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*  When Do Foliar Pyraclostrobin Fungicide Applications Produce Profitable Soybean Yield Responses?
Applications were made from growth stages R1 (flowering) to R3 (podset) (2), with more than 60% of the trials receiving a pyraclostrobin application at growth stage R3. Locations of fungicide strips were recorded with on-board GPS systems in all 14 trials that received aerial fungicide applications and in approximately 90% of the trials that received ground fungicide applications. In the remaining 10% of the trials, farmers flagged the strips during fungicide applications and recorded GPS coordinates of each strip later during the growing season. Treatments were alternated within each trial to help farmers accommodate treatment applications, allow researchers to verify treatment locations and conduct analysis of yield responses observed at both field and within-field (spatial observations) levels. All discussions in this article are focused only on field-level mean yield responses. More information about the purpose, methodology, and ...
  http://www.plantmanagementnetwork.org/pub/php/research/2013/fungicide/
*  Benzimidazole fungicide - Wikipedia
Benzimidazole fungicides are a class of fungicides including benomyl, carbendazim (MBC), thiophanate-methyl, thiabendazole and fuberidazole. They can control many ascomycetes and basidiomycetes, but not oomycetes. They are applied to cereals, fruits, vegetables and vines, and are also used in postharvest handling of crops. The solubility of benzimidazole fungicides is low at physiological pH and becomes high at low pH. In plants, carbendazim, thiabendazole and fuberidazole are mobile, i.e. systemic, and benomyl and thiophanate-methyl are converted to carbendazim. This conversion also occurs in soils and animals. In soil and water, carbendazim is mainly degraded by microbes. They are metabolized through hydrolysis and photolysis in plants. These fungicides kill cells during mitosis by distorting the mitotic spindle; β-tubulin, a protein important in forming the cytoskeleton, ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benzimidazole_fungicide
*  List of fungicides - Wikipedia
Chemical compounds used to kill fungus include: Contents: 0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z See also References External links (3-ethoxypropyl)mercury bromide 2-methoxyethylmercury chloride 2-phenylphenol 8-hydroxyquinoline sulfate 8-phenylmercurioxyquinoline acibenzolar acylamino acid fungicides acypetacs aldimorph aliphatic nitrogen fungicides allyl alcohol amide fungicides ampropylfos anilazine anilide fungicides antibiotic fungicides aromatic fungicides aureofungin azaconazole azithiram azoxystrobin barium polysulfide benalaxyl benalaxyl-M benodanil benomyl benquinox bentaluron benthiavalicarb benzalkonium chloride benzamacril benzamide fungicides benzamorf benzanilide fungicides benzimidazole ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_fungicides
*  Resistance to Myclobutanil in Populations of Venturia inaequalis in Winchester, Virginia
Discussion. The findings of this study demonstrate that isolates of V. inaequalis from the AREC near Winchester, VA vary in their resistance to myclobutanil. Though we observed a continuum of fungicide resistance in our populations, the majority of the isolates were classified as either moderately resistant or resistant to myclobutanil, with the remainder classified as sensitive. Colony growth varied among isolates, fungicide rates, and between replicate growth tests. This is the first detailed report of fungicide resistance to myclobutanil in populations of V. inaequalis in Virginia, and to our knowledge, the first report of SI resistance in apple scab from orchards in the southeastern United States. This study represents an important baseline for monitoring fungicide resistance to myclobutanil in apple scab populations in Virginia, and can contribute to the knowledge of fungicide resistance in apple scab populations on a ...
  http://www.plantmanagementnetwork.org/pub/php/research/2007/applescab/
*  China High Effecient Fungicide Against Fungal Disease, Pyraclostrobin & Triflumizole Sc - China Pyraclostrobin, Triflumizole
China High Effecient Fungicide Against Fungal Disease, Pyraclostrobin & Triflumizole Sc, Find details about China Pyraclostrobin, Triflumizole from High Effecient Fungicide Against Fungal Disease, Pyraclostrobin & Triflumizole Sc - Shanghai Fuang Agrochemical Co. Ltd.
  http://fuangagrochemical.en.made-in-china.com/product/QSdxUzhugyVf/China-High-Effecient-Fungicide-Against-Fungal-Disease-Pyraclostrobin-Triflumizole-Sc.html
*  Use of the systemic fungicide propiconazole for oak wilt management: an assessment of uncharacterized host - pathogen -...
