*  Progressive Resistance Exercise and Resting Blood Pressure | Hypertension
The overall results of this study suggest that progressive resistance exercise results in small reductions in resting systolic and diastolic blood pressure. While such small reductions may do little in reducing cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality, it has been shown that small reductions similar to these have resulted in a decreased risk for stroke and coronary heart disease.27 More importantly, it does not appear that progressive resistance exercise raises resting blood pressure. Although the results are promising, additional definitive research on stage 2+ hypertensives is needed.. An interesting finding of this study was the paucity of outcomes for hypertensive subjects. Only 20% of the outcomes were based on a mean initial resting systolic blood pressure ≥140 mm Hg, while only 13% had a mean initial resting diastolic blood pressure ≥90 mm Hg. It may be that the addition of more studies in which enrollment was limited to ...
  http://hyper.ahajournals.org/content/35/3/838.long
*  Effectiveness of functional progressive resistance exercise training on walking ability in children with cerebral palsy: A...
Effectiveness of functional progressive resistance exercise training on walking ability in children with cerebral palsy: A randomized controlled ...
  http://dare.ubvu.vu.nl/handle/1871/42210
*  FRI0611-HPR Global Progressive Resistance Training Improved Functional Capacity in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis | Annals...
Methods 60 patients with RA by ACR criteria, aged 18-65 years, stable medication, that were not doing physical activity, had no other musculoskeletal disease or contraindications for physical activity were included. Patients were randomized into two groups: intervention group (IG) who carried out the global progressive resistance training for 12 weeks, 2 times a week associated to a drug treatment established by a rheumatologist and control group (CG) who did not perform the exercises but received a drug treatment established by a rheumatologist. Progressive resistance strength training program consisted of exercises for some muscle groups, all performed with 50% and 70% of 1 repetition maximum in machines for each muscle group and dumbbells. The load was re-evaluated after 6 weeks of initial assessment. Disease activity was assessed by a rheumatologist and FC, QL, MS, ...
  http://ard.bmj.com/content/74/Suppl_2/1323.1
*  The Effect of Progressive Resistance Training on Oxidative Stress and Erythrocyte Antioxidant Enzymes Activity in Untrained...
This study was undertaken to investigate the effects of progressive resistance training exercise (PRT) on plasma oxidative stress and antioxidant enzyme activity in erythrocytes. Twenty male volunteers were randomly assigned to two groups; progressiv
  http://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Effect-Progressive-Resistance-Training-Oxidative/23239675.html
*  Effects of Creatine and Resistance Exercise Training in People With HIV Infection - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
This is a randomized, placebo-controlled study to evaluate the effect of creatine monohydrate, a dietary supplement, on skeletal muscle size and function (i.e., strength, energy metabolism, work capacity, fatigue); whole-body exercise performance; and body composition. This study is also designed to determine whether creatine supplementation augments the functional benefit derived from progressive resistance exercise. The safety of creatine supplementation in people with HIV infection will also be evaluated. Forty HIV-positive subjects will be randomly assigned, on a 1:1 basis, to receive creatine monohydrate or placebo for a period of 14 days, followed by a 12-week program of supervised progressive resistance exercise training during which administration of creatine monohydrate or placebo will continue.. Measurements of muscle strength, size, composition, energetics and fatigue, as well as body weight and ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00484627?order=440
*  DAHANCA 25B: Progressive Resistance Training as Intervention for Regaining Muscle Mass After Radiation Therapy in Patients With...
Head and neck cancer patients often experience a critical weight loss of around 10% following radiation therapy. Of this up to 70% is muscle mass and is an independent predictor of mortality, lowers muscle strength and functional performance. The purpose of this study is in a randomized controlled trial to investigate the effects of progressive resistance training (PRET) on changes in muscle mass, muscle strength and functional performance in head and neck cancer survivors. The investigators hypothesize that PRET has a positive effect on all primary endpoints and increases muscle mass, muscle strength and functional performance ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01509430
*  High-Intensity Resistance Training Improves Glycemic Control in Older Patients With Type 2 Diabetes | Diabetes Care
This study has demonstrated that a supervised progressive high-intensity resistance training program performed 3 days/week for 6 months was safe and well tolerated by older patients with type 2 diabetes and was effective in improving glycemic control and muscle strength. The combination of resistance training and moderate weight loss was associated with a threefold greater decrease in HbA1c levels after 6 months compared with moderate weight loss without resistance exercise, and this was not mediated by concomitant reductions in body weight, waist circumference, and fat mass. The addition of resistance training also contributed to the maintenance of LBM despite moderate weight loss.. Traditionally, aerobic activities have been recommended for people with type 2 diabetes ...
