*  Social Security, Benefit Claiming, and Labor Force Participation: A Quantitative General Equilibrium Approach
Downloadable! We build a general equilibrium model with endogenous saving, labor force participation, work hours and social security benefit claiming, in which overlapping generations of individuals face income, survival and health expenditure risks in incomplete markets. We use the model to study the impact of three Social Security reforms; reduction in benefits and payroll taxes, increase in the early retirement age from 62 to 64 and increase in the normal retirement age from 66 to 68. We show that a reform can have a significant effect on the budget of the Social Security through the changes in savings as well as the benefit claiming and labor force participation. When the projected aging of the population is taken into account, the case for a reform that encourages labor force participation of the elderly becomes stronger.
*  Impact of Intimate Partner Violence on Women's Labor Force Participation in Illinois, 1999-2002
Study Purpose: This project examined the impact of intimate partner violence on labor force participation of current and former welfare recipients and determined whether change in welfare status affected violence levels. This study sought to identify the incidence of partner violence among recipients of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) over a three-year period, to examine the impact of partner violence on women's labor force participation over time, and to explore the short and longer-term consequences of victimization on the women's employment and economic well-being, as well as their physical and mental health. Specifically, the goals were to: (1) assess the impact of violence on employment over time while controlling for other factors (such as ethnicity, physical and mental health, household composition, childcare, and transportation) that may also be related to violence and employment, and (2) examine whether change in women's ...
*  Not in Labor Force - B12006051 - Marital Status By Sex By Labor Force Participation - American Community Survey Tables: 2006 --...
Data Dictionary - Survey ACS 2008 (3-Year Estimates); American Community Survey Tables: 2006 -- 2008 (3-Year Estimates) (ACS08_3yr); Marital Status By Sex By Labor Force Participation; B12006051; Not in Labor Force
*  Female Labor Force Participation in Urbanization Process: The Case of Turkey
Downloadable! Urbanization -as a worldwide pheonemenon- has increased its pace especially in the twentieth century in all over the World. Turkey is no exception of this process. In Turkey, urbanization has been accelerated since 1950 and it still carries on by increasing its speed. While only 25% of the population had lived in cities in 1927, nowadays this portion of the population has reached to aproximately 70.0 %. Like in many developing countries, women in rural labor markets of Turkey mostly work as unpaid family workers in agriculture and in some non-market activities such as home production and voluntary jobs. It is observed that from 1950's to today women's labor force participation rates (LFPRs) in urban areas have been diminished dramatically. Besides other factors that reduces women's LFP in urban areas, ongoing migration from rural to urban areas seems to play the dominant role in this result. It appears that as a result of migration rural female workers are left without any jobs in the
*  Male - B12006036 - Marital Status By Sex By Labor Force Participation - American Community Survey Tables: 2006 -- 2008 (3-Year...
Data Dictionary - Survey ACS 2008 (3-Year Estimates); American Community Survey Tables: 2006 -- 2008 (3-Year Estimates) (ACS08_3yr); Marital Status By Sex By Labor Force Participation; B12006036; Male
*  The driving force of labor force participation in developed countries
Downloadable! The evolution of labor force participation rate is modeled using a lagged linear function of real economic growth, as expressed by GDP per capita. For the U.S., our model predicts at a two-year horizon with RMSFE of 0.28% for the period between 1965 and 2007. Larger part of the deviation between predicted and measured LFP is explained by artificial dislocations in measured time series induced by major revisions to the CPS methodology in 1979 and 1989. Similar models have been developed for Japan, the UK, France, Italy, Canada, and Sweden.
*  Health Status and Labour Force Status of Older Working-Age Australian Men
Downloadable! The trend of declining labour force participation by older working-age men, combined with an ageing population, has led many industrialised nations to develop policies encouraging older male workers to remain in the labour force. A better understanding of how an individual's health influences the labour force participation decision among this group of workers would facilitate the development of effective policies. The current research uses the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) survey to investigate the issue. The longitudinal nature of the three-wave HILDA data, which are currently available, allows for a better control for unobserved heterogeneity than was possible with earlier data. Therefore, more efficient estimates of the direct health effects on labour force participation can be obtained than in a cross-sectional analysis. Unobserved factors are likely to affect both health and ...
*  Alcoholism, Work, and Income Over the Life Cycle
We find that alcoholism decreases labor force participation among prime age males, and therefore decreases the income of this group. The effects of alcoholism on the labor force participation of younger and older males and on the wage rates of prime age males are not significantly positive. We also find that alcoholism affects income indirectly through its effects on individual characteristics such as schooling and marital status, as well as directly through labor force participation rates after controlling for these indirect effects. ...
