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*  Profiling human serum antibodies with a carbohydrate antigen microarray
Human serum, however, contains a complex mixture of proteins, small molecules, and non-carbohydrate antibodies, which all ... All samples were processed using the same procedure and matched samples from each donor were evaluated in a single experiment ... Differences in antibody levels based on blood type were detected as one might anticipate. The largest differences were observed ... For 2 of the donors (Donors 1 and 7) samples were collected 3 times, while for the remaining 5 donors (Donors 2-6) samples were ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC2738755/
*  Review glyco-diagnostics - Current Molecular Medicine 2007 7 397-416 397 Clinical Laboratory Testing in Human Medicine Based on...
u rib t is D r o F ot Upon detection of diagnostically relevant differences amongst the many samples that need to be analyzed ... Most successful such assays rely on specific binding proteins to either capture the molecules that contain the biomarker ... mics research depends on complex analytical methodologies for the profiling of glycoconjugate mixtures. Many of these methods ... Glycosylation is a very frequent post-translational modification of secreted proteins (i.e. those proteins that are the most ...
  https://www.coursehero.com/file/5902953/Review-glyco-diagnostics/
*  Methods
... characterization as well as for quantification of proteins and peptides from complex samples. MALDI mass spectrometry imaging ( ... Simple pre-separation of complex protein mixtures before mass spectrometric or for western blot analysis is normally done with ... They can contain up to 20,000 molecules (proteins e.g. antibodies, peptides etc.), therefore they allow processing of numerous ... MSI has been successfully applied in studies to discover differences between tumor and healthy tissue. One-dimensional ...
  http://www.ruhr-uni-bochum.de/mpc/methoden/index.html.en
*  Tracing Unique Cells With Mathematics | Science 2.0
Proteins are constantly being assembled and disassembled in the cell. RNA molecules read blueprints for proteins from the DNA ... Instead of just one cell, they took 16-80 samples with ten cells each. "A sample of ten cells is much easier to handle," says ... Smaller differences in gene regulation can be overwhelmed by the statistical "noise." ... analysis of individual cells is extremely complex, and the handling of the cells generates errors and inaccuracies. ...
  http://www.science20.com/news_articles/tracing_unique_cells_mathematics-128287
*  Regulation of Biosimilars | Baker Donelson
Biopharmaceuticals, though, are far more complex than small-molecule drugs, and demonstrating simple "bioequivalence" may not ... or minor differences in amino acid sequence," as well as differences in glycosylation - all major determinants of ... proteins. For example, beginning in 1998 the incidence of a rare form of anemia associated with the production of ... and may exist as mixtures of isoforms. A major shortcoming of biopharmaceuticals is their tendency to evoke an immune response ...
  https://www.bakerdonelson.com/Regulation-of-Biosimilars-08-14-2008
*  Secretomics - Wikipedia
Antibodies, or another type of binder molecule, are fixed onto a solid support and a fluorescently labeled protein mixture is ... Some secretory proteins do not have classical signal peptide sequences. These 'leaderless secretory proteins' (LSPs) will be ... Antibody microarrays are currently being used mostly to analyze human plasma samples but can also be used for cultured cells ... Using a body fluid or full serum proteomic method to identify biomarkers can be extremely difficult - body fluids are complex ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Secretomics
*  Recent Advances in Molecular Technologies and Their Application in Pathogen Detection in Foods with Particular Reference to...
Each agent captures its target protein from a complex mixture, and the captured proteins are subsequently identified. For ... enabling the same proteins to be probed repeatedly with many different molecules from different samples. Rucker and coworkers ... There are significant differences between conventional sequencing technologies and NGS platforms in terms of sequencing ... and tetanus toxin C fragment from spiked samples [57]. Li et al. used a protein microarray spotting with 149 Y. pestis proteins ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jpath/2011/310135/
*  Protein Detection </b> <...
Any researcher who works with proteins and/or peptides. *Scientists who work with complex mixtures (e.g., proteins with ... Western blotting is a powerful and sensitive technique used to detect low amounts of proteins in complex samples or to monitor ... Borgia will discuss a study in which he evaluates differences in receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) signaling in A549 cells using ... Target-specific antibodies, conjugated to affinity or fluorogenic small-molecule tags, are powerful tools for quantifying and ...
  http://www.emdmillipore.com/PR/en/support/support-library-webinars-videos-trainings/webinars/life-science-research/Protein-Detection/Pm6b.qB.zRMAAAFGr3YPPoZv,nav
*  "Lost" Miller Experiment Gives Clue to Origin of...
Miller's experiment showed how simple molecules could be assembled into the more complex molecules necessary for life by ... The original box containing archived spark discharge samples prepared by Stanley Miller in 1958. For unknown reasons, Miller ... "One of the primary differences between this experiment and others Miller performed is the use of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) gas to ... When Miller analyzed the water, he found it contained amino acids, which are the building blocks of proteins -- life's toolkit ...
  http://www.spaceref.com/news/viewpr.html?pid=33077
*  Oxidative stress during courtship affects male and female reproductive effort differentially in a wild bird with biparental...