  http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/25/10/1729.long
*  Progressive Resistance Training in Patients With Class III Obesity - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
To test the strength and physical performance outcomes of a 12-week progressive resistance training (PRT) exercise program in a small cohort of patients with Class III obesity who are preparing for bariatric weight loss surgery at Beth Israel Deaconess. The study will also test patient compliance to the 12 week PRT program. Whereas PRT exercise is currently recommended as a part of preoperative clinical care for bariatric surgery patients, little research has been done to measure the acceptance and effectiveness of a standardized PRT exercise protocol for improving health and perioperative care. Preliminary data from this study could be used to justify larger studies and further investigation ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01100450
*  Twelve weeks' progressive resistance training combined with protein supplementation beyond habitual intakes increases upper leg...
The age-related decline in functional capability is preceded by a reduction in muscle quality. The purpose of this study was to assess the combined effects of progressive resistance training (PRT) and protein supplementation beyond habitual intakes on upper leg lean tissue mass (LTM), muscle quality and functional capability in healthy 50-70 years women. In a single-blinded, randomized, controlled design, 57 healthy older women (age 61.1 ± 5.1 years, 1.61 ± 0.65 m, 65.3 ± 15.3 kg) consumed 0.33 g/kg body mass of a milk-based protein matrix (PRO) for 12 weeks. Of the 57 women, 29 also engaged in a PRT intervention (PRO + PRT). In comparison to the PRO group (n = 28), those in the PRO + PRT group had an increase in upper leg LTM [0.04 (95% CI -0.07 to 0.01) kg vs. 0.13 (95% CI 0.08-0.18) kg, P = 0.027], as measured by Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry; an increase in knee extensor (KE) torque [-1.6 (95% CI -7.3 to 4.4 N m) vs. 10.2 (95% CI ...
  https://ulir.ul.ie/handle/10344/6332
*  "Inflammatory cytokine responses to progressive resistance training and" by Jonathan Peake, Sonja Kukuljan et al.
We examined the effects of progressive resistance training (PRT) and supplementation with calcium-vitamin D3 fortified milk on markers of systemic inflammation, and the relationship between inflammation and changes in muscle mass, size and strength. Healthy men aged 50-79 years (n = 180) participated in this 18-month randomized controlled trial that comprised a factorial 2 × 2 design. Participants were randomized to (1) PRT + fortified milk supplement, (2) PRT, (3) fortified milk supplement, or (4) a control group. Participants assigned to PRT trained 3 days per week, while those in the supplement groups consumed 400 ml day−1 of milk containing 1,000 mg calcium plus 800 IU vitamin D3. We collected venous blood samples at baseline, 12 and 18 months to measure the serum concentrations of IL-6, TNF-α and hs-CRP. There were no exercise × supplement interactions, but serum IL-6 was 29% lower (95% CI, −62, 0) in the PRT group compared with the ...
  http://researchbank.acu.edu.au/fhs_pub/3939/
*  The efficacy of home based progressive strength training in older adults with knee osteoarthritis: a randomized controlled...
OBJECTIVE: To test the effects of a high intensity home-based progressive strength training program on the clinical signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. METHODS: Forty-six community dwelling patients, aged 55 years or older with knee pain and radiographic evidence of knee OA, were randomized to a 4 month home based progressive strength training program or a nutrition education program (attention control). Thirty-eight patients completed the trial with an adherence of 84% to the intervention and 65% to the attention control. The primary outcome was the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis (WOMAC) index pain and physical function subscales. Secondary outcomes included clinical knee examination, muscle strength, physical performance measures, and questionnaires to measure quality of life variables. RESULTS: Patients in the strength training group who completed the trial had ...
  http://www.jrheum.org/content/28/7/1655.short
*  Effects of aerobic and resistance training on hemoglobin A1c levels in patients with type 2 diabetes: a randomized controlled...
CONTEXT: Exercise guidelines for individuals with diabetes include both aerobic and resistance training although few studies have directly examined this exercise combination. OBJECTIVE: To examine the benefits of aerobic training alone, resistance training alone, and a combination of both on hemoglobin A(1c) (HbA(1c)) in individuals with type 2 diabetes. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A randomized controlled trial in which 262 sedentary men and women in Louisiana with type 2 diabetes and HbA(1c) levels of 6.5% or higher were enrolled in the 9-month exercise program between April 2007 and August 2009. INTERVENTION: Forty-one participants were assigned to the nonexercise control group, 73 to resistance training 3 days a week, 72 to aerobic exercise in which they expended ...
