*  Retinal ganglion cell - Wikipedia
The six types of retinal neurons are bipolar cells, ganglion cells, horizontal cells, retina amacrine cells, and rod and cone ... Retinal ganglion cells spontaneously fire action potentials at a base rate while at rest. Excitation of retinal ganglion cells ... there are at least five main classes of retinal ganglion cells: Midget cell (Parvocellular, or P pathway; P cells) Parasol cell ... A retinal ganglion cell (RGC) is a type of neuron located near the inner surface (the ganglion cell layer) of the retina of the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Retinal_ganglion_cell
*  Intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells - Wikipedia
Intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells (ipRGCs), also called photosensitive retinal ganglion cells (pRGC), or ... Recent research has shown that these retinal ganglion cells, which, unlike other retinal ganglion cells, are intrinsically ... a new role was found for the photoreceptive ganglion cell. Zaidi and colleagues showed that in humans the retinal ganglion cell ... "Parallel inhibition of dopamine amacrine cells and intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells in a non-image-forming ...
  https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Photosensitive_ganglion_cell
*  Retinal ganglion cells - Biology-Online Dictionary
retinal ganglion cells cells of the innermost nuclear layer of the retina, the ganglion cell layer, which project axons through ... Retrieved from "https://www.biology-online.org/dictionary/index.php?title=Retinal_ganglion_cells&oldid=61765" ...
  https://www.biology-online.org/dictionary/Retinal_ganglion_cells
*  Imaging Technique Visualizes Individual Retinal Ganglion Cells | BioScan | Apr 2017 | BioPhotonics
Imaging Technique Visualizes Individual Retinal Ganglion Cells. BioPhotonics. Apr 2017 ROCHESTER, N.Y. - A new imaging ... Through experimentation, the researchers were able to distinguish individual retinal ganglion cells (RGCs), which bear most of ... While RGCs were the main focus of the investigations, they are just one type of cell that can be imaged using this new ... "Not only RGCs, but potentially other translucent cell classes and cellular structures." More studies will be needed to improve ...
  https://www.photonics.com/a61523/Imaging_Technique_Visualizes_Individual_Retinal
*  Processing of Natural Temporal Stimuli by Macaque Retinal Ganglion Cells | Journal of Neuroscience
Models for retinal ganglion cells.A, Model for the MC cells.I i is the retinal illuminance; LP1 is a low-pass filter consisting ... Models of retinal ganglion cells. We first developed models for all ganglion cell types from which we recorded. The model for ... Below 2-3 Hz, PC cell signals contained more power than those of MC cells. Response variation between individual ganglion cells ... M off-center PC cell, Gon for the +M-L on-center PC cell, Goff for the −M+L off-center PC cell, and Bon for the +S-ML cell. For ...
  http://www.jneurosci.org/content/22/22/9945
*  The autoregulation of retinal ganglion cell number | Development
Interestingly, the application of exogenous NGF reversed the effects of ganglion cell ablation on ganglion cell death. Because ... both by inhibiting the generation of new ganglion cells and by killing incoming migratory ganglion cells. Selective ... We show that in the chick embryo, stratified retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) are themselves responsible for providing the signals ... which eventually led to the repopulation of the ganglion cell layer and a large decrease in the physiological cell death ...
  http://dev.biologists.org/content/128/1/117
*  Optical Coherence Tomography: Imaging Mouse Retinal Ganglion Cells In Vivo | Protocol
RNFL/GCL - retinal nerve fiber layer/ganglion cell layer, GC: ganglion cell. Figures A-C adapted from Sarzi et al.9. Please ... GC: ganglion cell, RNFL/GCL: retinal nerve fiber layer/ganglion cell layer, IPL: inner plexiform layer, INL: inner nuclear ... All approaches described here are designed for retinal ganglion cells (RGC) but are easily adaptable to other cell populations ... Retrograde Labeling of Retinal Ganglion Cells by Application of Fluoro-Gold on the Surface of Superior Colliculus…. Published 6 ...
