*  Mass incarceration - Wikipedia
In the past decade, the numbers and proportions of women have increased in terms of all components of the system: jail, ... As of 1997 over 135,000 women in the United States were in prisons and jails. "More than 950,000 women were under correctional ... The Prison Journal 81.1 (2001): 6-19. Lord, Elaine. "A prison superintendent's perspective on women in prison." The Prison ... "Adverse Effects of US Jail and Prison Policies on the Health and Well-Being of Women of Color", 92, no. 12 (December 1, 2002): ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mass_incarceration
*  History of United States prison systems - Wikipedia
... the abrupt halt threw Britain's penal system into disarray, as prisons and jails quickly filled with the many convicts who ... The number of women in Southern prison systems, increased in the post-war years to about 7 percent, a ratio not incommensurate ... From the efforts at the Walnut Street Jail and Newgate Prison, two competing systems of imprisonment emerged in the United ... The proportion of black inmates in Northern prisons was virtually identical to that in Southern prisons throughout the second ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_United_States_prison_systems
*  Cultural calendar, June 24-July 1, 2004 | The Hook - Charlottesville's weekly newspaper, news magazine
And several recent reports suggest that prisons in the United States, which jails a staggering proportion of its population, ... Local poets and actresses perform original monologues by women jailed at the Fluvanna Correctional Center for Women. All ... The Voice Project: Live Arts hosts a taping of prison poetry by inmates of Fluvanna Correctional Center for Women. Local ... But such abuses, a few wise critics have pointed out, are not terribly unusual in prisons, where the system is often designed ...
  http://www.readthehook.com/95337/cultural-calendar-june-24-july-1-2004
*  Prison abolition movement - Wikipedia
The prison abolition movement is a movement that seeks to reduce or eliminate prisons and the prison system, and replace them ... Approximately one-quarter of those people held in U.S. prisons or jails have been convicted of a drug offense. The United ... "California Coalition for Women Prisoners". womenprisoners.org. Retrieved 2016-11-28. "The Real Cost of Prisons Project". www. ... Felons are also barred from public employment in a number of states, including three with a high proportion of African American ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prison_abolition_movement
*  Comparison of United States incarceration rate with other countries - Wikipedia
... prisons and jails) peaked in 2008. On January 1, 2008 more than 1 in 100 adults in the United States were in prison or jail. ... women make up more than one tenth of the whole prison population. In most countries, the proportion of female inmates to the ... One of the criticisms of the United States system is that it has much longer sentences than any other part of the world. The ... World Prison Brief. International Centre for Prison Studies. See this page for breakdowns by region, whole world, prison ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comparison_of_United_States_incarceration_rate_with_other_countries
*  Incarceration of women in the United States - Wikipedia
... prisons, jails & youth detention centers. Ferszt, G. G. (2011). Who will speak for me?: Advocating for pregnant women in prison ... Prison System. Emeryville: Seal Press. pp. 56. Talvi, Silja (2007). Women Behind Bars: The Crisis of Women in the U.S. Prison ... provision of adequate prenatal care in US prisons has been inconsistent at best. Women who are in jail or prison often have ... for females, while for 2010-13 they are −1.4% for males and 3.4% for females. Over this period the female proportion of the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Incarceration_of_women_in_the_United_States
*  List of U.S. states by incarceration and correctional supervision rate - Wikipedia
... women make up more than one tenth of the whole prison population. In most countries, the proportion of female inmates to the ... Incarceration numbers include sentenced and unsentenced inmates in jails and state prisons, but not persons in federal prisons ... U.S. states by incarceration rate under state prison or local jail jurisdiction per 100,000 population. Rates are for yearend ... See appendix table 5 on page 13, for "Estimated number of persons supervised by adult correctional systems, by correctional ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_U.S._states_by_incarceration_and_correctional_supervision_rate
*  United States incarceration rate - Wikipedia
Women Behind Bars: The Crisis of Women in the U.S Prison System. California: Seal Press. p. 3. Germany. International Centre ... 2,400 in Indian country jails, and 1,400 in United States military prisons. Total U.S. incarceration (prisons and jails) peaked ... Whitehead, John (April 10, 2012). "Jailing Americans for Profit: The Rise of the Prison Industrial Complex". The Rutherford ... the proportion of drug offenders to total prisoners in State prison populations stayed steady at 21%. The percentage of Federal ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_incarceration_rate
*  Childhood Trauma and Women's Health in Prison - Disabled World
... likelihood that link between childhood trauma and adult physical and mental health issues greatly more pronounced among female ... https://www.disabled-world.com/disability/ada/prisons.php. *Jails Hold More Mentally Ill Persons Than Hospitals - Joe D. ... There were significant increases in the proportions of women who had histories of homelessness, adolescent conduct disorder, as ... a close family member being sent to jail or prison.' Out of home placement was defined as, 'being in foster care, or put up for ...
