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*  Rhizopus nigricans - Phadia - Setting the Standard - Phadia.com
These diseases may result from exposure to spores, vegetative cells, or metabolites of the fungi. In addition, as the fungal ... 4) Fungi are highly variable, both in their morphology and in their antigenic makeup. (2) With some fungi it is almost ... Fungi are eukaryotic, non-chlorophyllous and heterotrophic organisms that depend on external nutrients and therefore live as ... Kurup VP, Fink JN, in: Murphy JW, Friedman H, Bendinelli M (Eds). Fungal Infection and Immunity Responses, Plenum Press, New ...
  http://www.phadia.com/en/Products/Allergy-testing-products/ImmunoCAP-Allergen-Information/Molds-and-other-Microorganisms/Allergens/Rhizopus-nigricans/
*  PPT - Fungi & Systemic Mycoses PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 3bf4ec-MTM1Z
Fungi & Systemic Mycoses Alfred Lewin References http://www.doctorfungus.org/ Schaechter et al. Mechanisms of Microbial Disease ... often fatal (distinction between infection and disease) Systemic fungal disease is most often associated with three organisms ( ... B. reproduce by means of spores, usually wind-disseminated * C. both sexual (meiotic) and asexual (mitotic) spores may be ... Fungal Morphology. Hypae (threads) making up a mycelium. Yeasts. Many pathogenic fungi are dimorphic, forming hyphae at ambient ...
  http://www.powershow.com/view/3bf4ec-MTM1Z/Fungi_Systemic_Mycoses_powerpoint_ppt_presentation
*  Conidium - Wikipedia
... resulting in a pulmonary infection. Fungi portal Arthroconidium Asexual reproduction Ascocarp Basidiocarp Chlamydospore Gemma ... Pycnidial conidiomata or pycnidia form in the fungal tissue itself, and are shaped like a bulging vase. The spores are released ... The morphology of these specialized conidiophores is often distinctive of a specific species and can therefore be used in ... The two new haploid cells are genetically identical to the haploid parent, and can develop into new organisms if conditions are ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conidium
*  Aqua Restoration - various types of molds that may grow after a water loss
One of the major classes of fungal organisms. This class contains the "sac fungi" and yeasts. Some ascomycete spores can be ... The sites of infection are the lung, nasal sinus, brain, eye and skin. Infection may have multiple sites. ... Asexual state of Emericellopis sp., Chaetomium sp., and Nectripsis sp. It can produce mycetomas, infections of the cornea and ... identified by spore morphology, however; some care should be exercised with regard to specific identification. Many ascomycete ...
  http://aquarestoration.com/mold_types.asp
*  Mold Glossary | Mold Removal San Francisco
... but is considered a parasitic and saprophytic spores which produce organisms under their own taxonomic category. Fungi may be ... Human phoma infection usually affects people with low immunity. They are fungal infection of the cornea or mycotic keratitis, ... The asexual form of Emericellopsis sp., Chaetomium sp., and Nectripsis sp. is capable of producing mycetomas infection of the ... in the air due to the reason that spores have a unique morphology. Its allergenic properties, health effects and toxicity are ...
  https://mold-san-francisco.com/mold-glossary/
*  Viroids facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Viroids
Fungi.. Like all eukaryotic organisms, fungal cells have nuclei, a well-defined endoplasmic reticulum with ribosomes, and cell ... Ascomycetes produce sexual spores called ascospores that are vital in survival between hosts. They also produce asexual spores ... A fourth group of fungi, the Oomycetes, has long been recognized to be very different from other fungi in both morphology and ... Pathogenic mechanisms. Microorganisms have various strategies to establish an infection in a host. Some micro-organisms ...
