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*  Capping enzyme - Wikipedia
When this complex of RNA polymerase II and the capping enzymes is achieved, the capping enzymes are able to add the cap to the ... cap is therefore specific to RNAs synthesized by this polymerase rather than those synthesized by RNA polymerase I or RNA ... A capping enzyme (CE) is an enzyme that catalyzes the attachment of the 5' cap to messenger RNA molecules that are in the ... Last, RNA methyltransferase transfers a methyl group to the guanosine cap to yield 7-methylguanosine cap that is attached to ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capping_enzyme
*  Phycodnaviridae - Wikipedia
"RNA Triphosphatase Component of the mRNA Capping Apparatus of Paramecium bursaria Chlorella Virus 1 (PDF Download Available)". ... Ho, C. K.; Van Etten, J. L.; Shuman, S. (1996-10-01). "Expression and characterization of an RNA capping enzyme encoded by ... The PBCV-1 enzymes are more closely related to yeast enzymes than to poxvirus multifunctional RNA capping enzymes according to ... "Expression and Characterization of an RNA Capping Enzyme Encoded by Chlorella Virus PBCV-1 (PDF Download Available)". ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phycodnaviridae
*  TGS1 - Wikipedia
"Interaction between the small-nuclear-RNA cap hypermethylase and the spinal muscular atrophy protein, survival of motor neuron ... Mouaikel J, Verheggen C, Bertrand E, Tazi J, Bordonné R (May 2002). "Hypermethylation of the cap structure of both yeast snRNAs ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TGS1
*  Mesoionic - Wikipedia
"Mesoionic heterocyclic compounds as candidate messenger RNA cap analogue inhibitors of the influenza virus RNA polymerase cap- ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mesoionic
*  Brome mosaic virus - Wikipedia
... involved in RNA capping. RNA2 (2.9 kb) encodes the 2a protein (94 kDa), the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase, responsible for ... BMV has a genome that is divided into three 5' capped RNAs. RNA1 (3.2 kb) encodes a protein called 1a (109 kDa), which contains ... Ahola, T.; Ahlquist, P. (1999). "Putative RNA capping activities encoded by brome mosaic virus: Methylation and covalent ... The sequence similarities of RNA replication genes and strategies for BMV have been shown to extend to a wide range of plant ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brome_mosaic_virus
*  SUPT4H1 - Wikipedia
"Functional interactions of RNA-capping enzyme with factors that positively and negatively regulate promoter escape by RNA ... Ping YH, Rana TM (2001). "DSIF and NELF interact with RNA polymerase II elongation complex and HIV-1 Tat stimulates P-TEFb- ... 1999). "Evidence that P-TEFb alleviates the negative effect of DSIF on RNA polymerase II-dependent transcription in vitro". ... 1998). "DSIF, a novel transcription elongation factor that regulates RNA polymerase II processivity, is composed of human Spt4 ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SUPT4H1
*  Entebbe bat virus - Wikipedia
The genomic RNA is modified at the 5′ end of positive-strand genomic RNA with a cap-1 structure. Cellular RNA cap structures ... "Analysis of RNA Binding by the Dengue Virus NS5 RNA Capping Enzyme." PLoS ONE 6.10 (2011): n. pag. Web. 12 Dec. 2015. Kading, R ... The genomic RNA is modified at the 5′ end of positive-strand genomic RNA with a cap-1 structure. The (+)ssRNA does not have a ... The N-terminal domain of the NS5 is vital in producing mature RNA. RNA binding affinity is reduced by the presence of ATP or ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Entebbe_bat_virus
*  Flavivirus - Wikipedia
The genomic RNA is modified at the 5′ end of positive-strand genomic RNA with a cap-1 structure (me7-GpppA-me2). Cellular RNA ... "Analysis of RNA binding by the Dengue virus NS5 RNA capping enzyme". PLoS ONE. 6 (10): e25795. Bibcode:2011PLoSO...625795H. doi ... has both the N7-methyltransferase and guanylyltransferase activities necessary for forming mature RNA cap structures. RNA ... Filomatori CV, Lodeiro MF, Alvarez DE, Samsa MM, Pietrasanta L, Gamarnik AV (2006). "A 5' RNA element promotes dengue virus RNA ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flavivirus
*  Paul Ahlquist - Wikipedia
Bromovirus RNA Replication Compartment Formation Requires Concerted Action of 1a's Self-Interacting RNA Capping and Helicase ... Intersection of the Multivesicular Body Pathway and Lipid Homeostasis in RNA Replication by a Positive-Strand RNA Virus. J. ... His research is focused on the gene expression of RNA viruses. Ahlquist was admitted to the National Academy of Science in 1993 ... Diaz, A., and Ahlquist, P. Role of Host Reticulon Proteins in Rearranging Membranes for Positive-Strand RNA Virus Replication. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Ahlquist
