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*  A comparison of indices of respiratory failure in ventilated preterm infants | ADC Fetal & Neonatal Edition
Pulmonary gas exchange: basic principles and the effects of mechanical ventilation. in New therapies for neonatal respiratory ... The primary causes of "respiratory" death in infants included in the study were: respiratory distress syndrome in 25, pulmonary ... pressure limited ventilation in preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 77:F202- ... death from respiratory failure and (b) a combined adverse respiratory outcome of CLD and/or death from respiratory failure.12 ...
  http://fn.bmj.com/content/83/2/F97
*  Literatur | Springer for Research & Development
Reynolds EOR (1971) Effect of alterations in mechanical Ventilation settings on pulmonary gas exchange in hyaline membrane ... Ahlström H (1975) Pulmonary mechanics in infants surviving severe neonatal respiratory insufficiency. Acta Paediatr Scand 64: ... Chronic pulmonary disease in neonates after artificial Ventilation. Distribution of Ventilation and pulmonary interstitial ... Bryan MH, Levison H, Swyer PR (1973) Pulmonary function in infants and children following the acute neonatal respiratory ...
  https://rd.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-642-70939-5_7
*  The Newborn Respiratory Distress Syndrome | SpringerLink
Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), also known as hyaline membrane disease (HMD), continues to be one of the most important ... Reynolds FOR (1971) Effect of alterations in mechanical ventilator settings on pulmonary gas exchange in hyaline membrane ... Murdock AI, Linsao L, Reid M et al (1970) Mechanical ventilation in respiratory distress syndrome: A controlled trial. Arch Dis ... Hack M, Fanaroff AA, Klaus MH et al (1976) Neonatal respiratory distress following elective delivery. A preventable disease? Am ...
  https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4471-3498-5_66
*  Hemodynamics | Springer for Research & Development
Respiratory sinus arrhythmia. A phenomenon improving pulmonary gas exchange and circulatory efficiency. Circulation. 1996;94(4 ... Cardiopulmonary effects of positive pressure ventilation during acute lung injury. Chest. 1995;108(4):1041-8.PubMedCrossRef ... Clinical practice parameters for hemodynamic support of pediatric and neonatal septic shock: 2007 update from the American ... Increased respiratory system resistance and bronchial smooth muscle hypertrophy in children with acute postoperative pulmonary ...
  https://rd.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-0-85729-923-9_3
*  Internet Scientific Publications
reported that placental circulation and exchange of blood and gas do not stop immediately after birth. The fetus has an ... and early cord clamping concluded that early clamping is associated with increased neonatal morbidity such as respiratory ... allowing good expansion of pulmonary capillaries and favoring a decrease in pulmonary resistances and pulmonary fluid ... fewer days under mechanical ventilation, reduced oxygen dependency, fewer transfusions, and a lower rate of intraventricular ...
  http://ispub.com/IJPN/11/2/13641
*  Patent US5941710 - Apparatus and method of simulating the determination of continuous blood ... - Google Patents
... and a simulated blood gas machine simulates an output representative of a simulated physiological state based at least in part ... A patient simulator and method of patient simulation wherein a physical gas composition representative of a simulated alveolar ... gas composition in a lung model is determined, ... the gas exchange during mandatory or assisted ventilation and ... respiratory rate, respiratory patterns associated with light anesthesia. The respiratory rate is the frequency of the muscle ...
  http://www.google.com/patents/US5941710?dq=patent:+7360079
*  Liquid breathing - Wikipedia
Aerosolized perfluorocarbon improved pulmonary gas exchange and lung mechanics as effectively as PLV did in surfactant-depleted ... of respiratory variables such as liquid functional residual capacity and tidal volume during TLV than with gas ventilation. ... because PLV could utilise technology currently in place in many neonatal intensive-care units (NICU) worldwide. The influence ... Partial liquid ventilation and Aerosol-PFC reduced pulmonary inflammatory response. Gas pressure increases with depth, rising 1 ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liquid_breathing
*  Tracheal intubation - Wikipedia
... endotracheal tubes have an inflatable cuff to seal the tracheobronchial tree against leakage of respiratory gases and pulmonary ... Several open techniques exist, such as spontaneous ventilation, apnoeic ventilation or jet ventilation. Each has its own ... The Cook Airway Exchange Catheter (CAEC) is another example of this type of catheter; this device has a central lumen (hollow ... Zaichkin, J; Weiner, GM (February 2011). "Neonatal Resuscitation Program (NRP) 2011: new science, new strategies". Advances in ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tracheal_intubation
*  Central Mechanisms Regulating Coordinated Cardiovascular and Respiratory Function - Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Neuroscience
... the cardiovascular and respiratory systems are regulated in a highly coordinated fashion, such that both ventilation and ... Furthermore, environmental challenges such as hypoxia or submersion evoke complex cardiovascular and respiratory response that ... respiratory activity, and metabolic activity. In most cases more than one reflex is activated, so that the ultimate ... arrhythmia improves the efficiency of pulmonary gas exchange by better matching of perfusion to ventilation in each respiratory ...