Propiconazole is a systemic fungicide widely used for the control of oak wilt, however, the long-term efficacy of this fungicide has not been well established and treatment effectiveness may be below levels that justify its use in many situations. To date, it is not known if propiconazole applications prevent root graft transmission of Ceratocystis fagacearum nor if they can completely eradicate this pathogen from the root system of an infected tree. Significant translocation of propiconazole into the roots from the point of injection has not been demonstrated and fungitoxic concentrations of the fungicide have not been determined in vivo. Furthermore, symptom development is not induced by pathogen colonization of the root system; oaks respond to infection only when C. fagacearum spreads above ground in the vascular system. Therefore, it is impossible to determine the extent of pathogen distribution in the root systems of ...
  https://conservancy.umn.edu/handle/11299/50778
*  Assessment of selection and resistance risk for demethylation inhibitor fungicides in Aspergillus fumigatus in agriculture and...
The calculated maximum exposure concentrations (MEC) are highest during medical treatments (human and veterinary), certain fruit and seed treatments and wood preservation, and are much lower for crop protection applications. Most agricultural DMIs are intrinsically ∼ 10-100 times less active than medical DMIs for A. fumigatus control and potential resistance selection. However, imazalil is used in agriculture and veterinary medicine (as enilconazole) expressing strong intrinsic activity against A. fumigatus. The majority of mutations in the target gene, cyp51, of DMI-resistant isolates are different in A. fumigatus (e.g. TR34/L98H) in comparison with plant pathogens (e.g. A379G, I381V). ...
  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ps.3664/abstract
*  Epoxiconazole - Wikipedia
Epoxiconazole is a fungicide active ingredient from the class of azoles developed to protect crops. In particular, the substance inhibits the metabolism of fungi cells infesting useful plants, and thereby prevents the growth of the mycelia (fungal cells). Epoxiconazole also limits the production of conidia (mitospores). Epoxiconazole was introduced to the market by BASF SE in 1993 and can be found in many products and product mixtures targeting a large number of pathogens in various crops. Crops are, for example, cereals (mainly wheat, barley, rye and triticale), soybeans, banana, rice, coffee, turnips, and red as well as sugar beets. World food supply is projected to face additional stress in the future; within the next decade cereal demands in Europe alone are expected to increase by 21%, while production is projected to increase by only 7%. At the same time, two main cereal diseases, leaf blotch (Septoria tritici) and rust (Puccinia ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Epoxiconazole
*  Organic Disease Control | Natural & Organic Fungicides | Biological & Botanical Fungicides | Oil-Based Fungicides | Mineral...
We carry natural & organic fungicides, biological fungicides, botanical fungicides, oil-based fungicides, mineral fungicides, copper fungicides and much more to help provide you with safe methods to control diseases in your organic garden! Free organic seeds on every order of $50 or more!
  https://www.groworganic.com/weed-and-pest-control/organic-disease-control.html?limit=15
*  Wholesale Fungicide Triadimefon, China Wholesale Fungicide Triadimefon Manufacturers & Suppliers | Made-in-China.com
Wholesale Fungicide Triadimefon - Select 2017 high quality Wholesale Fungicide Triadimefon products in best price from certified Chinese Insecticide Fungicide manufacturers, Fungicide Formulation suppliers, wholesalers and factory on Made-in-China.com
  http://www.made-in-china.com/products-search/hot-china-products/Wholesale_Fungicide_Triadimefon.html
*  Turkey Fungicides, Turkey Fungicides Manufacturers and Suppliers on Alibaba.com
Turkey Fungicides, Turkey Fungicides Suppliers and Manufacturers Directory - Source a Large Selection of Fungicides Products at fungicide fertilizers ,fungicide bronopol ,fungicide metalaxyl from Turkey Alibaba.com
  http://www.alibaba.com/countrysearch/TR/fungicides.html
*  Oil-Based Fungicides | Natural & Organic Fungicides | Organic Disease Control
We carry natural & organic fungicides, biological fungicides, botanical fungicides, oil-based fungicides, mineral fungicides, copper fungicides and much more to help provide you with safe methods to control diseases in your organic garden! Free organic seeds on every order of $50 or more!
