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*  PAROTID ENLARGEMENT in Patient With HIV - Redorbit
Abstract Patients with bilateral parotid swellings are seen in the dental office. The swellings may be initiated by HIV. Diagnosis demands a thorough clinical examination combined with imaging. Usually, multiple parotid cysts are present. However, the authors wish to call attention to those HIV patients whose swellings are caused by a lymphocytic infiltration. A case report is used to illustrate signs and symptoms. MULTIPLE ORGAN INVOLVEMENT and symptomatology are the rule in patients with HIV. As can be expected, the oral cavity and its surrounding structures often are targeted by the virus. Head- and neck-related symptoms are seen in 41% of HIV-positive patients at their initial visit,1 with parotid salivary gland enlargement present in 5% to 10% of all HIV patients.23 The parotid involvement is usually bilateral and is associated with cervical lymphadenopathy. The bilateral parotid swelling is most frequently a reflection ...
  http://www.redorbit.com/news/health/131024/parotid_enlargement_in_patient_with_hiv/
*  Asymptomatic Parotid Gland Enlargement in Diabetes Mellitus | Annals of Internal Medicine | American College of Physicians
SUMMARY. Fourteen patients with diabetes and two with borderline glucose tolerance tests who had asymptomatic parotid gland enlargement have been studied. In five the observation of parotid gland enlargement preceded the recognition of diabetes, and in four of these the diagnosis was made only on glucose tolerance test. Sialograms in three patients were normal, and microscopic examination of three parotids revealed fatty infiltration of the gland. The pathogenesis of this sign is not clear. A search for diabetes should be made in all patients in whom enlarged asymptomatic parotid glands are found. ...
  http://annals.org/aim/article-abstract/682894/asymptomatic-parotid-gland-enlargement-diabetes-mellitus
*  Acute Unilateral Parotid Glands Enlargement Following Endotracheal General Anesthesia: Report of Two Cases - PDF
Case Report 453 Acute Unilateral Parotid Glands Enlargement Following Endotracheal General Anesthesia: Report of Two Cases Fu-Chao Liu 1,2, MD; Jiin-Tarng Liou 1,2, MD; Allen H. Li 1, MD; Hung-Jr Chiou
  http://docplayer.net/20170465-Acute-unilateral-parotid-glands-enlargement-following-endotracheal-general-anesthesia-report-of-two-cases.html
*  bilateral parotid gland swelling - Forum on Facial Wasting -- TheBody.com
Hello and thanks for posting. Parotid swelling occasionally does complicate HIV infection and is almost always a benign process. When it develops off treatment, starting antiretroviral therapy...
  http://www.thebody.com/Forums/AIDS/FacialWasting/Q193699.html
*  What does sialometaplasia, necrotizing mean?
Definition of sialometaplasia, necrotizing in the Definitions.net dictionary. Meaning of sialometaplasia, necrotizing. What does sialometaplasia, necrotizing mean? Information and translations of sialometaplasia, necrotizing in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web.
  http://www.definitions.net/definition/sialometaplasia,%20necrotizing
*  A Rare Case of Kimura Disease with Bilateral Parotid Involvement
Archives of Plastic Surgery (Arch Plast Surg, APS) is the official journal of the Korean Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons and is published six times per year on the 15th of January, March, May, July, September, and November. It is a peer reviewed, open access journal that publishes articles in all fields of plastic and reconstructive surgery including aesthetic surgery, microsurgery, craniofacial surgery, hand surgery, burns, wound healing, and basic research related to all areas of plastic surgery.
  https://www.e-aps.org/journal/view.php?number=851
*  Syndromes sub-cluster 16
We present a case of a 40-year woman with bilateral parotid salivary gland enlargement as presentation of primary Sjögren's syndrome. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed parotid cysts, suggestive of cystic benign lymphoepithelial lesions. A sub-labial biopsy confirmed the syndrome. After 24-month follow-up, the left parotid cysts ...
