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*  tropism facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about tropism
Sensing. How might a plant sense the direction of gravity? Unlike light, gravity cannot be absorbed by a molecule. Instead it ... Tropisms are growth responses of plants that result in curvatures of plant organs toward or away from certain stimuli. Tropisms ... Plant Physiology, 2nd ed. Sunderland, MA: Sinauer Associates, 1998.. Wilkins, Malcolm. Plant Watching. New York: Facts on File ... tropism (tropic response) Response in growth and orientation of a plant or a part of it in relation to a directional, external ...
  http://www.encyclopedia.com/science-and-technology/biology-and-genetics/biology-general/tropism
*  Plant perception (physiology) - Wikipedia
For perception to happen, the plant must sense, perceive and translate the direction of gravity. Without gravity, proper ... Discussion of organs of perception in organisms Statocyte - Cells involved in gravity perception Stoma - A plant pore which ... wound responses, respiration, photosynthesis, and flowering. These electrical responses can cause the synthesis of numerous ... orientation will not occur and the plant will not effectively grow. The root will not be able to uptake nutrients or water, and ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plant_perception_(physiology)
*  Champions of Vestibular Medicine | Vestibular Disorders Association
... caused when gravity-sensing particles in the inner ear accidentally enter the ear's spinning-motion sensors. The symptoms of ... system uses rotational signals from canals in the inner ear to help us keep track of the relative orientation of gravity. More ... Merfeld is the founding Director of the Jenks Vestibular Physiology Laboratory. Performing basic and translational vestibular ... with a specific focus on how signals from the otolith organs in the inner ear are interpreted and processed by the nervous ...
  http://vestibular.org/news/09-16-2014/champions-vestibular-medicine
*  Neuroscience in space - Wikipedia
This is especially true of the gravity-sensing otolith organs and their relationship to eye movements. The vestibular ... The human physiological responses to long-duration exposure to anything other than zero-gravity or Earth's gravity are unknown ... 1984). "Spatial orientation in weightlessness and readaptation to Earth's gravity". Science. 225: 205-208. Bibcode:1984Sci... ... The challenge of integrative space medicine and physiology is to investigate the adaptation of the human body to spaceflight as ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neuroscience_in_space
*  Tonic Function
Relevant Physiology How does the gravity response operate in the human body and how do the many aspects of Structural ... One direction, one pole, is the sense of weight, the sense of the sacrum as heavy, or the sense of the pelvic floor or the feet ... All the responses we are looking for as Rolfing Structural and Movement Integration practitioners are linked to the gravity ... The Golgi tendon organs are intentionally left out of this discussion in order to focus on aspects of the gravity system that ...
  http://www.somatics.de/Godard/Frank/Tonic.htm
*  Bite-wing intraoral radiographic examination | definition of bite-wing intraoral radiographic examination by Medical dictionary
n the component of musculoskeletal examination that concentrates on the body's responses to gravity while in an erect posture. ... nz līˑ·sen·sing egˈ·zam·. ·nāˑ·sh. n),. n.pr a standard examination used by all licensing jurisdictions in North America for ... It assesses orientation, registration, attention, calculation, and language. Scoring is from 0 to 30, with 30 indicating intact ... pelvic examination physical assessment of the internal pelvic organs. It includes inspection with a speculum, a papanicolaou ...
  https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/bite-wing+intraoral+radiographic+examination
*  Otolithic membrane - Wikipedia
The reason for this difference is the orientation of the macula in the two organs. The utricular macula lie horizontal in the ... The structure of the otolith organs enables them to sense both static displacements, as would be caused by tilting the head ... while simultaneously suppressing responses of other hair cells in these organs. Ultimately, variations in hair cell polarity ... When the head is still, gravity causes the otoconia to clump and settle. When the head moves, the otoconia shift, which ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Otolithic_membrane
*  Glossary | MassageTherapy.com
Applied Physiology. A muscle monitoring technique, applied physiology allows the body to express what is out of balance and ... A sense of lightness and greater mobility often result from Rolfing.. Treatments are offered in a ten-session series, as well ... The visceral organs are dependent on their ability to move freely in the visceral cavity to then work correctly and efficiently ... Habituated responses to problem areas in our lives are ingrained in our movement patterns. By retraining the central nervous ...
  https://www.massagetherapy.com/glossary/all
*  integration Archives - Rolfing
At times the body suspends with a sense of lightness that seems to defy gravity. The whole organism begins to move as one ... Soft tissue that has the resiliency and length literally creates more space for your skeleton and organs to have the room they ... Now, while these responses are part of the normal activity of the body for dealing with a short term situation, a long term ... Contribution on the physiology of breath by Robert Litman. Certified Practitioner of the Buteyko Institute Method of Breathing ...
