*  Non-epileptic seizure - definition of Non-epileptic seizure by The Free Dictionary
Define Non-epileptic seizure. Non-epileptic seizure synonyms, Non-epileptic seizure pronunciation, Non-epileptic seizure translation, English dictionary definition of Non-epileptic seizure. n. 1. The act or an instance of seizing or the condition of being seized. 2. A sudden attack, spasm, or convulsion, as in epilepsy or another disorder.
  http://www.thefreedictionary.com/Non-epileptic+seizure
*  Epilepsy & Seizures | UC Epilepsy Center
Focal (Partial) Seizures: Known as focal seizures (formerly known as "partial seizures"), they start in one region of the brain and then may spread during the actual seizure. The symptoms of a focal seizure are determined by the brain function where the seizure occurs. A seizure in the movement area of the brain, for example, might cause an arm or leg to jerk uncontrollably. There are basically three types of focal seizures: focal with retained awareness, focal with impaired awareness (formerly known as "complex partial") and focal seizures that spread into secondarily generalized seizures.. Generalized Seizures: Begin and continue in both sides (hemispheres) of the brain. The person will typically experience a loss of consciousness, either briefly or for a longer period of time. The most common types are staring seizures (also called absence), and convulsions (also called tonic clonic, or "grand mal"). There are several other types that are less common.. Psychogenic Seizures: Often are ...
  http://uchealth.com/epilepsy/epilepsy-seizures/
*  Pediatric Intracerebral Hemorrhage: Acute Symptomatic Seizures and Epilepsy | Noninvasive ICP
Authors: Beslow LA, Abend NS, Gindville MC, Bastian RA, Licht DJ, Smith SE, Hillis AE, Ichord RN, Jordan LC.. IMPORTANCE Seizures are believed to be common presenting symptoms in neonates and children with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). However, few data are available on the epidemiology of acute symptomatic seizures or the risk for later epilepsy. OBJECTIVE To define the incidence of and explore risk factors for seizures and epilepsy in children with spontaneous ICH. Our a priori hypotheses were that younger age at presentation, cortical involvement of ICH, acute symptomatic seizures after presentation, ICH due to vascular malformation, and elevated intracranial pressure requiring urgent intervention would predict remote symptomatic seizures and epilepsy. DESIGN Prospective cohort study conducted between March 1, 2007, and January 1, 2012. SETTING Three tertiary care pediatric hospitals. PARTICIPANTS Seventy-three pediatric subjects with spontaneous ICH including 20 perinatal ...
  http://www.noninvasiveicp.com/node/913
*  Prevalence of active convulsive epilepsy in sub-Saharan Africa and associated risk factors : cross-sectional and case-control...
Background The prevalence of epilepsy in sub-Saharan Africa seems to be higher than in other parts of the world, but estimates vary substantially for unknown reasons. We assessed the prevalence and risk factors of active convulsive epilepsy across five centres in this region. Methods We did large population-based cross-sectional and case-control studies in five Health and Demographic Surveillance System centres: Kilifi, Kenya (Dec 3, 2007-July 31, 2008); Agincourt, South Africa (Aug 4, 2008-Feb 27, 2009); Iganga-Mayuge, Uganda (Feb 2, 2009-Oct 30, 2009); Ifakara, Tanzania (May 4, 2009-Dec 31, 2009); and Kintampo, Ghana (Aug 2, 2010-April 29, 2011). We used a three-stage screening process to identify people with active convulsive epilepsy. Prevalence was estimated as the ratio of confirmed cases to the population screened and was adjusted for sensitivity and attrition between stages. For each case, an age-matched control individual was randomly selected from the relevant centre's census database. ...
  http://umu.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2:626918
*  types of canine seizures | Cory's Story
Both the primary and secondary forms of epilepsy are characterized by the same array of seizure types.. The most common is the "Generalized Seizure," which in humans is known as "Grand Mal." These seizures involve loss of control over the entire body and often unconsciousness.. Less common and less serious is the "Focal Seizure" (also called "Petit Mal" or "Partial Seizure"), which involves the loss of function in a single isolated area and little or no loss of consciousness. The "Complex Partial Seizure" is a type of Focal Seizure that results in a recurring behavior: the dog will remain conscious but behaves in a disturbing or repetitive manner. This may include aggression, jaw-snapping, compulsive scratching, or hysterical barking and running. In people, this type of seizure may be expressed in the form of hallucinations and extreme anxiety.. Some types of seizure can be more frequent or longer lasting. "Cluster Seizures" occur when a dog experiences multiple seizures (usually of the ...
  http://corysstory.com/tag/types-of-canine-seizures/
*  Incidence, causes and phenotypes of acute seizures in Kenyan children post the malaria-decline period. - Department of...