After reaction, samples were placed on ice for 10 min. The absorbance of the thiobarbituric acid-MDA complex was measured at ... were added to 20 μl aliquots of the diluted plasma samples. The mixture was placed in a 96-well plate and read at 505 nm in an ... and the amount of substrate may vary between samples of the same volume (e.g. owing to differences in diet), estimations per ... 2010). From molecules to living systems: historical and contemporary issues in oxidative stress and antioxidant ecology. Funct ...
  http://jeb.biologists.org/content/219/24/3915
*  MONITORING CHANGES IN MOLECULAR STRUCTURES OF PROTEINS AND CARBOHYDRATES DURING FEED PROCESSING USING DSC AND DRIFT: AN OVERVIEW
"نسخه قابل چاپ خلاصه مقاله MONITORING CHANGES IN MOLECULAR STRUCTURES OF PROTEINS AND CARBOHYDRATES DURING FEED PROCESSING USING ... macro/micro molecules) (Wetzel et al., 1998b; Stuart, 2004). Samples are mounted on the path of IR radiation in an IR ... Differences in chemical and structural composition, therefore, can be shown in the IR spectra. By analyzing with uni- and multi ... Therefore, it is possible to identify the unknown organic compounds and determine the composition of a mixture according to the ...
  https://www.civilica.com/Printable-NIAC01_006=MONITORING-CHANGES-IN-MOLECULAR-STRUCTURES-OF-PROTEINS-AND-CARBOHYDRATES-DURING-FEED-PROCESSING-USING-DSC-AND-DRIFT-AN-OVERVIEW.html
*  Dominant-Negative Inhibitors of Soluble TNF Attenuate Experimental Arthritis without Suppressing Innate Immunity to Infection |...
These mixtures were diluted 20-fold, added to blood specimens, and incubated an additional 6 h. Triton X-100 was then added to ... Blood samples for the TNF-induced IL-8 assays were supplied by HemaCare Blood Services following protocols approved by its ... DN-TNF proteins were prepared, processed, and handled as described previously (29). Multiple DN-TNF variants were engineered ... To address potential differences in pharmacokinetics among different classes of anti-TNF biologics, a third CAIA study was done ...
  http://www.jimmunol.org/content/179/3/1872.long
*  Cytokines as Biomarkers in Rheumatoid Arthritis
... biological response modifiers and the family of cell adhesion-promoting molecules. ... Differences in measured levels of cytokines in identical samples using different standards ranged from 10- to 100-fold [130, ... The presence of lipids, complement factors, and other complex molecules in the blood was also shown to interfere with a number ... 2) Interferences. Interferences within immunoassays are numerous, complex, and usually difficult to resolve. Proteins can show ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/mi/2014/545493/
*  Super Spy variants implicate flexibility in chaperone action | eLife
... which allows them to bind to and stabilize proteins more effectively than natural chaperones. ... Proteins are made from long chains of smaller molecules, called amino acids, that twist and fold into complex three-dimensional ... The reaction mixtures were quenched with 10 mM ammonium bicarbonate at 25°C. The empty Spy samples (Spy in solution without ... For CBDPS-H8/D8 and ABAS-12C6/13C6, mass differences between light and heavy isotopic forms of 8.05 and 6.02 Da were used in ...
  https://elifesciences.org/articles/01584
*  IJMS | Free Full-Text | Conformational Changes in DNA upon Ligand Binding Monitored by Circular Dichroism | HTML
... which includes metal derivative complex of aureolic family drugs, actinomycin D, neomycin, cisplatin, and polyamine. It is ... Figure 5. Comparison of the CD spectra of the [(Mith)2-Fe+2] complex, d(TTGGCCAA)2, [(Mith)2-Fe+2]-d(TTGGCCAA)2 complex and the ... Inclusion of denatured proteins with native proteins in the analysis. Anal. Biochem 2000, 287, 243-251. [Google Scholar] ... A-DNA occurs only in dehydrated samples and favors low water conditions such as found in aqueous ethanol [19]. However, the ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/13/3/3394/htm
*  Separation and purification - Separations based on rates | chemistry | Britannica.com
The separation of mixtures of proteins is often difficult because of the similarity of the properties of such molecules. When ... Both positive and negative electrical charges can occur on various parts of the complex molecule, and, depending on the pH of ... proteins are dissolved in water, they ionize (form electrically charged particles). ... the solution, a protein molecule as a whole will be either net positively or negatively charged. ...
