*  Effect of Phosphatidylcholine on Plasma Homocysteine in Healthy Volunteers - Tabular View - ClinicalTrials.gov
However, effects of choline supplementation, the precursor for betaine, on plasma homocysteine concentrations in healthy humans ... Effect of Choline Supplemented as Phosphatidylcholine on Post-Methionine Loading and Fasting Concentrations of Plasma ... Plasma homocysteine concentrations can be lowered through betaine supplementation. ... Use of B-vitamin supplements, lecithin, or supplements containing choline (derivatives) or betaine, more than once weekly , 1 ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/record/NCT00102232
*  A Preliminary Study of Choline and Betaine Supplementation Among Adults Exposed to Arsenic in Bangladesh - Full Text View -...
... adults exposed to a wide range of As concentrations in drinking water show that plasma choline and betaine concentrations are ... Other: Placebo Drug: Choline bitartrate Drug: Betaine Drug: Choline bitartrate + Betaine Phase 4 ... Drug Information available for: Choline chloride Choline bitartrate Betaine Betaine hydrochloride Arsenic ... Experimental: Choline bitartrate + Betaine Choline bitartrate 700 mg + Betaine 1000 mg daily ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01749982
*  Dietary Intake and Plasma Levels of Choline and Betaine in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders
Plasma Data. Plasma concentrations of choline and betaine were obtained from 67 participants (35 with ASD and 32 controls) ... Figure 4: Plasma levels of choline, betaine, and the betaine/choline ratio in children with autism compared to age-matched ... with low intake associated with low plasma choline concentrations (Figure 2). Similarly, dietary intake and plasma betaine ... Comparison of Plasma Metabolite Concentrations in ASD and Control Groups. A comparison of plasma concentrations of choline and ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/aurt/2013/578429/
*  Similar articles for PubMed (Select 17629908) - PubMed - NCBI
Dietary choline and betaine assessed by food-frequency questionnaire in relation to plasma total homocysteine concentration in ... The association between betaine and choline intakes and the plasma concentrations of homocysteine in women. ... Plasma homocysteine, dietary B vitamins, betaine, and choline and risk of peripheral artery disease. ... Choline and betaine intake is inversely associated with breast cancer risk: a two-stage case-control study in China. ...
  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed?LinkName=pubmed_pubmed&from_uid=17629908
*  Choline and betaine in health and disease | SpringerLink
Choline and its derivatives serve as components of structural lipoproteins, blood and membrane lipids, and as a precursor of... ... Choline is an essential nutrient, but is also formed by de novo synthesis. ... Choline or betaine supplementation in humans reduces concentration of total homocysteine (tHcy), and plasma betaine is a strong ... Dietary choline and betaine assessed by food-frequency questionnaire in relation to plasma total homocysteine concentration in ...
  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10545-010-9088-4
*  Eggs early in complementary feeding increase choline pathway biomarkers and DHA | RTI
... aimed to test the efficacy of eggs introduced early in complementary feeding on plasma concentrations of biomarkers in choline ... Choline status has been associated with stunting among young children. Findings from this study showed that an egg intervention ... choline, 0.35 (95% CI: 0.12, 0.57); betaine, 0.29 (95% CI: 0.01, 0.58); methionine, 0.31 (95% CI: 0.03, 0.60); docosahexaenoic ... vitamin B-12 plasma concentrations by using chemiluminescent competitive immunoassay and plasma concentrations of choline, ...
  https://www.rti.org/publication/eggs-early-complementary-feeding-increase-choline-pathway-biomarkers-and-dha
*  Search of: 'N-acetylglutamate synthase deficiency' OR 'Amino Acid Metabolism, Inborn Errors' - List Results - ClinicalTrials.gov
The Effects of 8-week Choline, Betaine, and Folic Acid Supplementation on Plasma Homocysteine Concentration During ... plasma homocysteine level, plasma folate acid and red blood cell folate acid, Framingham risk score ... Combined effective rate of blood pressure and plasma homocysteine reduction. *Blood pressure reduction or plasma homocysteine ... lowering total homocysteine concentrations. 37. All. up to 2 Weeks (Child). NCT00877227. 0010-0237. January 2003. November 2003 ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/results?cond=%22N-acetylglutamate%20synthase%20deficiency%22%20OR%20%22Amino%20Acid%20Metabolism%2C%20Inborn%20Errors%22
*  QualityCounts.com Newsletter of 6/22/11
The association between betaine and choline intakes and the plasma concentrations of homocysteine in women - Am J Clin Nutr. ... Dietary choline and betaine intakes in relation to concentrations of inflammatory markers in healthy adults: the ATTICA study ... 2007 Oct;86(4):1073-1081 - 'Total choline + betaine intake was inversely associated with tHcy, as was choline from 2 water- ... In contrast, plasma MDA and 8-isoprostane concentration was significantly lower in the canola oil group compared to the soybean ...