  https://www.disabled-world.com/disability/types/cognitive/childhood.php
*  RESEARCH. Drug Abuse Treatment in Prisons and Jails. National Institute on Drug Abuse MONOGRAPH SERIES - PDF
National Institute on Drug Abuse RESEARCH MONOGRAPH SERIES Drug Abuse Treatment in Prisons and Jails 118 U.S. Department of ... Statistics on Women in the Justice System. January, 2014 Statistics on Women in the Justice System January, 2014 All material ... To consider it an extra aspect of jail or prison operation ensures that it will be among the first items cut in the inevitable ... Drug-using offenders are a substantial proportion of the pool of persons now flooding the prisons and jails, and this trend of ...
  http://docplayer.net/742186-Research-drug-abuse-treatment-in-prisons-and-jails-national-institute-on-drug-abuse-monograph-series.html
*  Juvenile detention in the Northern Territory - Wikipedia
In the 1970s, incarcerated youths were sent to adult prisons such as Fannie Bay Gaol. Fannie Bay Gaol operated between from ... Fannie Bay Gaol closed in 1979 and was replaced by the new Berrimah Prison. In 1984, the Northern Territory Juvenile Justice ... which highlighted the abuse of child in the system. A system of criminal punishment for minors had existed in the Northern ... Correctional Services reported that: The proportion of Aboriginal juveniles sentenced to detention decreased from 89.41% in ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juvenile_detention_in_the_Northern_Territory
*  Mentally Ill In Jails And Prisons - Awareness Of Correctional Mental Health Tragedy Brought To Light In Virginia Sollars New...
The jail and prison systems are filled with mentally ill individuals who end up incarcerated, rather than being placed in ... and woman. At a time when mental health is in the forefront of conversations about our health care system, her story is one of ... has reached epic proportions. On the other hand, many people are not. Before real solutions can be developed, awareness of the ... Mentally Ill In Jails And Prisons - Awareness Of Correctional Mental Health Tragedy Brought To Light In Virginia Sollars New ...
  http://www.24-7pressrelease.com/press-release/mentally-ill-in-jails-and-prisons-awareness-of-correctional-mental-health-tragedy-brought-to-light-in-virginia-sollars-new-novel-and-some-will-triumph-442147.php
*  R. v. Gladue, [1999] 1 S.C.R. 688 | Powless Tanya - JDSupra
... an aboriginal woman, pled guilty to manslaughter for the killing of her common law husband and was sentenced to three years' ... Jails and prisons will be there for those who need them, for those who should be punished in that way or separated from society ... Prison and Jail Inmates at Midyear 1998, by Darrell K. Gilliard, March 1999. United States. The Sentencing Project. Americans ... For women the figures are even more extreme: a treaty Indian woman was 131 times more likely to be admitted and a non-status or ...
  https://www.jdsupra.com/post/documentViewer.aspx?fid=1f9ee523-4e0c-43f7-b4c7-dfe87b444444
*  Prison - Wikipedia
... of women who enter into state prisons are pregnant and in jails 6% of women are pregnant".[74] Very few of these women receive ... A prison,[a] also known as a correctional facility, jail,[b] gaol (dated, British and Australian English), penitentiary ( ... state prison systems had a 60% higher likelihood of carrying HIV than men in American state prison systems.[73] ... argue that the purpose of imprisonment is to cause a sufficient level of misery to the prisoner, in proportion to the perceived ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gaol
*  Jails and Jail Inmates 1993-94: Census of Jails and Survey of Ja
... which have combined jail-prison systems. Five locally operated jails in Alaska were included. ... Ninety-three percent of Federal jail inmates were men, a slightly higher proportion than in local jails (90%). Seventy-two ... Federal jails In 1993 the Federal Bureau of Prisons maintained a small number of detention facilities that functioned as jails ... An estimated 1 in every 212 adult men and 1 in every 2,048 adult women were held in a local jail on June 30, 1994. ...
  http://druglibrary.org/schaffer/GOVPUBS/jails1.htm
*  Treatment, History of, in The United States - Dictionary definition of Treatment, History of, in The United States |...
Nor were jails and prisons anxious to take in addicts, mainly because of the problem of smuggling. By the late 1880s, opium was ... "threats of jail or prison sentences." In 1962, appealing to disease theory, the U.S. Supreme Court struck down a California ... A TWO-TIERED SYSTEM. Beginning in the 1970s and promoted by NIAAA, NIDA, and a few insurance industry leaders like The ... The Institute of Medicine estimated that the proportion of the ADMS block funds available to support drug treatment fell from ...
  http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/treatment-history-united-states
*  Victorian London - Publications - Social Investigation/Journalism - The Criminal Prisons of London and Scenes of London Life ...
