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*  Chronic Pneumonia (not TB) - ONA
Nodular lung disease is often a manifestation of either fungal or mycobacterial infection, and is a typical manifestation of ... Following inhalation of aerosolized spores, these structures can transform into hyphal forms with invasive potential. ... direct invasion of blood vessels leads to invasive disease characteristically causing necrosis as infection progresses. ... and subcutaneous tissues, may be seen. The polysaccharide capsule of Cryptococcus is one of its more important virulence ...
  https://www.oncologynurseadvisor.com/infectious-diseases/chronic-pneumonia-not-tb/article/609564/
*  Fusarium head blight
Disease Forecasting models help producers determine the risk of FHB infection at the flowering period of wheat, and thus help ... The asexual stage of the fungus produces spores called macroconidia, and the sexual stage produces spores called ascospores. ... As symptoms progress, the fungus colonizes the developing grain causing it to shrink and wrinkle inside the head (Figure 6). ... Fusarium head blight (FHB), caused by the fungal plant pathogen Fusarium graminearum (Gibberella zeae), is a devastating ...
  https://www.apsnet.org/edcenter/intropp/lessons/fungi/ascomycetes/Pages/Fusarium.aspx
*  Erysiphe cruciferarum - Wikipedia
They overwinter as resting spores on plant tissues or in the soil. These resting spores are called Chasmothecia. Chasmothecium ... Secondary infection is caused by the production and dispersal of conidia (asexual spores). Chasmothecium are then produced on ... In some cases, fungal growth causes leaves to twist or distort in shape. Specifically, powdery mildew functions by decreasing ... Disease diagnosis is determined on the basis of anamorph morphology and host. Erysiphe cruciferarum is an obligate parasite. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erysiphe_cruciferarum
*  PP-232/PG133: 2013 Florida Plant Disease Management Guide: Guava (Psidiumguajava)
Disease Cycle and Epidemiology. Conidia (asexual spores) are the fungal structures responsible for anthracnose infection. ... As the disease progresses, the small sunken lesions coalesce to form large necrotic patches affecting the flesh of the fruit ( ... The pathogens are capable of directly penetrating host tissues. Once infected, the fungus reproduces abundantly from the lower ... Quadriflagellate spores have not yet been identified as infection sources.. Management. Algal leaf spot can be reduced by ...
  http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pg133
*  Foamy bark canker - Wikipedia
... thus giving the disease the name Foamy bark canker. Eventually after the disease has progressed, the tree dies. This disease is ... The fungal spores are brought into these tunnels by the beetles and begin to colonize the damaged cells inside the tunnels. ... It is possible that spores (or spore-producing structures) are picked up on the soil surface, on woody debris, or on the bark ... The pathogen relies on the bark beetle as a vector for dispersal and infection of the host. Bark beetles generally have two or ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Foamy_bark_canker
*  Immunology of paracoccidioidomycosis
PCM infection does not privilege gender or ethnicity, whereas PCM disease affects mainly adult male rural workers in constant ... structures of asexual reproduction and propagation of the species. The spores present in soil, plants and water at room ... Individuals with PCM living in endemic areas who do not develop the disease show a Th1 response pattern, suppressing fungal ... producing an infection that can spread to other tissues via lymphatic and hematogenous means. Exceptionally, there could be a ...
  http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0365-05962011000300014&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en
*  Toxins | Free Full-Text | Current Understanding on Aflatoxin Biosynthesis and Future Perspective in Reducing Aflatoxin...
In this report, the author summarized the current status of research progress and future possibilities that may be used for ... thus providing entry opportunities for fungal invasion; and (c) more fungal spores dispersed into the air under dry climate. ... With the rapid progress in fungal genomics, we will master a vast amount of new information on gene function, genetic ... the fungal mycelium will transform to resistant structures called sclerotia, which can survive in extremely harsh environmental ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/2072-6651/4/11/1024/htm
*  Diplocarpon earlianum - Wikipedia
The disease will then progresses from June until mid to late August. During this time, symptoms and severity of those symptoms ... Without water present, the acervuli are unable to produce conidia and the disease cycle comes to a halt. The leaf tissues ... This allows repeated infections all season long, making the disease polycyclic. The sexual spores, ascospores, are produced in ... Diplocarpon earlianum is a fungal pathogen, that produces a disease in strawberry plants called strawberry leaf scorch. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diplocarpon_earlianum
*  Ascochyta pisi - Wikipedia
New disease is established when spores of the fungus are carried to a new, healthy crop by wind or rain splash. These fungal ... Crop Rotation: In order to reduce the risk of infection of pea crops from infected residue and soil-borne survival structures ... If symptoms of ascochyta blight are present in at least 50% of the bottom third of the crop canopy and are progressing into the ... This pathogen needs cool, moist conditions, and development occurs more quickly as plant tissues age. An increase in severity ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ascochyta_pisi
*  Guide to Wheat Diseases and Pests
Fungal mycelia on crop debris or sclerotia serve as primary inoculum. Infection and disease development are favored by warm ( ... and some of the floral tissues grow into leaflike structures (36). Development: The disease in cereals is generally associated ... and at flowering time replaces the floral parts of the spike with masses of black spores. Infection and disease development are ... and the disease progresses to the upper leaves and leaf sheaths if conditions are favorable. This disease develops over a wide ...
