*  Frontiers | Assessing Auditory Processing Deficits in Tinnitus and Hearing Impaired Patients with the Auditory Behavior...
Since HL, tinnitus and APD affects to several parts of the ascending auditory pathway from the periphery to the auditory cortex ... Since HL, tinnitus and APD affects to several parts of the ascending auditory pathway from the periphery to the auditory cortex ... These auditory impairments can be concomitant or mutually excluding. APD are not necessarily accompanied by significant HL, ... These auditory impairments can be concomitant or mutually excluding. APD are not necessarily accompanied by significant HL, ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fnins.2017.00187/full
*  Susan K. McConnell's Profile | Stanford Profiles
The mammalian auditory sensory epithelium, the organ of Corti, comprises the hair cells and supporting cells that are pivotal ... In the mammalian cerebral cortex, neurons in a given layer are generated at about the same time in development. These cells ... reduction in the number of auditory hair cells. The primary cause appears to be reduced precursor cell proliferation in the ... The nerve cells of the cortex are generated during fetal life; once these cells are born, they migrate over long distances ...
  https://profiles.stanford.edu/susan-mcconnell
*  Sensory Systems pt 2 Flashcards by Tanisha Mehta | Brainscape
detected by hair-cells in fluid filled chambers. -otolith organs (in the utricle, saccule) for LINEAR ACCELERATION. - ... frequency of sound waves determines frequency of APs travelling along auditory nerve, perceived as pitch. low pitch = low ... optical nerve --> optical chiasm --> optical tract --> thalamus --> visual cortex (in occipital lobe) ... excitation - hair cell bends and depolarizes, increases AP frequency in associated sensory neuron. inhibition - if hair cells ...
  https://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/sensory-systems-pt-2-6573643/packs/10281406
*  JoVE | Peer Reviewed Scientific Video Journal - Methods and Protocols
... the auditory organ inside the mammalian inner ear. The name "hair cells" derives from their characteristic apical bundle of ... Combined fMRI and TMS applied over the auditory cortex should enable a better understanding of brain mechanisms of auditory ... Similar approaches have been used to target the motor cortex 8,9, premotor cortex 10, primary somatosensory cortex 11,12 and ... Auditory cortex pertains to the processing of sound, which is at the basis of speech or music-related processing1. However, ...
  https://www.jove.com/visualize/abstract/19890383/effect-before-cause-supramodal-recalibration-of-sensorimotor-timing
*  Touch - New World Encyclopedia
The mammalian inner ear also includes two organs of equilibrium that use hair cells to detect the body's position. Tactile ... For example, a large area of the cortex is devoted to sensation in the hands, which are rich in sensory receptors, while the ... Visual system/Visual perception • Auditory system/Hearing • Olfactory system/Olfaction • Gustatory system/Taste. ... Many invertebrates have organs (known as statocysts) that use hair cells to signal the position of the animal with respect to ...
  http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Touch
*  Hair cell - Wikipedia
... hair cells detect movement in their environment. In mammals, the auditory hair cells are located within the spiral organ of ... Mammalian cochlear hair cells are of two anatomically and functionally distinct types, known as outer, and inner hair cells. ... into electrical signals that are then relayed via the auditory nerve to the auditory brainstem and to the auditory cortex. The ... The human cochlea contains on the order of 3,500 inner hair cells and 12,000 outer hair cells at birth. The outer hair cells ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hair_cell
*  Hair | definition of hair by Medical dictionary
... hair explanation free. What is hair? Meaning of hair medical term. What does hair mean? ... Looking for online definition of hair in the Medical Dictionary? ... and of other sensory cells, called auditory hair, sensory hair ... hair cells. sensory neuroepithelial cells which have hair-like processes; found in organ of Corti, ampullary crests and utricle ... Below this is the thick cortex of horny cells and the core of softer rectangular cells. The hair colour comes from pigment ...
  https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/hair
*  SFB889 Cellular Mechanisms of Sensory Processing - Publications
The Drosophila auditory organ shares equivalent transduction mechanisms with vertebrate hair cells, and both are specified by ... The organ of Corti, the sensory epithelium of the mammalian auditory system, uses afferent and efferent synapses for encoding ... Random Wiring, Ganglion Cell Mosaics, and the Functional Architecture of the Visual Cortex. Schottdorf M, Keil W, Coppola D, ... The Ribbon Synapse Between Type I Spiral Ganglion Neurons and Inner Hair Cells. Rutherford MA, Moser T. The Primary Auditory ...
  http://sfb889.uni-goettingen.de/publications.html
*  Specialized hair | definition of specialized hair by Medical dictionary
What is specialized hair? Meaning of specialized hair medical term. What does specialized hair mean? ... Looking for online definition of specialized hair in the Medical Dictionary? specialized hair explanation free. ... auditory hair. The stereocilia of a specialized epithelial cell. These are present in the ear in the spiral organ of Corti, ... Below this is the thick cortex of horny cells and the core of softer rectangular cells. The hair colour comes from pigment ...
