*  Institutional review board - Wikipedia
Social scientists have criticized biomedical IRBs for failing to adequately understand their research methods (such as ... for institutional human subject studies were originally developed in direct response to research abuses in the 20th century. ... federally funded research using animals is the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC). IRBs are most commonly used ... or research ethics board (REB), is a type of committee that applies research ethics by reviewing the methods proposed for ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Institutional_review_board
*  How Can You Tell If a Rat Is Depressed?
Before the mid 20th century, treatments for mental or psychiatric disorders consisted primarily of psychotherapy or ... the global head of neuroscience at the Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research. "I can name 14 or 15 examples [of tested ... Mendl, an animal…By Alla Katsnelson A little more than a decade ago, Mike Mendl developed a new test for gauging a laboratory ... Animals, of course, have to show us-and it turns out some of our widely used methods for guiding them to do so haven't been ...
  http://nautil.us/issue/47/consciousness/what-the-rat-brain-tells-us-about-yours
*  Lister Institute of Preventive Medicine - Wikipedia
Staff took considerable risks in early research: investigating plague in India in the early 20th century the method of ... There were also further important research activities: the role of enzymes in the metabolism of plant and animal carbohydrates ... and it now awards the Lister Institute Research Prize Fellowships to researchers working on biomedical problems in the United ... As a result, it became a national centre for research on blood transfusion and the provision of blood products for clinical use ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lister_Institute_of_Preventive_Medicine
*  Sarcandra glabra Extract Reduces the Susceptibility and Severity of Influenza in Restraint-Stressed Mice
Open Access journal that seeks to understand the sources and to encourage rigorous research in this new, yet ancient world of ... It is well known that influenza virus killed millions of people in the 20th century [6]. Although influenza virus infected a ... 2Institute of Biomedical and Health Engineering, Translational Medicine Research and Development Center, Shenzhen Institutes of ... 2. Materials and Methods. 2.1. Preparation of SGE. Sarcandra glabra extract (no. 090303) was provided by Guangzhou Jingxiutang ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ecam/2012/236539/
*  Huntaway - Wikipedia
... www.massey.ac.nz/massey/learning/colleges/college-of-sciences/research/veterinary-animal-biomedical-research/working-dog-centre ... The huntaway was further developed as a separate breed from the heading dog during the 20th Century. As of August 2013 the ... Farm fencing - Early fencing methods', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, updated 1-Mar-09 URL: http://www.TeAra.govt.nz ... The earliest references to huntaways are in the late 19th century. A sheepdog trial with a specific class for huntaways was ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Huntaway
*  Model organism - Wikipedia
... antitoxin has also been attributed as a cause for the decline of the early 20th-century opposition to animal research in the ... Many animal models serving as test subjects in biomedical research, such as rats and mice, may be selectively sedentary, obese ... maintenance and relative inefficiency of animal research has encouraged development of alternative methods for the study of ... Animal experimentation continues to be required for biomedical research, and is used with the aim of solving medical problems ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Model_organism
*  Dr Marta Milo - Marta Milo - Research - Biomedical Science - The University of Sheffield
Since the beginning of 20th century it was clear that predictions of data required an additional "knowledge" to become ... For this reasons methods that have been developed in the past to analyse microarrays gene expression data, are still a valuable ... in the mammalian inner ear are commonly searched in studies based upon embryonic and post-natal developmental in animal models ... Department of Biomedical Science. Home , Biomedical Science , Research , Marta Milo , Dr Marta Milo ...
  https://www.sheffield.ac.uk/bms/research/milo/research
*  Story Time - Detoxication
... animal research (vivisection) is indispensable for physiological research; and (3) life is mechanistically determined by physic ... In fact, virtually every advance in medical science in the 20th century, from antibiotics and vaccines to antidepressant drugs ... In defending biomedical research on animals, the American Medical Association says: ' ... in medicine were being driven by the scientific method. Claude became a leader in using the scientific method and, in fact, is ...
  http://peer.tamu.edu/curriculum_modules/organsystems/Module_3/storytime.htm
*  Our Story
Shortly after the turn of the 20th century, The Wistar Institute began to embody Isaac Wistar's vision of a center for "new and ... The Wistar Institute is the nation's first independent biomedical research institution. Named after Caspar Wistar, M.D., a well ... Helen Dean King, Ph.D., developed and bred the Wistar rat, the first standardized laboratory animal model from which more than ... and respected by his students for his clear and charismatic teaching methods. An outstanding anatomist, he is regarded as one ...