  https://www.jove.com/video/55865/optical-coherence-tomography-imaging-mouse-retinal-ganglion-cells
*  Phototransduction in Photosensitive Retinal Ganglion Cells | IOVS | ARVO Journals
Phototransduction in Photosensitive Retinal Ganglion Cells You will receive an email whenever this article is corrected, ... Purpose: : The phototransduction cascade in melanopsin-expressing photosensitive retinal ganglion cells (pRGCs) is a subject of ... S. Sekaran, R. G. Foster, M. W. Hankins; Phototransduction in Photosensitive Retinal Ganglion Cells. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. ... However, at 50 µM OAG significantly suppressed the light response in 5 out of 17 cells. The remainder of the cells continued to ...
  http://iovs.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2362989
*  Artemin augments survival and axon regeneration in axotomized retinal ganglion cells. | Sigma-Aldrich
Artemin, a specific ligand for GFRα3, has a neuroprotective effect on axotomized retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) in vivo and in ... Artemin augments survival and axon regeneration in axotomized retinal ganglion cells.. [Kazuko Omodaka, Takuji Kurimoto, Orie ... and spiral ganglion neurons both in vivo and in vitro. However, its effects on retinal cells and its intracellular signaling ... Artemin, a recently discovered member of the glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) family, has neurotrophic ...
  https://www.sigmaaldrich.com/catalog/papers/25044131
*  Oligomeric proanthocyanidin suppresses the death of retinal gang... ( The death of retinal ganglion cells ...)
... retinal,ganglion,cells,biological,biology news articles,biology news today,latest biology news,current biology news,biology ... The death of retinal ganglion cells is a hallmark of many optic neurod......,Oligomeric,proanthocyanidin,suppresses,the,death, ... Oligomeric proanthocyanidin suppresses the death of retinal ganglion cells. ...The death of retinal ganglion cells is a ... The death of retinal ganglion cells is a hallmark of many optic neurodegenerative diseases such as glaucoma and retinopathy. ...
  http://www.bio-medicine.org/biology-news-1/Oligomeric-proanthocyanidin-suppresses-the-death-of-retinal-ganglion-cells-32236-1/
*  David Berson presents: Intrinsically Photosensitive Retinal Ganglion Cells: Light InSight Lecture Series
These intrinsically sensitive retinal ganglion cells (ipRGCs) use a novel photopigment called melanopsin to generate their ... Light InSight Lecture Series David Berson presents: Intrinsically Photosensitive Retinal Ganglion Cells. * Apr. 7, 2015 ... A small subset of retinal ganglion cells exhibit robust light responses even when all influences from classical photoreceptors ... of Neuroscience, Brown University, will be presenting "Intrinsically Photosensitive Retinal Ganglion Cells" as part of the ...
  http://www.neco.edu/events/detail/iyl-intrinsically-photosensitive-retinal-ganglion-cells
*  TrkB Gene Transfer Protects Retinal Ganglion Cells from Axotomy-Induced Death In Vivo | Journal of Neuroscience
... dependent Akt phosphorylation by tumor necrosis factor-α rescues axotomized retinal ganglion cells from retrograde cell death ... 1993) Rapid and protracted phases of retinal ganglion cell loss follow axotomy in the optic nerve of adult rats. J Neurobiol 24 ... 1994) Axotomy results in delayed death and apoptosis of retinal ganglion cells in adult rats. J Neurosci 14:4368-4374. ... 2001) BDNF enhances retinal ganglion cell survival in cats with optic nerve damage. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 42:966-974. ...
  http://www.jneurosci.org/content/22/10/3977
*  HKU Scholars Hub: Regeneration of retinal ganglion cells im mammals
Conference Paper: Regeneration of retinal ganglion cells im mammals. *Show simple item record ...