  https://wheat.pw.usda.gov/ggpages/wheatpests
*  Diagnosis and Management of Orbital Mucormycosis - American Academy of Ophthalmology
The spores of the fungus are inhaled through the mouth and nose, but infection rarely occurs in a person with an intact immune ... Surgical. Early aggressive surgical debridement is important for successful management of invasive fungal disease. This can be ... As the infection progresses, late symptoms may include facial or periorbital swelling or numbness, blurred vision, chemosis, ... Involved tissues rarely bleed, so the surgeon should debride until normal, well-perfused, bleeding tissue is encountered. Daily ...
  https://www.aao.org/eyenet/article/diagnosis-management-of-orbital-mucormycosis
*  Cranberries: The Most Intriguing Native North American Fruit
... applied when spores are present protect buds on new upright growth from infection and reduce the incidence of the disease the ... It is well established that cranberry fruit rot is a complex disease caused by over fifteen different fungal species. The ... These black, football-shaped structures mature in late spring and open along a median slit when wet. The lips of apothecia are ... induce swelling of host tissues in order to increase the area for spore production and dispersal, thus eliminating the need for ...
  http://www.apsnet.org/publications/apsnetfeatures/Pages/Cranberries.aspx
*  Agents of Mucormycosis (Microbiology) - The Clinical Advisor
Sinus disease often extends into contiguous structures. Maxillary sinus infection extends to the hard palate, nasal cavity, and ... Mucormycosis is primarily acquired in immunocompromised hosts through inhalation of fungal spores from the environment. Soft- ... Facial lesions, exophytic or necrotic lesions of the hard palate are often signs of rapidly progressing infection, as ... Involved tissues become red, then violaceous, and finally black with thrombosis and tissue necrosis. Necrotic eschars of the ...
  https://www.clinicaladvisor.com/infectious-diseases/agents-of-mucormycosis-microbiology/article/609275/
*  Frontiers | The Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinase VdPbs2 of Verticillium dahliae Regulates Microsclerotia Formation,...
... forms resting structures, known as microsclerotia that play crucial roles in Verticillium wilt diseases. VdHog1, a mitogen- ... forms resting structures, known as microsclerotia that play crucial roles in Verticillium wilt diseases. VdHog1, a mitogen- ... As disease progress, V. dahliae produces microsclerotia in dying plant tissues, which returned to the soil to initiate new ... Fesel, P. H., and Zuccaro, A. (2015). beta-glucan: crucial component of the fungal cell wall and elusive MAMP in plants. Fungal ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2016.01532/full
*  Sclerotium - Wikipedia
The fungal spores germinate at the anthesis and grow down the pollen tube without branching any hyphae outward. When the fungus ... whereas some may consist partly of fungal hyphae plexus and partly in between tissues of the substrate (ergot, Sclerotinia). In ... Fungicides, breeding disease resistance rye and cross breeding natural rye with hybrid rye have reduced C. purpurea infections ... 2009). "Progress of research on Inonotus obliquus". Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine. 15 (2): 156-60. doi:10.1007/s11655 ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sclerotium
*  7.0 Guidelines for Crop Assessment - PI-005: Chapter 5 - Seed Potato Crop Inspection - Plants - Canadian Food Inspection Agency
... and as the disease progresses, sprouts and stems may be pinched off by the infection, resulting in uneven stands following ... Fungal spores are mostly spread to healthy plants by wind and rain. Very wet and humid growing conditions will favour the ... It over winters primarily as sclerotia, which are structures that protect dormant spores, and can be found on the surface of ... Necrosis - Death of plant cells or plant tissues, usually accompanied by darkening or discoloration, occurring as a disease ...
  http://inspection.gc.ca/plants/potatoes/guidance-documents/pi-005/chapter-5/eng/1383761839133/1383762066614?chap=13
*  JoVE | Peer Reviewed Scientific Video Journal - Methods and Protocols
Institutions: Max Planck Institute for Infection Biology, Max Planck Institute for Infection Biology. ... fumigatus spores. At specified times, cells are fixed and the number of intact macrophages with phagocytosed spores is assessed ... Assessing Anti-fungal Activity of Isolated Alveolar Macrophages by Confocal Microscopy. Authors: Melissa J. Grimm, Anthony C. ... These novel structures, or Neutrophil Extracellular Traps (NETs), degrade virulence factors and kill bacteria1, fungi2 and ...
  https://www.jove.com/visualize/abstract/19806211/phagocytosis-streptococcus-pyogenes-all-trans-retinoic-acid
*  Molecules | Free Full-Text | Role of Phenolic Acids from the Rhizosphere Soils of Panax notoginseng as a Double-Edge Sword in...
