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*  An investigation to determine the cause of haemorrhagic enteritis in commercial pig grower units in the northern parts of South...
Furthermore, there had to be no evidence of gastric or intestinal displacement, that is, intussusception, volvulus or gastric ... Severe abdominal distension was present shortly after death.. Veterinarians employed as pig consultants attempted to perform ... There was a tendency for the numbers to increase from the proximal to distal small intestine, but the differences were not ... heat-sterilised platinum loops in order to dilute bacterial growth. The agar plates were incubated aerobically at 37 °C and ...
  http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1019-91282012000100021&lng=en&nrm=iso
*  Volvulus - Wikipedia
... sigmoid volvulus) volvulus of the transverse colon volvulus of the splenic flexure, the rarest gastric volvulus ileosigmoid ... intestinal tissue and constipation. volvulus neonatorum volvulus of the small intestine volvulus of the caecum (cecum), also ... a normal anatomic variation resulting in extra colonic loops. Sigmoid volvulus is the most-common form of volvulus of the ... Patients experience abdominal pain, distension, and absolute constipation. Cecal volvulus is slightly less common than sigmoid ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Volvulus
*  Neonatal bowel obstruction - Wikipedia
If, on contrast enema, reflux into the dilated distal small bowel loops can be achieved, the study is both diagnostic and ... Supportive intravenous hydration, gastric decompression, and ventilatory support may be needed due to poor neonatal nutrition ... With early intervention, morbidity and mortality of cases of intestinal obstruction is low. The outcome is in part dependent ... Neonatal bowel obstruction is grouped into two general categories: high, or proximal, obstruction and low, or distal ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neonatal_bowel_obstruction
*  Intestinal malrotation with volvulus
Proximal jejunal loops are located in the right upper quadrant or midline. The cecum is usually unattached, very mobile and ... In selected cases, such as gastric distension, indwelling tubes, premature infants, renal agenesis, or splenomegaly, the LOT ... If you are able to confirm that the patient has intestinal malrotation with volvulus, what treatment should be initiated? ... If you are able to confirm that the patient has intestinal malrotation with volvulus, what treatment should be initiated?. In ...
  http://www.psychiatryadvisor.com/pediatrics/intestinal-malrotation-with-volvulus/article/622621/
*  Cystic Fibrosis - ONA
Intestinal obstruction with or without intussusception or volvulus. Recurrent, crampy abdominal pain associated with a right ... This last entity results in abdominal distension and dilated loops of bowel on imaging. A carefully performed Gastrograffin ... Contributing factors include the presence of hiatal hernias, gastric distension, volume, pressure and motility, dietary ... and intestinal obstruction. Diagnosis is made primarily by demonstrating a narrow, thickened proximal colon on barium enema, CT ...
  https://www.oncologynurseadvisor.com/pulmonary-medicine/cystic-fibrosis/article/626041/
*  GEMC- Bowel Obstruction- Resident Training - English
Gastric Volvulus in Adults. http://www.uptodate.com/contents/gastric-volvulus-in- adults?source=search_result&search=small+ ... HOW TO RECOGNIZE Physical Exam  Abdominal Distension / Tympanic  Indicates a more distal obstruction  High pitched bowel ... so proximal dilation, distal collapse  Closed loop vs single  CT Whirl sign  Acute vs chronic or acute on partial ... 25mm bowel loops or absent or decreased peristalsis  Bilateral paracolic gutters, suprapubic, epigastrum  Sensitivity - 91%, ...
  https://www.slideshare.net/openmichigan/2013-gemcresla-follettebowel-obstructionoer
*  Paediatric Abdomen - Radiology Notes
Gastric distension with peristaltic waves (caterpillar sign) and mottled retained contents. On UGI delayed gastric emptying, if ... Variably dilated proximal loops with absent distal gas, collapsed distal bowel, microcolon. Occasionally get very dilated loop ... Intrauterine intestinal perforation from obstruction (atresia, in utero volvulus, meconium ileus) or ischaemia, occasionally ... Masssive distension of colon proximal to atresia/stenosis, as the gas is trapped between the competent ielocaecal valve and ...
  http://radnotes.co.nz/paediatric-imaging/paediatric_abdomen/
*  Upper gastrointestinal series - Wikipedia
The radiologist may press or palpate the abdomen during images to separate intestinal loops. The total time necessary for the ... Metoclopramide is sometimes also added to the mixture to enhance gastric emptying. X-ray images are then taken in a supine ... Most endoscopic techniques are limited to the examination of proximal or distal segments, hence Barium follow through remains ... volvulus, varices, ulcers, tumors, and gastrointestinal dysmotility, as well as to detect foreign bodies. Although barium X-ray ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Upper_gastrointestinal_series
*  Horse colic - Wikipedia
Small intestinal volvulus often occurs secondary to another disease process in adult horses, where small intestinal obstruction ... It is this distension, and subsequent activation of stretch receptors within the intestinal wall, that leads to the associated ... Horses with proximal enteritis usually have an intestinal diameter that is narrower, but wall thickness is often greater than ... Other non-specific findings, such as dilated small intestinal loops, may also be detected, and can play a major part in ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Horse_colic
*  Medical Terminology 12 Flashcards - Cram.com
volvulus rotation of loops of bowel causing twisting on itself that results in an intestinal obstruction. ... involves tube placement through the nose into the stomach for the purpose of relieving gastric distension by removing gastric ... The first or proximal portion of the small intestine, extending from the pylorus to the jejunum, so called because it is about ... infusion of a radiopaque contrast medium, barium sulfate, into the rectum and held in the lower intestinal tact while x-ray ...