*  Detroit Area Study, 1974: A Study of Women's Labor Force Participation
This study of 438 women aged 18-65 in the Detroit metropolitan area in 1974 provides information on their participation in the labor force. Data are provided on the job histories of respondents, up to 14 previous occupations in order to assess the nature of work, length of stay on the job, and the status of public or private employment. Respondents were asked questions about the various jobs they had held, such as their feelings toward their jobs, their reasons for working, job titles held, membership in labor unions, health conditions that might have affected their work, reasons for leaving their jobs, and the geographic location of their workplace, as well as their feelings of job security and job satisfaction. Other questions probed respondents' feelings about equal job opportunities for men and women, equal privileges for women and men, the removal of the glass ceiling for women in America's corporate and political life, the implications for the marriage if a wife earned more than her ...
*  field negro: He is just trying to make the "bluh" people's lives a little better.
One does not need to be a rocket scientist to grasp the fudging the BLS has been doing every month for years now in order to bring the unemployment rate lower: the BLS constantly lowers the labor force participation rate as more and more people 'drop out' of the labor force for one reason or another. While there is some floating speculation that this is due to early retirement, this is completely counterfactual when one also considers the overall rise in the general civilian non institutional population. In order to back out this fudge we are redoing an analysis we did first back in August 2010, which shows what the real unemployment rate would be using a realistic labor force participation rate. To get that we used the average rate since 1980, or ever since the great moderation began. As it happens, this long-term average is 65.8% (chart 1). We then apply this participation rate to the civilian noninstitutional population to get what an 'implied' labor ...
*  Women and Violence in Chicago, Illinois, 1994-1995
The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of domestic violence on women's labor force participation. The hypothesis was that women who had experienced domestic violence would have lower rates of labor force participation than women with no history of domestic violence. The University of Illinois Survey Research Laboratory conducted door-to-door interviews with women in the Humboldt Park, Montclare, and Belmont-Cragin community areas of Chicago. Data collection for Part 1, Humboldt Park Data, ran from September 16, 1994, through April 9, 1995. Interviews were completed with 824 adult women residing in the Humboldt Park neighborhood. Data collection for Part 2, Montclare and Belmont-Cragin Data, ran from April 10, 1995, through October 15, 1995. Interviews were completed with 149 adult women residing in the Montclare and Belmont-Cragin community areas. Demographic information was collected on respondent's race, marital status, income, and education, employment histories of the ...
*  The Effect of Child Care Costs on Married Women's Labor Force Participation
Downloadable (with restrictions)! The effect of child-care costs on the probability that married women with children will participate in the labor market is examined. Child-care costs are estimated.using a generalized Tobit specification corrected for selection. Estimates of a structural probit model of labor-force participation provide evidence to support the prediction that increased child-care costs lower the probability of participation. It is also shown that the lower rate of labor-force participation among mothers of preschoolers is entirely the result of the higher child-care costs faced by these women and endogeneity of the number of young children in the participation equation. Copyright 1992 by MIT Press.
*  Labor Force Participation - Business Insider
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*  Korea, Republic of: Labor Force Participation Rates for Men: Whole economy: NSA: Monthly
The best economic data site with over 400,000 series. Users have the ability to make their own custom charts, XY plots, regressions, and get data in excel files, or in copy & paste format for dumping to other computer programs
*  Obama's Final Numbers - FactCheck.org
Bureau of Labor Statistics. "Employment, Hours, and Earnings from the Current Employment Statistics survey (National); Total Nonfarm Employment, Seasonally Adjusted." Data extracted 27 Sep 2017.. Bureau of Labor Statistics. "Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey; Unemployment Rate, Seasonally Adjusted." Data extracted 27 Sep 2017.. Bureau of Labor Statistics. "Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey: Job Openings, Seasonally Adjusted." Data extracted 27 Sep 2017.. Bureau of Labor Statistics. "Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey; Labor Force Participation Rate." Data extracted 27 Sep 2017.. U.S. Census Bureau. "Income, Poverty and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2016." 12 Sep 2017.. Bureau of Labor Statistics. "Employment, Hours, and Earnings from the Current Employment Statistics survey (National); Average Weekly Earnings of All Employees, 1982-1984 ...
*  Custom Equal Employment Opportunity Commission essay writing
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission essay writing service, custom Equal Employment Opportunity Commission papers, term papers, free Equal Employment Opportunity Commission samples, research papers, help
*  The Labor Market Impact of State-Level Anti-Discrimination Laws, 1940-1960
Downloadable! By the time Congress passed the 1964 Civil Rights Act, 98 percent of non-southern blacks (40 percent of all blacks) were already covered by state-level 'fair employment' laws which prohibited labor market discrimination. This paper assesses the impact of fair employment legislation on black workers' income, unemployment, labor force participation, and occupational and industrial distributions relative to whites using a difference-in-difference-in-difference framework. In general, the fair employment laws adopted in the 1940s appear to have had larger effects than those adopted in the 1950s, and the laws had relatively small effects on the labor market outcomes of black men compared to those of black women.
*  Does the professional activity of older workers contribute to youth unemployment? A cross-section study of European countries -...
