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*  Champions of Vestibular Medicine | Vestibular Disorders Association
... caused when gravity-sensing particles in the inner ear accidentally enter the ear's spinning-motion sensors. The symptoms of ... system uses rotational signals from canals in the inner ear to help us keep track of the relative orientation of gravity. More ... With the room spinning around her, Foster developed a maneuver to get the particles out of her horizontal canal and back where ... with a specific focus on how signals from the otolith organs in the inner ear are interpreted and processed by the nervous ...
  http://vestibular.org/news/09-16-2014/champions-vestibular-medicine
*  Balance Disorders: Learn About Causes and Treatment
The vestibular system does this by detecting mechanical forces, including gravity, that act upon our vestibular organs when we ... Motion Sickness (Sea Sickness, Car Sickness). Motion sickness is a feeling of unwellness caused by the inner ear and balance ... Our sense of balance is primarily controlled by a maze-like structure in our inner ear called the labyrinth, which is made of ... These structures work somewhat like a carpenter's level (a tool used to show how "level" a horizontal or vertical surface is). ...
  https://www.medicinenet.com/vestibular_balance_disorders/article.htm
*  Sensory Systems/Vestibular System - Wikibooks, open books for an open world
... organs of both ears are located in two membranous sacs called the utricle and the saccule which primary sense horizontal and ... While each of the three semicircular canals senses only one-dimensional component of rotational acceleration, linear ... which sense linear accelerations and thereby also give us information about the head's position relative to gravity, and the ... If the gain of the VOR is wrong, that is, different than one, then head movements result in image motion on the retina, ...
  https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Sensory_Systems/Vestibular_System
*  Owen Marcus, Author at Rolfing - Page 3 of 16
This wave motion travels through the spine in the sagittal plane without interfering with rotational or lateral responses. This ... The compression-decompression wringing motion that we have described is perfect for allowing tissues and organs to be passively ... Click on image to learn how to use gravity to solve many of our most common problems. ... By tone I am not speaking strength in the sense of hard and tight. I am speaking about soft tissue being like the muscles of a ...
  https://align.org/author/owen/page/3/
*  Vestibular system - Wikipedia
These otoliths add to the weight and inertia of the membrane and enhance the sense of gravity and motion. With the head erect, ... the otolithic organs sense linear accelerations. Humans have two otolithic organs on each side, one called the utricle, the ... This push-pull system makes it possible to sense all directions of rotation: while the right horizontal canal gets stimulated ... The semicircular canal system detects rotational movements. The semicircular canals are its main tools to achieve this ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vestibular_system
*  Spatial disorientation - Wikipedia
... the net gravitoinertial force sensed primarily by the otolith organs is not aligned with gravity, leading to perceptual ... The utricle detects changes in linear acceleration in the horizontal plane, while the saccule detects gravity changes in the ... In addition, the inner ear contains rotational "accelerometers", known as the semicircular canals, which provide information to ... Airlines Flight 604 Gulf Air Flight 072 Ideomotor phenomenon Illusions of self-motion 2005 Loganair Islander accident Motion ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spatial_disorientation
*  Vertigo: Causes, symptoms, and treatments
The labyrinth of the inner ear has tiny organs that enable messages to be sent to the brain in response to gravity. ... a sense of motion sickness. *nausea and vomiting. *tinnitus. *a feeling of fullness in the ear ... It is a rotational dizziness.. Treatment. Some types of vertigo resolve without treatment, but any underlying problem may need ... These record horizontal, vertical and torsional eye movements using infrared light. Computer processing can analyze the data ...
  https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/knowledge/160900/vertigo-causes-symptoms-treatments?sr
*  The Vestibular System | Noba
The vestibular system functions to detect head motion and position relative to gravity and is primarily involved in the fine ... They detect rotational motion (head turns), linear motion (translations), and tilts of the head relative to gravity and ... the semicircular canals and otolith organs can respond to head motion and maintained static head position relative to gravity ... A set of three inner ear vestibular receptors (horizontal, anterior, posterior) that transduce head rotational accelerations ...
  http://nobaproject.com/textbooks/psychology-as-a-biological-science/modules/the-vestibular-system
*  The Special Senses | Encyclopedia.com
Traditionally, sight, hearing, smell, taste, and touch have been considered the five main senses of the body. Source for ... The senses connect humans to the real world, allowing them to interpret what is happening around them and respond accordingly. ... the taste of freshly baked bread-all would be meaningless without the senses. They not only provide pleasure, but warn of ... information on The Special Senses: UXL Complete Health Resource dictionary. ...