BACKGROUND: Acute seizures are a common cause of paediatric admissions to hospitals in Africa, and malaria is an important cause of seizures in endemic areas. Malaria has declined in the past decade whilst neonatal admissions have increased, both which may affect the incidence and phenotypes of acute seizures in African children. METHODS: We examined the effect of recent decline in malaria and the increasing burden of neonatal admissions on the incidence, causes and phenotypes of acute seizures admitted to hospital from 2009-2013. We used logistic regression to measure associations and Poisson regression to calculate the incidence and rate ratios. RESULTS: The overall incidence of acute seizures over the 5-year period was 312 per 100,000/year (95% CI, 295-329): 116 per 100,000/year (95% CI, 106-127) for complex seizures and 443 per 100,000 live births (95% CI, 383-512) for neonatal seizures. Over the period, there was an increase in incidence of seizures-attributable to malaria (SAM) (incidence rate
  https://www.psych.ox.ac.uk/publications/575278
*  Causes of seizures - Wikipedia
There are many causes of seizures. The factors that lead to a seizure are often complex and it may not be possible to determine what causes a particular seizure, what causes it to happen at a particular time, or how often seizures occur. Malnutrition and overnutrition may increase the risk of seizures. Examples include the following: Vitamin B1 deficiency (thiamine deficiency) was reported to cause seizures, especially in alcoholics Vitamin B6 depletion (pyridoxine deficiency) was reported to be associated with pyridoxine-dependent seizures. Vitamin B12 deficiency was reported to be the cause of seizures for adults and for infants. Folic acid in large amounts was considered to potentially counteract the antiseizure effects of antiepileptic drugs and increase the seizure frequency in some children, although that concern is no longer held by epileptologists. Those with various medical conditions may suffer seizures as one of their symptoms. These include: ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Causes_of_seizures
*  BHARE Foundation - Seizures & Epilepsy - The BHARE Foundation
Seizures and Epilepsy. A seizure results from a temporary electrical disturbance in the brain. Epilepsy is simply the term used for anyone that has had two or more unexplained seizures occurring more then 24 hours apart. Epilepsy is considered a disease, while seizures are the symptoms. Unfortunately, autism and epilepsy are common as coexisting diseases. Approximately 20-30% of autistic individuals will develop seizures at some point in their lives. Certainly there is a connection between the two, one that science has yet to discover.. Types of Seizures. There are many types of seizures, but for simplistic purposes only a few will be discussed. Febrile seizures occur generally in infants, and result from a rapid increase or spiking of a fever. It is the rapid rise in temperature, not the temperature itself, which brings on this type of seizure. For the most part, these seizures are not dangerous and most doctors believe this type of seizure does not cause any long-term harmful effects. While ...
  http://bhare.org/seizures-epilepsy/
*  Dog seizures | Cory's Story
One of the most common things I hear from people, when I explain that my dog is epileptic, is "Oh, I didn't know that dogs could have that disease!" How I wish it weren't true! Dogs can and do have seizures. There are many causes of seizures, such as epilepsy (which is often an inherited disease with no known physical cause), brain tumors, toxins, or illness such as distemper or tick induced diseases, to name just a few. The purpose of this article is to briefly visit some of the most common symptoms of a dog seizure. It is possible for a dog with a seizure disorder to experience all of these symptoms at different times.. What just happened to my dog? Was that a seizure?. The following symptoms are associated with these various kinds of seizures.. ABSENCE SEIZURES a/k/a PETIT MAL SEIZURES. These seizures are the most difficult to assess, because nothing dramatic happens; you just get the sense that your dog is somehow "off." These seizures are also sometimes called "focal seizures" because the ...
  http://corysstory.com/tag/dog-seizures/
*  Possible transcallosal seizure induction by paired pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation in a patient with frontal lobe...