  http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/specialized+hair
*  Protocols and Video Articles Authored by Bernd Fritzsch
... hair cells and supporting cells in the mammalian inner ear. Cross-regulation of Atoh1 and Neurog1 results in hair cell changes ... Within vertebrates and arthropods, some mechanosensory organs evolved into auditory organs, greatly increasing sensitivity to ... In Neurod1 null mice, granule cells die throughout the posterior two thirds of the cerebellar cortex during development. ... inner to outer hair cells) gradients. The most intense labeling is in outer hair cells at the apex and in inner hair cells as ...
  https://www.jove.com/author/Bernd_Fritzsch
*  Sense of balance - Wikipedia
"The Kinocilium of Auditory Hair Cells and Evidence for Its Morphogenet." Ic Role during the Regeneration of Stereocilia and ... motor cortex areas, via pons and cerebellar dentate nucleus. It outputs to thalamus, motor cortex areas, and red nucleus). ... Otolithic organs have a thick, heavy gelatin membrane that, due to inertia (like endolymph), lags behind and continues ahead ... May, Paul J. "The Mammalian Superior Colliculus: Laminar Structure and Connections." Science Direct. 2006. Web. 28 Mar. 2016. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sense_of_balance
*  Organ of Corti - Wikipedia
The organ of Corti is also capable of modulating the auditory signal. The outer hair cells (OHCs) can amplify the signal ... The organ of Corti, or spiral organ, is the receptor organ for hearing and is located in the mammalian cochlea. This highly ... An electrical signal is then sent through the auditory nerve and into the auditory cortex of the brain as a neural message. ... and one row of inner hair cells (IHCs). Separating these hair cells are supporting cells: Deiters cells, also called phalangeal ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Organ_of_Corti
*  Sense - Wikipedia
The mechanoreceptors are hair cells, the same mechanoreceptors for vestibular sense and hearing. It is used primarily for ... Flies and butterflies have taste organs on their feet, allowing them to taste anything they land on. Catfish have taste organs ... Cortex. 81: 215-220. doi:10.1016/j.cortex.2016.03.021. PMC 4962768 . PMID 27253723. Farr OM, Li CS, Mantzoros CS (May 2016). " ... Hearing or audition (adjectival form: auditory) is the sense of sound perception. Hearing is all about vibration. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sense
*  A dual function for canonical Wnt/β-catenin signaling in the developing mammalian cochlea | Development
The mammalian organ of Corti (OC) comprises two types of mechanosensory hair cells (HCs) along with underlying support cells ... 2011). Cooperative functions of Hes/Hey genes in auditory hair cell and supporting cell development. Dev. Biol. 352, 329-340. ... adenomatous polyposis coli protein is an essential regulator of radial glial polarity and construction of the cerebral cortex. ... 2010). Notch signaling is required for the generation of hair cells and supporting cells in the mammalian inner ear. Proc. Natl ...
  http://dev.biologists.org/content/139/23/4395
*  Feature detection (nervous system) - Wikipedia
... like in auditory systems of other vertebrates, primary sensory afferent neurons, which receive inputs from hair cells from a ... They observed that the cat striate cortex contained more cells than the lateral geniculate, and they reasoned that the cortex ... Oertel D, Fay RR, Popper AN (2002). Integrative functions in the mammalian auditory pathway. New York: Springer-Verlag. pp. 385 ... The response of a Single End-Organ". The Journal of Physiology. 61 (2): 151-71. doi:10.1113/jphysiol.1926.sp002281. PMC 1514782 ...
  https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Feature_detection_
*  Katsuhi Arisaka at UCLA - Blog
Grid cells in layer II of the medial entorhinal cortex form a principal component of the mammalian neural representation of ... Sensorineural hearing loss is the most common form and is caused by the loss of sensory hair cells in the cochlea. Hair cell ... The mammalian circadian system, which is comprised of multiple cellular clocks located in the organs and tissues, orchestrates ... The authors induced long-lasting enhancements and decrements to excitatory synaptic strength in rat primary auditory cortex by ...
  http://home.physics.ucla.edu/~arisaka/home/Blog/index.php?categories=Neuroscience
*  Katsuhi Arisaka at UCLA - Blog
Sensorineural hearing loss is the most common form and is caused by the loss of sensory hair cells in the cochlea. Hair cell ... The mammalian circadian system, which is comprised of multiple cellular clocks located in the organs and tissues, orchestrates ... The authors induced long-lasting enhancements and decrements to excitatory synaptic strength in rat primary auditory cortex by ... Regenerate Sensory Hair Cells, Restore Hearing to Noise-Damaged Ears. Thu, Jan 10 2013 06:10 , Arisaka Favorites, Epigenetics, ...