  https://www.britannica.com/science/separation-and-purification/Separations-based-on-rates
*  Chromatography - Wikipedia
The crude feed, a mixture of soluble proteins, contaminants, cells, and cell debris, is then passed upward through the expanded ... and thus displace all molecules with lesser affinities.[13] There are distinct differences between displacement and elution ... especially for complex mixtures. Both types of column are made from non-adsorbent and chemically inert materials. Stainless ... up the possibility of using HIC with samples which are salt sensitive as we know high salt concentrations precipitate proteins. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chromatography
*  Thin layer chromatography as a tool for the separation of biomolecules » Essay Raptor
By exploiting the differences in properties between proteins in the mixture , a rationale technique to separate them can be ... most methods tend to be complex due to complex nature of these molecules , thin layer , and high performance liquid ... Thin-Layer Chromatography (TLC ) allows separation of PAHs with minimal sample clean up . Multiple samples and standards can be ... these conventional TLC systems have not been completely successful in separate many complex PAH mixtures and HPTLC has been ...
  http://essayraptor.com/thin-layer-chromatography-as-a-tool-for-the-separation-of-biomolecules/
*  Proteomics - Wikipedia
Here, the proteins within a complex mixture are labeled first isotopically, and then digested to yield labeled peptides. The ... many proteins form complexes with other proteins or RNA molecules, and only function in the presence of these other molecules. ... It helps identify main proteins in a particular sample, and those proteins differentially expressed in related samples-such as ... Not only does the translation from mRNA cause differences, but many proteins are also subjected to a wide variety of chemical ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Proteomics
*  New approach to immune cell analysis seen as first step to better distinguish health and disease
... proteins or other cellular products of any complex mixture of cells or tissues. ... "Current methods that examine gene expression differences in mixtures of immune cells in blood do not take into account that, ... Im Focus: The first precise measurement of a single molecule's effective charge. For the first time, scientists have precisely ... This approach, when combined with well-established techniques, readily identifies changes in small samples of human whole blood ...
  http://www.innovations-report.com/html/reports/life-sciences/approach-immune-cell-analysis-step-distinguish-150377.html
*  MicroRNA Expression in Salivary Supernatant of Patients with Pancreatic Cancer and Its Relationship with ZHENG
Saliva is a mixture of proteins, DNA, RNA, fatty acids, and a variety of microbes, and it can be the feasible sample for the ... Molecules present in plasma are also present in saliva, such as DNA, RNA, and proteins [24]. Therefore, tumor-related miRNAs ... most of which have shown that microRNA expression in serum or tumor samples seems globally higher than in normal samples [11-13 ... There were significant differences in the expression of 4 microRNAs (miR-17, miR-21, miR-181b, and miR-196a) in three patient ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2014/756347/
*  Protocols and Video Articles Authored by Elena P. Ivanova (Translated to Danish)
... produced by microorganisms are a complex mixture of biopolymers primarily consisting of polysaccharides, as well as proteins, ... The free-living bacteria isolated from seawater samples (up to 50%) were tolerant to high concentrations of cadmium. Marine ... Marine bacteria have the ability to produce a range of biologically active molecules, such as antibiotics, toxins and ... On the basis of these results and the significant differences demonstrated in the phenotypic and chemotaxonomic characteristics ...
  https://www.jove.com/author/Elena+P._Ivanova?language=Danish
*  David E. Clemmer - Wikipedia
This enables complex mixtures to be differentiated in ways that could not be achieved by mass spectrometry alone. Even minute ... Understanding how protein folding occurs in three-dimensional molecules is one of biology's enduring problems. Proteins with ... Researchers can use these techniques to examine complex biological samples for lipidomics, proteomics, glycomics, and ... Structures separate based on differences in their mobilities. By exposing specific states to energizing collisions, new ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_E._Clemmer
*  Patent WO1992019975A1 - Fluorophore assisted carbohydrate electrophoresis diagnosis - Google Patents
... carbohydrates are covalently attached to numerous other molecules such as proteins and lipids. Molecules such as glycoproteins ... Fluorophore assisted carbohydrate electrophoresis permits the electrophoretic separation of a complex mixture of carbohydrates ... Suitable methods for processing samples include: dialysis, to remove interfering molecules; ultrafiltration, to concentrate ... The differences in diagnostic carbohydrate concentrations between afflicted and unafflicted individuals does not necessarily ...
  http://www.google.ca/patents/WO1992019975A1?cl=en
*  Periodic Exposure of Keratinocytes to Cold Physical Plasma: An In Vitro Model for Redox-Related Diseases of the Skin
... advantage of cold physical plasma over single oxidative agents is that it provides a more complex mixture of reactive molecules ... Gene Expression of Structural Proteins Was Strongly Affected with Frequent Redox Stress. Structural proteins serve as important ... Overlapping differences shared among more than one sample group comparison are represented in the areas of intersection between ... Gap closure was followed by time lapse microscopy (Zeiss, Germany) and three gap distances per samples were evaluated at ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/omcl/2016/9816072/