  https://align.org/category/integration/
*  Taxis - Wikipedia
Energy taxis is the orientation of bacteria towards conditions of optimal metabolic activity by sensing the internal energetic ... where bilateral sense organs are used to determine the stimulus direction; and a telotaxis, where a single organ suffices to ... Comparative Physiology and Evolution of Vision in Invertebrates- A: Invertebrate Photoreceptors. Handbook of Sensory Physiology ... Taxes are innate behavioural responses. A taxis differs from a tropism (turning response, often growth towards or away from a ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taxis
*  Gravitropism - Wikipedia
... and mount effective growth responses to changes in orientation and continue to grow its roots in the same direction as gravity ... Gravity is sensed in the root tip and this information must then be relayed to the elongation zone so as to maintain growth ... While amyloplasts continue to guide plants in the right direction, plant organs and function rely on phototropic responses to ... Chen, Rujin; Rosen, Elizabeth; Masson, Patrick H. (1 June 1999). "Gravitropism in Higher Plants". Plant Physiology. 120 (2): ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gravitropism
*  The Reply of a Physiologist to Psychologists
... the very exact and limited localization of the organs of sense in the cortex, as originally described, soon met with objections ... But when the orientation reflex exists besides, it is just then (on the contrary) that the conditioned effect either is ... Now, before the physiology of this neural level lies a vast horizon, with questions jutting out, absolutely definite problems ... As the final result the center of gravity of the examination of the higher divisions of the brain is now being transferred to ...
  https://www.all-about-psychology.com/the-reply-of-a-physiologist-to-psychologists.html
*  human sensory reception | Britannica.com
embryology (in prenatal development: Sense organs) *fatigue factors (in fatigue (physiology)) *illusions (in illusion: The ... and on the sense of balance. These structures, monitoring bodily orientation in space, provide crucial sensory feedback for ... The resulting discord between visual and motor responses and the external space (as aboard a ship in rough waters) often leads ... Upright posture depends on the tone of opposing (extensor and flexor) muscles in response to the effects of gravity. ...
  https://www.britannica.com/science/human-sensory-reception
*  Exploiting the International Space Station A Mission for Europe | Lidar | International Space Station
Earlier beliefs that gravity had little effect on cells other than on specialised gravi-sensing cells, such as those in plant ... of gravity at the cellular level occurs in those specialised cells and unicellular organisms that use gravity for orientation ... fluids that follows once the downward pull of gravity disappears automatically triggers responses in heart and kidney functions ... Therein lies the problem that has dogged space physiology over the past decade. Not only have the flights been limited, but so ...
  https://www.scribd.com/document/53620386/Exploiting-the-International-Space-Station-A-Mission-for-Europe
*  Auditory System. The physical stimulus - PDF
The Physiology of the Senses Lecture 10 - Balance www.tutis.ca/senses/ The Physiology of the Senses Lecture 10 - Balance www. ... Chapter Outline CHAPTER 40 SENSE ORGANS CHAPTER 40 SENSE ORGANS Chapter Outline 40.1 Chemical Senses A. Chemoreceptors are ... Neurons in inferior colliculus combine responses from MSO units tuned to different frequencies to overcome this phase ambiguity ... VESTIBULAR SYSTEM (Balance/Equilibrium) The vestibular stimulus is provided by Earth s gravity, and head/body movement. Located ...
  http://docplayer.net/23954787-Auditory-system-the-physical-stimulus.html
*  Auditory behavior of the cricket | SpringerLink
Wendler G (1975) Physiology and systems analysis of gravity orientation in two insect species (Carausius morosus, Calandra ... Lubbock J (1888) The senses, instincts and intelligence of animals, with special reference to insects. Kegan Paul Trench & Co, ... Zhantiev RD, Kalinkina IN, Chukanov VS (1975) Characteristics of the directional sensitivity of the tympanal organs in the ... Experiments in which tympana were immobilized with wax, whether tracking behavior or interneuron responses were monitored, show ...