  https://www.wistar.org/about-wistar/our-story
*  Leaded gasoline predominant source of lead exposure in latter 20th century
Research of others has shown that these levels of lead are associated with significant neurological and behavioral defects ... Animal photoreceptors capture light with photopigments. Researchers from the University of Göttingen have now discovered that ... Richard A. Shulze, a former dental student now in private practice, developed the method to extract lead samples from the ... it has a general application to simultaneous comparison of curves needed in other biomedical data applications. ...
  http://www.innovations-report.com/hrml/reports/studies/leaded-gasoline-predominant-source-lead-exposure-2-156485.html
*  HIVe Features | 30 years in 30 weeks, 1985
In contrast, in one of the great success stories of 20th century biomedical research, the first antiretroviral drug, AZT, was ... research group. There were no reliable animal models at the time, and we could not await their development. ... To provide context, by 1982 the Sanger group sequenced the 172 kb genome of Epstein-Barr virus by shotgun M13 dideoxy methods. ... This research model is worth preserving and defending, despite pressures to establish a clear division of labor between basic ...
  http://www.vaccineenterprise.org/hive/feature/631
*  'Nightmare Bacteria' Defy Even Last-Ditch Drugs | New Hampshire Public...
... which maintained a heavy presence of research in bacteria phages all the way through the 20th century. ... Brad Spellberg, infectious disease specialist at L.A. Biomedical Research Institute in the Harbor-UCLA Medical Center in L.A. ... And in fact those are the primary methods of preventing transmission of all bacteria in the hospital. So what I usually tell ... the law says you cannot feed the antibiotics so many days before slaughter so that the antibiotic is cleared from the animal's ...
  http://nhpr.org/post/nightmare-bacteria-defy-even-last-ditch-drugs
*  IMRAD - Wikipedia
"We treated our animals in accordance with our local Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee." In the late 20th century and ... What was the research question, the tested hypothesis or the purpose of the research? Methods - When, where, and how was the ... "Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals: Writing and Editing for Biomedical Publication - IV.A.1. ... "Methods" heading may vary, being "Methods and materials", "Materials and methods", or similar phrases. Some journals mandate ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IMRAD
*  Genesis Special Issue - Xenopus: Advances and Emerging Technologies
Model animals are crucial to biomedical research. Among the commonly used model animals, the amphibian, Xenopus, has had ... this phenomenon has fascinated already some of the founders of experimental embryology in the 19th and early 20th century, such ... These novel methods to perform reverse genetics are unprecedented and are fueling a wide array of human disease models within ... Identification of Genetic and Genomic Variants by Next-Gen Sequencing in Non-human Animal Models (U01) ...
  http://www.xenbase.org/entry/doNewsRead.do?id=257
*  Human Hair "Waste" and Its Utilization: Gaps and Possibilities
Open Access journal that publishes original research articles as well as review articles in all areas of waste management. ... By the last part of the 20th century, this business spread via Poland to Ukraine and Russia [95]. In parallel, similar ... Type 3 uses need research and development of methods that can be adopted widely to ensure either safe decomposition or ... Biomedical studies show that certain cells from human hair follicles such as outer root sheath cells also are useful in wound ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jwm/2014/498018/
*  Heterosis - Wikipedia
In the early 20th century, after Mendel's laws came to be understood and accepted, geneticists undertook to explain the ... Risch N, Burchard E, Ziv E, Tang H (July 2002). "Categorization of humans in biomedical research: genes, race and disease". ... Hybrid breeding methods are used in maize, sorghum, rice, sugar beet, onion, spinach, sunflowers, broccoli and to create a more ... infertility issue implies that these animals would most likely become extinct without the intervention of humans through animal ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heterosis
*  Reed College | Mathematics | Seminars
In the mid-20th century, they were generalized considerably by several people, culminating in an abstract and general ... Personalism and Dempster-Shafer Analysis for the 21st Century. Paul Edlefsen, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center. Location ... We verify our method in simulations and apply it to a dataset of hexaploid sweet potatoes. ... Modern genomics has revolutionized how we answer questions about evolution, population dynamics, medicine, and plant and animal ...