  http://qualitycounts.com/newsletter11/110622.shtml
*  Plasma 1-carbon metabolites and academic achievement in 15-yr-old adolescents
In a sample of 15-yr-old children (n = 324), we measured plasma concentrations of homocysteine, choline, and betaine and ... Plasma betaine concentration, tHcy, and the MTHFR 677C,T polymorphism did not affect academic achievement in any tested model ... Betaine, choline, folate, school grades National Category Pediatrics Cell and Molecular Biology Research subject. Biochemistry ... Plasma choline was significantly and positively associated with academic achievement independent of SES factors (paternal ...
  http://oru.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2:919171
*  Parenting
2013 Jan 9:1-7 - 'The aim of the present study was to examine the association between plasma concentrations of free choline and ... correlated with betaine ... Adjusted multiple linear regression revealed that betaine concentrations were positively associated ... The children's plasma free choline concentration (9.17 (sd 2.09) μmol/l) was moderately, but significantly, ... and higher plasma DHA concentrations at the time of testing were associated with increased FN400 amplitude. Cord DHA-related ...
  http://qualitycounts.com/fpparenting.htm
*  QualityCounts.com Newsletter of 1/16/13
2013 Jan 9:1-7 - 'The aim of the present study was to examine the association between plasma concentrations of free choline and ... correlated with betaine ... Adjusted multiple linear regression revealed that betaine concentrations were positively associated ... The children's plasma free choline concentration (9.17 (sd 2.09) μmol/l) was moderately, but significantly, ... Plasma vitamin C concentrations predict risk of incident stroke over 10 y in 20 649 participants of the European Prospective ...
  http://qualitycounts.com/newsletter13/130116.htm
*  Does Our Gut Microbiome Predict Cardiovascular Risk? | Circulation: Genomic and Precision Medicine
... there is an important influence of diet on the urinary and blood plasma concentrations of TMAO, betaine, and choline. First, ... 34 Choline can also undergo metabolism to betaine via a 2-step process involving choline dehydrogenase (EC 1.1.99.1; Figure). ... Bacterial degradation of choline by the gut microbiome. BHCMT indicates betaine-homocysteine methyl transferase (EC 2.1.1.5); ... Bioavailability of choline and choline esters from milk in rat pups. J Nutr Biochem. 1996;7:457-464. ...
  http://circgenetics.ahajournals.org/content/8/1/187
*  Determination of Choline, Betaine, and Dimethylglycine in Plasma by a High-Throughput Method Based on Normal-Phase...
... whereas choline was (13-22%) higher in serum than in plasma (Table 3⇑ ). The fasting plasma concentrations of choline, betaine ... betaine, and DMG to dialyzed plasma. The peak-area ratios of choline to d9-choline, betaine to d9-betaine, and DMG to d9- ... the pronounced in vitro formation of choline but not betaine and DMG, and the lower choline concentration in plasma than in ... The plasma concentrations of choline, betaine, and DMG were 25-30% higher in donors 2-3 h after a small meal (breakfast) ...
  http://clinchem.aaccjnls.org/content/49/2/286.long
*  Krill oil reduces plasma triacylglycerol level and improves related lipoprotein particle concentration, fatty acid composition...
Plasma TMAO, carnitine, and carnitine precursors after krill oil intake. Plasma levels of TMAO (a), choline (b), betaine (c), ... CM concentration (c), plasma total cholesterol (d), plasma HDL-cholesterol (e), plasma LDL-cholesterol (f), plasma non-HDL- ... The plasma atherogenicity index remained constant whereas the thrombogenicity index decreased. Plasma choline, betaine and the ... Plasma lipid profile after krill oil intake. Plasma TAG (a), correlation between plasma TAG and large VLDL & CM concentration ( ...
  https://lipidworld.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12944-015-0162-7
*  Search
Concentrations of homocysteine, methionine, choline, betaine and dimethylglycine were assessed before and after 12 and 24 weeks ... Plasma vitamin B12 concentrations in the lowest quartile ( , 274 pmol/l) combined with plasma folate concentrations in the ... and increased betaine concentrations by 38 %. Participants with the largest increases in betaine concentrations showed a ... Interactions between plasma concentrations of folate and markers of vitamin B12 status with cognitive performance in elderly ...
  https://www.cambridge.org/core/search?filters%5BauthorTerms%5D=Lisette%20C.%20P.%20G.%20M.%20de%20Groot&eventCode=SE-AU
*  Essential Fatty Acid Nutrition For 1-2 Yr-Olds - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
Choline metabolites (umol/L) [ Time Frame: 12 months (at baseline and 24 months of age) ]. Plasma free choline, betaine, and ... Hemoglobin concentration in relation to diet. *Ferritin (ng/ml) [ Time Frame: 12 months (at baseline and 24 months of age) ]. ... Plasma and Red Blood Cell fatty acids (% total fatty acids) [ Time Frame: 12 months (at 24 months of age) ]. Plasma and red ... Lipids and fatty acids are assessed on plasma and blood cells. Routine, potentially confounding nutrients including iron, ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01263912?recr=Open&cond=%22Nutrition%22&rank=15
*  Sodium:neurotransmitter symporter, serotonin, N-terminal (IPR013086) | InterPro | EMBL-EBI
... choline, betaine and taurine. They are structurally distinct from the second more-restricted family of plasma membrane ... in order to transport neurotransmitter molecules into the cell against their concentration gradient. The family has a common ... High affinity transport proteins found in the plasma membrane of presynaptic nerve terminals and glial cells are responsible ... Plasma membrane neurotransmitter transporters fall into two structurally and mechanistically distinct families. The majority of ...