In patients with epilepsy, all reported cases of seizure induction by TMS have occurred during ipsilateral stimulation and near to the epileptic focus. Therefore, it has been assumed that direct stimulation of the epileptogenic tissue was required to trigger a seizure.1 We used a focal coil placed over the left M1 hand area more than 5 cm away from the midline. Thus, it is unlikely that the right epileptogenic zone or mesial frontal cortex of the present patient was stimulated directly, and we assume that an indirect transcallosal activation of the epileptogenic zone provoked the aura. The latency of 65-75 ms of the myoclonic jerks after the MEP may reflect polysynaptic pathways in addition to a direct transcallosal connection of both M1. It is still not clear whether involvement of additional cortical areas such as the ipsilesional and contralesional sensory cortices or basal ganglia contributed to the seizure provocation. Despite the patient's statement that the jerks were not volitional, ...
  http://jnnp.bmj.com/content/76/3/454
*  Clinicodemographic Profile of Children with Seizures in a Tertiary Care Hospital: A Cross-Sectional Observational Study. -...
Seizures are one of the common causes for hospital admissions in children with significant mortality and morbidity. This study was conducted to study the prevalence and clinicodemographic profile of children with seizures in a tertiary care hospital of western Nepal. This prospective cross-sectional study conducted over a period of 2 years included all admitted children (2 months-16 years) with seizures. Among 4962 admitted children, seizures were present in 3.4% (n = 168) of children, with male preponderance. 138 (82.1%) children had generalized tonic-clonic seizures (GTCS) and 30 (17.9%) children had partial seizures. GTCS were more common than partial seizures in both sexes (male = 82.7%; female = 81.2%) and age groups. There was no statistical significance in the distribution of seizures (GTCS and partial seizures) with sexes (P = 0.813) and age groups (P = 0.955). Mean ages of children having GTCS and partial seizures were 8.2 ± 4.6 years and 8.2 ± 4.2 years, respectively. Loss of consciousness
  https://www.ndph.ox.ac.uk/publications/708875
*  Abstract 239: Intermittent EEG Testing and the Diagnosis and Treatment of Seizures After Cardiac Arrest | Circulation
Background: The impact of seizures on outcome after cardiac arrest (CA) is not fully understood. EEG remains the gold standard for the diagnosis of seizures. In this study, we describe seizure events and the use of intermittent and scheduled EEG testing to monitor brain injury after CA.. Methods: We performed standard 30 min EEGs on 52 post-CA patients within a few hours after return of spontaneous circulation, and at 1, 3 and 7 days as part of a multicenter trial. Study population included in and out of hospital CA. Clinical seizure diagnosis, associated medical events, therapies and outcomes were collected prospectively. An investigator blinded to the clinical conditions evaluated the EEG for presence of electrographic seizures.. Results: During the first 7 days after CA, 29% (15/52) of subjects had 22 reported clinical seizures. Of these, 59% (13/22) had ongoing electrographic seizures at the time of EEG testing and 41% (9/22) did not show electrographic seizures. In those with ...
  http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/122/Suppl_21/A239
*  Seizures with Migraine? - Migraine - Headache - HealingWell.com Forum
My daughter has been seeing doctors and therapists since April and has had CT and MRI scans. Initially, they thought it was epilepsy (I have a brother who has epilepsy) but they had her in a seizure study in the hospital and the docs there said that all the seizures she had were non-epileptic. They diagnosed her with psychogenic seizures but told us that just meant that all of the seizures they tracked were non-epileptic but that she could be having both epileptic and non-epileptic seizures or having seizures for another reason. They told us to have her continue to see a neurologist and stay on anti-seizure meds until she had a definite diagnosis. When I followed up with the neurologist (like they told me to do) the neurologist said there was nothing more she could do and took her off of anti-seizure meds since they weren't working. She didn't even try any other anti-seizure meds! When I asked her if they could be migraines (I've had migraines for 25 years) she said, "yeah, but I doubt it". ...
  https://www.healingwell.com/community/default.aspx?f=31&m=1620783
*  Seizures and Epilepsy its Causes
1. FEBRILE SEIZURES (secondary to fever in children). 2. STROKE. 3. HEAD INJURY. 4. METABOLIC DERANGEMENTS (low oxygen in the blood stream, body salt or electrolyte abnormality, low blood sugar). 5. ALCOHOL WITHDRAWAL OR DRUG WITHDRAWAL 6. EPILEPSY. 7. PREECLAMPSIA (untreated). 8. DRUG TOXICITY, DRUG SIDE EFFECT, OR POISONING SEIZURE COMPLICATIONS. 1. TONGUE BITING AND DENTAL INJURY. 2. ASPIRATION PNEUMONIA 3. BONE FRACTURE (fractured collarbone is common) 4. BRAIN DAMAGE (from prolonged seizures, or from low oxygen due to interference with normal breathing during the seizure) 5. RESPIRATORY ARREST (breathing stops secondary to a blocked airway) 6. TRAUMA (further injury as the result of a seizure) Common symptoms of a seizure vary widely according to the type of seizure. Symptoms may range from prolonged staring with petit-mal seizure to complete loss of consciousness, including generalized shaking. Seizures may be focal, or generalized. A focal seizure will involve involuntary jerking, ...