  http://www.encyclopedia.com/science-and-technology/biology-and-genetics/genetics-and-genetic-engineering/viroids
*  Aspergillus - Wikipedia
Aspergillus is defined as a group of conidial fungi-that is, fungi in an asexual state. Some of them, however, are known to ... "Pillows: A Hot Bed Of Fungal Spores". Science Daily. Thom, C; Church, M (1926). The Aspergilli. Baltimore: The Williams & ... For humans, a range of diseases such as infection to the external ear, skin lesions, and ulcers classed as mycetomas are found ... Recently, A. nidulans was one of the pioneering organisms to have its genome sequenced by researchers at the Broad Institute. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aspergillus
*  Aspergillus flavus - Wikipedia
Primary infection is caused by the inhalation of spores; bigger spores have a better chance of settling in the upper ... However, if noncompetitive fungal organisms are present on host plants, aflatoxin production can be quite high. The nature of ... The conidiospores are asexual spores produced by A. flavus during reproduction. The conidiophores of A. flavus are rough and ... A. flavus is complex in its morphology and can be classified into two groups based on the size of sclerotia produced. Group I ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aspergillus_flavus
*  Dermatophyte - Wikipedia
Usually fungal growth is noted in 5 to 14 days. Microscopic morphology of the micro- and macroconidia is the most reliable ... These anamorphic (asexual or imperfect fungi) genera are: Microsporum, Epidermophyton and Trichophyton. There are about 40 ... The fungus spores are carried to the groin from scratching, from putting on underclothing or pants. Frequently extend from the ... The organisms colonize the keratin tissues causing inflammation as the host responds to metabolic by-products. Colonies of ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dermatophyte
*  Fungus - Wikipedia
The major fungal groupings have initially been delineated based on the morphology of their sexual structures and spores; for ... Fungi can become the target of infection by mycoviruses. Many fungi produce biologically active compounds, several of which are ... The organisms which parasitize fungi are known as mycoparasitic organisms. Certain species of the Pythium genus, which are ... With plants: Fungi have a cell wall and vacuoles. They reproduce by both sexual and asexual means, and like basal plant groups ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fungus
*  Hyphomycetes - Wikipedia
Because asexual forms of fungi usually occur separately from their sexual forms, when microscopic fungi began to be studied in ... "Behavioral mechanisms and morphological symptoms of zombie ants dying from fungal infection". BMC Ecology. 11 (13): 1-10. doi: ... The tendency for some organisms to apparently only have asexual forms, or for their sexual forms to be discovered long after ... Insect hosts are infected by asexual spores, which germinate and grow to fill the host body with mycelium or hyphal bodies, ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hyphomycetes
*  Mold Certification Training Class
Most are filamentous organisms and the production of spores is characteristic of fungi in general. These spores can be air-, ... Can cause a respiratory infection characterized by a solid intracaitary fungal ball. ... may be identified in air on spore trap samples since spores have a distinctive morphology. The spores may also be seen in dust ... The asexual phase of Erysiphe sp. It is a plant pathogen causing powdery mildews. It is very common on the leaves stems, and ...
  http://moldcertificationclass.com
*  Cells | Free Full-Text | Role of Macroautophagy in Nutrient Homeostasis During Fungal Development and Pathogenesis | HTML
... for proper morphogenesis and differentiation during critical steps of infection. In this review, we aim to summarize the ... with an emphasis on nutrient homeostasis in opportunistic human fungal pathogens and in the rice-blast fungus, Magnaporthe ... organelle degradation and programmed cell death in filamentous fungal pathogens, ... Most pathogenic fungi undergo a life cycle composed of two important stages: asexual or sexual spore formation and invasive ...
  http://mdpi.com/2073-4409/1/3/449/htm
*  JoVE | Peer Reviewed Scientific Video Journal - Methods and Protocols
The preponderance of these enzymes in difficult-to-culture organisms, such as hyphae-building fungi and anaerobic bacteria, has ... Ascospores, the propagules resulting from sexual reproduction, are the main source of primary infection. These spores are ... U. maydis is a biotrophic fungal pathogen and the causal agent of corn smut on maize. This disease is responsible for ... An integrated suite of imaging techniques has been applied to determine the three-dimensional (3D) morphology and cellular ...
  https://www.jove.com/visualize/abstract/24914778/exploring-novel-bands-key-index-for-evaluating-leaf-equivalent-water
*  PPT - Searching for microbes Part XI I I. Myc ology PowerPoint Presentation - ID:4987815
Characteristics of fungi. Examples of mycotic diseases. Slideshow 4987815 by berg ... Multiplication of fungi Multiplication of fungi may be sexual or asexual. It is simillar like in plants, here, too, we have ... Common characteristics of fungi Fungi are eukaryotic organisms, unlike procaryotic bacteria Their cell wall is formed by ... Morphology of fungi (micromycetes) A blastoconidia is an oval or round cell, characteristic for yeasts. Often we see budding ...
  https://www.slideserve.com/berg/searching-for-microbes-part-xi-i-i-myc-ology
*  Mixia osmundae
... recent genome sequencing analyses suggest that the spores are asexual and haploid (Toome et al. 2013). ... In cases of heavy infection, spots may coalesce to form larger lesions and even cover whole leaflets. Mixia is known only from ... Each ToL leaf page provides a synopsis of the characteristics of a group of organisms representing a leaf at the tip of the ... Therefore, as is common for other biotrophic fungi, M. osmundae needs to obtain its energy directly from the sucrose which is ...
  http://www.tolweb.org/Mixia_osmundae/
*  COLLEGE PROJECTS AND MUSIC JUNCTION: FUNGAL DIVERSITY AND LIFE CYCLE
These are where asexual spores are formed to allow for continued infection of healthy plants during the summer. Black pustules ... The assemblage of organisms termed fungi are classified into two general categories. First, are the true fungi (Kingdom Fungi) ... Lichens come in three general categories based on morphology. Examine the specimens displayed in the lab room. 12 A. Foliose ... PART II: THE TRUE FUNGI (KINGDOM FUNGI) We have assembled a range of specimens from the Kingdom Fungi, and they are arranged ...