  http://www.biomedsearch.com/cluster/62/Syndromes/sub-16-p6.html
*  Parotid abscess | Radiology Case | Radiopaedia.org
Enlarged left parotid gland with with inflammatory changes harbouring an intraglandular collection with marginal enhancement proved to abscess formation.
  https://radiopaedia.org/cases/parotid-abscess-3
*  Case Reports - Reviews sub-cluster 62
Objectives:We present the first report of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Propionibacterium acnes parotid abscesses complicated by facial nerve palsy. Facial nerve palsy secondary to parotid gland abscess is rare, with only eight previously reported cases.Method:Case reports and literature review concerning parotid abscess and facial nerve palsy presentation and management.Case reports:Within ...
  http://www.biomedsearch.com/cluster/53/Case-Reports-Reviews/sub-62-p5.html
*  Halitosis Home Remedies - Get Rid of Halitosis
Halitosis or bad breath is basically a sign of some other underlying disease or disorder rather than a disease itself. Sometimes foul breath is apparent only to the patient himself and not to others, then psychoneurosis can be suspected. Some diseases like Bronchiectasis, atrophic rhinitis, pyorrhoea, chronic gingivitis and tonsillitis result in halitosis. Also dryness of mouth either due to starvation or due to certain drugs like atropine, antihistamines, phenothiazines, clonidine and cold bronchocdilators, can also cause halitosis. Factors contributing to the overgrowth of causative bacteria include decreased salivary flow (eg, due to parotid disease or Sjögren's syndrome), salivary stagnation, and increased salivary. Often identifying the cause of bad breath is the first step toward treating this preventable condition. Sometimes, these bacteria start to break down proteins at a very high rate and odorous volatile sulphur compounds (VSC) are released from the back of the ...
  http://healthatoz.info/home-remedies/halitosis.htm
*  Publications | College of Health Sciences (CHS)
DATA SYNTHESIS:Pathologically, under light microscopy, DILS resembles the focal sialadenitis seen with Sjogren's syndrome, although it tends to be less destructive of the glandular architecture than in Sjogren's syndrome. Most of the inflammatory infiltrate is composed of CD8+ lymphocytes unlike Sjogren's which are CD4+. Lymphoepithelial cysts are frequently observed in the parotid glands of patients with DILS. The variation in CD8 count in the course of HIV disease is less understood. The variation in CD8 lymphocytes is implicated in the pathogenesis of a number of clinical manifestations in HIV diseases including diffuse infiltrative lymphocytic syndrome (DILS) and HIV associated CD8+ lymphocytosis syndrome.Parotid gland enlargement in a patient with HIV infection should prompt clinicians to suspect DILS. In addition, clinicians should be aware that the pulmonary process associated with DILS may mimic clinically and radiographically the pneumonic process ...
  http://chs.uonbi.ac.ke/uon_publications/author/701
*  PROF. OYOO GEORGE OMONDI
DATA SYNTHESIS:Pathologically, under light microscopy, DILS resembles the focal sialadenitis seen with Sjogren's syndrome, although it tends to be less destructive of the glandular architecture than in Sjogren's syndrome. Most of the inflammatory infiltrate is composed of CD8+ lymphocytes unlike Sjogren's which are CD4+. Lymphoepithelial cysts are frequently observed in the parotid glands of patients with DILS. The variation in CD8 count in the course of HIV disease is less understood. The variation in CD8 lymphocytes is implicated in the pathogenesis of a number of clinical manifestations in HIV diseases including diffuse infiltrative lymphocytic syndrome (DILS) and HIV associated CD8+ lymphocytosis syndrome.Parotid gland enlargement in a patient with HIV infection should prompt clinicians to suspect DILS. In addition, clinicians should be aware that the pulmonary process associated with DILS may mimic clinically and radiographically the pneumonic process ...