  http://home.physics.ucla.edu/~arisaka/home/Blog/index.php?categories=X%20-%20Physics%2089%20Topics
*  Feature detection (nervous system) - Wikipedia
... like in auditory systems of other vertebrates, primary sensory afferent neurons, which receive inputs from hair cells from a ... They observed that the cat striate cortex contained more cells than the lateral geniculate, and they reasoned that the cortex ... Oertel D, Fay RR, Popper AN (2002). Integrative functions in the mammalian auditory pathway. New York: Springer-Verlag. pp. 385 ... which helps to regulate the discharge frequency of the electric organ in the jamming avoidance response. In the auditory system ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Feature_detection_(nervous_system)
*  JoVE | Peer Reviewed Scientific Video Journal - Methods and Protocols
... the auditory organ inside the mammalian inner ear. The name "hair cells" derives from their characteristic apical bundle of ... of auditory function thus leading to a better understanding of species-independent features of the mammalian auditory cortex. ... quantification of cell behavior in a confluent layer, with regard to barrier function, cell motility, quality of cell-cell and ... Sense Organs, auditory cortex, BOLD signal change, hemodynamic response, hearing, acoustic stimuli ...
  https://www.jove.com/visualize/abstract/25923338/passive-acoustic-monitoring-temporal-variability-odontocete-tonal
*  Auditory system - Wikipedia
... which is what elicits the hair cells' electrical responses. Inner hair cells, like the photoreceptor cells of the eye, show a ... The primary auditory cortex is the first region of cerebral cortex to receive auditory input. Perception of sound is associated ... Vestibular duct perilymph vibrations bend organ of Corti outer cells (4 lines) causing prestin to be released in cell tips. ... The plan view of the human cochlea (typical of all mammalian and most vertebrates) shows where specific frequencies occur along ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Auditory_system
*  BIOC3800 Biosensors
Fettiplace R (2006) Active hair bundle movements in auditory hair cells. J Physiol 576, 29-36. PubMed Leeds: FULL TEXT ... Santos-Sacchi J (2003) New tunes from Corti s organ: the outer hair cell boogie rules. Curr Opin Neurobiol 13, 459-468. PubMed ... Furness et al (2008) The dimensions and structural attachments of tip links in mammalian cochlear hair cells and the effects of ... and the downstream processing within the hindbrain and the auditory cortex. These connections are made in the embryo before the ...
  http://www.bmb.leeds.ac.uk/illingworth/bioc3800/index.htm
*  Sensory nervous system - Wikipedia
While mechanoreceptors are present in hair cells and play an integral role in the vestibular and auditory systems, the majority ... the somatosensory cortex, the visual cortex, the auditory cortex, the primary olfactory cortex, and the gustatory cortex. Other ... The receptive field is the area of the body or environment to which a receptor organ and receptor cells respond. For instance, ... Satir, P. & Christensen, S.T. (2008) Structure and function of mammalian cilia. in Histochemistry and Cell Biology, Vol 129:6 " ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sensory_nervous_system
*  Hairlike | definition of hairlike by Medical dictionary
auditory hair. The stereocilia of a specialized epithelial cell. These are present in the ear in the spiral organ of Corti, ... Below this is the thick cortex of horny cells and the core of softer rectangular cells. The hair colour comes from pigment ... in animals) a filamentous structure of mammalian skin formed of cornified epidermal cells that multiply in the hair follicle. ... Paintbrush hair, Pubic hair, Ringed hair, See-through hair, Telogen hair, Terminal hair, Vellus hair, Whisker hair.. hair. (hār ...
  http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/hairlike
*  Neuroscience | Encyclopedia.com
Latency differences exist all the way back to activity in sensory receptor cells: Hair cells at different locations on the ... The discovery of a robust "40 Hz oscillation pattern" across the mammalian cortex during wakeful attention and rapid eye ... Moving up both auditory and visual processing streams, the temporal differences at which information about different aspects of ... segregation and crossing of axon projections from sensory receptor organs to relay neurons in the thalamus and sensory cortex, ...
  https://www.encyclopedia.com/medicine/anatomy-and-physiology/anatomy-and-physiology/neuroscience
*  Mechanoreceptor - Wikipedia
Rapidly adapting: Rapidly adapting mechanoreceptors include Meissner corpuscle end-organs, Pacinian corpuscle end-organs, hair ... Indeed, the most sensitive mechanoreceptors in humans are the hair cells in the cochlea of the inner ear (no relation to the ... The third-order neurons then send the signal to the somatosensory cortex. More recent work has expanded the role of the ... Normally there are four main types in glabrous mammalian skin: lamellar corpuscles, tactile corpuscles, Merkel nerve endings, ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mechanoreceptor