  http://opus.bath.ac.uk/29941/
*  Resistance Exercise Training and Amino Acid Leucine Supplementation in Frail Elderly Women - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
Frailty is a clinical entity associated with an increase in risk for disease and death and becomes more common as people age. Frailty has a strong relationship with the age-related loss of muscle and strength, termed sarcopenia. Sarcopenia and frailty are strongly associated with disability, especially in women. Adequate protein intake, the amino acid leucine, and resistance exercise training have been individually shown to increase muscle mass to varying degrees. However, no studies have investigated how a longer-term resistance exercise training program with leucine supplementation when protein intake is optimized could increase muscle mass in frail and pre-frail elderly women. In addition, this is the population that stands the most to gain from such an intervention.. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of the amino acid leucine added to ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01922167?term=
*  Low Intensity Resistance Training With Partial Blood Flow Restriction for Quadriceps Strengthening - Full Text View -...
Partial Blood Flow Restriction (PBFR) Low-Intensity Exercise: using the Biodex 3 Dynamometer in isotonic mode at 10% (first 3 weeks), 15% (following 3 weeks) and 20% (final 3 weeks) of their 1RM for each side, while receiving PBFR in each exercising limb. The padded belts (65 mm in width and 650 mm in length) of the Kaatsu Master™ PBFR device (Sato Sports Plaza, Tokyo, Japan) will be applied to the proximal thigh as near to the hip joint as is comfortable. Before training each leg, subjects will be seated in a chair where an initial belt pressure of 37-40 mmHg will be applied. The belt then will be iteratively pressurized for 30 seconds and then relaxed for 10 seconds in increments of 20 mmHg from 100 mmHg to the final pressure of 160 mmHg. During exercise, the cuff pressure will be continuously controlled and monitored by the PBFR ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT01311206
*  Low-intensity Resistance Exercise and Diet on Arterial Function and Blood Pressure - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
To investigate that combined diet and LIRET are more efficacious than either treatment alone in ameliorating cardiovascular disease risk factors by assessing arterial stiffness (aortic, systemic, and leg), aortic BP and wave reflection, and autonomic function (heart rate variability, vascular sympathetic activity [low-frequency power of systolic BP variability], and baroreflex sensitivity). Circulating levels of adipocytokines (adiponectin and leptin) and endothelial-derived vasodilators (NO metabolites [NOx] and prostacyclin) and vasoconstrictors (endothelin-1 and prostaglandin F2α) will be assessed as secondary outcome variables ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01371370?term=hypertension+AND+
*  Effect of High-Intensity Resistance Exercise on Elderly Bones
Effect of High-Intensity Resistance Exercise on Elderly Bones Vincent, K.R., & Braith, R.W. Resistance exercise and bone turnover in elderly men and women. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 34 (1), 17-23.
  http://www.ideafit.com/fitness-library/high-intensity-resistance-exercise-elderly-bones
*  Repositorio da Producao Cientifica e Intelectual da Unicamp: Resistance Training With Excessive Training Load And Insufficient...
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a resistance training program with excessive training load and insufficient recovery time between bouts on muscle hypertrophy- and atrophy-related protein expression. Male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to either a trained (TR, N = 9) or a sedentary (SE, N = 9) group. The TR group was subjected to a 12-week resistance training program with excessive training load and insufficient recovery between bouts that was designed to induce plantaris muscle atrophy. After the 12-week experiment, the plantaris muscle was collected to analyze the cross-sectional area (CSA) of the muscle fibers, and MAFbx, MyoD, myogenin, and IGF-I protein expression (Western blot). The CSA was reduced significantly (-17%, p ≤ 0.05) in the TR group compared with the SE group. ...
  http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/85967
*  Blood flow restriction does not result in prolonged decrements in torque.
We sought to determine if blood flow restriction (BFR) by itself or in combination with exercise would result in prolonged decrements in torque when using restriction pressures relative to the participants' limb size. Sixteen participants were random
  http://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Blood-flow-restriction-does-not/23014796.html
*  The effect of 12 weeks of aerobic, resistance or combination exercise training on cardiovascular risk factors in the overweight...
