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*  Onchocerciasis in Ecuador: ocular findings in Onchocerca volvulus infected individuals. - Semantic Scholar
The pattern of ocular disease resembled rain forest onchocerciasis in west Africa with few severe ocular lesions in the ... Onchocercal ocular lesions were seen in a high proportion of the study group: 33.6% had punctate keratitis, microfilariae in ... A total of 785 skin snip positive individuals from black and Chachi Amerindian communities were examined. The blindness rate ... The prevalence of all ocular lesions increased with age. Punctate keratitis was strongly associated with microfilarial counts ...
  https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Onchocerciasis-in-Ecuador-ocular-findings-in-Oncho-Cooper-Proa%C3%B1o/923d857874d5efcc85d283726d8bb68af747c19b
*  Investigations on the transmission potentials of Simulium damnosum and the risk of human Onchocerciasis in Kaduna metropolis,...
Onchocerciasis in Ecuador: ocular findings in Onchocerca volvulus infected individuals British Journal of Ophthalmology 1995; ... Jabar Etaby 1 2 Onchocerca volvulus (Blinding filariasis; river blindness) Microfilaria of Onchocerca volvulus, from skin snip ... Latin America and Yemen are infected with O. volvulus, while 2 million and 50,000 out of these exposed individuals are blind ... volvulus. Of the total infected flies recorded, 36.8, 41.1 and 22.2% had larval stages of O. volvulus in their head, thorax and ...
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*  ONCHOCERCA INFECTION, ONCHOCERCOMATA, VISUAL ACUITY AND NUTRITIONAL STATUS IN CHILDREN IN AN ENDEMIC AREA OF SOUTH EASTERN...
The association between onchocerca infection, vision and nutritional ... ONCHOCERCA INFECTION, ONCHOCERCOMATA, VISUAL ACUITY AND NUTRITIONAL STATUS IN CHILDREN IN AN ENDEMIC AREA OF SOUTH EASTERN ... Onchocerciasis in Ecuador: ocular findings in Onchocerca volvulus infected individuals British Journal of Ophthalmology 1995; ... 6 Table 1 Characteristics of 6950 children infected with Onchocerca volvulus. Number (%) infected 1923 (27 %) Mean Intensity ± ...
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*  Onchocerciasis - Wikipedia
Onchocerca ochengi, the closest relative of O. volvulus, lives in intradermal cavities in cattle, and is also spread by black ... The drug patch is placed on the skin, and if the patient is infected with O. volvulus microfilaria, localized pruritus and ... Findings of a phylogenetic study in the mid-90s are consistent with an introduction to the New World in this manner. DNA ... Ridley, Harold (1945). "OCULAR ONCHOCERCIASIS Including an Investigation in the Gold Coast". Br J Ophthalmol. 29: 3-58. doi: ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Onchocerciasis
*  Ravages of river blindness - The Nation Nigeria
Onchocerciasis is a parasitic disease caused by the worm onchocerca volvulus, a parasitic worm that lives up to 14 years in the ... It is also the basis on which infected individuals seek particular kinds of remedies in preference to other forms when they ... Findings revealed that deep-rooted ignorance and incorrect beliefs about the causes and effects of a disease may lead to the ... an area well known for serious ocular and socio-economic tolls of Onchocerciasis. ...
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*  Wolbachia endobacteria depletion by doxycycline as antifilarial therapy has macrofilaricidal activity in onchocerciasis: a...
... impact of ivermectin community-level treatments on elimination of adult Onchocerca volvulus when individuals receive multiple ... with the prospect of remaining infected for a decade or more with the necessity of repeated IVM treatments to prevent ocular or ... Together, these results confirm our earlier findings [17, 18] that one of the effects of doxycycline on female worms is a ... Franz M (1988) The morphology of adult Onchocerca volvulus based on electron microscopy. Trop Med Parasitol 39:359-366PubMed ...
  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00430-007-0062-1
*  Volume 38, Issue 1 | The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Seasonality of Adult Black Flies and Onchocerca Volvulus Transmission in Guatemala Charles H. Porter and Richard C. Collins ... Ocular Angiostrongyliasis in Japan: A Case Report Robert G. Nelson, Richard C. Warren, Frank A. Scotti, Timothy G. Call and ... malayi-infected jirds showed that the immunoradiometric assay distinguishes patent infected from uninfected control animals, ... These studies concentrated on those individual birds known, by banding returns, to be residents of large wooded swamps where ...
  http://www.ajtmh.org/content/journals/14761645/38/1?page=2
*  Mansonella perstans - Wikipedia
A study examining the epidemiology of Loa loa, Onchocerca volvulus, and M. perstans in the rain forest villages of Cameroon ... perstans infected individuals: Single doses of ivermectin alone had no marked effect on M. perstans microfilaraemias in the 12 ... While ocular symptoms occur quite frequently in symptomatic M. perstans infection, intraocular localization had not been ... This is consistent with the findings of previous studies which have suggested ivermectin, when used alone, has little or no ...