*  Tobamovirus - Wikipedia
The non-structural protein has domains suggesting it is involved in RNA capping and the read-through product has a motif for an ... Replication follows the positive stranded RNA virus replication model. Positive stranded RNA virus transcription is the method ... RNA-dependent RNA polymerase, RdRp); the movement protein (MP) which is necessary for the virus to move between cells and the ... The RNA genome encodes at least four polypeptides: these are the non-structural protein and the read-through product which are ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tobamovirus
*  Five-prime cap - Wikipedia
Nuclear export of RNA is regulated by the cap binding complex (CBC), which binds exclusively to 7-methylguanylate-capped RNA. ... "ab initio capping mechanism." For capping with 7-methylguanylate, the capping enzyme complex (CEC) binds to RNA polymerase II ... The 5′ cap is chemically similar to the 3′ end of an RNA molecule (the 5′ carbon of the cap ribose is bonded, and the 3′ ... reference needed) Small nuclear RNAs contain unique 5'-caps. Sm-class snRNAs are found with 5'-trimethylguanosine caps, while ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Five-prime_cap
*  Nudix hydrolase - Wikipedia
... nucleotide sugars and RNA caps, with varying degrees of substrate specificity. Enzymes of the Nudix superfamily are found in ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nudix_hydrolase
*  List of MeSH codes (D13) - Wikipedia
... rna caps MeSH D13.444.735.544.500.710 --- rna cap analogs MeSH D13.444.735.544.527 --- rna, messenger, stored MeSH D13.444. ... rna caps MeSH D13.695.667.454.700.710 --- rna cap analogs MeSH D13.695.667.616 --- inosine nucleotides MeSH D13.695.667.616.300 ... rna caps MeSH D13.695.827.426.700.710 --- rna cap analogs MeSH D13.695.827.519 --- inosine nucleotides MeSH D13.695.827.519.300 ... rna, double-stranded MeSH D13.444.735.500 --- rna, fungal MeSH D13.444.735.520 --- rna, helminth MeSH D13.444.735.544 --- rna, ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_MeSH_codes_(D13)
*  Nodaviridae - Wikipedia
... an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) domain, a self-interaction domain and an RNA capping domain. In addition, RNA1 encodes a ... Positive stranded RNA virus transcription, using the internal initiation model of subgenomic RNA transcription is the method of ... The genome is linear, positive sense, bipartite (composed of two segments-RNA1 and RNA2) single stranded RNA consisting of 4500 ... Replication follows the positive stranded RNA virus replication model. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nodaviridae
*  Richard H. Ebright - Wikipedia
Heyduk, T.; Lee, J.; Ebright, Y.; Blatter, E.; Zhou, Y.; Ebright, R. (1993). "CAP interacts with RNA polymerase in solution in ... "The mechanism of RNA 5' capping with NAD+, NADH and desphospho-CoA". Nature. 535 (7612): 444-447. doi:10.1038/nature18622. PMC ... two interactions between CAP and RNA polymerase". Cell. 87 (6): 1123-1134. doi:10.1016/S0092-8674(00)81806-1. PMID 8978616. ... "Structural organization of bacterial RNA polymerase holoenzyme and the RNA polymerase-promoter open complex". Cell. 108 (5): ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_H._Ebright
*  Epitranscriptomics - Wikipedia
On the other hand, NudC cleaves 5'-(NADH,NAD+,dpCoA) capped RNAs to 5'-monophosphate RNAs but does not cleave ATP capped RNAs. ... ribosomal RNA(rRNA), transfer RNA (tRNA), messenger RNA (mRNA), and small nuclear RNA (snRNA). There are more than one hundred ... monophosphate RNA products which only targets the ATP capped RNAs. ... "The mechanism of RNA 5′ capping with NAD+, NADH and desphospho-CoA". Nature. 535 (7612): 444-447. doi:10.1038/nature18622. PMC ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Epitranscriptomics
*  MRNA (guanine-N7-)-methyltransferase - Wikipedia
Pillutla RC, Yue Z, Maldonado E, Shatkin AJ (Sep 1998). "Recombinant human mRNA cap methyltransferase binds capping enzyme/RNA ... Purification and characterization of cap I and cap II RNA (nucleoside-2'-)-methyltransferases from HeLa cells". J. Biol. Chem. ... Groner Y, Gilboa E, Aviv H (1978). "Methylation and capping of RNA polymerase II primary transcripts by HeLa nuclear ... Wen Y, Shatkin AJ (2001). "Cap methyltransferase selective binding and methylation of GpppG-RNA are stimulated by importin-α". ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MRNA_(guanine-N7-)-methyltransferase
