*  A comparison of the cholinergic properties of the leopard frog vestibular organs » Brill Online
All three semicircular canals, utricle and lagena responded to ACh and carbachol (CCh) perfusion with an increase in resting ... predominant cholinergic response on the resting discharge is muscarinic in all vestibular organs of the frog except the saccule ... while the main effect on the saccule is a strychnine-sensitive inhibition. In the present research we compared the effect of ... All three semicircular canals, utricle and lagena responded to ACh and carbachol (CCh) perfusion with an increase in resting ...
  http://booksandjournals.brillonline.com/content/journals/10.1163/092996398750132160
*  Otolith organs
... (saccule and utricle). * detect gravity (linear acceleration), and are therefore static in function * otoliths ( ... in the UTRICLE, the kinocilia are oriented TOWARD the striola, and in the SACCULE they are oriented AWAY from it. à in any ... the patch of hair cells in the UTRICLE is nearly horizontal, with the stereocilia oriented vertically ... the sensory epithelium is vertical in the SACCULE, with the stereocilia oriented horizontally ...
  http://www.d.umn.edu/~jfitzake/Lectures/DMED/InnerEar/VestibPhysiol/Otoliths.html
*  Vestibular System Anatomy: Overview, Membranous Labyrinth, Vestibular Sensory Epithelium
Utricle. The utricle is larger than the saccule and lies posterosuperiorly to it in the elliptical recess of the medial wall of ... The otolith organs include the utricle and the saccule. The utricle senses motion in the horizontal plane (eg, forward-backward ... Saccule. The saccule is an almost globular-shaped sac that lies in the spherical recess on the medial wall of the vestibule. It ... The site of absorption of endolymph is presumably the endolymphatic sac, which is connected to the utricle and saccule by means ...
  https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/883956-overview
*  'ear inner' Protocols and Video...
Saccule and utricle; and Semicircular ducts) forming a continuous space enclosed by Epithelium and connective tissue. These ...
  https://www.jove.com/keyword/ear+inner
*  Cardiac nerve, middle | definition of cardiac nerve, middle by Medical dictionary
... their receptor terminals end in the saccule, utricle, and semicircular ducts. Cell bodies of the cochlear neurons are located ... utriculoampullary nerve a nerve that arises by peripheral division of the vestibular nerve, and supplies the utricle and ... saccular nerve the branch of the vestibular nerve that innervates the macula of the saccule. ... utricular nerve the branch of the vestibular nerve that innervates the macula of the utricle. ...
  https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/cardiac+nerve%2C+middle
*  Brevet US8012189 - Method and vestibular implant using optical stimulation of nerves - Google Brevets
275, the stimulation elements are provided at ampullae 102, saccule 104, and/or utricle 106 rather than on, in or adjacent to ... The saccule and utricle together make the otolith organs. They are sensitive to gravity and linear acceleration. Because of ... As used herein, the inner-ear vestibular organs (or vestibular organs) are defined as including the saccule and utricle otolith ... utricle 46 c, saccule 46 d, and common membranous limb 46 e using any of the described stimulation mechanisms. In addition, ...
  http://www.google.fr/patents/US8012189
*  inner ear | anatomy | Britannica.com
The utricle and saccule each contain a macula, an organ consisting of a patch of hair cells covered by a gelatinous membrane ... the saccule and utricle, located in the vestibule; and the cochlear duct, which is the only part of the inner ear involved in ...
  https://www.britannica.com/science/inner-ear
*  Cochlea | anatomy | Britannica.com
... the saccule and utricle, located in the vestibule; and the cochlear duct, which is the only part of the inner ear involved in… ...
  https://www.britannica.com/science/cochlea
*  Atoh1 null mice show directed afferent fiber growth to undifferentiated ear sensory epithelia followed by incomplete fiber...
... the utricle, and the saccule (Fig. 4). Thus, Bdnf-LacZ expression appears to depend on ATOH1 protein in the utricle, saccule, ... saccule, and cochlea base of Atoh1 null mutant mice. Absence of Bdnf-β-galactosidase expression in the utricle and saccule of ... 1D, 3D). No Bdnf-β-galactosidase staining was found in the saccule of the Atoh1-Hprt null mice, while the utricle showed only a ... In the utricle (U) and saccule (S), the Bdnf-β-galactosidase staining is limited to the striola region but nerve fibers spread ...
  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/dvdy.20370/full
*  Protocols and Video Articles Authored by Bernd Fritzsch
Conditional knockouts (CKOs) of N-Myc using Tg(Pax2-Cre) have a misshapen and smaller ear with a fused utricle, saccule, and ... Otx1 also governs the segregation of saccule and utricle. Several genes are essential for otoconia and cupula formation, but ... saccule, and utricle (a "cochlear-gravistatic" endorgan). The enlarged anterior canal crista develops by fusion of horizontal ... v3 were respectively detected in the striolar and extra-striolar regions of the utricle and saccule. Analysis of gerbils and ...
  https://www.jove.com/author/Bernd_Fritzsch
*  Free Medical Flashcards about The Eye and Ear
contains two structures, the saccule and utricle, that help maintain equilibrium. acoustic neuroma. benign tumor arising from ...
