretin
*  Medical Glossary
... glands secrete things and are classified as endocrine or exocrine. Endocrine glands secrete things into the bloodstream, like ... An insulinoma is a usually benign tumor of the insulin-secreting cells of the pancreas. ... It is part of the digestive system and produces important enzymes and hormones that help break down foods. ... The process by which a single cell divides into two cells. Synonyms for mitosis are cell division, cell replication, cell ...
  https://www.carcinoid.org/for-patients/more-information/medical-glossary/
*  Somatotrophic hormone, somatotropic hormone | definition of somatotrophic hormone, somatotropic hormone by Medical dictionary
One of the best-known endocrine hormones is insulin, a protein manufactured by the beta cells of the islands of Langerhans in ... Gastric acid-secreting cells. Gastrointestinal functions: motility, digestive juices and other secretions. Local chemical and ... Several GI functions including bile flow, pancreatic enzyme and exocrine secretions. Ingestion of food, distension of GI tract ... hormone secreted by endocrine cells in the wall of the intestine or stomach or in the pancreas. Includes gastrin, ...
  https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/somatotrophic+hormone%2C+somatotropic+hormone
*  The Open Door Web Site : IB Biology : Homeostasis : The Homeostatic Control of Blood Glucose Levels
The pancreas is an exocrine gland secreting alkaline digestive juices. into the duodenum via the pancreatic duct. It also ... They contain three types of cells. *. cells. (20%) secrete glucagon. *. cells (75%) secrete insulin ... Insulin is broken down by enzyme action in many tissues.. Glucagon is also very short lived (t½ = 5 to 10 min). Glucagon is ... contains endocrine cells in the Islets of Langerhans.. Islets of Langerhans. An oval collection of cells (75 x l75μm), ...
  http://www.saburchill.com/IBbiology/chapters02/005.html
*  Accessory Organs in Digestion: The Liver, Pancreas, and Gallbladder- Online Textbook Chapter - Alyvea.com
It is a curious mix of exocrine (secreting digestive enzymes) and endocrine (releasing hormones into the blood) functions ([ ... These acinar cells secrete enzyme-rich pancreatic juice into tiny merging ducts that form two dominant ducts. The larger duct ... These vital cells produce the hormones pancreatic polypeptide, insulin, glucagon, and somatostatin. ... Scattered through the sea of exocrine acini are small islands of endocrine cells, the islets of Langerhans. ...
  http://www.alyvea.com/anatomy/liver-pancreas-gallbladder.php
*  A pancreatic exocrine-like cell regulatory circuit operating in the upper stomach of the sea urchin Strongylocentrotus...
... there are cells with the morphological features of zymogen secreting cells that are able to synthesize digestive enzymes, such ... to insulin as a growth factor and to the phylogeny of PYY and NPY immunoreactive cells and nerves in the endocrine and exocrine ... the majority of the mass of the pancreas and it is composed by exocrine cells grouped into acini that secrete enzymes into the ... Metazoans typically have specialized exocrine cell types for the secretion of digestive enzymes. For example, gland cells that ...
  https://0-bmcevolbiol-biomedcentral-com.brum.beds.ac.uk/articles/10.1186/s12862-016-0686-0
*  Pancreatic Beta Cell Death: Novel Potential Mechanisms in Diabetes Therapy
... by exocrine tissue represented by acinar cells that synthetize and secrete inactive digestive enzymes and by epithelial cells ... although its synthesis has also been described in the gastric endocrine cells. Since it is cosecreted with insulin, it is to be ... it reaches its final conformation in the secreting vesicles of the PBC due to endoproteases PC2 and PC1/3 and carboxypeptidase ... Metabolic state influences adult β cell destination. At baseline, the PBC secrete insulin in response to glycaemia levels. If ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jdr/2018/9601801/
*  Ferrets: Insulinoma | Avian and Exotic Animal Hospital
Insulinoma One of the most common and most devastating of ferret diseases is cancer of the insulin-producing cells called an ... "endocrine" (meaning that the gland secretes into the body or into the blood stream). The exocrine function involves the ... This cancer occurs when the cells of the pancreas that produce insulin (beta-cells) grow out of control. The disease in the ... production and secretion of the digestive enzymes used to digest food, primarily proteins and sugars in the diet. The endocrine ...