  https://profiles.uonbi.ac.ke/goyoo/
*  Bartholin gland enlargement and pain - Online Doctor Chats
Online Doctor Chat - Bartholin gland enlargement and pain, Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Recreational drug use, Online doctor patient chat conversation by Dr. Prasad
  http://www.healthcaremagic.com/doctorchatlogs/Bartholin-gland-enlargement-and-pain/15138
*  parotid gland Archives - ENTtoday
A 75-year-old man presented with a left ear lobule melanoma and was found, on examination, to have a concurrent right parotid mass and bilateral cervical lymphadenopathy. A CT scan of the neck confirmed a 2-cm right superficial parotid mass containing both solid and cystic components without any pathognomonic characteristics, as well as bilateral cervical lymphadenopathy with multiple 2- to 3-cm lymph nodes. FNA biopsy of the parotid mass was consistent with carcinoma, whereas FNA samples from the cervical lymph nodes were non-diagnostic.. ...
  http://www.enttoday.org/tag/parotid-gland/
*  What Is Surgery - Diffuse Enlargement of Parotid Gland - Medicalrealm
Patient may present with diffuse and ill defined swelling over the region of parotid gland. The sites of parotid swelling is tender to touch in acute case, stones may be palpable in the parotid duct and pus may be expressed form the parotid duct.
  http://www.medicalrealm.net/what-is-surgery---diffuse-enlargement-of-parotid-gland.html
*  HIV Posterior Cheek Enlargement - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
Altered contour of the lower face is a frequent complication of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). HIV facial lipoatrophy or loss of facial fat commonly results from antiretroviral therapy. Posterior cheek enlargement leading to a bulky and widened lower facial contour can also be seen in HIV. These changes can lead to significant cosmetic disfigurement and have an enormous psychosocial impact on patients. They also make individuals vulnerable by making them recognizable as persons living with HIV. Posterior cheek enlargement has not been well characterized. Both the parotid salivary gland and the masseter muscle are located in the posterior cheek region. Although parotid gland enlargement in a common complication of HIV, it is unknown whether enlargement of the masseter muscle also contributes. The investigators plan to study posterior cheek enlargement in HIV positive individuals. The investigators also plan to use botulinum toxin A as a novel treatment to improve the ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01635504
*  HIV Posterior Cheek Enlargement - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
Altered contour of the lower face is a frequent complication of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). HIV facial lipoatrophy or loss of facial fat commonly results from antiretroviral therapy. Posterior cheek enlargement leading to a bulky and widened lower facial contour can also be seen in HIV. These changes can lead to significant cosmetic disfigurement and have an enormous psychosocial impact on patients. They also make individuals vulnerable by making them recognizable as persons living with HIV. Posterior cheek enlargement has not been well characterized. Both the parotid salivary gland and the masseter muscle are located in the posterior cheek region. Although parotid gland enlargement in a common complication of HIV, it is unknown whether enlargement of the masseter muscle also contributes. The investigators plan to study posterior cheek enlargement in HIV positive individuals. The investigators also plan to use botulinum toxin A as a novel treatment to improve the ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01635504?term=Neurological+Complications+of+AIDS&rank=5
*  HIV Posterior Cheek Enlargement - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
Altered contour of the lower face is a frequent complication of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). HIV facial lipoatrophy or loss of facial fat commonly results from antiretroviral therapy. Posterior cheek enlargement leading to a bulky and widened lower facial contour can also be seen in HIV. These changes can lead to significant cosmetic disfigurement and have an enormous psychosocial impact on patients. They also make individuals vulnerable by making them recognizable as persons living with HIV. Posterior cheek enlargement has not been well characterized. Both the parotid salivary gland and the masseter muscle are located in the posterior cheek region. Although parotid gland enlargement in a common complication of HIV, it is unknown whether enlargement of the masseter muscle also contributes. The investigators plan to study posterior cheek enlargement in HIV positive individuals. The investigators also plan to use botulinum toxin A as a novel treatment to improve the ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/study/NCT01635504
*  Sarcoidosis presenting as a solitary parotid mass: an uncommon but real diagnostic challenge. - Free Online Library
Free Online Library: Sarcoidosis presenting as a solitary parotid mass: an uncommon but real diagnostic challenge.(LETTERS TO THE EDITOR, Letter to the editor) by 'Ear, Nose and Throat Journal'; Health, general Autoantibodies
  https://www.thefreelibrary.com/Sarcoidosis+presenting+as+a+solitary+parotid+mass%3A+an+uncommon+but+...-a0163421958
*  Salivary Glands
In people with bulimia, repeated vomiting may sometimes causes the salivary glands to swell. Also known as sialadenosis, when the salivary glands swell, it causes the jaw to widen and appear squarish. Specialists report that salivary glands do not swell unless a patient is vomiting several times a day.. No one is exactly sure why this happens, but theories abound. For example, this enlargement may be related to nutritional deficiencies or it may somehow relate to the bizarre eating habits (particularly the bulimia and vomiting) characteristic of these patients.. Normally the swollen salivary glands that give the appearance of "chipmunk-like cheeks" go down when the binge purging behavior ceases. It usually takes several weeks to see a change. The swelling may continue for months, and in rare cases, may be permanent.. Treatment options may include prescribed antibiotics, ridding the mucus trapped in the glands, and blockage needing surgery.. ...