  http://www.cram.com/flashcards/medical-terminology-12-399043
*  Epidemiology, clinical features, and diagnosis of mechanical small bowel obstruction in adults
Obstruction can be functional (due to abnormal intestinal physiology) or due to a mechanical obstruction, which can be acute or ... Volvulus - Volvulus refers to twisting of a segment of the intestinal tract around a fixed point, often leading to acute ... Fluoroscopic findings consistent with small bowel obstruction are dilated loops of proximal small bowel opacified with contrast ... See 'Gastric bezoars'.). ●Heavy intestinal parasitic infestation with Ascaris lumbricoides can lead to acute mechanical ...
  https://www.uptodate.com/contents/epidemiology-clinical-features-and-diagnosis-of-mechanical-small-bowel-obstruction-in-adults
*  Pediatric Small-Bowel Obstruction
Radiographic findings often reveal thumb-sized intestinal loops and air-fluid levels. A loop of small bowel proximal to the ... Gastric volvulus [51] Gastric volvulus is quite rare. Fewer than 100 cases have been described in the literature since it was ... it is characterized by severe gastric distension with air-fluid levels. Left diaphragmatic elevation and gastric pneumatosis ... The intestinal epithelium may or may not correspond to the epithelium of the adjacent intestinal structure. Gastric mucosa is ...
  http://misc.medscape.com/pi/android/medscapeapp/html/A930411-business.html
*  Nursing Care of Clients With Upper Gastrointestinal Disorder 1 | Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease | Peptic Ulcer
Failure of intestinal contents to move through the bowel lumen. shock . gas and fluid accumulate proximal to and within ... Client with Intestinal Obstruction Large Bowel Obstruction a. Causes include cancer of bowel. fecal impaction c. volvulus. ... Break in mucous lining of GI tract comes into contact with gastric juice. Gastric ulcers: affect older persons (ages 55 ± 70). ... detect intestinal distension. shift to left b.Specific antibiotic(s) treating causative pathogens b. Antibiotics 1. Blood ...
  https://www.scribd.com/doc/40887902/Nursing-Care-of-Clients-With-Upper-Gastrointestinal-Disorder-1
*  Instant Natural Colic Relief - Barnard Health Care
Gastric distension can be relieved by metoclopramide and intestinal colic or an irritable bowel by anticholinergic ... Plain films may demonstrate signs of intestinal obstruction, such as distended loops, air-fluid levels, and a paucity of bowel ... 17 Sigmoid volvulus is two to three times more frequent than cecal volvulus and more commonly presents with a gradual onset of ... Patients with parathyroid cancer present with a much higher incidence of bone pain, proximal muscle weakness, hematuria, and ...
  https://www.barnardhealth.us/colic.html
*  Small and Large Bowel - Radiology Notes
... volvulus. Dilated proximal loops cf distal loops (jejunum ,3.5cm, ileum ,3cm, distal ileum ,2.5cm; rarely ,5cm), air fluid ... Proximal SB, almost always associated gastric antrum. Usually associated with other allergy, self-limiting but freqently ... Intestinal capillaries run from crypts to the surface before making a hairpin turn at the surface into venules; protects deeper ... Distension of all or portion of appendix by sterile mucous, obstructed by appendicolith, foreign body, adhesions or tumour. ...
  http://radnotes.co.nz/abdominal-imaging/small_and_large_bowel/
*  Abdominal Pain
Intestinal atresia is also an important cause, the perforation usually occurring in the dilated loops above the atresia. ... gastric adenocarcinoma and gastric lymphoma (Konturek et al. 2006a,b). Although these diseases are much more common in ... Proximal location is more common than distal, with atresia beyond the splenic flexure being unusual. Clinical presentation may ... Plain film may show diffuse small and large bowel distension, with air-fluid levels on positional views the pattern of an ileus ...
  http://www.europeanmedical.info/abdominal-pain/
*  Infected ileal duplication cyst with unusual clinical and pathological finding
... which may be complicated by a volvulus or intussusception.[4] They are difficult to diagnose if they have both a proximal and a ... There was no gastric mucosa or peptic ulceration in the communication site or in the cyst. There was reactive hyperplasia of ... The manifestations of intestinal duplications vary. Their size, location and complications determine the signs and symptoms.[1] ... Ultrasonogram of abdomen showed free fluid of about 50 ml in the pelvic cavity with grossly dilated bowel loops with no mass ...
  http://www.tropicalgastro.com/articles/32/1/Infected-ileal-duplication-cyst.html
*  Midgut Volvulus after Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy | ACG Case Reports Journal - An online journal of case reports edited...