  https://www.studystack.com/flashcard-89783
*  JoVE | Peer Reviewed Scientific Video Journal - Methods and Protocols
... maculae in the utricle and saccule; and the organ of Corti in the coiled cochlea. The cristae and maculae contain vestibular ... The utricle is a vestibular organ, and the hair cells of the utricle are similar in both structure and function to the hair ... as cell counts in Ad-GFP infected utricles are equivalent to those in non-infected utricles (Figure 3). Thus adenovirus- ... The adult mouse utricle preparation represents a mature sensory epithelium for studies of the molecular signals that regulate ...
  https://www.jove.com/visualize/abstract/23240046/depletion-resident-macrophages-does-not-alter-sensory-regeneration
*  JoVE | Peer Reviewed Scientific Video Journal - Methods and Protocols
... maculae in the utricle and saccule; and the organ of Corti in the coiled cochlea. The cristae and maculae contain vestibular ...
  https://www.jove.com/visualize/abstract/25706271/integrated-annotation-analysis-situ-hybridization-images-using-imanno
*  Auditory sensitivity of larval zebrafish (Danio rerio) measured using a behavioral prepulse inhibition assay | Journal of...
The fish inner ear consists of three otolithic end organs: the saccule, utricle and lagena (Popper and Fay, 1993). The upper ... saccule, lagena and utricle) in 5 d.p.f. zebrafish would be instrumental in determining whether each end organ differentially ... Responses measured using the PPI assays were most likely mediated by the saccule. ... While the utricle may serve an auditory role in adult sleeper gobies (Dormitator latifrons), its sensitivity is ~30 dB less ...
  http://jeb.biologists.org/content/216/18/3504
*  Utriculus masculinus | definition of utriculus masculinus by Medical dictionary
Collective term for the utricle, saccule, and semicircular ducts of the membranous labyrinth; each has a patch of ciliated ... utri´culi [L.] utricle.. utriculus masculi´nus , utriculus prosta´ticus prostatic utricle. ...
  https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/utriculus+masculinus
*  Catching off balance | definition of catching off balance by Medical dictionary
Head position is given by receptors containing calcareous OTOLITHS in the UTRICLE and SACCULE, and these react to gravity in ... Nerve fibres lead to the brain from ampullae, saccule and utricle.. balance. stability of the body, attained in the case of ...
  https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/catching+off+balance
*  Noise-Induced Otolith Disorder | Vestibular Disorders Association
Cervical (saccule) and ocular (utricle) VEMPs, (cVEMP and oVEMP respectively), are easily and quickly completed with a minimal ... Pauw BK, Pollak AM, Fisch U. Utricle, saccule, and cochlear duct in relation to stapedotomy. A histologic human temporal bone ... Two of them are slightly larger and horizontally oriented and are called the utricle. The other two are smaller and vertically ... When otoconia are released from within the utricle these particles can float randomly within the inner ear. Otoconia are known ...
  http://vestibular.org/news/04-28-2016/noise-induced-otolith-disorder
*  Otolith - Biology-Online Dictionary
In particular, it adheres to the gelatinous membrane of the maculae of the utricle and the saccule. Saccule and utricle of the ... particle of calcium carbonate and a protein adhering to the gelatinous membrane of the maculae of the utricle and saccule ...
  https://www.biology-online.org/dictionary/Ear_crystal
*  Unit Study: 'I Can't Hair You!' - Elece Hollis - Christian Homeschooling, Home Education
Two baglike sacs called the utricle and the saccule are found in the vestibule and each is lined with hair cells. Hair cells ... The canals and the utricle and saccule make up the ear's organs of balance. ...
  https://www.crosswalk.com/family/homeschool/unit-study-i-cant-hair-you-1355805.html?p=2
*  What are Balance Disorders?
There are two other organs called the utricle and saccule that are called otoliths. These detect linear acceleration, or ...
  https://www.news-medical.net/health/What-are-Balance-Disorders.aspx
*  Plus it
2009) Response of vestibular nerve afferents innervating utricle and saccule during passive and active translations. J ... result in activation of the vestibular receptor cells of the saccule and utricle, respectively. The self-motion information ...
  http://www.jneurosci.org/content/33/50/19555
*  Plus it
4C,5 A). At E13.5 and E14.5 the expression of BDNF in the semicircular canals, utricle, and saccule was even more pronounced ( ... This patch may represent the combined anlage of utricle, saccule, and cochlea (Fig.4 E-H). At E11.5, there are two discrete ... By E11.5 (F), the β-galactosidase-positive utricle and saccule + cochlea (S + C) have segregated. By E12.5 (G), theNT-3- ... 4 H) corresponding (dorsal to ventral) to the utricle, the saccule, and the cochlea, except for the growing tip of the latter ( ...
  http://www.jneurosci.org/content/21/16/6170
*  Macula lutea | definition of macula lutea by Medical dictionary
... in the wall of the vestibule of the ear through which branches of the vestibulocochlear nerve pass to the saccule, utricle and ... macula sac´culi a thickening on the wall of the saccule where the epithelium contains hair cells that receive and transmit ... macula sacculi. a thickening on the wall of the saccule where the epithelium contains hair cells that receive and transmit ... in the wall of the vestibule of the ear through which branches of the vestibulocochlear nerve pass to the saccule, utricle, and ...
  http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/macula+lutea