  http://xicecybervila.blogspot.com/2006/11/fungal-diversity-and-life-cycle.html
*  JoVE | Peer Reviewed Scientific Video Journal - Methods and Protocols
In many of the species of Ascomycota (ascus producing fungi), spores are shot from the ascus, due to the generation of turgor ... Aspergillus in histological sections is problematic because of similarities in hyphal morphologies with other invasive fungal ... Ascospores, the propagules resulting from sexual reproduction, are the main source of primary infection. These spores are ... Secondary infections are mainly caused by macroconidia which are produced by asexual means on the plant surface. To study the ...
  https://www.jove.com/visualize/abstract/19915677/detection-b-anthracis-spores-vegetative-cells-with-same-monoclonal
*  Black Mold Test Inspection Mold Inspector Testing Spore Damage Problem
may be identified in air on spore trap samples since spores have a distinctive morphology. The spores may also be seen in dust ... www.emlab.com/app/fungi/Fungi.po , 'An Index of Some Commonly Encountered Fungal Genera', provided by Environmental ... This mitosporic fungus (spores develop by means of asexual cell division) is included in the classification group 'Hyphomycetes ... Molds are a group of organisms that belong to the taxonomic kingdom of Fungi. There are over 20,000 species of mold. Molds ...
  http://byebyemold.com/mold_glossary.php
*  Compatibility Systems in Nature [MT Dorak]
In fungi, both asexual and sexual reproductions are observed. In sexually reproducing fungi, there is no distinction between ... When haploid fungal spores germinate, their nuclei divide mitotically to produce hyphae (the structural unit of a fungus in its ... Caten CE: Vegetative incompatibility and cytoplasmic infection in fungi. Journal of General Microbiology 72:221, 1972 ... Brown JL: Some paradoxical goals of cells and organisms: the role of the MHC, in Pfaff DW (ed): Ethical Questions in Brain and ...
  http://dorakmt.tripod.com/mhc/compat.html
*  Ascomycota - Wikipedia
Asexual spores[edit]. Different types of asexual spores can be identified by colour, shape, and how they are released as ... They are the largest phylum of Fungi, with over 64,000 species.[2] The defining feature of this fungal group is the "ascus" ( ... The group includes organisms from unicellular yeasts to complex cup fungi.. *There are 2000 identified genera and 30,000 ... carry new spores with them to renew the cycle of infection. A well-known example of this is Dutch elm disease, caused by ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ascomycete
*  Abstracts and PDFs of Publications
... conserved fungal sequences to test the hypothesis that fungi have a set of core genes that are not found in other organisms, as ... Quantifying fungal infection of plant leaves by digital image analysis using Scion Image software. Journal of Microbiological ... tritici from single spores. Journal of Microbiological Methods 77:229-234. Rust fungi are obligate parasites and cannot be ... and indicated that asexual propagules such as conidia are the major form of dispersal of this pathogen. A practical implication ...
  http://www.uoguelph.ca/~thsiang/pubs/pubs.htm
*  MoMyb1 is required for asexual development and tissue-specific infection in the rice blast fungus Magnaporthe oryzae | BMC...
MoMyb1 encodes a protein of 322 amino acids and has two SANT domains and is well conserved in various organisms. Targeted gene ... In other phytopathogenic fungi, chitin synthases also play crucial roles in proper regulation of infection-related ... Colony morphology and vegetative growth of Guy11, ΔMomyb1 and the complemented transformant (ΔMomyb1/MoMYB1 ) on complete media ... Fungal strains, cultures and transformation. The wild type strain Guy11, the mutants and the complemented transformants were ...
  https://bmcmicrobiol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12866-015-0375-y
*  Primer -- The Fungi
They also produce asexual, thick-walled multinucleate spores defined by adventitious septa. The fragmentary knowledge about ... and unique morphologies related to parasitism, including a very frightening polar tube used to initiate infection [10]. ... the other to fungi. Here we shall summarize the major diversifications of the Fungi by introducing each major fungal branch in ... Pathogenic Ascomycota pose as great a threat to agriculture as any group of organisms [40], and parasitic Ascomycota adapted to ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC2913116/
*  Molecular diagnosis to discriminate pathogen and apathogen species of the hybrid Verticillium longisporum on the oilseed crop...
The cruciferous fungal pathogen Verticillium longisporum represents an allodiploid hybrid with long spores and almost double ... metabolism and fungal development including hyphal morphogenesis or the formation of the conidiophore producing asexual spores ... 2007). VTA2 genes are broadly conserved within filamentous fungi and the Verticillium isogenes are related to fungal plant ... Verticillium morphology includes a characteristic verticilliate arrangement of the three to five asexual spore producing cells ...
  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00253-012-4530-1