*  Species at Risk Public Registry - Recovery strategy for multi-species at risk in Maritime Meadows associated with Garry Oak...
... and seven endangered or threatened plant species: bearded owl-clover (Triphysaria versicolor spp. versicolor), bear's-foot ... Although the range of all species extends into the United States, many of the species are widely disjunct from the US ... The Species at Risk Act (SARA, Section 37) requires the competent minister to prepare recovery strategies for listed extirpated ... these species occur (or occurred) primarily in Garry oak and associated ecosystems and are largely restricted to low elevation ...
  http://www.sararegistry.gc.ca/default.asp?lang=En&n=1E0EF81C-1&offset=4&toc=show
*  Lee Dyer
The iridoid glycoside, catalpol, as a deterrent to the predator Camponotus floridanus (Formicidae). Chemoecology 5/6:13-18. ... Effectiveness of caterpillar defenses against three species of invertebrate predators. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera ... Trade offs in anti-herbivore defenses in Piper cenocladum: ant mutualists versus plant secondary metabolites. J. Chem. Ecol 27: ... The importance of sequestered iridoid glycosides as a defense against an ant predator. Journal of Chem. Ecology 22:1527-1539. ...
  https://www.unr.edu/biology/people/lee-dyer
*  Glanville fritillary - Wikipedia
Some researchers found that this plant species has two different defenses for when it is being fed on and when a butterfly is ... It has been shown that larvae with higher amounts of iridoid glycosides have better defense against parasitoids and bacterial ... but the larvae do not have a feeding preference for either plant when they are born. As an attempt to fend off predators and ... Interestingly female butterflies will show a preference for one plant species over the other when deciding where to lay their ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glanville_fritillary
*  Junonia coenia - Wikipedia
Predators appear to select larvae that feed on artificial diets deprived of iridoid glycoside (iridoid glycoside poor) rather ... coenia consider iridoid glycosides in the host plant selection for larvae. This inclination for iridoid glycosides may also ... However, this trend is a weak example because it also may be the consequence of predators entirely avoiding this species of ... "Iridoid Glycosides Information." Uses, Benefits, Properties, and Effects of Iridoid Glycosides, Iridoid Glycosides as a ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Junonia_coenia
*  Variable checkerspot - Wikipedia
"The Role of Iridoid Glycosides in Host-plant Specificity of Checkerspot Butterflies." Journal of Chemical Ecology 9.4 (1983): ... For species like E. chalcedona that pupate densely on larval food plants, females are most densely distributed near these ... The variable checkerspot is a food source for many avian predators. Due to a larval diet rich in iridoid compounds such as ... "Iridoid Glycosides from Some Butterflies and Their Larval Food Plants." Phytochemistry 37.4 (1994): 997-99. Lincoln, David E., ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Variable_checkerspot
*  European Journal of Entomology: Chemical defence of the warningly coloured caterpillars of Methona themisto (Lepidoptera:...
... a plant that is rich in secondary plant substances, which suggests the caterpilla... ... a plant that is rich in secondary plant substances, which suggests the caterpillars are chemically protected against predators ... DYER L.A. & BOWERS M.D. 1996: The importance of sequestered iridoid glycosides as a defense against an ant predator. J. Chem. ... DYER L.A. 1995b: Effectiveness of caterpillar defenses against three species of invertebrate predators. J. Res. Lep. 34: 48-68 ...
  https://www.eje.cz/artkey/eje-200902-0016_Chemical_defence_of_the_warningly_coloured_caterpillars_of_Methona_themisto_Lepidoptera_Nymphalidae_Ithomiin.php
*  Parasemia plantaginis - Wikipedia
These plant contain high levels of iridoid glycosides, which help caterpillars produce defensive chemicals. A 2015 study showed ... In populations of aposematic species, it is common to have a single coloration phenotype dominate, because predators better ... or otherwise unpalatable or unprofitable effect to predators. Typically, aposematic species experience strong selection ... that the iridoid glycosides present in plantain-eating larvae is sufficient to deter both ants and parasitoids. Though it may ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parasemia_plantaginis
*  Nectar robbing - Wikipedia
One example is a plant called Catalpa speciosa which produces nectar containing iridoid glycosides that deter nectar-thieving ... Where nectar robbing is detrimental to the plant, a plant species might evolve to minimize the traits that attract the robbers ... A good example of an indirect defence is to attract symbiotic predators (like ants) by nectar or other rewards to scare away ... Some species, like the bumble bees Bombus appositus or B. occidentalis and many species of nectar-feeding birds can distinguish ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nectar_robbing
*  MPI CE: Seminararchiv
"The role of iridoid glycosides and their hydrolysis in plant-insect interactions", Apr 03, 2014. ... "Do predators spur the coevolutionary arms race between insects and plants?", Jul 06, 2017. ... a complex interplay explaining biomass production and plant species coexistence", Nov 05, 2012. ... Sheng Yang He, Department of Plant Biology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA: "Basic principles of plant ...