  http://www.reed.edu/math/seminars/index.html
*  Freezing-point depression - Wikipedia
Cryoscopy is no longer as common a measurement method as it once was, but it was included in textbooks at the turn of the 20th ... L. Sherwood et al., Animal Physiology: From Genes to Organisms, 2005, Thomson Brooks/Cole, Belmont, CA, ISBN 0-534-55404-0, p. ... 691-692 BIOETYMOLOGY- Biomedical Terms of Greek Origin bioetymology.blogspot.com Julius B. Cohen Practical Organic Chemistry ... Engineering Chemistry Research. 48 (10): 5123-5123. doi:10.1021/ie900434h. ISSN 0888-5885. Ge, Xinlei; Wang, Xidong (2009). " ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Freezing-point_depression
*  Quackery - Wikipedia
This medicine continued to be sold under the original name into the early 20th century, and can still be found in the British ... As a direct result, more public dollars have been allocated for research into some of these methods. Individuals and non- ... Americans waste $27 billion annually on questionable health care, exceeding the amount spent on biomedical research. Quackery ... Franz Anton Mesmer (1734-1815), was a German physician and astrologist, who invented what he called magnétisme animal. Theodor ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quackery
*  Emerging and Neglected Infectious Diseases: Insights, Advances, and Challenges
Open Access journal that publishes original research articles, review articles, and clinical studies covering a wide range of ... in the 20th century, it was responsible for an estimated 300-500 million deaths, prior to its final eradication in the late ... By understanding the dynamics of disease and the means of contracting it, methods of fighting, preventing, and controlling are ... These pathogens are mostly transmitted though intermediate animal hosts such as rodents [1, 54], which gain increased contact ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2017/5245021/
*  Health - Wikipedia
Due in part to the policies and actions developed through public health, the 20th century registered a decrease in the ... Additionally, in 2007, the International Agency for Research on Cancer, which is the cancer research agency for the World ... Relaxation techniques are physical methods used to relieve stress. Psychological methods include cognitive therapy, meditation ... A healthy diet includes a variety of plant-based and animal-based foods that provide nutrients to your body. Such nutrients ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Health
*  Commentary on Adherence to ARRIVE Guidelines in Chinese Journal Reports on Neoplasms in Animals | OMICS International
... the number of medical researches including animal experiment had soared in the latter half of the 20th century [3]. For the ... Animal experiment, an important means and basic approach for biomedical research, serves as a bridge connecting fundamental ... Correct use of ARRIVE Guidelines can ensure objective and complete report of animal experiment execution method, time, place ... To uplift animal experiment report quality, promote animal research standardization and transparency, and ensure complete ...
  https://www.omicsonline.org/open-access/commentary-on-adherence-to-arrive-guidelines-in-chinese-journal-reportson-neoplasms-in-animals.php?aid=87050
*  Lamprey - Wikipedia
It is generally believed that they gained access to the lakes via canals during the early 20th century, but this theory is ... Lampreys are used as a model organism in biomedical research, where their large reticulospinal axons are used to investigate ... Parasitic lampreys feed on prey as adults by attaching their mouthparts to the target animal's body, then using their teeth to ... New programs are being developed, including the use of chemically sterilized male lampreys in a method akin to the sterile ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lamprey
*  Fight Aging! Newsletter, January 8th 2018 - Fight Aging!
Thus to a very crude approximation, aging research in the latter half of the 20th century looks to have been steered by ... This includes companies founded by community members, such as 21st Century Medicine and Arigos Biomedical. This, also, has ... It's true that it is bad to pump an animal full of reactive oxygen species, and that you can make a mouse live longer by ... Although various methods of generating skin tissue in the lab have already been developed, their ability to imitate real skin ...
  https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2018/01/fight-aging-newsletter-january-8th-2018/
*  Laboratory mouse - Wikipedia
Mice have been used in biomedical research since the 16th Century when William Harvey used them for his studies on reproduction ... Laboratory rat Animal testing Animal testing on rodents Animal model Animal Identification Mouse models of colorectal and ... In the early part of the 20th century Clarence Cook Little, a Harvard undergraduate was conducting studies on mouse genetics in ... Various mutant strains of mice have been created by a number of methods. A small selection from the many available strains ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laboratory_mouse