  http://www.ebi.ac.uk/interpro/entry/IPR013086
*  Most recent papers with the keyword Niacin amide OR Nicotinamide | Read by QxMD
... betaine and choline levels before and 1.5-h and 3-h post-dosing, plasma normetanephrine and metanephrine concentrations at 3-h ... Comparison of the effects of nicotinic acid and nicotinamide degradation on plasma betaine and choline levels. ... read/27567458/comparison-of-the-effects-of-nicotinic-acid-and-nicotinamide-degradation-on-plasma-betaine-and-choline-levels ... AIM: The present study was to compare the effects of nicotinic acid and nicotinamide on the plasma methyl donors, choline and ...
  https://www.readbyqxmd.com/keyword/96311
*  gut bacteria/obesity : Low-Carb War Zone Forum : Active Low-Carber Forums
The choline-deficient diet slowed body weight gain and decreased fat mass. Choline deficiency also decreased plasma glucose ... betaine, and carnitine by gut microbial metabolism. It accumulates in the tissue of marine animals in high concentrations and ... choline, and betaine all being involved in phosphatidylcholine (choline) metabolism. We subsequently determined that oral ... Phosphatidyl choline is present at high concentration in egg yolks and some meats.. Inhibition of TMAO Vegan and vegetarian ...
  http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthread.php?t=477599
*  Components of the choline oxidation pathway in relation to acute myocardial infarction, type 2 diabetes and mortality....
Lower plasma betaine and higher urine betaine, DMG and sarcosine concentrations were related to incident T2D. Plasma betaine ... In general, higher plasma choline and lower plasma betaine and serum sarcosine levels were associated with an adverse risk ... but increased plasma betaine and choline. No alterations in plasma TMAO were observed. In urine, we observed similar responses ... Among the choline metabolites associated with new-onset T2D in univariate analyses, plasma betaine and urine sarcosine were ...
  http://bora.uib.no/handle/1956/11960
*  Elevated dimethylglycine in blood of children with congenital heart defects and their mothers.
Children with CHD had higher plasma SAM (131 vs. 100 nmol/L) and DMG (8.7 vs. 6.0 μmol/L) and lower betaine/DMG ratio (7.5 vs. ... Higher SAM levels were related to higher cystathionine, MMA, betaine, choline, and DMG. MMA elevation in the patients was ... We measured serum or plasma concentrations of the metabolites of the methylation cycle homocysteine (HCY), methylmalonic acid ( ... MMA), cystathionine, S-adenosylmethionine (SAM), S-adenosylhomocysteine (SAH), betaine, choline, and dimethylglycine (DMG). ...
  https://www.homocysteine-panel.org/de/publikationen/?tx_fmpubmed_pubmed%5Barticles%5D=243&tx_fmpubmed_pubmed%5Baction%5D=show&tx_fmpubmed_pubmed%5Bcontroller%5D=Articles&cHash=571090e9544c08231a87cdfbf703a4f2
*  Steven Zeisel - Wikipedia
"Dietary intake of choline and plasma choline concentrations in pregnant women in Jamaica". The West Indian Medical Journal. 54 ... Lee JE, Giovannucci E, Fuchs CS, Willett WC, Zeisel SH, Cho E (March 2010). "Choline and betaine intake and the risk of ... November 2009). "High intakes of choline and betaine reduce breast cancer mortality in a population-based study". The FASEB ... "Repeatability and measurement error in the assessment of choline and betaine dietary intake: the Atherosclerosis Risk in ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steven_Zeisel
*  Evolve Animal Services: Choline
... a combination of high dietary methionine along with deficient choline likely results in elevated concentrations of plasma ... Another compound called betaine and dietary methionine can actually replace some dietary choline in the diet. That said, ... Additionally, choline concentrations aren't documented in relation to raw meats typically fed to pets and carnivores. I've been ... When it comes to total choline concentrations, the best sources include beef liver (418 mg/100 g), lecithin (300 mg/100 g), ...
  http://evolveanimalnutrition.blogspot.com/2013/07/choline.html
*  High Homocysteine | Henry Ford Allegiance Health | Jackson, Michigan (MI)
Orally administered betaine has an acute and dose-dependent effect on serum betaine and plasma homocysteine concentrations in ... Choline supplemented as phosphatidylcholine decreases fasting and postmethionine-loading plasma homocysteine concentrations in ... Low dose betaine supplementation leads to immediate and long term lowering of plasma homocysteine in healthy men and women. J ... Consumption of soy isoflavones does not affect plasma total homocysteine or asymmetric dimethylarginine concentrations in ...
  https://www.allegiancehealth.org/wellness/article/38394