  http://eatingdisorders.com/medical/salivary
*  dentalaka: Necrotizing sialometaplasia
Necrotizing Sialometaplasia. A rare condition in which there is ulceration usually in a smoker in the palate,which heals spontaneously over several weeks.Association with salivary gland infractions.histology can be confusing,since it has been appearance resembling neoplasia(Pseudo epitheliomatous hyperplasia). · Affects mainly minor glands of the palate. · Painless,ulcerated swelling,the margins are irregular and heaped up or everted.. · Chronic inflammation in the minor salivary glands and necrosis of acini. · Duct tissues undergoes squamous metaplasia and proliferates to produce a pseudomembranous appearance. ...
  http://dentalaka.blogspot.com/2010/12/necrotizing-sialometaplasia.html
*  tumor Archives - ENTtoday
A 75-year-old man presented with a left ear lobule melanoma and was found, on examination, to have a concurrent right parotid mass and bilateral cervical lymphadenopathy. A CT scan of the neck confirmed a 2-cm right superficial parotid mass containing both solid and cystic components without any pathognomonic characteristics, as well as bilateral cervical lymphadenopathy with multiple 2- to 3-cm lymph nodes. FNA biopsy of the parotid mass was consistent with carcinoma, whereas FNA samples from the cervical lymph nodes were non-diagnostic.. ...
  http://www.enttoday.org/tag/tumor/
*  Microbiology Picture Quiz: Number 9 | MICROBIOLOGY MATTERS !
This patient presents with unilateral parotid swelling.. 1) What disease connects the presentation with the picture?. 2) How can the diagnosis be confirmed in the laboratory?. 3) Is viral culture useful for the diagnosis of this condition?. Click here for answers and brief explanations.. ...
  http://microbiologymatters.com/?p=1833
*  Plus it
Results. Out of 563 patients with pSS, 387 fulfilling the American European Consensus Group criteria (12 with B cell NHL, 375 without B cell NHL) were included in our study. Salivary gland enlargement (p = 0.001), low C3 (p = 0.035) and/or C4 levels (p = 0.021), and disease duration (p = 0.001) were identified as independent risk factors for B cell NHL in pSS. The optimal threshold of the propensity score was determined at Y = 4.26, which allowed us to identify patients who develop B cell NHL with a sensitivity of 78% and specificity of 95%. The leave-one-out cross-validated prediction error was 6%, and the median bootstrapped sensitivity and specificity were 71% and 95%, respectively. ...
  http://www.jrheum.org/content/39/4/804
*  iAH Search interface 2.4 - Results of the search |page 1|
van der Merwe, Liesel L. et al. Salivary gland enlargement and sialorrhoea in dogs with spirocercosis: A retrospective and prospective study of 298 cases. J. S. Afr. Vet. Assoc., 2012, vol.83, no.1, p.51-58. ISSN 1019- ...
  http://www.scielo.org.za/cgi-bin/wxis.exe/iah/?IsisScript=iah/iah.xis&base=article%5Edlibrary&format=iso.pft&lang=i&nextAction=lnk&indexSearch=AU&exprSearch=Christie,%20Jevan