Considering the most recent changes in the pension systems in Europe, this article aims to evaluate whether there is any relationship between the employment rates of older cohorts and the employment and unemployment rates in the youngest cohorts of a productive age. Its key finding is that there is no evidence that would indicate that the lower professional activity of older people is accompanied by higher employment and lower unemployment among young people. On the contrary, the study reveals that the higher the labour force participation among the elderly, the better the situation for young cohorts in the labour market. As demonstrated by the results of our empirical research, factors such as unfavourable demographics and the inefficiency of government policy aiming at stimulating the development of the labour market influence the ...
*  Population Aging Will Have Long-Term Implications for Economy; Major Policy Changes Needed
The nation needs to rethink its outlook and policies on working and retirement," said Ronald Lee, professor of demography and economics at the University of California, Berkeley, and committee co-chair. "Although 65 has conventionally been considered a normal retirement age, it is an increasingly obsolete threshold for defining old age and for setting benefits for the elderly." The committee found that there is substantial potential for increased labor force participation at older ages, which would boost national output, slow the draw-down on retirement savings, and allow workers to save longer. The report adds that longer working lives would have little effect on employment opportunities for younger workers, productivity, or innovation ...
*  Women's Changing Participation in the Labor Force: A World Perspective
Downloadable (with restrictions)! This paper describes how the composition of the labor force changes with economic development. It considers recent trends in women's labor force participation and the type of jobs held in various sectors as national per capita income increases. The paper notes that women are more likely to work in the family or informal labor market if the labor costs to firms exceed the opportunity costs of female labor to family enterprises. Firms are at a relative disadvantage compared with families in the employment of less experienced and less skilled labor, presumably because their labor costs are affected by such regulations as minimum wage, social insurance premiums and limits on firing. In Asia and Africa, an increase in the proportion of employment in firms within the major sectors accounts for most of the rapid growth in women's overall share of wage employment. In Latin America, however, growth in the proportion of firm ...
*  4102.0 - Australian Social Trends, Sep 2010
This article examines the increasing labour force participation rates of people aged 55 years and over, their employment characteristics, and the barriers to employment of older people. ...
*  Gender and employment (EMPLOYMENT)
Despite some progress made over the last few decades in increasing women's labour force participation and narrowing gender gaps in wages, gender equality in the world of work still remains an elusive goal. While millions of women have become successful entrepreneurs, women are still grossly underrepresented in the world's board rooms. In particular, in the developing world, women continue to form a large majority of the world's working poor, earn less income, and are more often affected by long-term unemployment than men. This is due to women's socio-economic disadvantages caused by gender-based discrimination and their double roles of being a worker and a care taker for the society. Women often have less access to productive resources, education, and skills development and labour market opportunities than men in many societies. Largely, this is because of persistent social norms ascribing gender roles, which are often, slow to change. Furthermore, women ...
*  macroblog - Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta
As Dave Altig, Atlanta Fed research director, pointed out earlier this week in this blog post, there is a great deal of interest these days in the labor force participation rate-particularly its level and the direction it's going. The question that seems to be on everyone's mind is how many of the nonparticipants in the labor force can we expect to return to the market. The answer to this question has immediate implications for the unemployment rate (especially if all these nonparticipants were to return to unemployment rolls), and longer-term implications for economic growth-our economy needs workers to fuel production.. The analyses that I can find to date are all primarily focused on a statistical detangling of demographic versus behavioral changes, structural versus cyclical changes, and employment trend versus employment gap debates. But all of this discussion begs the question that my colleague, Melinda Pitts, and I have been ...
*  Employment Opportunities - Child Development Program - Callier Center at UT Dallas
Employment opportunities in the Callier Child Development Program include working as a member of a teaching team that provides developmentally appropriate learning opportunities, care and supervision for children. College coursework in child development/early childhood education and previous experience working with young children is preferred. All employment requires a physician's form documenting a negative TB test and a criminal background check which includes fingerprinting.. Full-time child development specialist and associate positions are posted on the UT Dallas Employment Opportunities Web site. The application must be completed online. To apply for part-time or substitute positions, fax resumè and letter of interest to 214-905-3004. Deaf education staff is employed through the Dallas Independent School District. For more information, contact the DISD Deaf Education department at 972-581-4124.. ...
*  Mental Illness Imposes High Costs on the Canadian Economy
Ottawa, July 19, 2012-Mental illnesses are costing Canada about $20.7 billion in 2012 by reducing the number of workers available in the labour force. This cost is growing at a rate of approximately 1.9 per cent every year and is expected to rise to $29.1 billion annually by 2030, according to a Conference Board estimate of the economic impact of mental illness among working-age Canadians.. "When workers have poor mental health, they have a lessened capacity to perform to their utmost. Sometimes workers with mental illnesses drop out of the workforce completely," said Diana MacKay, Director, Education, Health and Immigration. "With this loss to the labour supply now exceeding $20 billion a year, employers and governments clearly need to become more aware of mental health issues among Canadian workers and committed to addressing them.". The labour force participation rate is the percentage of working-age people who are either ...