*  MRNA (nucleoside-2'-O-)-methyltransferase - Wikipedia
... pppR-RNA, whereas its two products are S-adenosylhomocysteine and m7G(5')pppRm-RNA (mRNA containing a 2'-O-methylpurine cap). ... Groner Y, Gilboa E, Aviv H (1978). "Methylation and capping of RNA polymerase II primary transcripts by HeLa nuclear ... pppRm-RNA (mRNA containing a 2'-O-methylpurine cap) Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are S-adenosyl methionine and m7G(5 ... Other names in common use include messenger ribonucleate nucleoside 2'-methyltransferase, and messenger RNA (nucleoside-2'-)- ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MRNA_(nucleoside-2'-O-)-methyltransferase
*  MRNA guanylyltransferase - Wikipedia
Other names in common use include mRNA capping enzyme, messenger RNA guanylyltransferase, and Protein 2. As of late 2007, 5 ... Groner Y, Gilboa E, Aviv H (1978). "Methylation and capping of RNA polymerase II primary transcripts by HeLa nuclear ... Itoh N, Yamada H, Kaziro Y, Mizumoto K (1987). "Messenger RNA guanylyltransferase from Saccharomyces cerevisiae Large scale ... Martin SA, Moss B (1975). "Modification of RNA by mRNA guanylyltransferase and mRNA (guanine-7-)methyltransferase from vaccinia ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MRNA_guanylyltransferase
*  MiR-155 - Wikipedia
The MIR155HG is transcribed by RNA polymerase II and the resulting ~1,500 nucleotide RNA is capped and polyadenylated. The 23 ... RNA Biology. 7 (5): 540-7. doi:10.4161/rna.7.5.12685. PMC 3073250 . PMID 21081842. Tarassishin L, Loudig O, Bauman A, Shafit- ... "Polycistronic RNA polymerase II expression vectors for RNA interference based on BIC/miR-155". Nucleic Acids Research. 34 (7): ... This non-coding RNA (ncRNA) is now defined as a primary-miRNA (pri-miRNA). Once miR-155 pri-miRNA is transcribed, this ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MiR-155
*  Plant virus - Wikipedia
The resulting capped leader RNA is used to prime transcription on the viral genome. However some plant viruses do not use cap, ... 2006). "Cap-independent translation of plant viral RNAs". Virus Research. 119 (1): 63-75. doi:10.1016/j.virusres.2005.10.010. ... Some viruses are cap-snatchers. During this process, a 7mG-capped host mRNA is recruited by the viral transcriptase complex and ... Instead, the naked viral RNA may alter the function of the cells through a mechanism similar to RNA interference, in which the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plant_virus
*  Retroviral Psi packaging element - Wikipedia
"The packaging signal of simian immunodeficiency virus is upstream of the major splice donor at a distance from the RNA cap site ... Lawrence DC, Stover CC, Noznitsky J, Wu Z, Summers MF (2003). "Structure of the intact stem and bulge of HIV-1 Psi-RNA stem- ... 2003). "Rev binds specifically to a purine loop in the SL1 region of the HIV-1 leader RNA". J. Biol. Chem. 278 (41): 40385-91. ... Baba S, Takahashi K, Noguchi S, Takaku H, Koyanagi Y, Yamamoto N, Kawai G (2005). "Solution RNA structures of the HIV-1 ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Retroviral_Psi_packaging_element
*  EIF1AY - Wikipedia
... end of capped RNA. GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ENSG00000198692 - Ensembl, May 2017 GRCm38: Ensembl release 89: ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/EIF1AY
*  Trans-splicing - Wikipedia
... a capped splice leader RNA is transcribed; simultaneously, genes are transcribed in long polycistrons. The capped splice leader ... Trans-splicing is a special form of RNA processing in eukaryotes where exons from two different primary RNA transcripts are ... Li H, Wang J, Mor G, Sklar J (Sep 2008). "A neoplastic gene fusion mimics trans-splicing of RNAs in normal human cells". ... Coady TH, Shababi M, Tullis GE, Lorson CL (Aug 2007). "Restoration of SMN function: delivery of a trans-splicing RNA re-directs ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trans-splicing
*  RNA triphosphatase - Wikipedia
Wen, Yingxia; Yue, Zhenyu; Shatkin, Aaron J (13 October 1998). "Mammalian capping enzyme binds RNA and uses protein tyrosine ... terminal γ-β phosphoanhydride bond of nascent messenger RNA molecules, enabling the addition of a five-prime cap as part of ... Karpe, Yogesh A; Lole, Kavita S (30 June 2010). "RNA 5'-Triphosphatase Activity of the Hepatitis E Virus Helicase Domain". ... In molecular biology, RNA 5'-triphosphatases (RTPases) are phosphatases that cleave the 5'- ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RNA_triphosphatase