  http://www.ice.mpg.de/ext/index.php?id=seminararchive&L=1
*  Clicking caterpillars: acoustic aposematism in Antheraea polyphemus and other Bombycoidea | Journal of Experimental Biology
Theodoratus, D. H. and Bowers, M. D. (1999). Effects of sequestered iridoid glycosides on prey choice of the prairie wolf ... natural predators should be capable of hearing the acoustic signal, (iv) the regurgitant will be adverse to predators and (v) ... Species used for the comparative study were obtained from a variety of sources and were selected merely on the basis of their ... Larvae were reared on their respective host plants (refer to Table 2). All larvae used in experiments were in their third to ...
  http://jeb.biologists.org/content/210/6/993
*  Climate Change, Range Shifts and Multitrophic Interactions | InTechOpen
... plant for herbivores and herbivores for predators) as well as indirect interactions with species two levels or more apart on ... iridoid glycosides, furanocoumarins and many other allelochemicals produced by plants in different families. These toxins are ... argued that for every species of plant that becomes extinct in the tropics, many tens of species dependent on that plant for ... This is especially true for plant species growing at the southern edge of their ranges. The second involves plants which shift ...
  https://www.intechopen.com/books/biodiversity-in-ecosystems-linking-structure-and-function/climate-change-range-shifts-and-multitrophic-interactions
*  Natural rubber - Wikipedia
Lactuca species), the related Scorzonera tau-saghyz, various Taraxacum species, including common dandelion (Taraxacum ... Iridoid glycosides (iridoids bound to a sugar). *Steroids (4 rings). Hemiterpenoids (1). *Isoprene (C5H8) ... Hobhouse, Henry (2005) [2003]. Seeds of Wealth: Five Plants That Made Men Rich. Shoemaker & Hoard. pp. 125-185. ISBN 1-59376- ... and other natural predators. ... Many other plants produce forms of latex rich in isoprene ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rubber
*  Protocols and Video Articles Authored by Nicole M. van Dam (Translated to Hebrew)
... induce different responses in Plantago lanceolata plants from lines selected for low and high levels of iridoid glycosides (IG ... Both butterfly species laid fewer eggs on leaves of JA-treated plants compared to control plants. We show that this is due to ... and predators, yet have received relatively little attention. The shoots of plants simultaneously infested with AG and ... Our results showed that plant chemistry is highly species-specific and diverse among both exotic and native species. ...
  https://www.jove.com/author/Nicole+M._van+Dam?language=Hebrew
*  List of plants used in herbalism - Wikipedia
Iridoid glucosides from Viburnum tinus. Lamberto Tomassini, M. Francesca Cometa, Sebastiano Foddai and Marcello Nicoletti, ... Antonio Imbesi; Anna de Pascuale (2002). "Citrus species and their essential oils in traditional medicine". In Giovanni Dugo; ... 2008). Phenylethanoid glycosides from Stachytarpheta cayennensis (Rich.) Vahl, Verbenaceae, a traditional antimalarial ... and to defend against attack from predators such as insects, fungi and herbivorous mammals is called herbal medicine. Many of ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_plants_used_in_herbalism
*  Invertebrate and avian predators as drivers of chemical defensive strategies in tenthredinid sawflies | BMC Evolutionary...
0) one plant species or genus, (1) at least two plant genera but of one family, (2) plant genera of at least two families ... phenolic glycosides, and the widespread flavonoids), terpenoids (e.g., iridoid glycosides, triterpenoid saponins), or ... To evaluate the toxicity of plants on which sawflies feed, each plant genus (and species, as far as possible) was associated ... for a sawfly species only feeding on a toxic plant, or feeding on several plant taxa which are all toxic. ...
  https://bmcevolbiol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2148-13-198
*  Butterflies of Singapore: Favourite Nectaring Plants #11
Research is in progress on extracts from the bark and wood that contain alkaloids and iridoid glycoside, as these are believed ... Plant Biodata :. Family : Lamiaceae (Labiatae). Genus : Premna. Species : serratifolia. Synonyms : Premna foetida, Premna ... Butterfly Predators *Two More Lycaenids Make it 287!. *Pulau Semakau Butterfly Survey ... Other species of the Nymphalidae also feed on the flowers of the plant, and the skittish Leopard, Rustic, Chocolate/Blue/ ...
  http://butterflycircle.blogspot.com/2017/07/favourite-nectaring-plants-11.html