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*  Filariasis
Ocular zoonotic onchocerca infection in a resident of Oregon. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2012 Dec. 87(6):1073-5. [View Abstract] ... At least 37 million people are infected with O volvulus globally. The vast majority of cases (99%) occur in sub-Saharan Africa. ... Infected individuals cannot sustain higher levels of parasitemia once they leave the endemic area. ... Histologic findings include the following:. *. Lymphatic filariasis - Affected lymph nodes demonstrate fibrosis and lymphatic ...
  http://misc.medscape.com/pi/android/medscapeapp/html/A217776-business.html
*  Protocols and Video Articles Authored by Peter D. Burbelo (Translated to Portuguese)
... stercoralis-infected sera, but a small number of patients infected with O. volvulus, M. perstans, or W. bancrofti showed ... Each HIV antigen was recognized by antibodies in serum from at least one HIV-infected individual. Data generated with these ... A Four-antigen Mixture for Rapid Assessment of Onchocerca Volvulus Infection PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases. 2009 , Pubmed ID ... Based on these findings, the LIPS microfluidic format should readily lend itself to automation and the transfer to portable ...
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*  MDA and Global Health | Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
... cannot be used in Africa owing to the risk of side-effects in individuals co-infected with O. volvulus. DEC can cause severe ... 2007 Genetic selection of low fertile Onchocerca volvulus by ivermectin treatment. PLoS Negl. Trop. Dis. 1, e72. (doi:10.1371/ ... Azithromycin, by contrast, clears ocular C. trachomatis infection with a single oral dose (at 20 mg kg−1 body weight) and is ... the findings of which suggested that, based on faecal egg counts, a reduction of more than 95% for A. lumbricoides and more ...
  http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/369/1645/20130434
*  Antiparasitic Therapy
Suramin is active against Onchocerca volvulus, and reactions (from dying parasites) can occur in coinfected patients.14 ... dose-finding clinical trial. Clin Infect Dis. 2010;51:684-691 [PubMed] ... Treatment of ocular toxocariasis with albendazole. J Ocul Pharmacol Ther. 2001;17:287-294 [PubMed] ... Individual reprints of this article and a bound reprint of the entire Symposium on Antimicrobial Therapy will be available for ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC3104918/?lang=en-ca
*  The role of nutrition in integrated programs to control neglected tropical diseases | BMC Medicine | Full Text
A diagrammatic flow chart of categories of individuals in the processes of becoming infected, immune, and diseased, and the ... These concepts were developed also by Scrimshaw and colleagues in the same important review, which summarized the findings of ... although the ocular bacterial load of Chlamydia trachomatis has also been shown to be related to the severity of trachoma [13 ... Onchocerca volvulus Africa, South America. Black flies. Ivermectin. Black fly control. Trematode ...
  https://0-bmcmedicine-biomedcentral-com.brum.beds.ac.uk/articles/10.1186/1741-7015-10-41
*  2016 Abstracts - Cogan Ophthalmic History Society
... a distinctive ocular finding often associated with underlying systemic diseases particularly hematologic malignancies. She ... onchocerciasis is a potentially-blinding eye and skin disease caused by the filarial nematode Onchocerca volvulus. Simulium ... Ninety-nine percent of infected people reside in 31 African countries, and disease foci also exist in Latin America and Yemen. ... Abstract: Iris recognition technology is a means of identifying individuals based on the appearance of the iris stroma and is ...
  http://www.cogansociety.org/2016-abstracts
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*  Antigenic Mimicry: Onchocerca volvulus Antigen-Specific T Cells and Ocular Inflammation | IOVS | ARVO Journals
conclusions. These findings indicate that CD4+ cell lines specific to the antigen Ov39 can induce ocular inflammation in naïve ... Probabilities above individual bars were obtained by the Dunn post hoc test in comparison with the data in normal eyes. Error ... Antigenic Mimicry: Onchocerca volvulus Antigen-Specific T Cells and Ocular Inflammation Nicol M. McKechnie; Werner Gürr; ... The Onchocerca volvulus antigen Ov39 is cross-reactive with the retinal antigen hr44 and induces ocular inflammation in rats ...
  https://iovs.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2162614
*  Highlights of human toxocariasis
Onchocerca volvulus: striking decrease in transmission in the Vina valley (Cameroon) after eight annual large scale ivermectin ... Ocular findings in a double-blind study of ivermectin versus diethylcarbamazine versus placebo in the treatment of ... In Ireland, the most frequent clinical findings in children infected with Toxocara were fever, anorexia, headache, abdominal ... In some individuals these signs may wax and wane over a period of years. Ocular infection may also be subclinical and only ...
  http://parasitol.kr/journal/view.php?doi=10.3347/kjp.2001.39.1.1
*  Elimination of onchocerciasis from Colombia: first proof of concept of river blindness elimination in the world | Parasites &...