... as well as the Female Convict Prison at Brixton and the common jail, Horsemonger Lane; besides the 'Model' at Pentonville, the ... whereas the estimates for the modification of the system, in substituting imprisonment at home for a proportion of the ... In some jails men and women were together in the day-room; in all, idleness, obscenity, and blasphemy reigned undisturbed. The ... 1. Pentonville Prison. 2. Millbank Prison. 3. Female Convict Prison, Brixton. 4. Hulks, Woolwich. B. 'Correctional' Prisons - ...
  http://www.victorianlondon.org/publications5/prisons-05.htm
*  NSW Community News Network Archive: Hep C rife in Victorian jails
Many of the 106 women were locked together; two to a cell, in the "bottom" section of the jail behind a gate that prison ... Prisons Health Service], is also exposed because of reported widespread cover ups in the prisons health system.. CONS COMMIT ... The Victorian Prisoner Health Study, which was conducted by Deloitte Consulting, also revealed a large proportion of the prison ... Prison Mind Games-Do they exist?. Directives are given inside the prison system that are not consistent with the law in NSW. ...
  http://nswcnna.blogspot.com/2004/05/hep-c-rife-in-victorian-jails.html
*  Rape of males - Wikipedia
In cases of female rape victims, a higher proportion of males than females tend to blame the victim for the sexual assault. In ... "Sexual Victimization in Prisons and Jails Reported by Inmates, 2008-09" (PDF). U.S. Department of Justice. Retrieved 6 ... of Justice reports in its opening statement (page 5): "An estimated 4.4% of prison inmates and 3.1% of jail inmates reported ... As a group, male rape victims reported a lack of services and support, and legal systems are often ill-equipped to deal with ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rape_of_males
*  Sex Offender Statistics: Sex and Tech: What's Really Going On
6 years in prison for ex-U student who raped two women ... All Years - Homicides - Prisons Jails (2) * All Years - JAG ... This is the first public study of its kind to quantify the proportion of teens and young adults that are sending or posting ... Medical Problems of State and Federal Prisoners and Jail Inmates (1) * NIBRS (3) ... State Systems are Better (1) * Statistics - When Police Lie (1) * Status Offenses (1) ...
  http://sexoffender-statistics.blogspot.com/2009/01/sex-and-tech-whats-really-going-on.html
*  The academic and health policy conference on correctional health: evaluation of its academic and scientific impact | Health &...
2000). Incompetent jail and prison doctors. The Prison Journal, 80(2), 151-183.Google Scholar. ... and the American Correctional Association now have accreditation standards for health care taking place in jails and prisons. ... Yet, as recently as 15 years ago, prison systems have been accused of hiring incompetent physicians both in the United States ... In addition, with only a small proportion of clinical criminal justice health programs based in academic health science centers ...
  https://healthandjusticejournal.springeropen.com/articles/10.1186/s40352-015-0029-z
*  The drug court : A miracle or the healer's hand? - UBC Library Open Collections
Women's Initiatives; As the Criminal Justice System deals with increasing numbers of women, the City is attempting to provide ... jail, prison, and parole or post-prison supervision. While there are examples of excellent coordination to be found between ... Since a great proportion of American drug users are processed through some part of the Criminal Justice System during their ... g) Drug laws and skepticism concerning needle exchanges (and similar services) in prisons may ensure that the prison turns into ...
  https://open.library.ubc.ca/cIRcle/collections/ubctheses/831/items/1.0077547
*  Prison State Canada: August 2012
My views of the prison system solidified: prisons are little more than warehouses for concentrating the poor. Rather than being ... An Anarchist Woman in Jail Reflects on the Cage: Doing Time as a G20 Political Prisoner ... John W. Whitehead, author of Jailing Americans for Profit: The Rise of the Prison Industrial Complex, and published by the ... A tiny proportion of parolees breach those conditions or reoffend, although the number has been getting smaller for four years. ...
  http://prisonstatecanada.blogspot.com/2012/08/
*  Television licensing in the United Kingdom - Wikipedia
Since then the proportion of female to male defendants has risen steadily. In 2014, 24,025 prosecutions that were commenced by ... The government stated that "while the current licence fee collection system is in operation, the current system of criminal ... "No-one jailed in Scotland for failing to pay TV licence compared to scores in England". Herald Scotland. 9 August 2015. ... "TV Licence in Prisons". Whatdotheyknow.com. Retrieved 3 June 2015. "Copy of Ask Help script". Whatdotheyknow.com. p. 766. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Television_licensing_in_the_United_Kingdom