  http://www.health-care-information.org/diseases/seizures-epilepsy.html
*  Efficacy And Safety Study Of Pregabalin (Lyrica) As Monotherapy In Patients With Partial Seizures - Full Text View -...
Participants who discontinued due to: episode of status epilepticus (SE); secondarily generalized tonic-clonic (SGTC) seizure if none within 2 years of study entry; 28-day study seizure rate during double-blind phase (DBP) greater than (,)2 times maximum (Max) 28-day study seizure rate during baseline phase (BLP); 2-day study seizure rate during DBP ,2 times Max 2-day study seizure rate during BLP; or unacceptable clinically significant increase in frequency/intensity of seizure activity. Determined as exit rate:(1-Kaplan-Meier [KM] product limit estimate for survival function) * 100 ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00524030
*  Acute postoperative seizures after epilepsy surgery : a long-term outcome predictor?
OBJECTIVES: The prognostic value of acute postoperative seizures (APS) after epilepsy surgery is much debated. This study evaluated APS, defined as seizures in the first week post-surgery, as a predictor of long-term seizure outcome, and investigated the utility of other potential outcome predictors.. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records of 48 patients with temporal and extra-temporal epilepsy surgery were studied. Forty patients had lesional surgery. All had at least 2 year postoperative follow-up.. RESULTS: At 2 year follow-up, 25 patients (53%) were seizure free. Univariate analysis showed that APS (P = 0.048), using ≥ six AEDs prior to surgery (P = 0.03), pathological postoperative EEG (P = 0.043) and female gender (P = 0.012) were associated with seizure recurrence.. CONCLUSIONS: Univariate analysis indicate that APS, a high number of AEDs used prior to surgery, and pathological postoperative EEG are possible predictors of seizure recurrence after epilepsy surgery. Only gender retained ...
  http://uu.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2:510324
*  seizure control - Symptoms, Treatments and Resources for seizure control
seizure control - MedHelp's seizure control Center for Information, Symptoms, Resources, Treatments and Tools for seizure control. Find seizure control information, treatments for seizure control and seizure control symptoms.
  http://www.medhelp.org/tags/show/61450/seizure-control
*  A Efficacy and Safety Study of Adjunctive Perampanel in Primary Generalized Tonic Clonic Seizures - Full Text View -...
Responder rate was defined as the percentage of participants who experienced a 50% or greater reduction in PGTC and total seizure frequency during treatment per 28 days relative to baseline (responder). Week 1 began on the date of first dose of the perampanel treatment regardless of whether it occurred in the Core Study or Extension Phase and continued to and included the date of the last dose of perampanel in the Extension Phase. For any given analysis window and seizure type(s), a 50% response from Core Study Prerandomization is a participant whose seizure frequency per 28 days for that seizure type(s) during that analysis window is 50% to 100% lower than his or her Core Study Prerandomization baseline seizure frequency per 28 days for that same seizure type(s). In Part B of the Extension Phase (after Visit 15), the seizure diary is only completed for days on which a seizure occurred and missing days were imputed as non-seizure days ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01393743?term=Anticonvulsants&recr=Open&locn=Chicago&rank=9
*  Predictive Factors of Early Seizures After Acute Cerebrovascular Disease | Stroke
The percentage of seizures in this study (2.4%) compared with other hospital-based stroke data banks is similar to the 2.3% reported by Mohr et al,16 higher than the 1.4% in the series of Milandre et al,17 but lower than the 4.5% reported in the study by Kilpatrick et al18 and the 5.4% reported in the study by Giroud et al.19 The prognosis of patients with acute cerebrovascular disease and early epileptic seizures is controversial. In a previous study in patients with first-ever stroke, early seizures were found to be an independent predictive factor for in-hospital mortality.1 In the present study, vital status at discharge was also significantly affected by the occurrence of seizures. The in-hospital mortality rate was 37.9% in the seizure group versus 14.4% in the nonseizure group. A conclusion that may be derived in clinical practice refers to the indication for early antiepileptic treatment, not only in patients with status epilepticus in whom control ...