  http://neuroscience.oxfordre.com/abstract/10.1093/acrefore/9780190264086.001.0001/acrefore-9780190264086-e-64?rskey=d3DwpL&result=10
*  Pulmonary effects of keratinocyte growth factor in newborn rats exposed to hyperoxia | Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
... the role of apoptosis appears to be to rid the lung of excess fibroblasts and epithelial cells to increase the gas exchange ... Initially described as a fibrotic pulmonary end point following severe respiratory distress syndrome, BPD has considerably ... Changes in surfactant protein gene expression in a neonatal rabbit model of hyperoxia-induced fibrosis. Am J Physiol Lung Cell ... Mechanical ventilation down-regulates surfactant protein A and keratinocyte growth factor expression in premature rabbits. ...
  http://ajplung.physiology.org/content/297/5/L965
*  Patent US6227196 - Apparatus and method for non-invasively measuring cardiac output - Google Patents
The method of the invention includes estimating the cardiac output or pulmonary capillary blood flow of a patient based on ... A computer program for calculating the cardiac output or pulmonary capillary blood flow of a patient is also disclosed. ... Apparatus and methods for non-invasively determining the cardiac output or pulmonary capillary blood flow of a patient using ... Measurement of cardiac output by alveolar gas exchange, Handbook of Physiology-The Respiratory System IV, Chapter 13: Pulmonary ...
  http://www.google.com/patents/US6227196?dq=5572193
*  Permissive Hypercapnia | SpringerLink
... gas exchange, and oxygen transport and consumption during mechanical ventilation for the acute respiratory distress syndrome. ... Bshouty Z, Younes M (1992) Effect of breathing pattern and level of ventilation on pulmonary fluid filtration in dog lung. Am ... Effects of positive end-expiratory pressure on hyaline membrane formation in a rabbit model of the neonatal respiratory ... Nahum A, Burke WC, Ravenskraft SA, et al (1992) Lung Mechanics and gas exchange during pressure control ventilation in dogs: ...
  https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-642-60733-2_16
*  Part 13: Neonatal Resuscitation Guidelines | Circulation
Palme-Kilander C, Tunell R. Pulmonary gas exchange during facemask ventilation immediately after birth. Arch Dis Child. 1993; ... After initial respiratory efforts the newly born infant should be able to establish regular respirations that are sufficient to ... Because ventilation is the most effective action in neonatal resuscitation and because chest compressions are likely to compete ... Finer NN, Rich W, Craft A, Henderson C. Comparison of methods of bag and mask ventilation for neonatal resuscitation. ...
  http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/112/24_suppl/IV-188.full
*  Patent US20030152607 - Caloric management system and method with voice recognition - Google Patents
Respiratory gas analyzer including a carbon dioxide and respiratory quotient computer. US3938551 *. Mar 7, 1974. Feb 17, 1976. ... Apparatus for warming and moistening a respiration gas. US4211239 *. May 3, 1978. Jul 8, 1980. University Of Utah. Neonatal ... Apparatus for measuring oxygen consumption and the exchange of other breathing gases. ... Pulmonary information transmission system. US3797480 *. May 28, 1971. Mar 19, 1974. Ferraris Dev & Eng Co Ltd. Apparatus for ...
  http://www.google.com/patents/US20030152607?dq=6760745
*  Patent US5072737 - Method and apparatus for metabolic monitoring - Google Patents
The ambient pressure sample is taken from a point prior to complete mixing of the gases exhaled in adjacent breaths and after ... samples of expiration gases exhaled by the patient which are collected and analyzed to determine concentrations of the gases ... consumption and carbon dioxide elimination rates of a patient intubated on a ventilator utilize an inspiration sample of gases ... Method and apparatus for determining a pulmonary function parameter for gas exchange. ...
  http://www.google.ca/patents/US5072737
*  US4917108A - Oxygen consumption meter - Google Patents
A carbon dioxide scrubber is connected to the flow meter and a respiratory connector including a mouthpiece so that inhaled gas ... The exhaled gas passes through the scrubber and then through the flow meter. The difference in volume between the inhaled gas ... By passing both the inhaled and exhaled gases through the scrubber before their volume is measured, their temperature and ... and the exhaled gas is proportional to the oxygen consumption of the subject and the microprocessor integrates that signal over ...
  https://patents.google.com/patent/US4917108
*  Pulmonary Gas Exchange and Acid‐Base Balance During Exercise - Comprehensive Physiology
... optimizing the exchange of respiratory gases to maintain delivery of oxygen and the elimination of carbon dioxide ... Ventilation‐perfusion relationship and its role in alveolar gas exchange. In: Caro CG, editor. Advances in Respiratory ... Neonatal pulmonary function. Pediatr Clin North Am 13: 769‐799, 1966. 216.. Neufeld O, Smith JR, Goldman SL. Arterial oxygen ... Ventilation and pulmonary gas exchange during exercise in the savannah monitor lizard (Varanus exanthematicus). J Exp Biol 198 ...
  http://www.comprehensivephysiology.com/WileyCDA/CompPhysArticle/refId-c110048.html
*  Effect of positive end expiratory pressure on functional residual capacity and compliance in surfactant-treated preterm infants...