  http://hub.hku.hk/handle/10722/95249
*  Retinal ganglion cell dendritic development and its control | Springer for Research & Development
Using retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) as a model, the mechanisms that... ... Kirby M. A. and Chalupa L. M. (1986) Retinal crowding alters the morphology of alpha retinal ganglion cells.J. Comp. Neurol. ... Retinal fate and ganglion cell differentiation are potentiated by acidic FGF in an in vitro assay of early retinal development. ... Wässle H., Peichl L., and Boycott B. B. (1981) Dendritic territories of cat retinal ganglion cells.Nature 292, 344, 345.PubMed ...
  https://rd.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF02740650
*  Postdoctoral Fellowship in Electrophysiology and Circuit Function of Retinal Ganglion Cells | National Eye Institute
More specifically, we study the diversification of Retinal Ganglion Cells (RGC), the neurons that relay visual information from ... A postdoctoral fellow position is available in the Retinal Circuits Development and Genetics Unit of the National Eye Institute ... Postdoctoral Fellowship in Electrophysiology and Circuit Function of Retinal Ganglion Cells. A postdoctoral fellow position is ... Home , Training, Careers and Jobs , Postdoctoral Fellowship in Electrophysiology and Circuit Function of Retinal Ganglion Cells ...
  https://nei.nih.gov/training/postdoctoral-fellowship-electrophysiology-and-circuit-function-retinal-ganglion-cells
*  Semaphorin 3d guides laterality of retinal ganglion cell projections in zebrafish | Development
Semaphorin 3d guides laterality of retinal ganglion cell projections in zebrafish Message Subject (Your Name) has sent you a ... Sretavan, D. W. and Reichardt, L. F. (1993). Time-lapse video analysis of retinal ganglion cell axon pathfinding at the ... The optic chiasm is an important choice point at which retinal ganglion cell (RGC) axons either cross the midline to innervate ... Retinal ganglion cell axon guidance in the mouse optic chiasm: expression and function of robos and slits. J. Neurosci. 20,4975 ...
  http://dev.biologists.org/content/133/6/1035
*  N-methyl-D-aspartate antagonists prevent kainate neurotoxicity in rat retinal ganglion cells in vitro | Journal of Neuroscience
N-methyl-D-aspartate antagonists prevent kainate neurotoxicity in rat retinal ganglion cells in vitro. NJ Sucher, E Aizenman ... These findings indicate that the KA-induced portion of retinal ganglion cell death also appears to be mediated via NMDA ... In the presence of an endogenous Glu-like toxin, 125 microM kainate (KA) increases the proportion of retinal ganglion cells ... N-methyl-D-aspartate antagonists prevent kainate neurotoxicity in rat retinal ganglion cells in vitro ...
  http://www.jneurosci.org/content/11/4/966
*  Giant retinal ganglion cells - Wikipedia
Giant retinal ganglion cells are photosensitive ganglion cells with large dendritic trees discovered in the human and macaque ... 2005). Giant retinal ganglion cells contain a photo-pigment, melanopsin, allowing them to respond directly to light. They also ... There are only about 3000 giant retinal ganglion cells in each retina, comprising about 0.2%[citation needed] of the total ... responses to the rods and cones are superimposed on the melanopsin response of giant retinal ganglion cells. Giants encode ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giant_retinal_ganglion_cells
*  Are Retinal Ganglion Cell Intrinsic Physiological Properties Conserved? | IOVS | ARVO Journals
Are Retinal Ganglion Cell Intrinsic Physiological Properties Conserved? Raymond C. Wong; Shaun L. Cloherty; Michael R. Ibbotson ... Are Retinal Ganglion Cell Intrinsic Physiological Properties Conserved? You will receive an email whenever this article is ... Ultimately, this information must be encoded into the spike trains of the 15-20 different retinal ganglion cell types whose ... Raymond C. Wong, Shaun L. Cloherty, Michael R. Ibbotson, Brendan J. O'Brien; Are Retinal Ganglion Cell Intrinsic Physiological ...