  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2FBF00611589
*  The oblique effect is both allocentric and egocentric | JOV | ARVO Journals
... which sense the position of the head relative to gravity. Whereas the utricle senses left/right and forward/backward ... As the orientation of the head also determines the orientation of the retina, this could reflect asymmetries in orientation ... The gravity-based mechanism must depend on output from the otolith organs in the inner ear, the utricle and the saccule, ... Larger neural responses for cardinal rather than oblique stimuli have been reported in the human primary visual cortex as ...
  https://jov.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2381508
*  Vertebral subluxation - Wikipedia
We would all do well to not be subluxation-based in the BOOP sense. It should also be known that this so-called war is really ... Neurophysiologic responses appeared sensitive to the contact point and applied force vector of the spinal manipulative thrust. ... These subluxations are said to impede nerve outflow and cause disease in various organs. A chiropractic treatment is supposed ... This is not a unique state of affairs, abstract entities populate many branches of science... Subluxations, genes, gravity, the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vertebral_subluxation
*  Muscle - Wikipedia
... primarily from the sense organs like the skin. In the muscles, the muscle spindles convey information about the degree of ... "Journal of Physiology. 536 (1): 161-6. PMC 2278832 . PMID 11579166. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7793.2001.t01-1-00161.x.. ... Movement against gravity, but not against added resistance. Grade 4. Movement against external resistance, but less than normal ... Human Muscle Tutorial (clear pictures of main human muscles and their Latin names, good for orientation) ...
  https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muscle
*  JoVE | Peer Reviewed Scientific Video Journal - Methods and Protocols
Dead reckoning is colloquially called "sense of direction" and "sense of distance." Although there is considerable evidence ... Vitamin A is essential for vision and the growth/differentiation of almost all human organs. Plasma retinol binding protein ( ... The increasing recognition of the integral role of ascorbate in normal and deregulated cellular and organismal physiology ... The electric field, assisted by gravity, stabilizes the liquid bridge against Rayleigh-Plateau instabilities. Construction of ...
  https://www.jove.com/visualize/abstract/23894475/uvb-exposure-farm-animals-study-on-food-based-strategy-to-bridge-gap
*  Way of Life in Capitola CA | » Mental Health
If these autonomic responses can be reversed, then the secondary psychological disruptions can be limited and the psyche of the ... "I like to speculate that the mind is the flow of information as it moves among the cells, organs, and systems of the body," she ... One only has to read the most basic of the literature on the function of the brain, the nervous system and the physiology of ... Gravity releases your Psoas, calming an over active sympathetic nervous system while refreshing both body and soul. ...
  http://wayoflife.net/category/mental-health/
*  Who Are the Zetas?
Gravity particles exist in the space within this barrier or tube, but only create their own gravity dance among themselves - ... Yet parts of your mind are concerned with sensing distance around you, the need to shift your position, sensing the body ... The telepathic explanation of female sex organs showed a wide vagina. The Zetas do not sleep.. Water Zeta. These Zetas are ... The Zetas in the Service-to-Other orientation have extensive schools, not only for our young but for all ages. Where in human ...
  http://zetatalk.com/index/blog0830.htm
*  Effect of spaceflight on the human body - Wikipedia
"Exercise Physiology and Countermeasures Project (ExPC): Keeping Astronauts Healthy in Reduced Gravity". NASA. Archived from the ... One effect of weightlessness on humans is that some astronauts report a change in their sense of taste when in space. Some ... In microgravity environments, these constant signals are absent: the otolith organs in the inner ear are sensitive to linear ... Cooke, J.P,; Bancroft, R.W. (1966). "Some Cardiovascular Responses in Anesthetized Dogs During Repeated Decompressions to a ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Effect_of_spaceflight_on_the_human_body
*  Frontiers | Vestibular Modulation of Sympathetic Nerve Activity to Muscle and Skin in Humans | Neurology
Orientation of the rotation-axis relative to gravity: its influence on nystagmus and the sensation of rotation. Acta ... Physiology of peripheral neurons innervating otolith organs of the squirrel monkey. II. Directional selectivity and force- ... Indeed, it has been suggested that individual experiences may modulate the responses of vestibular hair cells responses and, ... it makes physiological sense for there to be some common mechanisms for controlling blood flow in muscle and skin when these ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fneur.2017.00334/full
*  JoVE | Peer Reviewed Scientific Video Journal - Methods and Protocols
Innate immune responses are activated upon sensing pathogen leading to the infiltration of tissues with migrating inflammatory ... On the macro scale the stiffness of tissues and organs within the human body span several orders of magnitude4. Much less is ... Changes in stiffness of cells and ECM are often signs of changes in cell physiology or diseases in tissues. Hence, cell ... Electrostatic forces cause proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids to loosely attach to the substrate in random orientations and ...
  https://www.jove.com/visualize/abstract/21655293/bacterial-surface-appendages-strongly-impact-nanomechanical