  https://www.groworganic.com/weed-and-pest-control/organic-disease-control/oil-based-fungicides.html
*  Agri-Solve Inc. » Spraying Fungicides on Corn
If you are a hog operator, you know that feeding vomitoxin infected corn is a big problem. As we are now into that time of year, I thought this article about spraying fungicides on corn might be helpful. This is why I talked last winter about using TwinLine on corn, or Quadris, Headline or Acapela along with Folicur. Instead of Folicur which is fairly cheap, you could substitute Prosaro or Proline or Caramba.. The forecast for the next 14 days is normal to below normal temperatures with showery conditions. Ideal for infection. Just like it was at wheat heading. All we need after this is a bunch of wet weather in Sept/Oct. With that combination we could be in for a bout of gibberella ear rot come harvest time.. ...
  http://agri-solve.ca/spraying-fungicides-on-corn/
*  Control of potato early blight with triazole fungicide using preventive and curative spraying, or a forecasting system
MANTECON, Jorge D. Control of potato early blight with triazole fungicide using preventive and curative spraying, or a forecasting system. Cienc. Inv. Agr. [online]. 2009, vol.36, n.2, pp.291-296. ISSN 0718-1620. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-16202009000200013.. During the 2005 and 2006 growing seasons, two field trials were conducted at the INTA Balcarce Experimental Station (Argentina) to study the control of potato early blight (Alternaria solani). Uncut virus-free seed tubers of potato (Solanum tuberosum) cv. Pampeana PNTA that were susceptible to early blight and resistant to late blight were machine planted in 0.20-m intervals in rows spaced 0.8 mapart. Each plot consisted of 4 rows that were 5 meters long. Difenoconazole (Bogard 25EC) was sprayed weekly at a rate of 0.25 L· ha-1 or bi-weekly at a rate of 0.50 L· ha-1 on a preventive program and on a curative program. The same treatments and rates were also applied when the forecast model (Specware 6.02) reached 300 P-Days after ...
  http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_abstract&pid=S0718-16202009000200013&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=en
*  Stay Ahead of Late Blight With Regular Fungicide Applications - Growing Produce
Spotting the Signs. The fungus causes purplish or brown irregularly shaped lesions on the leaves and stems of potato and tomato plants and on the tubers and fruits as well. All stages of growth can be affected. White, cottony growth (sporangiophores) can be seen on the foliage and stems when conditions are wet. Sporangiophores collectively produce millions of tiny sporangia, tiny structures that spread via wind and rain and infect healthy plants wherever they land. It only affects members of the members of the Solanaceae, or nightshade family, which includes potatoes, tomatoes and petunias.. Because the disease spreads so quickly and cannot be cured once symptoms appear, preventative spraying is the main approach to control.. "Know when conditions are going to be favorable and make sure you are spraying every five to seven days with a protectant fungicide," Taylor says. "There are quite a few out there that are good for late blight. DuPont's are Tanos® and Curzate®, but there are others, and ...