  https://www.drexotic.com/insulinoma-in-ferrets/
*  Pancreas disease | Article about pancreas disease by The Free Dictionary
glandular organ that secretes digestive enzymes and hormones. In humans, the pancreas is a yellowish organ about 7 in. long and ... containing both exocrine cells-which produce and secrete enzymes involved in digestion-and endocrine cells, arranged in ... A composite gland in most vertebrates that produces and secretes digestive enzymes, as well as at least two hormones, insulin ... Failure of the insulin-secreting cells to function properly results in diabetesdiabetes. or diabetes mellitus. , chronic ...
  https://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/pancreas+disease
*  Purpose of The Pancreas
It does this by secreting digestive enzymes that break down the three main dietary components - protein, fat and carbohydrates ... the pancreas cells that produce insulin are not functional and do not produce insulin. Insulin injects will be necessary to ... It secretes these enzymes in an inactive form. Inactive enzymes travel down the pancreatic duct to the bile duct where they ... "exocrine" component of the pancreas which creates enzymes that are instrumental for food digestion. This type of cancer is ...
  http://www.seenamagowitzfoundation.org/what-is-the-pancreas/
*  Symptoms of Pancreas Problems
Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency. The digestive enzymes that are secreted by the pancreas play a vital role in digestion. ... the endocrine tissue produces insulin and glucagon, which are hormones that regulate glucose levels in the blood. Though ... A progressive loss of pancreatic cells that secrete these enzymes gives rise to exocrine pancreatic insufficiency. Though this ... While the exocrine tissue performs the vital function of secreting enzymes that facilitate the digestion of carbohydrates, fats ...
  https://healthhearty.com/symptoms-of-pancreas-problems
*  Tumors Of The Digestive System Archives - You Ask MD Answers
It is a glandular organ secreting both digestive enzymes and hormones. Adenocarcinomas originating from glandular cells ... A pancreatic endocrine tumor that secretes the hormone insulin is called insulinoma. Lowering of the blood sugar level is the ... Pancreas has both exocrine and endocrine functions. While the exocrine gland cells produce the pancreatic juice which aids the ... the endocrine cells produce hormones. The tumors arising from the endocrine gland cells may be benign or malignant. Some may be ...
  https://youaskmdanswers.com/category/diseases-of-the-digestive-system/tumors-of-the-digestive-system/
*  Purkinje's c's | definition of Purkinje's c's by Medical dictionary
These cells secrete the enzyme renin.. K cells 1. killer cells; cells mediating antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity; ... basophilic cell. Basophil.. beta cell. 1. Any of the insulin-secreting cells of the pancreas that constitute the bulk of the ... somatic cells the cells of the somatoplasm; undifferentiated body cells.. somatostatin cells endocrine cells of the oxyntic and ... Mucous cells and serous cells are the two varieties of secretory cells found in exocrine glands. ...
  https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Purkinje
*  Evaluation of Safety and Feasibility of EUS-guided RFA for Solid Pancreatic Neoplasms
INSULIN from PANCREATIC BETA CELLS; and SOMATOSTATIN from the SOMATOSTATIN-SECRETING CELLS. Most are malignant except the ... A 36-amino acid pancreatic hormone that is secreted mainly by endocrine cells found at the periphery of the ISLETS OF ... PANCREATIN is a specific extract containing digestive enzymes and used to treat pancreatic insufficiency. ... Star-shaped, myofibroblast-like cells located in the periacinar, perivascular, and periductal regions of the EXOCRINE PANCREAS ...
  https://www.bioportfolio.com/resources/trial/200266/Evaluation-of-Safety-and-Feasibility-of-EUS-guided-RFA-for-Solid-Pancreatic.html
*  Human Physiology/The gastrointestinal system - Wikibooks, open books for an open world
Exocrine functions: Digestive enzyme secretion. *Stores zymogens (inactive enzymes) that will be activated by the brush border ... chief cells secrete pepsinogen; goblet cells secrete mucus; argentaffin cells secrete serotonin and histamine; and G cells ... Endocrine functions: Hormone secretion. *Somatostatin: inhibits the function of insulin. Produced if the body is getting too ... that secrete gastric juices, up to three quarts of this digestive fluid is produced daily. The gastric glands begin secreting ...