Serological tests proved lack of antibodies against O. volvulus in children under 10 years-old. A total of 10,500 S. exiguum ... This report provides the empirical evidence of the elimination of Onchocerca volvulus transmission by Simulium exiguum (s.l.) ... Onchocerciasis in Colombia: ocular findings in the first observed focus. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1972;21:944-7.View ArticleGoogle ... Although the risk of onchocerciasis reemergence or reintroduction in Colombia due to immigration of infected individuals is ...
  https://parasitesandvectors.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13071-018-2821-9
*  Parasitic Infections - ONA
The parasite mostly infects newborns, infants, and immunocompromised individuals and causes chorioretinitis. Toxocariasis also ... in subjects from endemic areas of Africa might be the only presentation of Loa or the related parasite Onchocerca volvulus. ... Ocular syndromes. Acute ocular presentations of parasitic infections are mostly limited to visual loss caused by Toxoplasma ... O. volvulus may lead to blindness due to an inflammatory response and high parasite burden; this is the condition commonly ...
  https://www.oncologynurseadvisor.com/hospital-medicine/parasitic-infections/article/604591/
*  DiVA - Søkeresultat
Our fourth paper investigated the effect of IC from the O. volvulus infected patients on the production of pro-and anti- ... We report on exaggerated 2B4 expression on iNKT cells of HIV-infected treatment-naive individuals. In sharp contrast to CD4- ... Findings also indicate that HCMV might have a large impact on the T cell aging process that occurred in patients after a ... of gaining a better understanding of the role of immune response in these host inflammatory reactions to Onchocerca volvulus ...
  http://www.diva-portal.org/smash/resultList.jsf?dswid=-666&searchType=SUBJECT&language=no&onlyFullText=false&af=%5B%5D&aq=%5B%5B%7B%22categoryId%22%3A%2211553%22%7D%5D%5D
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Infection with the filarial nematode Onchocerca volvulus can lead to severe dermatitis, visual impairment, and ultimately ... These findings indicate that ivermectin given twice a year with greater than 85% of the community can move a program to the ... However, the qPCR assay was negative for 54 of 229 individuals with palpable nodules. qPCR could be a useful tool for detecting ... The total mean number of H. contortus worms recovered at necropsy from abomasa of untreated infected lambs (group HcNT) was ...
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*  Annex A: Fact Sheets For Candidates Diseases For Elimination Or Eradication
Onchocerca volvulus infection (i.e. 'river blindness'), which is caused by filariid parasites that are long-lived (8-15 years ... It is a disease of families; if one sibling is infected, more than 50% of others are likely to be infected with or without ... An excellent example of the effect of case-finding and treatment on reducing TB transmission was the U.S. Public Health Service ... Xerophthalmia occurs when ocular signs are present, including night blindness, Bitot's spots with conjunctival xerosis, and ...
  https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/su48a26.htm
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*  Epidemiology of Mansonella perstans in the middle belt of Ghana | Parasites & Vectors | Full Text
... and Onchocerca volvulus in rain forest villages of Cameroon. Med Microbiol Immunol. 2003;192(1):15-21.PubMedGoogle Scholar. ... mansonellosis is the least studied even though more than 100 million individuals are estimated to be infected [1]. Prevalence ... Similarly, this finding is in consonance with those of Viennet et al. [32] who collected a higher diversity of species (15 ... such as eosinophilia and ocular disorders [7-9]. Other studies have implicated M. perstans in the disease progression of ...
  https://parasitesandvectors.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13071-016-1960-0
*  Onchocerciasis River Blindness Publications and Abstracts | PubFacts.com
After 30 years of treatment with Mectizan (ivermectin), cutaneous and ocular complications of Onchocerca volvulus infection are ... These findings suggest a neuro-inflammatory cause of NS and they are important findings in the search for the cause of Nodding ... Lancet Infect Dis 2018 Feb 2. Epub 2018 Feb 2.. Department of Parasitology, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, ... These effects were expected to translate into better individual acceptance of the intervention and hence high Treatment ...
  https://www.pubfacts.com/search/Onchocerciasis+River+Blindness