  http://www.growingproduce.com/sponsor/dupont-crop-protection/stay-ahead-of-late-blight-with-regular-fungicide-applications/
*  Prochloraz - Wikipedia
Prochloraz, brand name Sportak, is an imidazole fungicide that was introduced in 1978 and is widely used in Europe, Australia, Asia, and South America within gardening and agriculture to control the growth of fungi. It is not registered for use in the United States. Similarly to other azole fungicides, prochloraz is an inhibitor of the enzyme lanosterol 14α-demethylase (CYP51A1), which is necessary for the production of ergosterol - an essential component of the fungal cell membrane - from lanosterol. The agent is a broad-spectrum, protective and curative fungicide, effective against Alternaria spp., Botrytis spp., Erysiphe spp., Helminthosporium spp., Fusarium spp., Pseudocerosporella spp., Pyrenophora spp., Rhynchosporium spp., and Septoria spp. Like many imidazole and triazole fungicides and antifungal medications, prochloraz is not particularly selective ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prochloraz
*  What fungicides are safe for use on tomatoes? | Reference.com
Fungicides that are safe to use on tomatoes include copper octanoate and copper sulfate, MANCOZEB, chlorothalonil and maneb. Gardeners most often use the copper-based fungicides for early blight,...
  https://www.reference.com/food/fungicides-safe-use-tomatoes-3f7b6eedf28ab384
*  Indian Patents. 257357:PREPARATION CONTAINING AT LEAST ONE CONAZOLE FUNGICIDE A FURTHER FUNGICIDE AND A STABILISING COPOLYMER
The invention relates to preparations, in particular plant-protective preparations which contain a mixture of at least two different active plant-protective substances, wherein a) at least one active substance is selected from a conazole group (active substance 1) and b) another active plant-protective substance (active substance 2) whose water solubility at a temperature of 20 °C is less than 20 g/l., c) at least one type of copolymer CP consisting of M monomers comprising α) at least one type of monoethylenically unsaturated monomer M1 comprising at least one sulphonic acid group and β) at least one type of neutral monoethylenically unsaturated monomer M2, wherein the quantitative ratio between the active substance 1 and the other active plant-protective substance 2 ranges from 1:10 to 10:1. Said invention also relates to novel copolymers CP which are embodied in the form of polymers consisting of at least three types of different monoethylenically unsaturated monomers M and ...
  http://www.allindianpatents.com/patents/257357-preparation-containing-at-least-one-conazole-fungicide-a-further-fungicide-and-a-stabilising-copolymer
*  Potential demal exposure of florists to fungicide residues on flowers and risk assessment - Toumi
en] Flowers are susceptible to many pests and diseases. Therefore, they can be sprayed several times during their growth considering that no MRL are set for flow-ers. High levels of pesticide residues potentially expose daily the florists who han-dle cut flowers and possibly could endanger their health. A study was carried out to evaluate the risk for florists exposed to fungicide residues during normal profes-sional tasks. Cotton gloves were distributed to 20 florists (two pairs to each florist) and worn during two consecutive half days during normal professional tasks (from min 2 hours to max 3 hours/day) to measure their potential dermal exposure (PDE). Samples were analyzed with a multi-residue (QuEChERS) method validated by a laboratory accredited for pesticide residues and with a combination of gas and liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. It appears from the results that a total of 54 fungicides with different toxicity classes were detected ...
  http://orbi.ulg.ac.be/handle/2268/212914
*  Panicle and Shoot Blight of Pistachio: A Major Threat to the California Pistachio Industry
Chemical control. Fungicides should be applied at early to full bloom and again in spring and summer. Dormant and or pre-bloom sprays do not seem to have any effect on the disease. As of December 2003, the following fungicides have been registered for panicle and shoot blight of pistachio: copper hydroxide (not effective), chlorothalonil (moderately effective and causing russeting of fruit), three strobilurins, azoxystrobin (Abound®), trifloxystrobin (Flint®), and pyraclostrobin (Cabrio®), and a premixed pyraclostrobin plus boscalid (an anilide) (Pristine®), which are very effective. Additional fungicides are in the process of being registered, so growers and pest control advisors need to check frequently with their extension agent and/or the agricultural commissioner for a list of currently registered, effective fungicides and use recommendations.. Integrated disease ...
  http://www.apsnet.org/publications/apsnetfeatures/Pages/Pistachio.aspx
*  Screening of fungicides for needlecast diseases on conifers - Pesticide Risk Reduction Program - Agriculture and Agri-Food...