... as well as slight pneumoperitoneum and marked distension of proximal small bowel loops with clear caliber loop transition at ... without evidence of intestinal malrotation. The volvulus was manually untwisted, and no intestinal vascular compromise was ... Karthikeyan VS, Sistla SC, Ram D, Rajkumar N. Gastric volvulus following diagnostic upper gastrointestinal endoscopy: A rare ... transverse abdominal CT scans showing a well-positioned gastrostomy tube and marked distension of proximal small bowel loops ...
  http://acgcasereports.gi.org/midgut-volvulus-after-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy/
*  MEDICAL FACTS AND MCQ'S: Pediatric Surgery MCQ
Intestinal obstruction related to Meckel's diverticulum is generally related to either intussusception or volvulus associated ... typically distal to the ampulla of Vater and thus the infants present with bilious vomiting and proximal duodenal and gastric ... Pneumatosis, portal vein air, pneumoperitoneum, and fixed intestinal loops with thickened bowel wall are all observed with some ... Hirschsprung's disease should be suspected in infants with Down syndrome that manifest evidence of abdominal distension and ...
  http://medifactsonline.blogspot.com/2011/06/pediatric-surgery-mcq.html
*  Document 6900
Volvulus or NEC: abdominal distension, erythema, and/or abdominal wall edema.  Liver disease: jaundice, easy bruising, change ... intestinal motility, delayed gastric emptying, deficient lactase enzymes, ↓stores (Ca, PO4), NEC ↓Conjugation & excretion of ... Apply a tourniquet proximal to the puncture site. If a scalp vein is to be used, shave the area; a rubber band can be placed ... Neonatal Care Pocket Guide for Hospital Physicians 211 Chapter 33: Common Congenital Anomalies  Chest x-ray: loops of ...
  http://spotidoc.com/doc/6900/
*  Short Bowel Syndrome in the Nicu
Gastric acid hyper-secretion is seen in approximately 50% of all patients with SBS (31, 83). Proximal intestinal resection may ... In neonates and young infants, necrotizing enterocolitis, gastroschisis, intestinal atresia and intestinal malrotation/volvulus ... In about 10% of all cases of intestinal atresia, these disrupted bowel loops lack a dorsal mesentery and can assume a spiral ... and systemic infection are complications of intestinal dysmotility and distension. Various pharmacologic agents have been used ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC3886240/?lang=en-ca
*  Bowel obstruction - Wikipedia
"Palliation of Gastric Outlet Obstruction and Proximal Small Bowel Obstruction With Self-Expandable Metal Stents: A Single ... Volvulus. *Superior mesenteric artery syndrome, a compression of the duodenum by the superior mesenteric artery and the ... Intestinal atresia. After abdominal surgery, the incidence of small bowel obstruction from any cause is 9%. In those where the ... Upright abdominal X-ray of a person with a large bowel obstruction showing multiple air fluid levels and dilated loops of bowel ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intestinal_obstruction
*  Approach to the patient with intestinal obstruction
The special case of internal herniation and volvulus after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery is increasing in frequency as the ... In general, more proximal obstructions cause more nausea and vomiting but less abdominal distension. ... Loops of bowel with a long mesentery are at higher risk for twisting, and volvulus frequently results in a closed-loop ... Aspiration of gastric contents suggests the tip of the tube is in the intestinal tract. Instillation of air while listening ...
  https://www.psychiatryadvisor.com/gastroenterology-hepatology/approach-to-the-patient-with-intestinal-obstruction/article/596507/
*  Mesenteric Lymphangioma with Small Intestinal Volvulus in an Adult | Open Access Journals
... and dilatation of the proximal small bowel loops. ... most common symptoms are vague abdominal pain and distension, ... Gastric polyp. *Gastritis. *Gastro Intestinal Cancer Treatment. *Gastro Intestinal Stromal Tumours. *Gastroesophageal (GE) ... Mesenteric Lymphangioma with Small Intestinal Volvulus in an Adult. Hyun-Dong Chae1*, Chang-Ho Cho2 and In-Hwan Kim1 1 ... Citation: Chae H, Cho C, Kim I (2017) Mesenteric Lymphangioma with Small Intestinal Volvulus in an Adult. J Gastrointest Dig ...
  https://www.omicsonline.org/open-access/mesenteric-lymphangioma-with-small-intestinal-volvulus-in-an-adult-2161-069X-1000485.php?aid=85626
*  PPT - Nursing Care of Clients with Upper Gastrointestinal Disorders PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 3be579...
d. Abdominal xrays detect intestinal distension, air-fluid levels, free air under diaphragm (sign of GI perforation) ... 1.Increased gastric volume (post meals) * 2.Position pushing gastric contents close to gastroesophageal juncture (such as ... 1. Show distended loops of intestine with fluid and /or gas in small intestine, confirm mechanical obstruction indicates free ... proximal to and within obstructed segment causing bowel distention *d. Bowel distention, vomiting, third-spacing leads to ...
  http://www.powershow.com/view/3be579-NGMyO/Nursing_Care_of_Clients_with_Upper_Gastrointestinal_Disorders_powerpoint_ppt_presentation