The effects of PAs on the growth of Fusarium oxysporum (F. oxysporum), a fungal pathogenic factor for P. notoginseng, as well ... Chemical agents in the rhizosphere soils of plants might have an influence on root-rot disease, which therefore might reveal ... As the disease develops, other symptoms include dry rot in both exterior and interior root tissues, and loss of fibrous roots. ... The infection of the root tissues might be associated with changes in the ginsenoside contents [3]. Fusarium species could ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/1420-3049/23/4/819/htm
*  Agents of Mucormycosis (Clinical Condition) - Cancer Therapy Advisor
Advisor provides infectious diseases specialist with the latest information to correctly diagnose the latest infectious disease ... Sinus disease often extends into contiguous structures. Maxillary sinus infection extends to the hard palate, nasal cavity, and ... Mucormycosis is primarily acquired in immunocompromised hosts through inhalation of fungal spores from the environment. ... Facial lesions, exophytic or necrotic lesions of the hard palate, are often signs of rapidlyv progressing infection, as ...
  https://www.cancertherapyadvisor.com/infectious-diseases/agents-of-mucormycosis-clinical-condition/article/609419/
*  Rice blast
The Infection Process. Infection of rice occurs when conidia are deposited on rice tissues, and germinate by producing a germ ... Effect of nitrogen fertilizer on disease progress on susceptible and resistant cultivars. Plant Disease 84: 403-409. ... It is an ascomycete because it produces sexual spores (ascospores) in structures called asci, and is classified in the newly ... Breaking and entering: host penetration by the fungal rice blast pathogen. Annual Review of Microbiology 50: 491-512. ...
  https://www.apsnet.org/edcenter/intropp/lessons/fungi/ascomycetes/Pages/RiceBlast.aspx
*  Diaporthe helianthi - Wikipedia
Disease identification is facilitated by observation of fruiting structures. Perithecia are found on cortical tissues and will ... Only a couple of varieties like 'Yubileynaya 60' and 'Progress' were somewhat tolerant with only 5% of plants without disease. ... Initial symptoms of P. helianthi infection can be found at the attachment of petiole to the stem on the lower portion of the ... Insect and Disease Guide First Report of Phomopsis Stem Canker of Sunflower in Illinois Index Fungorum USDA ARS Fungal Database ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diaporthe_helianthi
*  Pest control (animal, insects and diseases): Leduc County
What is the disease cycle?. Spores are released from mature preithecia (spore producing structures that develop on overwintered ... Fusarium graminearum is a fungal disease that can cripple wheat, barley, oat and corn crops. This cereal disease can pop up in ... Branches may dieback as the disease progresses systemically. Leaves that overwinter may have a pebbly surface texture (like the ... Leaf tissues turn orange-brown to reddish-brown, starting from the edges of the leaf, moving inward towards the base of the ...
  http://www.leduc-county.com/services/pest-control
*  Insect & Disease Control :: Affordable Tree Care
Once the fungal infection is established in the newly forming tissues, more spores are produced and spread to other areas of ... As the season progresses and the temperature becomes hotter and dryer (above 70 degrees F), the population of spider mites will ... Small black spots (fruiting structures of the fungus) appear in rows on the infected needles. The fungus is actually emerging ... Fungal mats will not form and it will take much longer for the tree to succumb to the disease. Oak trees can be proactively ...
  http://affordabletreecare4u.com/insect-disease-control
*  report on PLANT DISEASE FUSARIUM WILT DISEASES OF HERBACEOUS ORNAMENTALS - PDF
report on PLANT DISEASE RPD No. 650 February 1988 DEPARTMENT OF CROP SCIENCES UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS AT URBANA-CHAMPAIGN ... is greatly reduced or stopped because the conducting tissue becomes partially plugged or killed by fungal mycelium and spores, ... A rotation of 5 to 10 years or more may help to reduce the amount of infection. 3. Purchase only healthy, top-quality, disease- ... 2 -2- progress upwards, causing the leaves and flower heads to wilt, wither, and die. Lower parts of the stem are dark and ...
  http://docplayer.net/1739038-Report-on-plant-disease-fusarium-wilt-diseases-of-herbaceous-ornamentals.html
*  Posadas disease | definition of Posadas disease by Medical dictionary
Posadas disease explanation free. What is Posadas disease? Meaning of Posadas disease medical term. What does Posadas disease ... Looking for online definition of Posadas disease in the Medical Dictionary? ... an infectious fungal disease caused by the inhalation of spores of the protozoon Coccidioides immitis or C. posadasii, which is ... a fungal disease caused by infection with Coccidioides immitis. The fungus grows in hot, dry areas, especially in the ...
  https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Posadas+disease