  http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/28/8/1590
*  Temporal lobe seizure Coping and support - Mayo Clinic
Consider wearing a medical alert bracelet to help emergency medical personnel. The bracelet should state whom to contact in an emergency, what medications you use and your medication allergies.. Even after they're under control, seizures can affect your life. Temporal lobe seizures may present even more of a coping challenge because people may not recognize the unusual behavior as a seizure. Children may get teased or be embarrassed by their condition, and living with the constant threat of another seizure may frustrate children and adults.. You may find it helpful to talk with others in similar situations. Besides offering support, they may have advice or tips for coping you haven't thought of.. The Epilepsy Foundation has a network of support groups, as well as online forums for teens and adults who have seizures and for parents of children who have seizures. You can reach the foundation at 800-332-1000 or visit the foundation website. You can also ask your doctor if he or she knows of any ...
  https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/temporal-lobe-seizure/basics/coping-support/CON-20022892?p=1
*  Focal seizure legal definition of focal seizure
Definition of focal seizure in the Legal Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. What is focal seizure? Meaning of focal seizure as a legal term. What does focal seizure mean in law?
  http://legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/focal+seizure
*  Tumor-associated epilepsy in patients with glioma
Epileptic seizures are common symptoms in patients with glioma, occurring at disease presentation as well as during later disease. The frequency of tumor-related seizures is strongly related to the growth rate of the tumor. In low-grade gliomas, seizures as initial symptom leading to the brain tumor diagnosis occur in 70-90% of all patients. About 50% of these patients continue to have seizures before operation in spite of optimal antiepileptic drug treatment. In high-grade gliomas, seizures at disease presentation are less frequent and occur in only 30-50% of all patients but may be more difficult to control. Apart from the tumor growth rate, the specific location of the tumor in the brain and its proximity to the cortex affect seizure risk and seizure control in glioma. For many patients with tumor-related seizures, optimal seizure control is not achieved by antiepileptic drugs only but requires additional therapy such as surgical resection and/or radio- and chemotherapy. In this review, we ...
  http://uu.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2:466574
*  Patent US20080269630 - Seizure prediction - Google Patents
Seizure prediction systems and methods include measuring impedance and a potential within a brain of a patient to determine whether the brain is in a state indicative of a possibility of seizure. In some embodiments, at least one of the measured impedance or the measured potential may be used as a primary indication of the brain state indicative of a possibility of seizure. In one embodiment, if one of the measured impedance or the measured potential indicates a seizure, the other measurement (impedance or potential) may be used to validate whether the brain is in the state indicative of the possibility of seizure.
  http://www.google.ca/patents/US20080269630
*  Retigabine (Adjunctive Therapy) Efficacy and Safety Study for Partial Onset Refractory Seizures in Epilepsy - Full Text View -...
A seizure-free day was a day without any seizures. For a participant to be seizure free during the DB Phase, the participant had to be seizure free both Week 7 to Week 18 and Week 1 to Week 6. A participant could be seizure free Week 7 to Week 18 (during the Maintenance Phase), but not seizure free Week 1 to Week 6. Hence, there are fewer participants being reported as seizure free from Week 1 to Week 18 than from Week 7 to Week 18. The percentage of seizure-free days was calculated as the total number of days without seizures in the DB period divided by the number of days in DB period x 100 ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00232596
*  Emory Epilepsy Center
For many patients, epileptic seizures and non-epileptic seizures cause the same types of feelings, movements and other behaviors, but EEG recordings can distinguish epileptic from non-epileptic seizures.. In order to more accurately diagnose epilepsy and seizures, these recordings are usually performed in an Epilepsy Monitoring Unit (EMU), a 10-bed inpatient unit at Emory University Hospital, with continuous digital video recording. Patients are admitted for continuous Video-EEG monitoring, while data is recorded 24 hours a day, along with time-locked video. Antiseizure medications are reduced, allowing for the capture and characterization of the patient's typical spells. Often times, patients have been misdiagnosed with seizures, and as a result of Video-EEG monitoring, antiseizure medications can be discontinued. Additionally, accurate diagnosis can lead to selection of the most effective medication for the captured seizure type.. Many patients have a combination of epileptic seizures and ...
  https://www.emoryhealthcare.org/centers-programs/epilepsy-center/epilepsy-diagnosis.html