... compliance and gas exchange. We measured functional residual capacity, compliance of the respiratory system and arterial blood ... Liquid ventilation in an infant with persistent interstitial pulmonary emphysema. *Renal vein thrombosis in a newborn with ... Leak during Manual Neonatal Ventilation and Its Effect on the Delivered Pressures and Volumes: An in vitro Study ... Liquid ventilation in an infant with persistent interstitial pulmonary emphysema. *Renal vein thrombosis in a newborn with ...
  https://www.degruyter.com/view/j/jpme.2001.29.issue-2/jpm.2001.018/jpm.2001.018.xml
*  US5520192A - Apparatus for the monitoring and control of respiration - Google Patents
... between mechanical ventilation and spontaneous respiratory activity have usually relied upon the observation of respiratory ... This creates problems in the exchange of gases in the lungs, can lead to sudden changes in the action of the heart and in the ... time-cycled neonatal ventilators with inspiratory times and rates determined by clinical staff on the basis of blood gas ... demonstrating the essential role of pulmonary reflexes mediated by parasympathetic pathways. Respiratory reflexes similar to ...
  https://patents.google.com/patent/US5520192A/en
*  Alterations of alveolar type II cells and intraalveolar surfactant after bronchoalveolar lavage and perfluorocarbon ventilation...
... or partial liquid ventilation with PF 5080 (Lavaged-PF5080, n = 5). For control, 10 healthy animals with gas (Healthy-Gas, n = ... Male wistar rats were surfactant depleted by BAL and treated for 1 hour by conventional mechanical ventilation (Lavaged-Gas, n ... Compared with Gas-filled lungs, both PF5080-groups had a significantly higher total lung volume, but no other differences. ... In lavaged animals short time liquid ventilation with PF5080 did not alter intra- or extracellular surfactant content or ...
  https://respiratory-research.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1465-9921-8-40
*  PDGF-Rα gene expression predicts proliferation, but PDGF-A suppresses transdifferentiation of neonatal mouse lung...
Using real-time RT-PCR we quantified αSMA mRNA in cultured Mlg neonatal mouse lung fibroblasts after treatment with PDGF-A, and ... and mesenchymal cells and establishment of a specialized epithelial-endothelial interface that permits efficient gas exchange. ... "Contractile interstitial cells" in pulmonary alveolar septa: a possible regulator of ventilation-perfusion ratio? ... and regeneration recapitulate respiratory ontogeny? Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2001, 164:S59-S62.View ArticlePubMedGoogle ...
  https://respiratory-research.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1465-9921-10-119
*  Pediatric CDH | Children's Hospital Colorado
... that elevated pCO2 is often due to severe pulmonary hypertension which decreases lung perfusion and limits gas exchange which ... Nitric oxide reversal of recurrent pulmonary hypertension and respiratory failure in an infant with CDH after successful ECMO ... All 14 fetuses had a trial of ventilation while on placental support. Three passed the trial of ventilation with preductal ... high risk for severe pulmonary hypoplasia and are optimally managed by delivery in a perinatal center with dedicated neonatal ...
  https://www.childrenscolorado.org/conditions-and-advice/conditions-and-symptoms/conditions/congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-cdh/
*  Tri-Hydroserpine Side Effects in Detail - Drugs.com
... and gas exchange in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and pulmonary hypertension." Am Rev Respir Dis 129 ( ... radiographic evidence of pulmonary edema, clinical evidence of hypovolemia, and respiratory acidosis. ... Hydralazine-induced ventilation/perfusion mismatching with associated hypoxemia may also contribute to increased PH. ... Widerlov E, Karlman I, Storsater J "Hydralazine-induced neonatal thrombocytopenia." N Engl J Med 303 (1980): 1235 ...
  https://www.drugs.com/sfx/tri-hydroserpine-side-effects.html
*  Nutrition Therapy in the Adult Hospitalized Patient | American College of Gastroenterology
If still unsuccessful, a mechanical de-clogging device should be considered prior to exchanging the tube for a new one ( ... The patients randomized to early PN showed only a 0.46-day reduction in duration of mechanical ventilation compared with ... Rice TW, Wheeler AP, Thompson BT et alNational Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) ... APACHE, Acute Physiologic and Chronic Health Evaluation; BMI, body mass index; COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; ICU ...
  http://gi.org/guideline/nutrition-therapy-in-the-adult-hospitalized-patient/
*  Neonatal Noninvasive Ventilation Techniques: Do We Really Need to Intubate? | Respiratory Care
High-frequency oscillatory ventilation: mechanisms of gas exchange and lung mechanics. Crit Care Med 2005;33(3 Suppl):S135-S141 ... and less pulmonary inflammation than did conventional ventilation with a low-VT strategy.74 ... Nasal high frequency ventilation in neonates with moderate respiratory insufficiency. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 1998;79( ... Nasal continuous positive airway pressure: does bubbling improve gas exchange? Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 2005;90(4):F343 ...
  http://rc.rcjournal.com/content/56/9/1273