  https://www.encyclopedia.com/medicine/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/special-senses
*  Journal of Vestibular Research - Volume 27, issue 4 - Journals - IOS Press
Hippocampus, a key structure for spatial memory, receives inputs from gravity-sensing otolith organs. OBJECTIVE: To determine ... METHODS: Sixty young adults (30 females and 30 males) were assigned to one of …two groups (CMS or non-CMS) using the Motion ... For the diagnosis of BVP, the horizontal angular VOR gain on both sides should be ,0.6 (angular velocity 150-300°/s) and/or the ... The moderate range can be examined by the sinusoidal or step profile rotational chair test. ...
  https://content.iospress.com/journals/journal-of-vestibular-research/27/4
*  Vestibulo-ocular reflex - Wikipedia
Ideally the gain of the rotational VOR is 1.0. The gain of the horizontal and vertical VOR is usually close to 1.0, but the ... In other animals, the gravity organs and eyes are strictly connected.[clarification needed] A fish, for instance, moves its ... The gain of the translational VOR has to be adjusted for distance, because of the geometry of motion parallax. When the head ... quick head movement to the right cannot be sensed properly anymore. As a consequence, no compensatory eye movement is generated ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vestibulo%E2%80%93ocular_reflex
*  Motion (physics) - Wikipedia
... uniform horizontal motion + vertical accelerated motion Half projectile motion circular motion (this is a motion that move in a ... Rotational motion Rolling motion - (as of the wheel of a bicycle) Oscillation - (swinging from side to side) vibratory motion ... F and −F are equal in magnitude and opposite in sense. So, the body which exerts F will go backwards. Newton's three laws of ... thus the sun is moving in a circle within the galaxy's gravity. Away from the central bulge or outer rim, the typical stellar ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Motion_(physics)
*  Equilibrium Research
The modern era of rotational testing began in the 1960s. Today all aspects of rotational testing including stimulus generation ... Since our visual sense performs analysis best when images remain steady on the retina, the eyes need to move. To move the eyes ... The neural organization of the pathways from the SC to motoneurons in the horizontal oculomotor system has been well analyzed, ... Tilt perception was thought to disappear in space, where gravity does not exist as a reference for tilt. Nevertheless, ...
  https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/browse/jser/70/2/_contents/-char/ja/
*  Motion sickness - Wikipedia
In these cases, motion is detected by the visual system and hence the motion is seen, but no motion or little motion is sensed ... So, R.H.Y.; Lo, W.T. (13-17 March 1999). Cybersickness: An Experimental Study to Isolate the Effects of Rotational Scene ... of accurately stimulating the vestibular system with a 360-degree horizontal field of view and 13 degrees of freedom motion ... When moving within a rotating reference frame such as in a centrifuge or environment where gravity is simulated with ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Motion_sickness
*  WO2016200432A1 - Systems and methods for delivering bone conduction stimuli to and for measuring gravitation receptor functions...
The system may also include an oculometric response monitoring system including a video camera for capturing video of motion of ... a sense of motion, tilting, being pushed, pulled or falling; while rotational receptor asymmetry produces true rotational ... Specifically, the ampullae 120 of the semicircular canal 112 respond to rotations, while the otolithic organs 116, 118 sense ... and may further specify that less the data representative of motion includes a direction, speed, or magnitude of horizontal, ...
  https://patents.google.com/patent/WO2016200432A1/en
*  Halteres - Wikipedia
The insect detects this force with sensory organs called campaniform sensilla and chordotonal organs located at the base of the ... Rotational movements of the body combined with the oscillating halteres produce Coriolis forces that can be detected by fields ... It is necessary for the halteres to be positioned like this in order to detect the three axes of motion. Those axes are yaw ... The fly has not moved, but the halteres have sensed a perturbation. This would allow the haltere-initiated reflex to occur, ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halteres
*  Gravisensors in plant cells behave like an active granular liquid | PNAS
... called fluctuation motion in Fig. 2A), while some show high vertical drift against gravity [often called saltatory motion in ... Plants are able to sense and respond to minute tilt from the vertical direction of the gravity, which is key to maintain their ... Samples are held on a rotational stage (M-660 PILineⓇ) with a maximal velocity of 72. 0. °. s. −. 1. and controlled by a C-867 ... made by the free surface of the pile with the horizontal over several cells, simultaneously (Fig. 1 B and C). While θ. (. t. ) ...