  https://iovs.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2357100
*  Effect of continuous eye perfusion on rat retinal ganglion cells | IOVS | ARVO Journals
Retinal ganglion cells (RGC) were counted using an automatic process and a size-based correction algorithm that accounts for ... Effect of continuous eye perfusion on rat retinal ganglion cells You will receive an email whenever this article is corrected, ... Kayla Ficarrotta, Christopher L Passaglia; Effect of continuous eye perfusion on rat retinal ganglion cells. Invest. Ophthalmol ... Optic nerve and retinal vasculature anatomy looked normal. RGC counts for implanted high-IOP eyes, implanted normal-IOP eyes, ...
  http://iovs.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2637480
*  Selective Vulnerability of Specific Retinal Ganglion Cell Types and Synapses after Transient Ocular Hypertension | Journal of...
2005) Retinal ganglion cell degeneration is topological but not cell type specific in DBA/2J mice. J Cell Biol 171:313-325, doi ... 2013) Sustained ocular hypertension induces dendritic degeneration of mouse retinal ganglion cells that depends on cell type ... 2000) Retinal ganglion cell death in experimental glaucoma. Br J Ophthalmol 84:303-310, doi:10.1136/bjo.84.3.303, pmid:10684843 ... 1991) Retinal ganglion cell loss is size dependent in experimental glaucoma. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 32:484-491, pmid:2001923 ...
  http://www.jneurosci.org/content/36/35/9240
*  Morphometric Analysis of Retinal Ganglion Cells in Spontaneously Diabetic Monkeys | IOVS | ARVO Journals
We did not distinguish between ganglion cells and displaced amacrine cells. Average ganglion cell count/high power field was ... All nuclei without segmentation or degenerative changes in the ganglion cell layer were considered as ganglion cell nuclei in ... Morphometric Analysis of Retinal Ganglion Cells in Spontaneously Diabetic Monkeys S.Y. Kim; M.A. Johnson; D.S. McLeod; T. ... The extent of ganglion cell pathology in diabetic retinopathy is controversial. In this study, we evaluated ganglion cell loss ...
  https://iovs.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2408788
*  Light alters retinal ganglion cell wave-associated spiking properties | IOVS | ARVO Journals
Light alters retinal ganglion cell wave-associated spiking properties You will receive an email whenever this article is ... These retinal waves occur before rod and cone circuits can drive the inner retina, but after melanopsin ganglion cells are ... Methods: We recorded wave activity from retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) in early wildtype postnatal mouse retinas (P4-7) using ... Results: As previously reported, we found that light significantly increased the duration of retinal ganglion cell wave- ...
  https://iovs.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2332006
*  Retinal Ganglion Cell Count Estimates in Primary Angle Closure | IOVS | ARVO Journals
Retinal Ganglion Cell Count Estimates in Primary Angle Closure Carol Yim-lui Cheung; Monisha Esther Nongpiur; Tien Y Wong; Tin ... Retinal Ganglion Cell Count Estimates in Primary Angle Closure You will receive an email whenever this article is corrected, ... To compare the retinal ganglion cell (RGC) count estimates, which combines structural and functional measures, in subjects ... The retinal ganglion cell (RGC) count estimates, which combines structural and functional measures, show significant reduction ...
  http://iovs.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2270298
*  Neuronal Programmed Cell Death-1 Ligand Expression Regulates Retinal Ganglion Cell Number in Neonatal and Adult Mice | IOVS |...
Keywords: retinal development • ganglion cells • retina: proximal (bipolar, amacrine, and ganglion cells) ... Neuronal Programmed Cell Death-1 Ligand Expression Regulates Retinal Ganglion Cell Number in Neonatal and Adult Mice ... Neuronal Programmed Cell Death-1 Ligand Expression Regulates Retinal Ganglion Cell Number in Neonatal and Adult Mice ... Neuronal Programmed Cell Death-1 Ligand Expression Regulates Retinal Ganglion Cell Number in Neonatal and Adult Mice. Invest. ...
  http://iovs.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2355921