At the Nova Scotia site, symptoms caused by L. nervata took a year to develop on balsam fir. Sporulation of Lirula (ascospores) occurred mostly during the month of June, during the fungicide treatment period. Differences among treatments were apparent in the fall 2009 evaluation of the 2008 foliage however none of the treatments showed significant efficacy. An attempt to develop a DNA probe for the earlier detection of Lirula spp. was not successful.. At the Ontario site, sporulation by S. lautii occurred all summer, and sporulation by R. kalkhoffii peaked in the 2007 needles in October 2008. Visible symptoms caused by S. lautii and R. kalkhoffii on Colorado blue spruce took two growing seasons to develop, and the efficacy of the test products applied in 2008 could not be verified in the field until the fall of 2009. Field evaluations revealed there was no effect of the treatments on the 2009 foliage. However, five of the fungicide treatments significantly ...
  http://www.agr.gc.ca/eng/?id=1299011815175
*  Publication : USDA ARS
Citation: Chen, X., Wood, D.A., Ling, P., Pahalawatta, V., Yan, G.P., Penman, L. 2004. Control of wheat and barley rusts: 2003 progress report. highlights of research progress, department of crop and soil sciences, 2004. Washington State University College of Agriculture and Home Economics. 04-2:12-13. Interpretive Summary: Rusts of wheat and barley were accurately forecasted in 2003 based on predictive models, monitoring data, and cultivar resistance. Fungicide application was implemented to control stripe rust on both winter and spring wheat crops, which prevented major losses. The stripe rust epidemic on wheat in 2003 was due to the abundant stripe rust inoculum produced on the previous spring wheat crops, susceptible winter and spring wheat cultivars, mild winter, and favorable weather in the spring. The dry weather from early June and fungicide application slowed down the disease development. High-temperature, adult-plant (HTAP) resistance to stripe rust, which is in ...
  https://www.ars.usda.gov/research/publications/publication/?seqNo115=168269
*  Managing disease - resistance versus fungicides - GRDC
FOLIAR FUNGICIDE applications on cereal crops have become far more common in Australia. This has been the result of falling costs of fungicides with the appearance of many generic products, and the clear benefits of controlling diseases in susceptible varieties. On the face of it, this may seem to be a sensible economic decision. After all, serious disease outbreaks do not occur each year and, in many situations, varieties that don't have adequate resistance have yield or other advantages, which make them more attractive than more resistant varieties.
  https://grdc.com.au/resources-and-publications/groundcover/ground-cover-issue-46-sa/managing-disease-resistance-versus-fungicides
*  Fungicide Treatment for Mushrooms in Houseplant Soil | Garden Guides
Mushrooms require specific growing conditions, and they surprise homeowners when they find them in houseplants. Treating houseplant mushrooms with fungicide is one of a handful of options. If you are considering this method, consider the cost, materials needed and likely success rate.
  https://www.gardenguides.com/131685-fungicide-treatment-mushrooms-houseplant-soil.html
*  1,2,4-triazoles (including hydrogenated) patent application class
Sustained Release Methods to Defeat Plant Pests - A dilute concentrate for treating vegetation for suppressing fungi thereon, formed from a concentrate having components added in the following sequence fungicide, EtOH, and surfactant, at about 1:3:1 weight percent, respectively, and forming supramolecular assemblies comprising surfactant/fungicide/EtOH, surfactant/fungicide, and free non-associated fungicide; and a latex/water solution, wherein the supramolecular assemblies in the dilute concentrate now include latex/fungicide/surfactant, latex/fungicide, and free fungicide. Upon drying of a latex film from the dilute concentrate supramolecular assemblies, the composition of the assemblies regulates the release of fungicide from the dried latex film by the formation of active pools with varying water solubility, wherein the surfactant forms supramolecule ...
  http://www.patentsencyclopedia.com/class/000540071