  http://www.pnas.org/content/115/20/5123
*  Sensory Systems/NonPrimates - Wikibooks, open books for an open world
Chordotonal organs are sense organs thought to be solely responsive to extension, though they remain relatively unknown. The ... The large amplitude of haltere motion allows for the calculation of the vertical and horizontal rates of rotation. Because of ... JO is not only important to perceive sound, but also to gravity [20] and wind [21] sensing. Using GAL4 enhancer trap lines in ... The body rotational velocities can be computed, given the known rates (the roll, pitch, and yaw components are labeled below ...
  https://en.m.wikibooks.org/wiki/Sensory_Systems/NonPrimates
*  Frontiers | Vestibular Modulation of Sympathetic Nerve Activity to Muscle and Skin in Humans | Neurology
... the semicircular canals no longer provide a signal of rotational motion after ~12 s (28). This rotational steady state provides ... Another approach to investigate the roles of the otolith organs is OVAR-a method well-known to produce motion sickness (24) and ... Hinghofer-Szalkay H. Gravity, the hydrostatic indifference concept and the cardiovascular system. Eur J Appl Physiol (2011) 111 ... Cui J, Iwase S, Mano T, Katayama N, Mori S. Muscle sympathetic outflow during horizontal linear acceleration in humans. Am J ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fneur.2017.00334/full
*  Peripheral Vestibular Mechanisms, part 1 - Sensory Systems: Audition, Vestibular Sensation and the Chemical Senses | Coursera
by the otolithic organs, while the rotational accelerations are being sensed by the semicircular canals. And what we'll ... Now these six basic directions or planes of motion are going to be sensed by ... horizontal plane or to the left right direction in that same horizontal plane. ... gravity tugging on our bodies. And these signals are being processed by ...
  https://es.coursera.org/learn/medical-neuroscience/lecture/CZQ51/peripheral-vestibular-mechanisms-part-1
*  Soporific Airs (DJ Bolivia): Air Law & Miscellaneous Study Notes (Canadian PPL)
Saccule: Detects gravity changes in the vertical plane.. 2. Utricle: Detects changes in linear acceleration in the horizontal ... Vertigo - Sense or hallucination of spinning or rotating even after motion has stopped.. ... Otolith organs (utricule and saccule) detect changes in linear acceleration and gravity.. ... Human exposure to rotational acceleration of two degrees per second or lower is below the detection threshold of the ...
  http://djbolivia.blogspot.com/2016/09/air-law-miscellaneous-study-notes.html
*  Sensory substitution - Wikipedia
"Sense organs synthesizer United States Patent Application 20020173823" (PDF). Tyler M, Danilov Y, Bach-y-Rita P (2003). " ... The frequency and the inter-aural disparity are determined by the center of gravity of the co-ordinates of the receptive ... Further, tests of the influence of the belt information on the rotational nystagmus effect suggested that, after training, the ... Ambard, Maxime; Benezeth Y.; Pfister P. (2015). "Mobile video-to-audio transducer and motion detection for sensory substitution ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sensory_substitution
*  An explanation for ball lightning? | Watts Up With That?
There was no sense of danger probably because it happened so quickly. It came to within just a few feet of me. I had never ... Unusual horizontal "Jacob's Ladder" - power line acing laterally along a power line (note the 60 Hz sound on the sound track: ... X-rays some years after the incident showed some atrophy in internal organs on the side of his body where he was hit. ... "In technical terms, the maser is generated by a population inversion induced in the rotational energy levels of the water ...
  https://wattsupwiththat.com/2012/10/19/an-explanation-for-ball-lightning/
*  Mechanical processing via passive dynamic properties of the cockroach antenna can facilitate control during rapid running |...
1987). Aerodynamic and mechanical properties of the antennae as air-current sense organs in Locusta migratoria. J. Comp. ... 6B) additionally recorded the horizontal motion of the flagellum at 250 Hz. These recordings allowed us to discard trials in ... Accelerated by gravity, the collision object hit the flagellum at a speed of 60 cm s−1, similar to average running speeds ... all joints had the minimum rotational stiffness of 0.004 Nm rad−1. All other profiles were decreasing. To sample a spectrum of ...
  http://jeb.biologists.org/content/217/18/3333
*  Towards a biomimetic gyroscope inspired by the fly's haltere using microelectromechanical systems technology | Journal of The...
Based on the drive-mode motion, the normalized Coriolis-induced torque amplitude of the sense mode is given by. 2.13 ... The system is continuously driven in a steady-state rotational motion in the drive mode with angle ϑ. Any non-zero rotation- ... 1983 Gravity reception in crickets: the influence of cereal and antennal afferences on the head position. J. Comp. Physiol. A ... Halteres are tiny club-shaped organs that beat in anti-phase to the wings during flight [5], and function as gyroscopes1 by ...
  http://rsif.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/11/99/20140573