We have previously demonstrated that a single, moderate-intensity 30-min bout of aerobic or resistance exercise improves risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease in overweight and obese adults [19], however, fasting levels of TG, cholesterol, glucose and insulin were not affected in the short-term. It is possible that some physiological changes are only seen after a longer period of training. Thus, we conducted a 12-week chronic study to explore the impact of aerobic, resistance, or combined exercise at a moderate-intensity for 30 min, five days/week. Significant decreases in body weight, BMI and total body fat were seen in the Combination group compared to Control and Resistance groups. Similarly, significant improvements were demonstrated in fat percentage, abdominal fat percentage and cardio-respiratory fitness in the Combination group compared to Control. ...
  https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2458-12-704
*  Researchers evaluate resistance training for diabetes prevention | EurekAlert! Science News
Systematic, progressive resistance training -- also called strength training -- is a safe and efficient way for middle-aged and older adults to improve their health. A Virginia Tech led research team that includes experts in behavior, exercise, physiology, and medicine is designing a program to help pre-diabetic adults begin and, most important, maintain resistance training in order to prevent diabetes.
  https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2009-08/vt-rer082509.php
*  Strength Training Programs - Free Strength Training Weight Lifting Program
The number of repetitions performed to fatigue is an important consideration in designing a strength training programme. The greatest strength gains appear to result from working with 4-6RM. Increasing this to 12-20RM favours the increase in muscle endurance and mass.. One set of 4-6RM performed 3 days a week is a typical strength training programme. The optimal number of sets of an exercise to develop muscle strength remains controversial. In a number of studies comparing multiple set programmes to produce greater strength gains than a single set, the majority of studies indicate that there is not a significant difference.. Handling heavy weights in the pursuit of strength will require a recovery of 3-5 minutes between sets, but only minimum recovery should be taken if strength endurance is the aim. The majority of athletic events are fast and dynamic, and therefore this quality must be reflected in the athlete's strength work. Muscular ...
  http://www.trulyhuge.com/strengthtrainingprograms.htm
*  Creatine fails to augment the benefits from resistance training in patients with HIV infection: a randomized, double-blind,...
BACKGROUND: Progressive resistance exercise training (PRT) improves physical functioning in patients with HIV infection. Creatine supplementation can augment the benefits derived from training in athletes and improve muscle function in patients with
  http://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Creatine-fails-to-augment-benefits/19242554.html
*  Resistance training before aerobic exercise: Is this the right order? | Go Ask Alice!
Dear Pepe,. Any exercise, including both resistance training and aerobic exercise, will burn calories and help you reap the benefits of being active. The order of resistance training and aerobic exercise could make a slight difference in energy expenditure, but it is wise to do both if you want to maximize calorie burn.. The theory you refer to is the process of glucose metabolism - or more simply put, how the body uses energy in exercise. Resistance training (anaerobic exercise) and aerobic exercise (such as running, walking, and swimming) are different in how they use energy. During anaerobic exercise (exercise that does not require oxygen to produce the necessary energy, or ATP, to carry out the activity) lactic acid is formed when pyruvate (an intermediate substance in glucose metabolism) combines with ...
  http://goaskalice.columbia.edu/answered-questions/resistance-training-aerobic-exercise-right-order
*  Hot 'n' Healthy - Resistance Training
First, health always starts with good nutrition. Simply put, you cannot out exercise a bad diet. Eating healthy is 80 percent of being healthy. Here are three keys to good nutrition:. 1. Eat breakfast 30 minutes after waking up no matter what.. 2. Refuel the body every three hours throughout the day no matter what.. 3. Refuel the body with one serving of protein for fat burning, one serving of complex carbohydrate for energy, and one cup of either fruits or vegetables for vitamins the body needs.. Second is cardiovascular exercise. It is a fact that the better cardio fitness level a person is in, the better he/she will feel. I suggest a walking or jogging plan for about 30 minutes at a minimum of three times per week.. Lastly, a resistance training program is essential for burning fat off the body. Without resistance training one might lose weight, but not fat. A total body ...
  http://savannahnow.com/bluffton-news-bluffton-sun-city/2012-12-01/hot-n-healthy-resistance-training?quicktabs_1=1
*  Influence of Resistance Training on Blood Pressure in Patients with Metabolic Syndrome and Menopause
|p| This study investigated the chronic and acute influence of resistance exercise on blood pressure in women with metabolic syndrome before and after climacteric. Twenty sedentary women, nine non-menopausal (RNM) and 11 menopausal (RM), performed training for 12 weeks. Meanwhile, 23 controls, 11 not menopausal (CNM) and 12 menopausal (CM), remained sedentary. Blood pressure was measured before and after the training period in conditions of rest and after a session of exercise. Training promoted variations in blood pressure at rest from 116±13 to 118±10 mmHg (p=0.73) and from 128±12 mmHg to 120±11mmHg (p=0.12) in RNM and RM, respectively. CNM and CM varied from 115±11 to 116±12 mmHg (p=0.9) and from 115±14 mmHg to 116±13 mmHg (p=0.74). Blood pressure values in one acute session did not differ between groups (p|0.05). Resistance ...
  https://www.infona.pl/resource/bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_hukin-2014-0093