  https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Human_Physiology/The_gastrointestinal_system
*  Bulbocavernous g | definition of bulbocavernous g by Medical dictionary
... exocrine glands). The simplest glands are single mucus-secreting goblet cells. Glands also produce digestive enzymes, hormones ... Pancreas (endocrine portion). Abdominal cavity; head adjacent to duodenum; tail close to spleen and kidney. Secretes insulin ... Like exocrine and paracrine cells, endocrine cells are stimulated and inhibited by autonomic axons; the activities of endocrine ... Occasionally individual cells act as glands, for example, gland cells of Hydra producing digestive enzymes.. Gland. A ...
  https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/bulbocavernous+g
*  Glandular Tissues and Cell Secretion Flashcards by Mollie O'Hare | Brainscape
Because it's an exocrine gland, and so is secreting into the bloodstream ... Releases digestive enzymes - Produce insulin and glucagon 103 Why does the pancreas churn out bicarbonate ions? ... How does the rate of deterioration of the endocrine pancreas differ from that of the exocrine? ... Thyroglobulin is synthesised and secreted. - Uptake and concentration of iodine from blood - Iodine is oxidised, and released ...
  https://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/glandular-tissues-and-cell-secretion-5061928/packs/7493594
*  Novohydrocort | definition of Novohydrocort by Medical dictionary
Gastric acid-secreting cells. Gastrointestinal functions: motility, digestive juices and other secretions. Local chemical and ... Several GI functions including bile flow, pancreatic enzyme and exocrine secretions. Ingestion of food, distension of GI tract ... A steroid hormone secreted by the cortex of the suprarenal gland and the most potent of the naturally occurring glucocorticoids ... adverse effects Among the more serious adverse reactions to this drug are GI, endocrine, neurological, fluid, and electrolyte ...
  https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Novohydrocort
*  Pancreas | Healthy, Wealthy and Happy
The functions of the exocrine and endocrine cells of the pancreas. ... main food groups in the form of pancreatic juice To supply hormones for the regulation of blood glucose in the form of insulin ... Acinar units secrete digestive enzymes found in pancreatic juice (e.g. trypsin and chymotrypsin, amylase and lipase) ... The pancreas respond to high blood glucose levels by secreting insulin. Insulin promotes the uptake of glucose by all cells of ...
  http://www.healthywealthyandhappy.co.uk/archives/healthy/anatomy/the-digestive-system/pancreas/
*  Pancreatic secretion, Digestive system module 6: accessory, By OpenStax (Page 2/26) | QuizOver.com
It is a curious mix of exocrine (secreting digestive enzymes) and endocrine (releasing hormones into the blood) functions ( [ ... These acinar cells secrete enzyme-rich pancreatic juice into tiny merging ducts that form two dominant ducts. The larger duct ... These vital cells produce the hormones insulin, glucagon, and other crucial hormones. ... Scattered through the sea of exocrine acini are small islands of endocrine cells, the islets of Langerhans . ...
  https://www.quizover.com/course/section/pancreatic-secretion-digestive-system-module-6-accessory-by-openstax
*  Studies on the role of Ca²⁺ in the pancreatic acinar cell - UBC Library Open Collections
... as endocrine digestive accounts secretes to functional pyramidal-shaped cells. which et^ al^ 1 9 7 7 ) now b e i n g The the ... Kempen digestive exocrine 1978). gland lumen cells et^ a l enzymes is 1975). of called acinar bicarbonate-rich the (Case a ... cells in of insulin cell responsive determine presence in hormone purity to predominantly time cells the cytochemical by cells ... pancreas in comprises addition to exocrine secreting fluid containing electrolytes. which enters duodenum v i a endocrine ( ...
  https://open.library.ubc.ca/cIRcle/collections/ubctheses/831/items/1.0096391